The Role Of The School Management, Parents Teachers Association And Other Relevant Members Of The Community In Meeting The Needs Of The School Child

Educational Management Project and Seminar Material

The Role Of The School Management, Parents Teachers Association And Other Relevant Members Of The Community In Meeting The Needs Of The School Child


This study is aimed at identifying the role of the school management, parents teachers association and other relevant members of the community in meeting the needs of the school child in Dutse Local Government Area of Jigawa state. The instrument used for collection of data or information in this research is mainly the questionnaire. The research questionnaire was administered to selected primary schools in Dutse Local Government Area of Jigawa state. It was discovered that many of the respondents of this research is as result of knowing how important the PTA in in meeting the needs of the school child. Some findings were made in this research, which in the school to develop the place of parents teacher association in Nigeria.

Table of Content

  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:


  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Significance of the Study
  • 1.6 Scope of the Study
  • 1.7 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.8 Definition of Terms

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References

Chapter One


1.1 Background to the Study

The act of on knowledge from one generation to another is the role of the parent. The parent are more effective in imparting discipline and knowledge to pupils at the very grass root level , it is therefore a knowledge fact that all parents have the natural inclination to give their children the good things of life they are capable of providing for them. And in the modern age, the major task is on the provision of quality education and good standard of living, in the light of this, parent have developed a very positive interest in what goes on in schools. This interest of parents in the education of their children in schools that give birth to the organization or formation called Parents teachers association. During the later year of 19th century, the parent/teachers association was first organization by a group of American women. The first meeting called the national congress of mother was actually held in 1877. It was this meeting that stimulated the founding of the national congress of parents and teachers which now goes by the name parent / teachers association (PTA), now included in curricular development policy making and setting standards in schools. Abiola A.O. (1967) since parent teachers association is concerned with pupils welfare and all round development that is why parents are giving a role in the administration of primary school. This means that the parent teachers association is interested in the cooperation of the school system. If the school is to achieve its goals, meet the need of pupils and fulfill the expectation of parent, there should be linkage between the teachers and parents. Parents are experienced people who are conversant with child.

Education is a fundamental right which every child must acquire in any decent society, it is important for the development of individuals and societies. Education which is of greater values and ethics of the society, from one generation to its succeeding generations, in bid to know whether an individual is learned or knowledgeable, the criterion to use in measuring the standard of such individual education, that is to say it will try to bring by the individual local government branch of the association as regard to the development reached so far in primary education in the research. Also the project will provide readers with useful data for further usage in similar research work. At the end, the research will identify problems associated with parent teachers association and provide possible solutions to the problems

1.2 Statement of the Problem

Many factors gave rise to the formation of parent/teachers association in schools in Dutse local government Jigawa state, it is likely that there is lack of school facilities and could be due to shortage of manpower which may involve parent teachers association (PTA) negotiation, and again it may be as a result of inadequate provision school materials to pupils. All these problems attracts the intervention of the Parent Teachers Association (PTA) it is probably weather Parent Teachers Association (PTA) are acting to assist school in matters relating to day to day activities. Thus a formal research on this problem on the influence of PTA in administrative is needed to suggest the solution.

The need to identify the role played by parent/teachers association in the development of education has connection with increasing falling standard of education in the public schools in particular; education and the quality it carries determine the level of a nation development. Various indicators especially the product of the educational system in Dutse showed that the standard was on the decline, the work reviewed confirmed that educational standard have actually fall in Dutse local government.

1.3 Objective of the Study

The main objective of this study is to examine the Role Of The School Management, Parents Teachers Association And Other Relevant Members Of The Community In Meeting The Needs Of The School Child. Specifically, the study aims:

  1. To examine the Role Of The School Management
  2. To examine the activities of Parent Teacher Association in schools
  3. To examine the roles of parents on their responsibilities concerning their children
  4. To analyzed the achievement of parents/teachers association towards educational development in Dutse local government area of Jigawa state as the study area of this research work.
  5. To identify problems associated with parent/teachers association and its operation in relation to development of education and provide possible solution to the problems in Dutse local government Jigawa state.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What are the activities of Parent Teachers Association (PTA) in schools?
  2. In what way does Parent Teachers Association (PTA) help to the development of education in primary schools?
  3. Which area does Parent Teachers Association (PTA) pay attention to in primary Schools?
  4. What is the required help/assistance needed by Parent Teachers Association (PTA)?

1.5 Significance of the Study

In this research, efforts are directed to make an academic exercise which will broaden our knowledge on empirical experience on the subject matter. The research will throw more light on the role of parent’s teacher association in the development of education. The influence of parent/ teachers association in the administration of schools is of great importance. Quite very often people attributed the success of most schools administrative of the existence of strong Parent Teachers Association (PTA) organization in schools. This research is therefore significant in the sense that it will throw more light on what the student, teachers, and head teacher and the general public to perceive the influence of Parent Teachers Association (PTA) in school administration.

