The Role Of Federal Road Safety Corp (FRSC) In Reducing Accidents On Nigerian Roads (A Case Study Of Rivers State)

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The Role Of Federal Road Safety Corp (FRSC) In Reducing Accidents On Nigerian Roads (A Case Study Of Rivers State)


Abstract


This study investigated the role of FRSC in reducing accidents on Nigerian roads. A case study of Rivers state.
The population of this study comprises all the officers and men of the Federal Road Safety Commission, Rivers state; a sample of 100 respondents from the population was used. The data used in the study was obtained majorly

from primary sources.
The result of the chi square reveals that the level of impact of the role of federal road safety corps in mitigating road accident in Rivers state is high. This can be attributed to the continuous and steady increase in accidents across the country.

The study concludes that road traffic crashes are predictable, prevented, and no matter how good or bad our road is, no matter how sound our vehicles are or policy made, if our mentality and behaviour fail to change for better; road traffic accidents will continue to be on the high side. Therefore, whatever change we are clamoring for must start from every one of us – drivers, law enforcement agents, and government alike.

The study among other points thereby recommends that; for safety on Nigeria roads, the government (federal, state and local) need to look into the big issue of ‘Nigeria bad roads’ and its ‘maintenance’ to curb cases of accidents and deaths on our roads


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

The period which precipate the establishment of Federal Road Safety Commission in 1988,shows that no specific and approved policy action existed to address the carnage on Nigerian roads .However some actions were taken as an attempt to address the issue of road accident in Nigeria .For example shell petroleum development company of Nigeria undertook a Notable efforts to institute a formidable road safety program between 1960 and 1965. Also the Nigerian Army undertook the training of its officers and men on road safety issues in the early period of 1970 which also raised the consciousness of road safety in Nigeria: Consequently the Nigerian Army instituted in 1972 the First Public Road Safety Campaign through an annual Road Safety Week.

The period 1974 marked the beginning of the first deliberate policy on road safety which led to the creation of the National Road Safety Commission (NRSC) by the military government of the time. However the Commissions impact was not felt.In 1977, the Oyo state government made another attempt by setting up a road safety corp which made some impact in the improvements of road safety and road discipline at the local level but was later disbanded by the federal government in 1983.However the increasing rate of road canage precipated the need for the federal government to establish the present Federal Road Safety Corps in 1988 to address the carnage on the highways. Prior to this Nigeria was counted as one of the most road traffic accident (RTA) prone countries worldwide.

The Federal Road Safety Corps is a federal Government Agency vested with the statutory duties to oversee the administration of road safety in Nigeria. It was Founded in 1988, and operates in all states in Nigeria including the Federal Capital Territory.

When the Federal Road Safety Commission (federal road safety corp (FRSC)) of Nigeria was commissioned in 1988, the federal road safety corp (FRSC) became the sole agency with the statutory obligation in Nigeria for road safety management and administration. Its core duties include: ensuring a safe high way for motorists and other road users, checking road worthiness of vehicles, providing the needed recommendation for works and infrastructures to reduce and eliminate accidents on the highways as well as instruct the public and motorist on the need of road discipline on the highways. federal road safety corp (FRSC).gov.ng. The research therefore seeks to investigate the role of federal road safety corp (FRSC) in reducing accidents on Nigerian roads .A case study of Rivers state.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The increasing trend of road carnage in the nation’s highways precipated the need for the federal government to adopt a credible and effective measure to response to the challenge. Consequently the federal government in 1988 established the Federal Road Safety Commission through Decree No. 45 of the 1988 as amended by Decree 35 of 1992 which is referred to in the statute books as the federal road safety corp (FRSC) Act cap 141 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria (LFN). It was Passed by the Nigerian National Assembly as Federal Road Safety Corps (establishment) Act 200 which specifies in clear terms the functions of the Commission to include among others

  1. Ensuring a safe highway for motorists and other road users.
  2. Providing Recommendations for works and devices considered significant for the elimination or minimization of road accidents on the highways in all states of the federation and the Federal Capital Territory.
  3. Providing instruction on road discipline to the public, motorists and other road users.

Therefore in executing this mandate the Commission shall have the power to arrest and prosecute persons considered to have reasonably committed any traffic offence.

However, despite the constitutional role and enabling laws backing the operations of the federal road safety corp (FRSC), it is still perplexing that hugh casualties are still recorded on our roads daily. Consequently the number of accident on our roads remains unimaginable with huge loss of lives and properties amounting to Billions of naira on an annual basis. Therefore the problem confronting the research is to appraise the role of federal road safety corp (FRSC) in reducing accident on Nigerian roads.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

To determine the impact of the role of federal road safety corp (FRSC) in mitigating the level of road accident on Nigerian roads with a case appraisal of its role in reducing accident in Rivers state.


1.4 Research Questions

  1. What constitute the fundamental role of federal road safety corp (FRSC) in the reduction of accident on Nigerian roads
  2. What is the level of impact of the role of federal road safety corp (FRSC) in mitigating road accident in Rivers state?

1.5 Significance of the Study

The study shall elucidate on the role of federal road safety corp (FRSC) with a view of determining the inherent deficiency in performing maximally towards mitigating the level of road accident and shall proffer appropriate recommendations

The study shall also serve as a vital source of information to the government and policy makers on issues relevant to the statutory role of the federal road safety corp (FRSC).


