The Role Of Mass Media Towards The Eradication Of Child Trafficking In Nigeria

Project and Seminar Material for Mass Communication

The Role Of Mass Media Towards The Eradication Of Child Trafficking In Nigeria


Abstract


This study is on the role of mass media towards the eradication of child trafficking in Nigeria. The total population for the study is 200 staff of selected TV stations and print media in Akwa Ibom state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made broadcasters, editors, news correspondents and junior staff was used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Media has turned the world into a global village. It is prominent tool and a best means of one way communication. So, it’s being widely used for everything and for any purpose.

It has been playing a significant role in most of all social, political and development sectors due to its power to influence on attitude and behaviour of general public and its outstanding role to design planned and policy on national and international level.

Offer the re-advent of democracy in Nepal, the uses of media are intense in every aspect of social, political and economic development.

Similarly, media is also playing a major role in promotion of children development.

The term mass media defined it as a means of communication that operate on a large scale reaching and involving virtually everyone in a society to a great or lesser degree.

Mass coverage on a child labour and abuse cannot be over looked. The term “Child Labour|” simply refers to hazardous work that is being given to children who falls between the ages of 15 to 17 years old as a result of poor family background. While, child abuse on the other hand can be seen as a neglecting, denying or not providing for a child needs.

It is very cumbersome to trace precisely where child labour started. But, it is assumed that it has come into being when Igba Mesin was sold slavery as a bonded for $ 16.00 at the age of four (4) years and shacked to a carpet loan to make carpet he escaped when he was ten (10) years and was murdered at the age of twelve (12) years.

  1. To create a greater awareness of child labour and the exploitation of children through educational campaigns
  2. Raising funds for abused and exploited children
  3. Collaborating with youth around the world to help bring changes
  4. Convincing world leaders that education and projection of children are priority concerns.

The organization free the children has sign grown into an influential international children’s movement in which young people all over the world speak at school and conference to educators, union groups and government bodies on behalf of youth. Craig in himself has traveled all over the world, most recently to Brazil. There he organized mass media coverage of the plight of exploited children.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

A lot of children across the world are being faced with this silly and maltreatment. A question on how to wipe away this undesirable act, now become a topic of discussion in our society and as well as government offices. But, how harmful is this child labour to the society. Is it part of home training?

Well, it is believed that children who are involved in this act have negative impact to the society more than the merits. It makes the affected children to automatically frustrated, discouraged and eventually be neglected in the society. It brings about the retrogressive of a nation’s economy instead of moving forward a better future.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The objectives of the study are

  1. To ascertain the role of mass media towards eradicating child trafficking
  2. To find out how the mass media contributes more in the fight against child trafficking
  3. To ascertain the causes of child trafficking in Nigeria

1.4 Research Hypotheses

For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

  1. H0: there is no role of mass media towards eradicating child trafficking
    H1: there is role of mass media towards eradicating child trafficking
  2. H02: there are no causes of child trafficking in Nigeria
    H2: there are causes of child trafficking in Nigeria

1.5 Significance of the Study

This study of child labour and abuse is very important as it exposes us to the danger and the negative implications which it has in our society. Maltreatment or neglect of children often leads to a great destruction of societal norms and values as the victims happens to grow up without any form of home training and parental care. They find it very difficult to do anything that will have positive impact to the society in which they belong. This research project is very significance as it will aid in building a strong and solid foundation for children with maximum security and sense of belonging irrespective of their family background More so, it will help immensely in putting an end to this nasty and unwanted act as it discloses the danger, causes, control and or a way forward in fighting against child labour, abuse and even child trafficking


1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study

The extent of the coverage of the subject matter being investigative here cannot be over looked. The research has devoted his time and energy in consulting relevant material that could lead to or bring out a tangible result at the end of this work. She engage herself in a sleepless night and day reading all sort of books, visiting internet for research, condition upon and close interview with different set of people and even tae much of her time to mingle with the victims for a better result.

