The Role Of Leadership Participation In Promoting Cooperative Societies In Nigeria

Project and Seminar Material for Cooperative Economics and Management CEM

The Role Of Leadership Participation In Promoting Cooperative Societies In Nigeria


This study examines the role of leadership participation in promoting cooperative. A survey method was used for the study 310 respondents were included in the study. They were member of Kaduna refinery petrochemical company (KRPC). A 18 item questionnaire was used for the study. The questionnaire was based on five likert scale. Three research questions were developed to guide the study. Frequencies and mean score were used as statistical analysis. Research findings show that leadership participation, if well practiced can play a very significant role towards member’s socio-economic development, such cooperative have helped members to develop the spirit of saving and held them to do establish their own business. It was recommended among others that extensive cooperative education should be given to members especially in the case of investment and credit cooperative.

Table of Contents

Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Declaration
  • Approval page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of contents

Chapter One


  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 Objectives of the study
  • 1.4 Research questions
  • 1.5 Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope of the study
  • 1.7 Definition of terms

Chapter Two

Literature Review

  • 2.1 The concept of cooperative
  • 2.2 The concept of leadership
  • 2.3 The role of the leadership participation in promoting cooperative
  • 2.4 Activities involved in role of leadership participation in promoting cooperative
  • 2.5 The problem that militate against the role of leadership participation in promoting cooperative
  • 2.6 Summary of the review

Chapter Three

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research design
  • 3.3 Population of the study
  • 3.4 Sample size and sampling procedures
  • 3.5 Instrumentation
  • 3.5.1 Validity
  • 3.5.2 Reliability
  • 3.6 Procedures for statistical analysis
  • 3.7 Limitation of the study

Chapter Four

Data Presentation and Statistical Analysis

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Answering research Question
  • 4.3 Summary of findings
  • 4.4 Discussion of findings

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendations
  • 5.5 Suggestions for further researches
  • References
  • Appendix

Chapter One


1.1 Background of the Study

Leadership is as old as human being, there is no human endeavour that does not require proper leadership (management) for it to function effectively. For example, government establishment, business enterprises, mosque, church, hospital and cooperative societies all requirement leadership to promote and make them function properly.

Therefore, leadership is one of that human instrument that regulate all organization effectively, they set up goals for any organization to achieve effectively in other words, they perform the managerial functions of planning, controlling, directing, coordinating and organizing.

The role of leadership participation in promoting cooperative is found as a research problem which aimed at identifying the importance of leadership participation in cooperative society so as to satisfy the members economic needs and the degree of productivity to be obtained from.

Cooperative movement however came into existence when these mutual obligations of traditionalist in the society were phrased out of their formal organization of business out fit.

This condition led to the birth of the modern cooperatives, as a result of industrial revolution in August 1844. These efforts were made by some industrialist with the same common interest. But in the case of our country Nigeria, it was slightly different because it was a reflection of it by colonial maters that we had Nigerians have greatly seen the need for cooperative movement, because an average Nigerian is faced with economic problems which is even worst that that which was experienced in Europe during the industrial revolution.

The word cooperative is distinctive, which must be made between formal and informal cooperative. In the widest sense cooperative means people working together so as to achieve their goals. But the most widely formal definition of cooperative is the one put down by I.C.A – 1995. Cooperative is an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their economic, social and cultural needs, and aspiration through a jointly owned and democratically controlled enterprise (I.C.A. 1995).

1.2 Statement of the Problem

The role of leadership participation in promoting cooperative society cannot be over emphasized, thus leadership plays a very important role in promoting cooperative society.

Leadership is a basic requirement needed for the success of any cooperative movement.

Therefore, any cooperative society that does not consider the above one is found to have slow promotion or no development at all and will eventually lead to all sort of problems.

From the past decades, cooperative societies in Nigeria are referred to as part time business organization, the management committee are elected without following the laid down procedure for cooperative movement for charity organization, this make them less committed to the smooth running of the society.

