The Influence Of Parenting On The Academic Performance Of Primary School Pupils In Mathematics (A Case Study Of Piwoyi Community Primary School Abuja)

Primary Education Project and Semina Material

The Influence Of Parenting On The Academic Performance Of Primary School Pupils In Mathematics (A Case Study Of Piwoyi Community Primary School Abuja)


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine the influence of parenting on the academic performance of primary school pupils in mathematics using Piwoyi community primary school Abuja as a case study. The study was carried out to ascertain whether there is a significant relationship between parenting and pupils academic performance in mathematics, find out the different types of parenting styles adopted by parents, investigate if parenting styles has any significant influence on pupils’ academic performance in mathematics, and ascertain whether parenting styles has any significant influence on pupils’ academic adequate participation in mathematics. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprised of some selected parents of the pupils attending at Piwoyi community primary school Abuja. In determining the sample size, the researcher purposefully selected 147 respondents and 141 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables and mean scores. While the hypotheses were tested using Pearson Correlation statistical tool, SPSS v23. The result of the findings reveals that there is a significant relationship between parenting and pupils academic performance in mathematics. Furthermore, the study revealed that the different types of parenting styles adopted by parents parents includes: authoritarian parenting, authoritative parenting, permissive parenting, and neglectful parenting. Therefore, it is recommended that the government through its Ministry of Education should organize guidance and counseling programmes in the communities to sensitize, educate and empower parents on various parenting styles and their influence on academic achievement of pupils. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

The Gale Encyclopedia of Science (Lerner & Lerner, 2004) states that Mathematics, in the very broadest sense, is the systematic study of relationships in the physical world and relationships between symbols which need not pertain to the real world. In relation to the world, mathematics is the language of science. It operates within the laws and constraints of science as it examines physical phenomena. Student achievement in mathematics is a hot topic among parents, educators, policymakers, and other stakeholders in the United States with good reason. According to the 2011 report of the Trends and International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), conducted by the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), although United States’ mathematics assessment scores continue to improve at both the fourth and eighth grade levels, they still rank well below average scores of several East Asian countries, including Singapore, Korea, Hong Kong SAR, Chinese Taipei, and Japan (Mullis, Martin, Foy, & Arora, 2012). In an increasingly global and technological world, many educators and policymakers view science and mathematics achievement as a major contributor to keeping the United States competitive economically. As a result, increasing mathematical achievement of students in the United States is a top priority (Ramirez, Xiaowei, Schofer, & Meyer, 2006). In TIMSS 2011, the IEA also examined contextual factors that contribute to student success in mathematics. The first two factors that were identified as having a strong positive relationship to high achievement scores involve parents: early exposure of children to mathematical concepts and access to academic resources in the home, such as parental support and books (Mullis et al., 2012). The concept that parents have a significant impact on student achievement is not new. Parents and other primary caregivers represent a child’s first teacher and greatly affect a child’s self-efficacy, self-esteem, identity development, and motivation—all factors that have been found to relate positively to student academic achievement (Bandura, 1997). Many research studies have examined the relationships between parents, students, and academic achievement, including the effect of parenting style on student achievement (Aunola & Nurmi, 2004; Dornbusch, Ritter, Leiderman, Roberts & Fraleigh, 1987; Lamborn, Mounts, Steinberg & Dornbusch, 1991; Leung, Lau & Lam, 1998; Paulson, 1994; Rivers, Mullis, Fortner & Mullis, 2012; Steinberg, Elmen & Mounts, 1989). Several of these studies point to a positive relationship between authoritative parenting, characterized by high levels of both warmth (responsiveness) and parental control (demandingness), and student academic achievement. (Baumrind, 1967; Maccoby & Martin, 1983; Lamborn et al., 1991). Less research, however, focuses on the impact of parenting style specifically on mathematics achievement. The purpose of this study was to determine if the research regarding parenting style and student achievement also applies to parenting style and mathematics achievement. Interestingly, some researchers have found that not only do parents and students have varying perceptions of the levels of responsiveness and demandingness in the home, but it is the student’s perception of parenting style that is more strongly related to student achievement than the parents’ perception of parenting style (Paulson, 1994; Paulson & Sputa, 1996). Thus, this researcher also examined and compared how students and parents identify parenting style within their personal family context.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

In Nigeria, Performance in Mathematics has remained lower than other subjects in the primary in the country. Mathematics is a very important subject in our daily life. Poor performance in mathematics undermines pupil’s chances of pursuing courses like pharmacy and engineering and other career related fields, consequently resulting into poor opportunities in the job market.

