The Role Of Modern Technology In Achieving Communication Efficiency In Nigeria

Project and Seminar Material for Mass Communication

The Role Of Modern Technology In Achieving Communication Efficiency In Nigeria


Abstract


This global modern technologies in the nineties had been such a glaring and widely exciting experience. This leaves no body even a Thomas in doubt of what situation and trend will look like even as we are now in the 21st century.

Expectedly, there will be an era of complete and total information revolutionary Age. This period which is entire world finds themselves how is a peculiar and highly sophisticated communication age that is characterized by a “Net-compact technology”.

In this topic of study , the role of modern technologies in achieving communication efficiency, its very unfortunate and most painful that as the rest of the world are now in the modern information technology, Nigeria and in fact the whole of African continent is still so abysmally bondaged and far from this information paradise and communication age. This study aims at assessing critically the function of modern technologies in the course of achieving efficiency in communication in Nigeria.

One can therefore review that the contention was that instead of moving ahead with others, we had decided to go backwards and abysmally into the remote ancestral enclave of our fore fathers.

The statistical instrument used in deriving the sample size is the questionnaire which was distributed randomly to some students in tertiary institutions, civil servants and also some communication executives.

Nigeria needs to be in line with modern technologies in the race towards achieving efficiency in communication. And therefore, it recommended that Nigeria government should start to support some information and communication programmes and projects which will be capable of turning round the communication culture turning round the communication culture to the yearnings and aspirations of Nigerians.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The key to success in the global technology is to celebrate technology the global technology is to celebrate technology rather than hide it away and to really start developing it where nothing has been done “Masayuki Kukokowa (Japanese).

This new or modern information technology I networked or webbed information. This metamorphic transformation points increasingly to practical terms, a global information technology.

It is best described as a new millennium. It is compact, sophisticated, revolutionary, goal-oriented and to sum up, a complex but cherishable culture of the new society. BILL GATE as a giant in the present information technology ushered in the webbed information global phenomena. The west as well as the North have shown tremendously a growing wave and crave for information revolution.

Nigeria has remained in an abysmal trance and has steadily watched the rest of the world being ahead of her in the present dispensation. Improvement takes two things, creativity and experience. What this study emphasize is the place of modern technologies in achieving communication efficiency and argument for our critigue is not whether Nigeria has shown any interest in modern technologies but the extent to which these modern technologies have helped in achieving communication efficiency in the new millennium. When a retrospect is made, I easily recall that communication got its name from the Latin name “Communis” meaning show commonness. This further implies an exchange of ideas, values, thinking and orientations among people from different geographical, political, economic, social, cultural, religious and then lingual expressions.

The history of communications and information technology dates back to Shakespearean “ACTADIURA” and plausible information invention. Successively and very glaring, society is dynamic and so is the communication word. The parries primitive Egyptian technologist become the “IN THING” crude as it was, it served the same purpose any other model can serve today.

Gutenberg came and endowed the world with letter and printing presses. It was an era of a blood based catalytic information outreached and development. As society continued to grow, move and move horizons were exposed and humanity (technologists) availed themselves of the opportunity and then as far back as 1859, a Reverend gentleman by name Henry Townsend after looking for a better way to reach the illiterate interior Nigeria societies established the first Newspaper, “IWE-IROHIN’. A paper for the Egbe and Yorubas. The transformation continued through the electronic media channels; Television, Radio and others. Thus, the present millennium where the internet operations, digital phones, keeping compact systems, cellular mobile systems, computerized data-base information inventions, e-mails, Fax-technologies which take the domain of the global information is to only exciting but interesting. T.W. Kang-a Tokoyo based business consultant noted that “The real purpose of the new information technology is to increase efficiency and competitiveness.

Not only that the entire national technological culture is in a sorry state, communication is suffering an even deadlier scourge. There is no opportunity for creativity, skill and experience, research and other things capable of engendering positivism in the information environment are lacking.

Strange is the problem in Nigerian that this study faces one singular problem of finding out the rate of communication efficiency in the face of the modern information technology. The information technology being referred to have will not only serve to educate, socialize, entertain and crystallize ideas but the type that will bring us nearer to the rest of the world in the minute lapse of time within unimaginable distance.


