The Role Of Motivation Of The Teachers In The Teaching Of Biology In Ese-Ode Local Government Area, Ondo State

Biology Education Project Material

The Role Of Motivation Of The Teachers In The Teaching Of Biology In Ese-Ode Local Government Area, Ondo State


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine the role of motivation of teachers in the teaching of biology using some selected secondary schools in Ese-Ode Local Government Area, Ondo State as a case study. The study was carried out to find out the impact of the motivation on teachers performance, find out whether the proper use of motivation techniques have a positive or negative effects on the performance of teachers, find out whether teachers in Ondo State are presently satisfied with the condition of service, find out whether financial incentives improve workers performance more than non-financial incentives, find out the extent to which motivational determinants are in teaching profession whether the teacher in Ondo State will quit teaching profession and make recommendations to the government and appropriate authority concerned based on the findings of the study. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of biology teachers from (8) selected secondary schools in Ese-Ode Local Government Area, Ondo State. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 41 respondents and 35 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables. While the hypotheses were tested using Pearson correlation statistical tool SPSS v23.The result of the findings reveals that majority of the biology teachers in the study area are not satisfied with their remuneration. The study also revealed that the teachers are not satisfied with the promotion of teachers in the local government. Therefore, it is recommended that government should ensure that teacher’s salaries are regularly paid which will motivate the ability of the teacher and school. Authorities should motivate business studies teachers with fringe benefit and incentives in other to make them increase their teaching performance. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organization of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The teaching profession previously was accorded with respect, honor and dignity. This enviable profession was a sort of motivation to many teachers. Also not only afford life career and permanent membership but also renders services to the public. It has code of ethics; the code of ethics for teachers is contained in the handbooks of the Nigeria union of teachers. They were revealed and give pride of place in the study. But recently, the government and all its organs neglect teachers and the educational sector, while motivation can be brought about by adequate remuneration, fringe benefits and recognition. They can also be made to occupy high social status in the society.
However, in spite of the facts that this motivation was not really there, teachers still did their work conscientiously producing desired result. There is no doubt before 1980 teachers started to recognize their own worth and demand for their right when these was not forth coming their attitude to their work began to change and this was the beginning of the down word side in education in the country. It was also the beginning of industrial actions by teacher’s nation wide. From 11980 till date, the country had witnessed countless number of strikes and counters strikes as the many other establishments, strikes is a common action embarked upon by workers over the years. There have been wide spread concern on what teachers can do effectively and how this condition of services could be achieved, the resultant effect was a further determination of students performance. This has been the major concern of the researcher who has decided to find out.

According to Nwanchukwu (1990) it is a fact that frown both the lay man and expert point of view the level of performance in way organization are remunerated and other monetary incentives. There is no other saying that the primary motive of investing is to meet the organization goals therefore there are certain factors which need to be considered in order to attain the above is the realization of objectives. Moreover, it is important to note that motivation is important if the desired level of performance would be attained. Thus the employers they should be aware that old methods of persuading society to produce the desired result. Therefore, it is necessary for employers of labour to be fully equipped with all the motivational tools and their applications if the stated organizational objectives would be activated. It is the hope and the belief of the researcher that if employers wants their employee to perform effectively they should reciprocate by providing the necessary incentives for examples newspaper, daily times in expressing the light of teachers work that it is totally unjustifiable and well reasonable to notice bond treatment towards teachers.

Teachers are the producers of the following bank manager, oil miners, judge, chief accountant, lawyers, senators, governors even the president. But it is the salary of the teachers that is always delayed and it is the arrears of salaries to teachers that are usually dumped in sides dustbins untouched at the school boards is in heaven. Thus they succeeded in maintaining and improving educational standard as by Ubjuke effective performance on the part of the employers is essential for the success of the organization. An understanding of what motivate individual is necessary to reveal and potential released.

In the light of this problem the study is designed to assist measure and explain the performance of teachers, in some selected secondary schools in Ese-Odo Local Government Area of Ondo State. This study is interested in teachers as they occupy a significant role in the development of any country. It focuses on secondary school teachers who will be called upon the shoulders the responsibilities of seeing to the successful take off of introduced six years course in secondary schools. The teacher therefore needs to be lightly motivated for successful take off this performance.


1.2 Statement of Problems

This research aimed at finding out the causes and proposing solution on the problem of motivation of teachers. The problem will investigate into the salary of teachers and how often their salaries are paid in companies with other workers in the public sectors whether there is adequate facilities, including laboratory equipment, textbooks, adequate finance and conducive environment for teacher to carry out their job. Whether the nature and structure of job can act as a motivating factor and also what are the attitudes of teachers as regard remaining in the profession.


1.3 Objectives of Study

Having stated the problem to be investigated in the study, it becomes imperative to state the purpose of this study. The purpose of the study is as follows:

  1. To find out the impact of the motivation on teachers performance
  2. To find out whether the proper use of motivation techniques have a positive or negative effects on the performance of teachers.
  3. To find out whether teachers in Ondo State are presently satisfied with the condition of service.
  4. To find out whether financial incentives improve workers performance more than non-financial incentives.
  5. To find out the extent to which motivational determinants are in teaching profession whether the teacher in Ondo State will quit teaching profession.
  6. To make recommendations to the government and appropriate authority concerned based on the findings of the study.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. Are you satisfied with your present salary?
  2. Does increase in salaries motivate you?
  3. Is your salary the same with that of your counterpart in their profession?
  4. Is your salary paid regularly?
  5. Are you satisfied with the promotion of teachers in this local government?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

For the purpose of this research, the following hypotheses were formulated:

H0: There is no significant relationship between motivation and biology teachers performance.