1.3 Objectives of the Study

The objectives of the study includes the following:

  1. To determine the role of leadership participation in promoting cooperative.
  2. To examine the activities involved in the role of leadership participation in promoting cooperative.
  3. To access the problems that militate against the role of leadership participation in promoting cooperative.

1.4 Research Question

  1. What are the role of leadership participation in promoting cooperative?
  2. What are the activities involved in the role of leadership participation in promoting cooperative?
  3. What are the problems that militate the role of leadership participation in promoting cooperative?

1.5 Significance of the Study

  1. The study help dig-out the problems obstructing the growth and promotion of the society particularly in the area of leadership participation.
  2. It will help to increase the rate of growth and development of cooperative society in the country.
  3. The study will help to enlighten student on the role of leadership participation in a society.
  4. It will help to show more light about the role of leadership participation in promoting cooperative.

1.6 Scope of the Study

The study talks about how to examine the role of leadership participation in promoting cooperative. This study covers the activities involved in the role of leadership participation and the problem encountered in leadership participation as well as possible way to alleviate those problem.

The study is based in Kaduna refinery petro-chemical company, (K.R.P.C).

1.7 Definition of Terms


This is an act of coming together of an individuals who pool their resources in order to improve there social economic interest in a democratic fashion and equitable regards to every members.


This can be refer to a person who organize and direct human resources in order for member to achieve their economic and social needs effectively.


Maybe refer to as those non-elected leadership of the society and they perform variety of roles and functions in promoting cooperative society.


This maybe refer to as taking parts or actively doing something at any level in order to promote and develop the standard of cooperative or another organization.


This maybe refer to as developing, encouraging and organizing a particular organization, society, institution etc to progress from lower rank position to higher rank.


Kaduna Refinery Petro-chemical Company

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

This chapter presents the summary of this research report, conclusion drawn from the findings of the study and recommendations that could lead to the role of leadership participation in promoting cooperative. The chapter equally contains suggestions for further researches.

5.2 Summary

This study examines the role of leadership participation in promoting cooperative in a growing economy with reference to Kaduna refinery petro-chemical company (K.R.P.C). the research questions that guided the study were: what are the ole of leadership participation in promoting cooperative? What are the problems that militate the role of leadership participation in promoting cooperative?

Questionnaire was the method used for this study. The population consisted of all the male and female members of Kaduna refining petro-chemical company out of the total population of 1,600 members a sample size of 310 was involved in the study. A questionnaire developed by the researcher based on Linkeret 5-point was used for the study.

Mean scores and frequencies were used to analyze the data base on the questions. Research result shows that investment and credit cooperative societies are effective in a growing economic if well managed. That the pattern of economic activity of cooperative investment and credit societies facilitates the members socio-economics development.

Finally, that there are problems militating the role of leadership participation in promoting cooperative such as dishonesty, embezzlement misappropriate of funds, members and leaders not prudent in the leadership of the society e.t.c it was based on this that recommendations were made.

5.3 Conclusion

Based on the research findings, it is concluded the leadership participation processes id well conducted, contribute to efficient cooperative business. Besides, leadership participation processes in other business emphasizes members satisfaction and not profit maximization as such, even though they may not afford to sell at loss.

5.4 Recommendation

The following recommendations are made based on the research findings so as to facilitates the possibility of cooperative performing their social responsibility to reduce public apathy against cooperatives. Cooperatives societies should ensure that leadership of their cooperative is effectively done. This can be achieved by strictly observing the stipulations of the bye-laws as well as the objectives of the cooperative society.
The leadership committee (management) should be made up of responsible individuals who will see the social responsibilities of the cooperatives as upper most in their minds.

Dishonesty among the leadership should be discourage in cooperative venture. This should be done by putting in place, adequate checks and balances in the performance of such members. Their excesses should be properly controlled. Members who show an act of dishonesty should be properly sanctioned and penalized according to the stipulations of the cooperative law.