1.6 Scope of the Study

The study will be limited to Dutse local government area of Jigawa state; it is mainly concern with the role of parent/teachers association within the study area. The size of the study is limited to 90 workers

1.7 Limitations of the Study

This research work is specifically on the Role Of The School Management, Parents Teachers Association And Other Relevant Members Of The Community In Meeting The Needs Of The School Child. In the limitation on research work of this magnitude or nature can be carried out without limitation. Hence, during the course, certain constraints were encountered.


The cost of thorough research is not what can be afforded by a student. The prices of materials needed for this work has gone up and transport fee has also gone up.


The time was one of the limitations in the process of carrying out this research work.

Scarcity of Literature:

The research encountered some problems in collection of literature especially on the bank History and operations. This are hindered the smooth running of this work.

1.8 Definition of terms


Parents Teachers Association


The acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, belief and habit

Primary Education

Is the initial stage of education and has its basic aim to create, establish and offer opportunities to all children.

1.9 Organizations of the Study

The chapter one consist of the introductory part of the study which includes the study background, the statement of the research problem, the study objective and scope of the study.

The second chapter is a critical review of other literatures relevant to the study and its objectives including the theoretical framework for the study. While the third chapter is methods of data collection, sampling and data analysis used in conducting the study. The fourth chapter centres around the research findings including an analysis of how it relates to previous findings. The fifth chapter consists of the summary of findings, conclusion and recommendations base on the study objectives.

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

This Chapter presents the summary of the procedures used in the study, conclusion and recommendations. The problem of the study was also restated.

5.1 Summary

A stratified random sampling technique was used to select teachers from some selected schools, Parent Teachers Association (PTA) executive members from the area of Parent Teachers Association (PTA) and Head teachers from the schools under the area of study. All these came to a sample size of 50 respondents. For data generation, structured questionnaire was used. This was first validated and were considered and incorporated into the instrument before final administration. To establish that the instrument was reliable, the data used in this study were analyzed in tabular form according to the responses given by the respondent

5.2 Conclusion

There are many problems and challenges facing the Parents Teachers Association in primary schools. These include lack of understanding on what the role of the Parent Teachers Association (P.T.A) should be, apathy of parent members, government undue interference in the activities of the Parent Teachers Association (P.T.A.), diametrical stance of Parent Teachers Association (PTA) members to teachers, and so on. These problems have existed due to lack of appropriately defined modalities for effective operation of the Parent Teachers Association (P.T.A) in primary school. This study, therefore, set out to discover what the role for effective and efficient Parent Teachers Association (P.T.A.) system in primary schools. The purpose of this study was to discover role to improve the participation of the Parent Teachers Association (P.T.A.) in primary schools.

From the findings the researcher has discovered, that the Parent Teachers Association (PTA), the school and community can work together for the well being of the school and the children. For this to be achieved the roles of the Parent Teachers Association (PTA) should be well defined. The Parent Teachers Association (PTA) is willing to help out as much as it can, through advice, donations, and contributions and any other way the school needs its assistance. They know that the government, the Head teachers and the teachers cannot do it alone, as Onwuka (1989:74) puts it: it is generally acknowledged that the public education in Nigeria has been created and perhaps maintained by society, to do certain things the society wants. With this promise, it should follow that the system be a cooperative, co-ordinate venture with the educators aware of the desires and needs of the community and the public informed about and involved with the school experiences being provided for the student.

5.3 Recommendation

Based on the findings of this study, it is recommended, that:

  1. Government reviews the edit establishing the Parent Teachers Association (PTA) and makes attendance to Parent Teachers Association (PTA) meetings and membership of Parent Teachers Association (PTA) compulsory for parents in their children’s schools.
  2. Parent Teachers Association (PTA0 should know their responsibilities and limits of their responsibilities.
  3. Government should try and provide enough funds and school materials and delegate government officials as representatives at Parent Teachers Association (PTA) meetings.
  4. Government should make policies regarding school community relationships and empowering Parent Teachers Association (PTA) to make levies to help provide for the school.
  5. Teachers and the Parent Teachers Association (PTA) should see themselves as partners in the process of educating the children.
  6. Government should provide guidelines for the operation of Parent Teachers Association (PTA)
  7. Parent Teachers Association (PTA) policies should be made available to members

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the role of Parents Teacher Association in secondary school administration?

Since Parents Teacher Association is concerned with the student’s welfare and all round developments that is why parents are giving a role in the administrative administration of secondary school. This means that the Parents Teachers Association is interested in the co-operation of the school system.

What is the role of a parent in the education system?

Parents need to assist learners, teachers, and schools; with various activities, that directly involve enhancing the academic achievement the children.

What makes a school community supportive?

If parents, teachers and administrators begin with the understanding that everyone does have the capacity and goodness to help one another, then a supportive, effective school community will exist. When everyone believes the teachers, the parents, and the students are good, these expectations create that kind of school community.

What role does the community play in the education system?

The community and the parents members acts as role model that motivates the child’s positive thinking about education and the future. This calumniates in the child conceptualising the school, the home and the community as resourceful centre for knowledge enrichment.

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