Role Of Electronic Media In Combating Drug Abuse And National Security
The aim of this study was to examine the role of tectonic media in combating drug abuse and its national implication.
Chapter two was specifically intended to find out the role of electronic media in combating drug abuse and national security.
It was revealed among other things, that factors includes peer pressure, unemployment, idleness, family disinter gratin .Thus chapter three and four high light the methods used for the research, information were prim any collected through questionnaires and this was analyzed by simple parentage showing diverse opinion or views of respondents as regards drug abuse and its attendant problems.
Finally, chapter five went further to suggest areas of improvement and needs that will help both man agent of National Television authority in their effort to combating drug abuse in the country.
1.1 Background to the Study
Communication data back money centuries age right from the creation of man and this painting on .the wall to the present use of scientific and methodical approaches in different spines of human pre-acceptation. it approaches the use of widely calculable media ,opportunities in on orderly target and insult –oriented manner. mass communication media me made up of print and electronic media the electronic media which will be on, main fouls ,Coleman, cable massages of .it is established for the promotion of electronic developmental development ,enhancement of education al development stimulation of political participation and arousing of national consciousness and unity ,entertaining members of the society ,among others.
Although the function of electronic media in Nigeria right from its inception in 1959, chemo not been altered, it has maintained its status quo .television is the most drama tie urban medium with of partout audience reach ,it is currently the most potent communication medium because of its edentates of sound, pictures , motion inspirational values, in door untimely .Radio coverage is no less them 90 percent effective, the use of vernacular language to convey massage makes radio a very flexible portable and available medium, it is also inexpensive
Beery government no matter its policy recognizes role of the media in national development undoubtedly, the electronic meant make gone tent contribution towards societal improvements, so with this in mind and the features already mentioned above, it con rightly be said that the electric media is the hub that holds the which of society together and it has a role to play in combating the various scrooge that afflicts man today and one of such problems that has threatened the existence of man is drug buses
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The continuous abuse of these drugs, has lead to a situation of drug addicted unloved developing a bondage to the drug. Drug therefore a state of period, or choice intoxication produced by repeated consummation of a drug (natural or synthetic) its characteristics are on over powering compulsives to continue in taking the drug, tend only to increase the dose, and the desire to obtain it by all means –situation that often leads to various crimes ,including the distortions of national economies , monetary. Polices due to laundering of profits, narcotic, crimes (especially violence, cultism, assai sedation, and moral , decadence among our youth)The effects of drug abuse one detrimental not only to the individual but to the society as a whole ,yet this problem is on the increase tent news about drug abuse involving ones in higher institution of learning ,chouse the serious threat to our national scanty ,can the electronic media as a vehicle for information dissemination be relied upon to perform its role in the society, to join hand in the battle against drug abuse?
1.3 Objective of the Study
The objective of this work is to provide a spring dotard on how best the electronic media LAN plays their roles in confiscations of learning and portray a better Image to the outside world. This effort by the electronic media ,has become glaring considering the Immediate effects of taking these dangerous drug on the individual and the society, these delude reddening of the eyes ,decreased heart beat, irritant cough, released appetite ,sleeplessness, These constitute to Immediate physical effects. The emotional psychological effects delude dream-like thinking ,false confidence about the clarity of thinking, hampered perm ante in many ways debuting clumsiness in movement, misinterpretation perception often referred to as Illusion, observing things oriel other do not observe, often called hallucination –these can affect any of the five sense argons so the body and delusion or abnormal thought, usually fallings unwarranted greatness among our youth. Hence, appropriate remedial action need to be taken by the electronic media to halt the courage and ensure the projection of our national security.
1.4 Significance of the Study
This study has important contribution to make in the education of drug abuse among our youths in our national network stations. Drug abuse has a debilitation effect on the he health of the nation. irresponsible ,unemployable ,indeed, there is a danger of the waste of Nigeria next generation if the best of Nigeria youths will be consumed by an addiction that will leave trappable of productive employment or social reductions .the national security implication, hence the need for the media to intensity their role and fin hands with various organization like the national drug law enforcement glance (melba) and National Food and Drug Administration Committee (NAFDAC) to combat this scrounge in all its ramification. Our higher national network activity should also be encouraged through their curriculum to expose the effects of the drug abuse. .