H1: There is a significant relationship between motivation and biology teachers performance.


1.6 Significance of the Study

This research will enable those concerned know how to develop t4eaching profession in Nigeria and how to endure greater satisfaction in them.

It will provide for an opportunity for enhancing the performance by understanding motivation, as to improve performance.

It will provide for an opportunity for enhancing job performance by understanding motivation determinant and actions involved in them so as to improve performance.

As useful lesson to all that extensive control is not the best of b=obtaining effects and cooperation at work.

It will help to ascertain really motivate teachers apart from monetary rewards, such information will go along way to suggest how best to improve the performance of productivity of teachers in Ese-Odo Local Government Area of Ondo State at large.


1.7 Scope of the Study

These studies include teachers from (8) secondary schools and all these are mixed schools, because there is no any boys or girls school in this local government. The fact obtained will enable the researcher to see if some teachers are more motivated than others and the effect on the school concerned.

  • Community Comprehensive High School, Sabomi.
  • Apoi national High School, Igbotu.
  • Ijaw National high School, Arogbo
  • Comprehensive high School, Igbobini
  • Comprehensive High School, Igbekebo
  • Ojuala Community High School Ojuala
  • Arogbo City Academy, Arogbo
  • Arenibaro grammar School Amapere

1.8 Limitation of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researchers encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. The significant constraint was the scanty literature on the subject owing to the nature of the discourse thus the researcher incurred more financial expenses and much time was required in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size. Additionally, the researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. More so, the choice of the sample size was limited as few respondent were selected to answer the research instrument hence cannot be generalize to other secondary schools. However, despite the constraint encountered during the research, all factors were downplayed in other to give the best and make the research successful.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Motivation:

The process of including or causing some one to behave in the most desired way in the aid of certain incentives.

Performance:

This is the way in which something react under certain condition of fulfils the purpose for which it was intended.

Remuneration:

This is the monetary compensation an employees receives of work done, condition of service, this is both the monetary and non-monetary compensation given to an employee.

Satisfaction:

This is a feeling of happiness or pleasure because you have achieved something or get what you want.

Productivity:

Is the rate at which goods are produce and the amount produce compared with the work, time and money needed to produce them.

Teacher’s performance:

The key aspects of teaching involve the use of instructional materials, teaching methods, regular assessment of students, making lesson plans, assessment of pupils, conduct of fieldwork, teachers, participation in sports, attending school assembly and guidance and counseling. Therefore, teacher job performance is the teacher’s ability to integrate the experience, teaching methods, instructional materials, knowledge and skills in delivering subject matter to students in and outside the classroom (Bennell, 2004).


1.10 Organization of the Study

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the role of motivation of teachers in the teaching of biology using some selected secondary schools in Ese-Ode Local Government Area, Ondo State as a case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was on the role of motivation of teachers in the teaching of biology using some selected secondary schools in Ese-Ode Local Government Area, Ondo State as a case study. The study is was specifically carried out to find out the impact of the motivation on teachers performance, find out whether the proper use of motivation techniques have a positive or negative effects on the performance of teachers, find out whether teachers in Ondo State are presently satisfied with the condition of service, find out whether financial incentives improve workers performance more than non-financial incentives, find out the extent to which motivational determinants are in teaching profession whether the teacher in Ondo State will quit teaching profession and make recommendations to the government and appropriate authority concerned based on the findings of the study.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 35 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent were biology teachers from (8) selected secondary schools in Ese-Ode Local Government Area, Ondo State.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

With regards to the analysis carried out in chapter 4 of this study, it is therefore concluded that majority of the biology teachers in the study area are not satisfied with their remuneration. Although the biology teachers do not receive the same salary with that of their counterpart in their profession, the little they earn is not paid regularly.

However, increase in salaries motivate them. It is also concluded that the teachers are not satisfied with the promotion of teachers in the local government.


5.4 Recommendations

Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations are proffered.

  1. Government should ensure that teacher’s salaries are regularly paid which will motivate the ability of the teacher and school. Authorities should motivate business studies teachers with fringe benefit and incentives in other to make them increase their teaching performance.
  2. Public and Private secondary schools should provide incentive packages to increase teachers’ motivation. Special attention should be put at increasing teacher‘s salaries because the majority of them (teachers) complained about the inadequacy of their salaries to meet their needs. Increasing teacher‘s salaries will increase their morale to teach. This is because the teachers must be interested in what they teach and in the children when they are teaching. If they are not interested in the work themselves, they can never motivate the class to Learn.
  3. Regional Administration Local Government, Education Standards Agency should be strengthened to make sure that teachers receive salary on time. The District Inspectorate should also be strengthened and adequately funded to carry out routine inspections in both public and private secondary schools. Regular visits to the schools would motivate the teachers to be more regular and early in school and avoid divided attention of searching for secondary employment as part time teachers.
  4. The teachers who perform well in teaching and learning process should receive extra payment that can help them to increase effort in teaching.
  5. The Ministry of Education and Vocational Training (MOVET) and the owner of private secondary schools should provide incentive packages to increase teachers’ motivation. Special attention should be put at increasing teacher‘s salaries because the majority of them (teachers) complained about the inadequacy of their salaries to meet their needs.
  6. Increasing teacher‘s salaries will increase their morale to teach. This is because the teachers must be interested in what they teach and in the children when they are teaching. If they are not interested in the work themselves, they can never motivate the class to learn.

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