1.2 Statement of the Research Problem

“The world is dynamic and so is every thing inside it” Professor Rosecoe Pound.

With the above excerpt, it is primarily clear that the global information culture is changing and never static. This change has created a venue for improvement and sophistication of man’s efforts towards technology prowess. Good enough, it is true though a bitter fact that this technological success has equally been unfriendly in some considerations. The race forward id such that no one individual, group or society can readily afford to miss it. The understanding of this promise and its appreciation brings the problems of this study into focus.

This study has the first and most obvious problems of X-raying the role of modern technology in achieving communication efficiency. Nigeria is at the vantage point and hence the task of evaluating and critically assessing the country, that is, its readiness, prepardness or other problems which will be a challenge for this study. The journey into the 21st century is gradual but steady. It cannot be changed and with it is the climax of revolution in all aspects of life of the society ie its culture, language politics, philosophy, economy, science, religion, technology vis-à-vis the social dynamics.

I have a strong problem in this study. The problem is investigating the global communication technology in the new millennium marrying it with a critical review, a Nigerian experience. Communication and infact our information culture,

mediocrity has replaced education and excellence cum professionalism in our media, instead of moving to the “net” and “web” system, Nigeria is heading back to the primitive days of oral communication. The status quo is further made sick by the draconia laws put together by heinous politicians in an attempt to muzzle communication efficiency. In this earnest search for a way out, I ask and present it as and among the problems of this study the question of who becomes the BILL GATE and JAMES BACKDALE in Nigeria.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The decision to carry out a study, be it academic qualification study, case study. and other various forms of study calls to the mind a purpose for which such study is originally intended. Empirically therefore this study has its primary purpose to critically assess the Role of modern technologies in achieving communication efficiency as it concerns Nigeria. Happily, what we have today with respect to communication has been a remarkable improvement and total manifestation mankind’s strong spirit in the race into the twenty first (21st) century.

This study therefore concentrated on these notable and indispensable successes of the past and present and use it as a yardstick to determine the status quo in the nearest further. Thus information will be laid on the internet, E-mail, digital phones, computer data base, information super high way, to mention but a few. Interestingly, the need and role all these play in our overall business, political life, freedom of expressions and disseminating of information and also the place of the modern information technology on the question of test of validation of potency and strength of God in the face of internet “ever dynamic web” that had webbed the world.

The research will additionally buttress the discussion on how only Nigerian has remained clumoving in this all important global race. The “Net” has become more and more opportunity to shoot out information from most restrictive areas and zones.

Should this be the reason why the development of internet communication is not given a chance of motivation by the government? The purpose of this study once move is to analyse all these discoveries strickly coordination without prejudice, make decision, conclusions and recommendations for the future.


1.4 Significance of the Study

The significance of this study is without doubt enormous. It is better described as a revolutionary study into an entirely new age of information technology and dissemination which has also been known as “communication revolution” infact a millennium .

To the students and future researchers in the same area, this study will serve as a harvest of knowledge and a discovery of some hidden and silent ideas about the modern communication and culture. It is axiomatic to posit here that to the researcher personally, this study assures him of not only knowledge but the inspirations, aspirations, zeal and will to explore more horizons in this virgin but glaring area of communication research.

Furthermore, the study will be beneficial to the society, organizations and her agencies will not only see the need to imbibe the modern communication culture into their environment but equally give support, incentive and motivation towards the sustainability of this eventful ideas and communication agenda.

Moreover, to beginners in the communication industry, the successes of BILL GATE and JAME BACKDALE at Microsoft America will serve as an impetus to their concerted efforts towards recognition. This study will help them in this direction by not only laying down the golden rule that ‘success can only come where determination breeds” but their determination complemented by eludiluted dedications is a hallmark of a reasonable and rational success. The discussion on the significance of this study will not be completed if mention is not made on the role it will play in finding the solution to Nigeria’s sick movement of his tory.