1.6 Research Hypothesis

  • Ho The level of impact of the role of federal road safety corp (FRSC) in mitigating road accident in Rivers state is Low
  • Hi The level of impact of the role of federal road safety corp (FRSC) in mitigating road accident in Rivers state is high

1.7 Scope of the Study

The study focuses on the appraisal of the role of federal road safety corp (FRSC) in reducing accident on Nigerian roads with a case study of its role in the reduction of road accident in Rivers state.


1.8 Limitations of the Study

The research was confronted with some constraints regarding logistics and geographical factor


1.9 Definition of Terms

Federal Road Safety Corps is the Government Agency with statutory responsibilities for road safety administration in Nigeria. Founded in 1988, the Federal Road Safety Corps (federal road safety corp (FRSC)) operates in all Nigerian states as well as the Federal Capital Territory. The Federal Road Safety Commission (federal road safety corp (FRSC)) Nigeria. Established in 1988, the federal road safety corp (FRSC) is the lead agency in Nigeria on road safety administration and management. The statutory functions include: Making the highways safe for motorists and other road users as well as checking road worthiness of vehicles, recommending works and infrastructures to eliminate or minimize accidents on the highways and educating motorists and members of the public on the importance of road discipline on the highways. federal road safety corp (FRSC).gov.ng.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Summary

This study focused on the Role of Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC) in Reducing Accidents on Nigerian Roads. The study was set to address two objectives which include;

  1. To determine what constitutes the fundamental role of Federal Road Safety Corp (FRSC) in the reduction of accident on Nigerian roads.
  2. To examine the level of impact of the role of federal road safety corp (FRSC) in mitigating road accident in Rivers state.

Based on the above stated objectives and the study carried out, the following findings were made:

  1. That the effects of the role of FRSC in reducing road accident in high ways include but not limited to preventing or minimizing accidents on the highways; clearing obstructions on any part of the highways; educating drivers, motorists and other members of the public generally on the proper use of the highways; designing and producing the drivers’ license to be used by various categories of vehicles operators and determining from time to time the requirements to be satisfied by an applicant for a driver’s license.
  2. That the level of the impact of FRSC in mitigating road accident in the state is high.
  3. That the level of impact of the role of federal road safety corps in mitigating road accident in Rivers state is high.

5.2 Conclusion

The main purpose of this study was to assess the Role of Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC) in Reducing Accidents on Nigerian Roads. All the officers and men of the Federal Road Safety Commission, Rivers statewere selected for the study. Two research questions guided the study with one research hypothesis.

In this study, a survey research design was adopted, the population comprises all the officers and men of the Federal Road Safety Commission, Rivers state, a simple random sampling technique was used to select 100 respondents from the population and a questionnaire was the instrument for data collection. Relevant literatures were reviewed which guided the objectives and methodology of this study. As result of the field study and analysis of results, the following findings were made:

i. that the effects of the role of FRSC in reducing road accident in high ways include but not limited to preventing or minimizing accidents on the highways; clearing obstructions on any part of the highways; educating drivers, motorists and other members of the public generally on the proper use of the highways; designing and producing the drivers’ license to be used by various categories of vehicles operators and determining from time to time the requirements to be satisfied by an applicant for a driver’s license.

ii. that the level of the impact of FRSC in mitigating road accident in the state is high.

iii. that the level of impact of the role of federal road safety corps in mitigating road accident in Rivers state is high.


5.3 Recommendations

Based on the findings of this study, the following recommendations are made:

  1. Just as revealed in one of the findings of this study, FRSC must live up to their responsibilities by doing the following:
    • Preventing or minimizing accidents on the highways;
    • Clearing obstructions on any part of the highways;
    • Educating drivers, motorists and other members of the public generally on the proper use of the highways;
    • Designing and producing the drivers’ license to be used by various categories of vehicles operators and determining from time to time the requirements to be satisfied by an applicant for a driver’s license
  2. This study recommends that for the sector to achieve the above stated roles, it must be free of ‘corruption’. Corruption among the FRSC officers is one major defect that hinders proper execution of their duties; therefore, this study is of the opinion that FRSC staff should discharge their duties without fear or favor from anyone in the country. Culprits of the law (road or traffic laws)must be rightly brought to book, not minding who is involved.
    Bribes must be shunnedto avoid dirtying the image of the institution.
  3. This study recommends that FRSC senior officers should ensure periodic training of staff on their duties/roles. Workshops and seminars should be organized for proper coaching on their jobs. Also, the FRSC should adopt and train their officers on the use of ICT for easy execution of their duties.
  4. This study suggests that the Federal Government can make provision for FRSC to have a special training schools across the country for Nigerian drivers to be well trained on the use of the roads; coupled with a certification from them.
  5. Proper supervision of FRSC officers should be carried out from time to time; in other to x-ray the bad eggs in the system.
  6. This study equally recommends proper remuneration of FRSC, so the officers do not use it as an excuse to perpetrate crime and promote corruption and injustice in the country.
  7. Lastly, for safety on Nigeria roads, the government (federal, state and local) need to look into the big issue of ‘Nigeria bad roads’ and its ‘maintenance’ to curb cases of accidents and deaths on our roads.

However, this study concludes that road traffic crashes are predictable, prevented, and no matter how good or bad our road is, no matter how sound our vehicles are or policy made, if our mentality and behaviour fail to change for better; road traffic accidents will continue to be on the high side. Therefore, whatever change we are clamoring for must start from every one of us – drivers, law enforcement agents, and government alike.


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