Data from ASUBEB (2017) shows the persistent increase in the failure rate of pupils’ academic achievement in mathematics (external examination) between 2015 to 2017 and this could have been as a result of the type of parenting styles used by their wards. Some parents are naturally non-challant to their children as regards their academic pursuit and achievement. They claim to be busy with their daily work routines and careless about their child’s educational achievement. From the foregoing, the importance of parenting, in students’ academic achievement cannot be overemphasized. Hence, this study focused on ascertaining the influence of parenting on the academic performance of primary school pupils in mathematics using Piwoyi community primary school Abuja as a case study.


1.3 Objectives of this Study

The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of parenting on the academic performance of primary school pupils in mathematics using Piwoyi community primary school Abuja as a case study. the specified objectives are:

  1. Ascertain whether there is a significant relationship between parenting and pupils academic performance in mathematics.
  2. Find out the different types of parenting styles adopted by parents.
  3. To investigate if parenting styles has any significant influence on pupils’ academic performance in mathematics.
  4. Ascertain whether parenting styles has any significant influence on pupils’ academic adequate participation in mathematics.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. Is there any significant relationship between parenting and pupils academic performance in mathematics?
  2. What are the different types of parenting styles adopted by parents?
  3. Does parenting styles has any significant influence on pupils’ academic performance in mathematics?
  4. Does parenting styles has any significant influence on pupils’ academic adequate participation in mathematics?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • Ho: There is no significant relationship between parenting and pupils academic performance in mathematics.
  • Ha: There is a significant relationship between parenting and pupils academic performance in mathematics.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The significance of the project will be to inform stakeholders of the potential predictors of higher achievement outcomes. Of particular benefit is the focus of the study on non-cognitive or psycho-social predictors of academic achievement. The study will provide other researchers with insight on significant gaps in the literature concerning predictors of achievement outcomes, especially regarding the relationship between parenting style and academic achievement. The study will benefit teachers in helping them to understand the importance of motivation, goal orientation and academic selfefficacy as these factors relate to engaging students in academic tasks. The study will aid parents in allowing them to realize the influence of the parenting environment and parenting style as a contextual element in shaping achievement outcomes. Finally, the study will help students to develop their potential as they discover the role of motivation, goal orientation and self-efficacy in adapting to diverse learning situations.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The scope of this study covers the influence of parenting on the academic performance of primary school pupils in mathematics using Piwoyi community primary school Abuja as a case study. However the study respondents will be obtained from selected parents of the pupils attending at Piwoyi community primary school Abuja.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

The following factors poses to be a limitation during the course of this research

Financial constraint

Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint

The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Parent:

A parent is a caregiver of the offspring in their own species. In humans, a parent is the caretaker of a child.

Parenting Style:

A parenting style is a psychological construct representing standard strategies that parents use in their child rearing.


1.10 Organization of the Studies

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the influence of parenting on the academic performance of primary school pupils in mathematics using Piwoyi community primary school Abuja as a case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to examine the influence of parenting on the academic performance of primary school pupils in mathematics using Piwoyi community primary school Abuja as a case study. The study specifically was aimed to ascertain whether there is a significant relationship between parenting and pupils academic performance in mathematics, find out the different types of parenting styles adopted by parents, investigate if parenting styles has any significant influence on pupils’ academic performance in mathematics, and ascertain whether parenting styles has any significant influence on pupils’ academic adequate participation in mathematics.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 141 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondents were some selected parents of the pupils attending at Piwoyi community primary school Abuja.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher made the following conclusion.

  1. There is a significant relationship between parenting and pupils academic performance in mathematics.
  2. The different types of parenting styles adopted by parents parents includes: authoritarian parenting, authoritative parenting, permissive parenting, and neglectful parenting.
  3. Parenting styles has a significant influence on pupils’ academic performance in mathematics.
  4. Parenting styles has a significant influence on pupils’ academic adequate participation in mathematics.

5.4 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. The government through its Ministry of Education should organize guidance and counseling programmes in the communities to sensitize, educate and empower parents on various parenting styles and their influence on academic achievement of pupils.
  2. Teachers should make efforts to communicate with their pupils’ parents and families so as to understand the goals they have set for their children. They should welcome the parents, appreciate them and support them in their roles as teachers of their children.
  3. Pupils should be motivated by parents and teachers to develop the right mental attitude and self-efficacy in pursuit of their education, and strive to rise above their circumstances irrespective of the environment they grew up in.
  4. Parents should ensure that parenting styles such as neglectful parenting styles are avoided by being involved in the academic activities of their children to ensure that their children perform to their optimum academically.
  5. School management should encourage healthy school-home relations. This would give the school ample opportunity in educating parents on their significant role in their wards’ performance.

Get Complete Project Material

6,000 Naira

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦6,500 to the Account Below

Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($25)

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: The Influence Of Parenting On The Academic Performance Of Primary School Pupils In Mathematics (A Case Study Of Piwoyi Community Primary School Abuja)

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.