The Role Of Estate Surveyors And Valuers In Rural Development In Ekwulobia, Anambra State

Project and Seminar Material for Estate Management

The Role Of Estate Surveyors And Valuers In Rural Development In Ekwulobia, Anambra State


Abstract


This project on the role of estate surveyors and valuers in the development of property a case study of Ekwulobia in Aguata Local Government Area Anambra state is bringing to focus the role this professionals can play in the course of the topic in question in our everyday endeavours for utilization and management of our resources base on these efficient and best use of these resources for self reliance and economic welfare. It is amazing to note that many people in different sectors of our economy mainly in rural development up till this twenty one (21st) century, do not know whom a valuer is nor his role in the course of rural development. It is quite clear to note also that may people who are aware of their existence regarded them (the estate surveyors and valuers) as mere ent collectors. This impression should be corrected and the role of men of the noble profession, must be sought for their expert knowledge utilized for the overhandling of our nations rural developments, plan and policies. Today it is quite unfortunate that Nigeria which was once one of the richest third world country as an earlier said has fallen from grace to grass after her glorious days of the ever said oil-boom of the seventies, it has now become a debtor nation, this non consultation of the various professional bodies in management and use of our natural and man made resources especially land and other related real estate in different fields of our rural development has posed a lot of estate management and social problems today. The aim of putting up my write up is to put into light what this discipline “Estate Management” is saying about and their role in both rural and urban development.


Table of Contents


  • Title page
  • Certification page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of content

Chapter One

Introduction

  • 1.1 background of the study area (Ekwulobia)

Chapter Two

Who is a valver / Estate developer

  • 2.1 An estate developer
  • 2.2 Functions of a surveyor and valuer
  • 2.3 role of a valuer in the development of properties

Chapter Three

Characteristics of a rural area and urban area

  • 3.1 Nature of the development of properties
  • 3.2 constraints to effective development
  • 3.3 agents responsible for the development of properties

Chapter Four

Nature of the development of properties in Ekwulobia

  • 4.1 Agents
  • 4.2 Problems encountered in the development of properties in Ekwulobia
  • 4.3 The present role of estate surveyors in Ekwulobia

Chapter Five

Recommendations and conclusion

  • 5.1 Recommendations for effective development of properties in Ekwulobia and other areas
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • References

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

Estate management as a discipline and a noble profession especially in a developing country like Nigeria is progressively becoming significant. Governments, groups, corporate bodies and even private concerns action have taken a new dimension in the modern world as a result of rising economic trend especially in this period of global economic recession.

Now the services of the experts and professionals abounding our labour force are being sought for, and their advice being utilized. A critical look and study of the various hand use problems.

(LAND USE ACT) of 1978 in this country reveals that experts and professionals in the field of estate management and other related professions were not consulted for proper advice by the policy makers and implementations before making decisions. Today it is quite unfortunate that Nigeria which was once one of the richest third world country as an earlier said has fallen from grace to grass after her glorious days of the ever said oil-boom of the seventies. The nation has now become a debtor nation.


1.1 Background of the Study Area (Ekwulobia)

This is an urban area made up of nine sub-urban villages, namely: Umuchiana, Agba, Ula, Okpo, Eziagulu, Nkono, Abogwune, Ihuokpala and Umunchi.

It is located 25.778km from Awka, 44km from Onitsha (East) and 15.3kilometer east from Aka-Okwa which shows that the town is located at the center surrounded by various sub-urban towns like Agulu-ezechukwu, Isuofia, Ikenga, from North side of Oko, Nnanka,. Then viewing from the South is Ezinifite and Mkpologwu. Ekwulobia, since its creation, it has been experiencing a laudable development all around as regards to infrastructural development such as construction and rehabilitation of new and dilapidated roads, Ekwulobia-Isuofia-Nnobi road, (Ekwulobia-Uga, Agulu-Awka road) etc, the provision of pipe born water and establishment of more. Ekwulobia the largest city in Aguata, is expanding rapidly to a population of aout five hundred thousand (5000,000) people exclusing non indigene. The land mark area covers about one hundred square meter above main sea level, the land slopes gently towards east into rally of Iyiagu, Okpalayanwu and Ofalu streams which runs down from great height causing great erosion. The people were mainly villagers and predominantly farmers.

Ekwulobia is the local government headquarters of Aguata local government area. The very few infrastructural facilities in existence, were the few primary and secondary schools, general hospital, situated with few private ones, the commercial centre area, old Eke market and New Eke market which functions every four days, Hotels, banks, like Access bank, first bank, Zenith bank FCMB etc all revolves round the park (round about).

Following the rapid population growth and Emigration rate exluded by advancement in Economic activities recently at Ekwulobia and its environs and neighbourhood, the town has being elevated into an urban status which now calls for government’s attention in infrastructural development. The advancement in economic activities such as re-structuring of parks and re-development of high risk lock-up shops, more banks, filling stations, adequacy of electric power facilities, installation of Nitell pole as been done in some other urban areas like Enugu, Nnewi, Onitsha etc. the ever increasing population growth of students of federal polytechnic Oko when results to increasing demand for more residential accommodations tends to increase the value of real properties at Ekwulobia.


Chapter Five


5.0 Recommendations and Conclusion

5.1 Recommendation for Effective Development of Properties in Ekwulobia and Other Areas

The present development in Ekwulobia as a case study, is a study that is packaged, designed to achieve a re-ordering of development patterns in this economy with a view of solving the fundamental problems of the community in particular and the nation in general. The directorate of food, roads and infrastructure whose sole aim is for the seeing to the welfare of the dwellers in terms holds to name but a few should see to the roads being awarded contract to the contractors on major feed*** roads in Ekwulobia are being done to a standarad as to meet the fest of time. The better life for dwellers also should monitor their set-up in this community (Ekwulobia) and it environs to see by themselves the progress made so far by their establishment in this community like the garri processing machine installed since 1989 has not worked for one day after the installation.

At this time, high inflation, and structural adjustment programme (SAP), the need for the public at large to be re-educated on the use of existing facilities in the area like Ekwulobia will not be over emphasized. Effective development in Ekwulobia and other areas can not be reached without the role of a noble profession and hence to put corrections in the mind of the public that Estate surveyors and valuers.


5.2 Conclusion

The development of properties taking a look at the Nigeria economy is blessed with huge natural and human resources, but for the fact that ordinary man looks at an estate surveyors and valuer as a mere rent collector, their professional skills in land administration and it development not supposed to be over emphasized. Infact they are under normal conditions to be care takers in any landed properties or the land it self since they know the legal implications ranging from landlord tenant relationship and other laws that have anything to do with general contract and property land laws.

The estate surveyors and valuer work hand to hand with the lawyers in all dealings. Many Nigerian may ask why he or she will employ an estate surveyor and valuer just for the purpose of taking care of their properties without knowing that estate surveyors and valuers play a lot of vital role in any development. This is the time when all should embrace the role of these professionals.

Finally, the national and state chapters of the Nigerian institution of estate surveyors and valuers (NIESV) should incorporate in their annual conference he education of the public on their role in the development of property as a machinery in building industry.


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