Cooperative should be properly funded to enable to enable them carryout their social responsibilities. To do this, they should be effective coordination and control of all viable sources of funds to cooperative without such funds, it will be difficult for cooperatives to carry out their social responsibilities.

Adequate and regular cooperative education should be provided to cooperatives members especially in the area of social responsibilities so that all of them will be aware of the obligations as members of the cooperatives.

The needs and socio economic concerns of the immediate community in which the cooperatives operate should be critically assessed and vigorously pursued by cooperative which is concern for community.
This can be done through survey using questionnaire interview and observations.

5.6 Suggestion for Further Researches

A separate research should be conducted on the leadership complexes of cooperative which could have an influence on the performance of social responsibilities.

This research should be replicated in other areas to see if the same results as the present design like quasi-experimental design and another research instruments like the interview schedule should be used on the same topic to see if they will yield the same results.

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Chapter Two

Literature Review

2.0 Introduction

This chapter reviews the work of other research and experts area like that related to the study. This study is on the role of leadership participation in promoting cooperative, in promoting good leadership.

The chapter is divided into sub-themes as follows:

The concept of leadership participation in promoting cooperative activities involved in the role of leadership, the problem that militate against the role of leadership in promoting cooperative and of cause the summary of the review.

2.1 The concept of cooperative

According to Ogbu (2007); the word cooperative is a collective noun as well as the cooperative society. Cooperative implying to work together among a group of persons originated from time immemorial. This could clearly distinguish between cooperative on the basis of time as short term/coincidental and long term/permanent as well as informal and formal traditional modern scientific, genuine pure and psendo cooperatives, para-cooperatives.

This could in the widest sense, reveal that cooperative means more than working together, but people working together to achieve commonly felt need.

Hence, it is as old as man otherwise, instinctive. The cradle of cooperative in that crude sense, is the formally characterized by give and take concept.

In this method, the people involved are “Mutual’s” among whom are characterized by stark illiteracy, informalized structure short live existence and absence of legality, mainly engaging in productivity venture without effective management.

On the contrary, modern scientific cooperatives are originated on the bench mark of the industrial revolution in Europe spanning a century (1750-1850).

As such, they are formal legal entities in business undertaking as a body cooperate and adhering to the internationally acceptable principles. Cooperative are purely on special type of business units, others namely: the sole-proprietorship, the partnership, Joint stock companies and parastatals. The modern scientific cooperative enterprises could be established in all economic systems, be it socialist or communist, capitalism or free market as well as mixed economic system.

It could be formed by business owned persons, workers, rich, poor, and averagely poor, in the society. Thus, it has been characterized in many ways, but mainly flexible.

2.2 The Concept of Leadership

According to Norbet M. Ile (1999), defined leadership as a process where one exerts social influence over members of a group.

Leadership is also the process of influencing others to work willingly and to the best of there capabilities towards the goals of the leader.

Lester (1980), defined leadership as “the knock of getting other people to follow you and to do willingly the things you want them to do. Leadership has been defined in many ways, in general, leadership provides the value and focus of action for other members of a group. These, leadership is the process of influencing other to act so as to accomplish certain goal and objectives.

Ile (1999), narrated that leadership is a display of ability to motivate and to integrate followers to achieve determined organizational goals. Thus leadership is defined as process of directing and influencing the task elated activities of group members.

According to Ile (1999), defined leadership as the act of process of influencing people so that they will strive willingly towards the achievement of group goal.

2.3 The Role of the Leadership Participation in Promoting Cooperative

There are various definitions of leadership as given by writers and authors on management. But all these definitions were looked at critically have the same general idea as to what leadership is. Thus, there is no universal accepted definition of leadership. Leadership as the term implies, can be seen from different perspective.

Roles of leadership in cooperative society. According to Babangida (2010) narrated that a leader (manager) is appointed by and accountable to the board. The leader is responsible for defining operational or management level objectives, goals and policies, selection of employees and preparation of budgets. They also organize and direct men and material so as to achieve the defined goals. The multiple role and function performed by the leader of any cooperative society is of paramount important to group and development of the society.

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