1.5 Research Questions

Some questions which this study will try to provide answers to include:-

  1. Have you heard of the modern information technology?
  2. Have you ever used digital system in your office?
  3. Which do you prefer most in your business, the present digital information technology, or the crude postal communication?
  4. Do you think that Nigeria is prepares for the modern information technology?

1.6 Research Hypothesis

  1. H1 present digital information technology is preferable to the crude postal communication in most business organizations.
    Ho present digital information technology is not preferable to the crude postal communication in most business organization.
  2. H2 The rate of Nigeria’s preparedness for the new information technology is at a slow pace.
    H0 The rate of Nigerian’s preparedness for the new information technology is not at a slow pace.
  3. H3 The use of digital system as a modern technology is in vogue in most offices in Nigeria.

1.7 Definition of Terms:

Conceptually and Operationally

In the process of conducting and final presentation of this study, there are so many words so technical that they need to be defined for more understanding on the part of the audience of this study. Such words are:

Technology:

This is an act of transmitting information and technical method of achieving a practical purpose.

Internet:

Are computers equipped with and connected to telephone and television networks.

Global Village:

It means bringing the entire world to our door via digital and other electronic hypersensitive means.

Problems:

A question raised for enquiring consideration or solution.

Communication:

The activity or process of expressing ideas and feelings or of giving people information.

Prospect:

Something that is extended to the view ie looked forward to.

Perationally Technology:

This is a process by which information is exchanged between individual through a common system of symbols and the totality of the means employed to provide objects necessary for human sustenance.

Internet:

Worldwide system for sending and receiving electronic mail known as E-mail.

Global Village:

Embracing the whole of a group of items especially in a place smaller than a town.

Problems:

Dealing with a question concerning human conduct and social relationship.

Prospect:

This means something that is awaited or expected to happen.


1.8 Assumption

The researcher assumes that modern information technologies are very power and influential in achieving communication efficiency that every body will purchase and make use of them.

All the people within the Nigerian society should be exposed to the full knowledge of modern information technologies. It is assumed finally that the result got from this research work will help to create some awareness to the society and thereby bring in full societal development.


1.9 Scope and Limitation of Study

The researcher limited the study within Nigerian society. The study is limited to know the extent of what modern information technologies have done in achieving communication efficiency in Nigeria.


Chapter Five


Summary, Recommendation and Conclusion

5.1 Summary of Findings

Bill Gate started micro-soft in 1975, he developed the operating system in 1981, since then the development and trend has remained dynamic, progressive and exciting too. The net technology has become part and parcel of all aspect of our family cum national life. In banking, cinema, music, quto cars, webs, television etc, are now involved in the new communication culture. The question we continue to ask is whether or not Nigeria is prepared for this modern information.

Additionally, the question of the relevance of the modern information technology has been highlighted. In an attempt to tell the world and its immediate audience about the modern information technology. Bill Gate aptly posited by recalling the world of Amiral (Yamatoto of Japan. “I fear we have awakened a sleeping giant” he has come. The new golden information technology is good and bad at the same time. Its bad side has encapsulated the issue of growth and development of the new culture in Nigeria and other third world society. But the implication from the simple logic are easy enough to trace abd this will fill volumes of history yet to be written. The net technology without double will still be a more powerful information tool that will ensure communication efficiency by centuries to come.

Narayara Murthy a soft Nara Mogul” put it “we have to strive for excellence, such excellence in networked society is measured in kilobits per second.

Interestingly also, it is safe to state here that the new culture in information discussion can as well be a curse and hence detrimental to the existence of western colonialism and alien rule. It might constitute security risk and that is the more reason why some countr more reason why some countries like Nigeria and other third state might have the resources to develop such technology but yet remain mute in such direction. With the present information technology, there is no longer nothing like restriction, control of freedom of expression. What the government does not want the people to know or hear for possibly the internet and survival of the state can easily obtained via the interest. The modern information technology will also affect the judicial and or legal proceeding in the court.
Charles Hynes, district Attorney quoted”, it was a real shock that they switched over to computers.