More so, the researcher has laid hands on important reference material that will enable her to provide or give details to the background of child labour.All acquisition skill and self experience are also employed in the course of study. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

a) Availability of Research Material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) Time:

The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

c) Organizational Privacy:

Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities.


1.9 Definition of Terms

i. Mass Media:

According to the Cambridge Encyclopedia (1999) the term, mass media is the means of providing and disseminating News, information and entertainment to a universal audience typically through the press (News Papers, Magazines, Cinemas, Radio, Television, and even paper black publishing).

ii. Child Labour:

This refers to all kind of harmful works that put children’s life at risk or keep them away from school.

iii. Child Abuse:

Child abuse simply means the physical, sexual, emotional maltreatment or neglect of children by parents, guardians or relative.

iv. Labour:

labour can be seen as both physical and mental skills that are used in production process usually for reward.

v. Abuse:

According to Oxford Advance Learners Dictionary 6th Editions; defined the term abuse as an act of using something in a way that wrong or harmful.


1.8 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain the role of mass media towards the eradication of child trafficking in Nigeria. In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of mass media towards the eradication of child trafficking in Nigeria


5.2 Summary

This study was on the role of mass media towards the eradication of child trafficking in Nigeria. Three objectives were raised which included: To ascertain the role of mass media towards eradicating child trafficking, to find out how the mass media contributes more in the fight against child trafficking, to ascertain the causes of child trafficking in Nigeria. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 staff of selected TV stations and print media in Akwa Ibom state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made broadcasters, editors, news correspondents and junior staff was used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


5.3 Conclusion

The media are known to be a strong, efficacious & veritable instrument in shaping and ordering social dynamics. It is expected to inform both the public and the government, create a particular view in the minds of the people, educate, sensitize and mobilize the people for actions and campaign against child trafficking. From the findings, it was observed that there is a small but significant number of Nigerians who are giving our country a bad name. Many of them are traffickers of human trafficking. It is more tragic when our children, the future of our nation, end up being destroyed in this immoral business and criminal activities. We need to do all we can to sustain the fight. Charity begins at home. All of us must put our hands and heads together with the media to create awareness of the evils of child trafficking because it is an issue the country as a whole needs to do something seriously about. These evil has created a highly dysfunctional society and are acts of offences, not only against humanity, but also against God. Government has however began the battle against child Trafficking by enacting the Anti-Trafficking in person law in 2003 by setting up a special law enforcement agency known as the National Agency for the prohibition of traffic in persons and other related matters (NAPTIP) However, it must be said that in spite of these efforts, child trafficking incidences in Nigeria seem not to be abating. The likely reason for this may be as result of improper implementation of these programmes by these agencies and the biting level of poverty in the land.


5.4 Recommendation

Based on the findings in this study the following recommendations were made: The two selected newspapers (Daily Sun and Vanguard) should have a specialized reporter that will give a wider coverage on the evils of trafficking on children on their newspapers daily. The press should draw more attention to the dangers of child trafficking on children’s day (May 27) and Christmas day (December 25) by given greater percentage on children in their editorials, features, public opinion and news in their various newspaper. The media should also undertake more investigate reporting in order to unearth all the hidden issues that could assist in apprehending and punishing those behind this child trafficking. The security agents should also be more alive to their duties of protecting lives and property. Anybody found guilty of child trafficking should be made to face the full wrath of the law to serve as deterrent to others. In today’s global village concept, it is expected that the media should rise to the challenge of meeting with the idea of covering or reporting issues concerning children which include evils of child trafficking, in fact report what happens to children in Africa, Asia America, and all over the world. Governments should invest in education and provide alternative economic opportunities for children. This will greatly reduce the number of those that will be available for trafficking. Countries should be encouraged to take action against this crime at the national level first, supported by international bodies. There should be severe penalty for traffickers at home and at the destination countries. Basic rights of the victims of trafficking must be respected bearing in mind their special needs and predicament. The press should raise awareness about migration related risks and monitoring migration trends within and between countries.


The Role Of Mass Media Towards The Eradication Of Child Trafficking In Nigeria


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