The Role Of Nigerian Civil Service In National Development (A Case Of Anambra State Civil Service)

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration


Abstract


This research work is focused on the role of civil service in national development of Nigeria (A study of Anambra state civil service commission) it identify basic concepts, issues and impact of the civil service in Nigeria. The research observed that civil service are not performing its duties as expected, due to some inherent problems like political instability, political interference, negative attitude to work etc, that made the research civil service reform abysmally. Some questions were asked which is considered accordingly as listed hereunder. Does the civil service really bring development? What role does civil service play in the government? Some related literatures were reviewed and relevant facts were gotten.

The study made use of survey research method to know the real impact of civil service in Nigeria. The theoretical framework used in the study is the organizational management theory (Administrative theory).


Table Of Content


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Certification page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of content

Chapter One

1.0. Introduction

  • 1.1. Background of study
  • 1.2. Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 objective of the study
  • 1.4 research questions
  • 1.5. Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope of the study
  • 1.7 limitation of the study
  • 1.8 Definitions of terms

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 An Analytical View Of Civil Service
  • 2.3 The Nigeria Civil Service Reform The Colonial To The Present At A Glance
  • 2.4 Summary And General Critique
  • 2.5 Civil Service Control
  • 2.6 Problems And Prospects Of The Civil Service
  • 2.7 Principles / Characteristics Of The Civil Service
  • 2.8 Structure Of The Civil Service
  • 2.9 Structure And Strength Of Anambra
  • 2.10 Other 7 Bodies Outside The Civil Service Commission Of Anambra State
  • 2.11 Structure And Strength Of Anambra State Civil Service Commission From April 2007

Chapter Three

3.0. Research Design and Methodology

  • 3.1. Introduction
  • 3.2 Research design
  • 3.3. Sources/methods of data collection
  • 3.4. Population and sample size
  • 3.5. Sample technique
  • 3.6. Validity and reliability of measuring instrument
  • 3.7. Methods of data analysis

Chapter Four

4.0. Presentation and Analysis of Data

  • 4.1. Introduction
  • 4.2. Presentation of data
  • 4.3. Analysis of data
  • 4.4. Interpretation of result

Chapter Five

5.0. Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1. Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary of findings
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • References
  • Appendix

Chapter One


1.0. Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

The entire evolution of civil service has being dated to the ancient civilization time. Civil service is a specialized body of government that executes the policies, decisions and programmes, it also offers advice to the government on policy matters. The inefficiency on the part of the civil service of any country, however, affects the effectiveness of the government of that country in providing the needs for its citizenry.

Although public service has a wider scope of service than civil service. All civil servants are public servant but not all public servants are civil servants.

Civil service is the component of the large public service which is centrally placed to provide guidance, advice, general supervision and coordination of government operation both at the state and federal levels. The role of civil service are largely conditional and determined by the character of the state.

In Nigeria its changing roles in the societies. As an instrument of the state and part and parcel of the executive arm of government, the civil service is structured and organized towards the realization of the aims and objectives of the state in the society.

During the British rule in Nigeria, the roles of the civil service were geared towards the realization of her majesty imperial objectives in the country. In the early period of this era, the service was essentially a peace keeping institution in the country.

In the early period of this era, the service was essentially a peace keeping institution pre-occupied with maintains law and order and the replacement of the pre-capitalist mode and way of life. The civil service in Nigeria carried over the tradition, norms and neutrality of the departing colonial over lords a tradition and culture suitable only to a government whose pre-occupation was the maintenance of law and order than the promotion of the material and social needs of the people.

The primary role of the civil service in Nigeria and similar societies, whether in terms of advising the political leaders or the government of the day in policy formulation or in the execution of the policies and programmes made by them, is to serve as a veritable instrument and faithful hand work of both the domestic and international capital for the realization of the goals and objectives of the state. Civil service include dealing with international finance institution, international leading bodies and non governmental organization.

The adoption of the national development plan by Nigeria has put enormous responsibility on the shoulders of the civil servants they are executed to make sectoral analysis of the economy, identify potential and promising social and economic projects and programmes, engage in process of development planning in micro studies of programmes and project and evaluation of the political, social economic and technical implication of the activities of the civil service in Nigeria were all geared towards private accumulation and expansion of capital irrespective of the type of government in the country.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

Going down many lanes, civil service had contributed enormously to the development of Anambra state. The role of the civil service in Anambra state has become the giant strides seriously needed to take the state to amiable level. Civil service is Panacea for all these short coming in the state, especially in the area of policy, decision, initiative and implementation, administrative, contimity, policy decision formulation, execution of policy, its analysis and evaluation.

Civil service is very crucial to Anambra state especially now that the state is driving forth to become one among the league of developed economy come year 2020, and inspite of the fact these lapses of problems in the role of civil service, the state still crave for development locally and internally.