This shows that the web information technology can be used to monitor the court proceeding. This is bad as it can lead to litigation decided outside the court. The view toward the recent technology and religion is related. Hence many hold the opinion that such technology will actually change the minds of many against “God” for adoration of science and scientist. The belief of these people is that since God remains static but not dynamic, then choice is already made the new global information technology. One c an say that Nigeria needs to be in line with information technology counterparts in the race towards achieving communication efficiency. It is also interesting to note that if in all sincerity such culture and concept can lead to crisis in our total epoch, then efforts towards its development should be stalled drastically.


5.2 Conclusion

The Nigerian society like other diverse community very in so many ramifications. The thinking and orientation of the individual members of such society are not situation over this subject of the study.

To many Nigerians today, the country is more than prepared for the modern technology but pretends not to be so for obvious national aspirations and interest which cannot be compromised. The other group argues firmly; and strongly that Nigeria is not in any way prepared for the modern information technology. The proponent of this line of thought argues strongly based on the fact that the modern information technology demands know ledge, experience, skill, intelligence, abilities and courage which are the attributes and identical peculiarities that are often associated with majority of Nigerian people.

The Nigerian media which have a lot as regards the use of the new information technology in achieving efficiency in communication, are still flooded with half baked unqualified workers who may not even know about the modern information technology nor understand, there cannot be all the opportunity of these people to propagate further and finally towards communication and information development.

The conclusion therefore is that though it is clear that there is no phenomenon without blemishes, it is equally apt to point out that some phenomenon if positively understood can result to an unprecedented success that will stand the test of time, if only Nigeria can realize the importance of the modern information technology, understand the fact that both economic, industrial, agricultural, political, educational development all depend in information flow, then one has to put aside the argument of security of the nationas limiting factor to development of digital information technology in the country.


5.3 Recommendations

A sound information flow and a communication culture to John Milton is a powerful source of inspiration, greatness and inventive idea. Information is a dynamic culture, it is not static and keeps on changing as the time and society changes. This has brought man from the age of papyrus writing popularly called “gly co graphics”. The Egyptian orientation to what and where the world is today which is the digital information technology and culture.

The onus of the study was to weigh the role of modern technology in achieving communication efficiency and with it adjudge whether Nigeria is prepared for the golden information technology. The story of communication efficiency in Nigeria as regards the role of modern technology, is one that has been neglected due to the slow pace in preparation by the government and belief of some religious leaders. The perception by some quarters that the western world would continue to dominate the third world countries if they embrace the new information technology would always relegate us to the background.

A critical work testify that it is both advantageous as it is equally harmful. This is natural and without I, such technology may not be entirely worthy of discussion. In consideration of all these, the recommendation is first; that government should consider its position towards the global race towards a highly sophisticated compact information technology in the present 21st century. if government argues that the security position of the state can be jeopardized by this trend, the advice should be that government should rededicate and recommit itself, its staff and specialized agencies, working s that no one fears being connected via the net information formular. There cannot be a sound governance in the absence of an unfettered and undiluted sophisticated information technology of this period that would enhance communication efficiency.

Additional, it recommended that Nigeria government should start practically to support some information and communication culture to the yearnings and aspirations of Nigerians. If only the government should aggressively pursue the new golden information technology without facing whether or not it will be a source of attack, the situation preparedness or other problems which will be a challenge for this study. The journey into the 21st century is gradual but steady. It cannot be changed and with it is the climax of revolution in all aspects of life of the society ie its culture, language politics, philosophy, economy, science, religion, technology vis-à-vis the social dynamics.

I have a strong problem in this study. The problem is investigation the global communication technology in the new millennium marrying it with a critical review, a Nigerian experience. Communication and infact our information culture, mediocrity has replaced education and excellence cum professionalism in our media, instead of moving to the “net” and “web” system, Nigeria is heading back to the primitive days of oral communication. The status quo is further made sick by the draconia laws put together by heinous politicians in an attempt to muzzle communication efficiency. In this earnest search for a ay out, I ask and present it as and among the problems of this study the question of who becomes the BILL GATE and JAMES BACKDALE in Nigeria.


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