The Role Of Civic Education In Curbing Electoral Malpractices In Nigeria

Project and Seminar Material for Political Science

The Role Of Civic Education In Curbing Electoral Malpractices In Nigeria


Abstract


The study examines the role of civic education in curbing electoral malpractices in Nigeria. A survey method was used for the study, the population consisted of civic education teacher of selected secondary schools in Warri, Delta State. out of 35 civic education teacher, 35 were involved in the study. A questionnaire developed by the researchers’ frequency tables was used for the study. Research result show that the relevance and significance of civic education include; equipping the masses with political knowledge, encouraging political participation, helps to promote political efficacy, and orientating the masses about democratic values. The study also identified the nature of electoral malpractices in Nigeria, which include; intimidation of voters, partisanship by electoral offices, under age voting and impersonation, diversion of electoral materials, and theft of ballot boxes. In the light of the findings the study recommends that that government at all levels should set out on rigorous periodical campaigns on such policies and activities that will enhance participation of majority of the citizens in democratic process by encouraging civic education. And the National Orientation Agency should embark on mounting civic education programmes before elections in the country. The government should establish a competent electoral offences tribunal, task with the responsibility of criminal prosecution of electoral offenders and lastly, reorientation of values in our society remains a task that must be done by stakeholders.


Table of Content


Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Significance of the Study
  • 1.6 Scope of the Study
  • 1.7 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.8 Definition of Terms

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE 

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Civic Education constitutes an essential portion of adult education which provides the citizens the skills, attitude and knowledge to effectively participate in the democratic process of the nation. It enables them to understand their rights, carry out their responsibility and engage in the act of governance. It essentially educates the citizens on their role as free human beings to exercise their rights in the democratic process. The significance is to raise leaders and build a democratic society. (Branson, 1998). Some scholars, state that civic education provides an understanding of the political system, and enhances the individual to participate in government. It is the exposition of the citizens’ rights and obligations. It educates the individual on the political traditions of the nation and moral values (Janowitz 1983, 1994, quoted in Kanaev 2000). Therefore, understanding your right is fundamental to participating in democracy. The learning of civic education should therefore be made accessible to members of the adult society and not reserve as a class room exercise. (Ruitta, 2007). Civic education also offers education on the political rights of women, and voter education programmes. It adopts a practical discussion group method where study members interact with local communities to solve issues the benefit the communities. These processes of sharing and learning are called “Mode 2” knowledge (Field 2005, 4). Consequently, civic education leads to the development of well informed and civilized citizens and a sustained democratic society. It is therefore imperative that, policymakers, members of civil society and educators promote the ideals and acquisition of civic education in all segments of the society. This is because democracy and democratic societies are sustained by people with the right skill, knowledge and attitude acquired through Civic Education. The study seeks to appraise the role of civic education in curbing electoral malpractices in Nigeria.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The twenty first century society is built and sustained by democracy and democratic institutions. Many nations are changing their system of government to a democratic society. Politicians are in search of innovative ideas to inject into the system. The world of information, IT and Communications Technology is taking over the conventional process of democratic process. The application of new technologies in the democratic process has been adopted by many nations of the world such as online political interaction/campaign, e-validation of voter’s card, electronic voting, e-registration of voters etc. However, many developing nations are yet to solve their socio-political and economic problems and their citizens reluctant to participate in the democratic processes including election, as a result of lack of civic education and unrefined perception. Also, lack of leadership qualities impedes and further discourages the people participation in government affairs. This circumstance can be corrected positively through civic education. Therefore, for the nation to progress democratically it is essential that the citizens possess the skills, attitude, values and leadership qualities to aid the successful development of the basic requirements and principles of a democratic political system, they should be able to understand and exercise their right, protect their interest, values and maintain the rule of law. They must be willing to participate in politics for the institution of government through adequate understanding and knowledge of civic Education. The problem confronting the study is to investigate role of civic education in curbing electoral malpractices in Nigeria.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The main study objective is to investigate the role of civic education in curbing electoral malpractices in Nigeria, while the specific objectives of the study include;

  1. To appraise the relevance and significance of civic education.
  2. To appraise the nature of electoral malpractices in Nigeria.
  3. To determine role of civic education in curbing electoral malpractices in Nigeria.

1.3 Research Questions

  1. What is relevance and significance of civic education?
  2. What is the nature of electoral malpractices in Nigeria?
  3. What is the role of civic education in curbing electoral malpractices in Nigeria?

1.4 Research Hypothesis

Ho1: There is no significant relationship between electoral malpractices and civic education in Nigeria.


1.5 Significance of the Study

The study shall identify the underlying factors regarding the role of civic education in curbing electoral malpractices in Nigeria.

It shall also be useful to government policy makers.


1.6 Scope of the Study

The study focuses on the appraisal of the role of civic education in curbing electoral malpractices in Nigeria.


1.7 Limitation of the Study

The study was confronted with logistics constraints.


1.8 Definition of Terms

Civic Education Defined

Civic Education constitutes an essential portion of adult education which provides the citizens the skills, attitude and knowledge to effectively participate in the democratic process of the nation. It enables them to understand their rights, carry out their responsibility and engage in the act of governance.

Governance Defined

The administration of the country’s social and economic resources for development through the exercise of political power.

Federalism Defined

Federalism is the form of government in which power is shared between two levels of government .The Federal system of government is a mixture of the central government with the regional governments.

Conflict Defined

Conflict is viewed as the state of disagreement or opposition between communities, nation, individuals, opinion, or needs


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the role of civic education in curbing electoral malpractices in Nigeria. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was on the role of civic education in curbing electoral malpractices in Nigeria. The study is was specifically set to appraise the relevance and significance of civic education; appraise the nature of electoral malpractices in Nigeria; and determine whether civic education play any significant role in curbing electoral malpractices in Nigeria.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 35 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent were civic education teacher of selected secondary schools in Warri, Delta State.


5.3 Conclusions

In the light of the analysis carried out, the following conclusions were drawn.

  1. The relevance and significance of civic education include; equipping the masses with political knowledge, encouraging political participation, helps to promote political efficacy, and orientating the masses about democratic values.
  2. The nature of electoral malpractices in Nigeria are intimidation of voters, partisanship by electoral offices, under age voting and impersonation, diversion of electoral materials, and theft of ballot boxes.
  3. Civic education plays a significant role in curbing electoral malpractices in Nigeria.

5.4 Recommendation

Based on the findings the researcher recommends;

  1. That government at all levels should set out on rigorous periodical campaigns on such policies and activities that will enhance participation of majority of the citizens in democratic process by encouraging civic education.
  2. That Civil societies as well as Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) should complement the activities of government in promoting civic knowledge acquisition among the citizenry for better actualization of genuine democracy and overall development national development.
  3. The National Orientation Agency should embark on mounting civic education programmes before elections in the country. The government should establish a competent electoral offences tribunal, task with the responsibility of criminal prosecution of electoral offenders and lastly, reorientation of values in our society remains a task that must be done by stakeholders.

The Role Of Civic Education In Curbing Electoral Malpractices In Nigeria


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