1.5 Research Questions
- What are the effects of drug abuse?
- What are the implications of drug abuse on our national steatite?
- What are the reasons why the youths of this generation should report to drug abuse?
1.6 Research Hypothesis
In order to carryout this study, both primary and secondary data will be used of null alternative hypothesis will be used for general statement of hypothesis,
- H0: Will present with hypothesis
H1: Will present alternative hypothesis
- H0: Electronic media is not effective in combating drug abuse and national security in Enugu State.
H2: Electronic media is effective in combating drug abuse and national security in Enugu State.
- H0: Not all electronic media can combat drug abuse and national security but with a reputable constructed electronic media drug abuse and national security can be controlled.
1.7 Theoretical Framework
Every research work like this one always has a theoretical framework upon which it is anchored on. In this view, the theory that is suitable for this work is Agenda setting theory.
Here the theory talks about the power of the media to determine what power of the media to determine what we are thinking about by pre-determining what issues are regarded as important in the society. Agenda setting theory is very useful in combating drug abuse in our society because it explains in partial terms why people react the way they do especially students. For the fact that drug abuse is destroying the lives and image of our society, the opportunity for Agenda setting theory by mass media becomes enhanced and can be used to portray a better image to the whole world.
1.8 The Scope of the Study
The study does not dented to deliberate on the mass media organizations, which are newspaper, magazines, television, cinema, journals, novel, and billboard etc. The research work will focus on the diachronic media. Less, the study does not intends to discuss all the phenomenon of the drug problems which are drug abuse as it conches the students of Institute of Management and Technology, Enugu. The Institution was chosen as a cause of study because of the her year of academic institution turns out thousand of graduates each year, who have distinguished themselves in various aspects of human endavour.
1.9 Limitation of the Study
The study is concentrated on the role of electronic media in combating drug abuse and national security in Enugu State Nigeria.
The time available to complete this project has placed limitations too. However, the researcher will overcome these constraints by streaming research methodology.
The assumption that respondents would not honestly and accurately the reveal the victim is a limitation in the sense hat the fear of kidnapping killing etc will make them to keep clam. There was also the lack of sufficient information from the National Drug Law Enforcement (NDLEDA). The officials were Unco-Operative as they always clams to be too busy attended to the researcher enquiry.
1.10 Definition of Terms
In this study the research will try as much as possible to explain technical terms used during the course of study. They are as follows:
Radio is one of the electronic system which is an ear medium because they elicit only the ear and it is very flexible, portable and available medium because its coverage is not less than 90% effective.
This is an electronic medium that elicit both the eye and ear. It is the most dramatic urban medium with of much audience reach. It is currently the most potent communication medium because of its sound, pictures, motion, inspirational, value, in-door untimely.
This an illegal substance that some people smoke, inject, etc for the physical and mental effect it has.
4. Drug Abuse:
Drug abuse is a state of period or choice intoxication produce repeated consummation of a drug.
According to Oxford Dictionary cocaine is a powerful drug that some people take illegally for pleasure and can become addicted to. according to Ejiogu, it is a White Crystalline power with a bitter taste made from leaves of coca bush widely grown in South Africa.
6. In-Depth Interview:
This is the most common, method of obtaining information from people. It was used to gather some information about drug and its limitations.
This is a way of administering drugs though veins.
This is another way of administering drug through injections.
Discussion, Implication and Recommendations
5.1 Discussion of Results
The following results have been drawn from the study:
- In our institution of higher leering alcohol, hemp, marijuana, and tobacco seems to be the most widely used and accessible drugs among our youths.
- The problem of drug abuse has become a universal one of late, as it has extended beyond adult and urban settlers to now include female, youngsters, and even those who live in rural area .
- The finding also showed that smoking in partial has rendered a good number of our youths socially, insane, They have become no respecters of courtesy
- The prolonged closure of school attendant on strike action is a critical factor in the environment of students in drug abuse .Since the are vulnerable targets during period of enforced idleness
- The reduction in the past decade, of the rate of transition of student. From secondary schools to tertiary institution. Statistics shows . that while the proportions of students who passed through the primary and post primary school full by 73.22 percent over the last decade, the production of university graduates declined from 59.07 to 41.09 percent. In the same way, less than 60 percent of pupils turned our from primary school secure admission into secondary school .These statistics, reveal the damager to society of exposing our youths to drug .