1.3 Objectives Of The Study

The purpose of this study is

  1. To ascertain the level of effectiveness in the civil service as it affects development in Anambra state.
  2. To find out if there is acrimony between the political Leaders and career officers of the civil service.
  3. To find if there is poor attitude to work and institutional conservation within the civil service.
  4. To ascertain if the recruitment of civil servants in Anambra state are based on merit.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. To ascertain if the recruitment of the civil servants in Anambra state are based on merit
  2. To find out if there is poor attitude to work and institutional conservation within the civil service.
  3. To find out if there is acrimony between the political leaders and career officers of the civil service.
  4. To ascertain the level of effectiveness in the civil service as it affects development in Anambra state.

1.5 Significance Of The Study

The civil service as a component of the large public service has it relevance both for practical and academic purpose due to the impact they have played and about to play in future. The result of this study cannot be underestimated because the outcome will be beneficial to the government, particularly in the areas of policy making and policy induction. The civil servants will also benefit from it as it will enable them understand the extent the job have been performed.

This study will also contribute significantly to the already existing body of knowledge. The public administration students will find work very useful.


1.6 Scope Of The Study

The scope of this study stream lines the role of the civil service and its effects in the development of the states, using Anambra state civil service commission as a case study. It also covers the problems that militate against the effectiveness implementation of the roles of the civil service in Anambra state. Like red-tapism in the civil service administration, delay in decision making and implementation of programmes, lack of expertise or technocrats in the civil service, negligence to duty, inadequate facilities for man power graining and development (capacity building). Despite the aforementioned constraints in civil service, the civil service has contributed enormously in the development of Anambra state, the civil service has been the life wire of the government, are responsible for continuity in the administration of the state, they also assist in policy initiative and implementation. They do guard the government in the arrangement and drafting of the state’s annual budget.


1.7 Limitation Of The Study

The limitation of this study lines the role of the civil service as its effects in the development of the state. Using Anambra state service commission as a case study. It covers such area like for leadership quality and lack of quantitative man power, poor remuneration of salary of civil servants, poor attitude to work, lack of expertise or technocrat in the civil service. The civil service has contributed enormously in the development of Anambra state, and therefore should not be left to suffer some certain problem, hence it is the life wire of government.


1.8 Definition Of Terms

Acrimony:

Is bitterness and anger about something.

Civilization:

Is a human society with its own social organization and culture, societies it is the state of having and advanced level of social organization and a comfortable way of life.

Conservatism:

The tendency to resist great or sudden change in politics.

Constraints:

A manner that is not natural or relevant. A thing that limits or restricts.

Enormous:

Extremely large in size, amount or degree.

Nepotism:

If some use their power or authority to get jobs or other benefits for members of the family, you prefer to this action as nepotism or the practice among people or influence or favouring their own relatives by given them jobs, achieve promotion through nepotism.

Overhaul:

To examine carefully and thoroughly and make any necessary changes or repairs.

Remuneration:

Is the payment that is made up to someone for work they have done.


Chapter Five


5.0 Summary, Conclusion And Recommendations

5.1 Introduction

This chapter focuses on the summary of the findings conclusion recommendation. In conjunction with the references as well as the appendix and questionnaire by the researcher.


5.2 Summary Of Findings

So many facts were observed and revealed in this study and one of it was that individuals believe that civil service contribute to the development of the state. They also believe that the establishment of civil service is also the establishment of new things in the state. Majority of them were influenced by the role played by the civil service. According to them a good government can only be recognized when efficiency civil service in a government that helps to prevent damage that will be caused by inexperienced civil service and also protect the image of government.

There were a list of reasons of keeping there effective and efficient civil service in a government namely, for the proper implementation and formulation of government policies and programmes. for proper keeping of government records. For public englintement etc.


5.3 Conclusion

In almost every profession, new circumstances requires the development of new or the redeponion of existing skills like those in virtually all field of human endeavour. Civil servants must be prepared to adopt and change in response to the changing talks, and problems which they must deal with and in changing the world in which they work. This in turn requires that that who undertakes the responsibility of providing training and education for the civil servants adopt their programmes to reflects the new demands and realities facing those who are and will be guiding the public sector now and in the future. This does not mean rejecting that which has importance in the past but rather adding to or redefining past practice in such a way as to accommodate needs and development.


5.4 Recommendation

In view of the findings as demonstrated in the earlier part of this work, the following recommendations will help the civil service in the state to effective discharge their duties.

  1. The civil service should ensure the development of able and capable staff conscious of their and able to satisfy the need of establishing them.
  2. It is therefore required that recruitment into the civil service should be based purely on merit system rather then favouritism, federal character principles, state of origin syndrome, religionalism etc.
  3. For them to have a good and responsible government, they must have well informed civil servants who know the things to do at the right time.
  4. Civil service should involve itself in enlighting.

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