- The family as the primary agent of socialization, has degenerated thereby exposing our stouts as easy prey of drug abuse. A close relationship between the child and the parent at early age will not only expose the dangers inherent in drug but it will help the children to avoid drug in it infinity . Also, the media especially the electronic media has enoronous role to pray in the struggle agents drug abuse by not encouraging commercials that promote the sale of products like tobacco not considering the finical profit that may be accursed from such advertisement. .
- Drug abuse has a debilitating effect on the health of the nation .The national security implication of these are quite frightening. Our image abroad has been dented as a result.
The following concessions have been drawn from the relevant major finding of the study :-
- Drug abuse has a debilitating effect on the health of the nation especially among our youths in institution of higher learning.
- The electronic media as a vehicle of information has enormous task to help in the combating of this scourge
- Drug abuse in all this ramifications has dented the image of the country.
- The war against drug abuse can only be won with the concerted effort and cooperation of various government agencies individual private organizations.
In view of the forging discussion, a few observations and recommendations could be made for consideration and implementation .This is necessary in view of the fact that more has to be done of drug abuse problem are to be fully addressed sequel to the findings of this research, the following recommendation were made by the researcher:
No public policy can such, no matter how good the insertion, if the people for which it is meant are not mobilized to participate in its implementation or to see the need for such police, In relation to control of drug abuse, the government of this country has establisher the national drug land enforcement Agedly (NDLEA)
The generality of the people of this country should make NDLEA. But unless such efforts are supported by the people, and the activities of this Agency, this war will be a meaningless exercise. If the people are willing for example, to expose drug users among then, they will be contributing in no small measure towards eradication of the problem. This is a war that has to involve people of all professions, age group and sexes.
The adoption and implementation of socially oriented polices by any administration is a testimony to the desire to alleviate some of the socio-economic problems but push the youths to be involved in crime ,including drug abuse.
The remigration of existing bodies like the National Directorate of employment (NDE) people’s Bank of Nigeria and community Banks all aimed at the limiting the problem of unemployment . Adopting these policies all will help address the socio-economies problems of the country which, as it has been argued, constitutive the major causes of our drug problems.
The Electronic Media Should Emphasized on setting up a workable drug abuse counseling centers in both rural and urban areas. This centuries should be properly staffed, trained in drug abuse prevention and treatment as will as intervening .
I also recommend that this center should comprise of at least a modest rooms with adequate space to accommodate a table, chair, file cabinet drawers, bookshelf. The more worms there are, the better the facilities for individual and group counseling .providing the centers with modern recording /play book equipment like television video and audio tape recorder, cassette tape and other educational information and public enlightenment material such as posters, handbills, books ,magazines and journal, play and relaxation material such as lido, scrabble, monopoly and table tennis equipments will go a long way to redirect the minds of our youths off drug and concentrate on profitable ventures that will prepare them for the future.
The electronic media should intensify their public awareness cam pain by organizing Drama, symposium, lectures, on the only in the urban areas also in our rural are should this campaign be made available because research has shown that Nigeria youths in both rural and urban area and of different socio-economic background indulge in the use and abuse of dangerous and illicit drugs. This campaign should also be extended to the primary, secondary and tertiary institution were these is prevalent
I also recommend drug abuse education in schools and this should be pursued by providing factual information, This additional instruction should infuse drug education into existing school curriculum. Related to this is the establishment and encouraging of drug free clubs in our schools. This will help in eradicating drug abuse from the grassroots.
The introduction of social welfare progamme which will involve in the treatment of identified drug dependent persons and in the design of programmes that would aid the meaningful rehabilitation and social integration of such persons into the society.
Finally, the electronic media being an effective instrument for mass mobilization should encourage the Government to establish counseling centers in churches, mosques, market, town halls, recreation centers, Hospitals .This will provide the therapeutic environment that allows a two- way communicative interaction to take place between counselor and client.
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