The Role Of Auditing In Ensuring Organizational Effectiveness

Project and Seminar Material for Business Administration and Management BAM

The Role Of Auditing In Ensuring Organizational Effectiveness


Abstract


This research work investigates the the role of audit in ensuring organizational effectiveness. The researcher used descriptive research survey design in building up this project work the choice of this research design was considered appropriate because of its advantages of identifying attributes of a large population from a group of individuals.
From the finding of this research work, we found that Auditing can improve the investment potentials of companies and that Auditing is the backbone of organizational effectiveness.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Corporate performance management is the area of business intelligence involved with monitoring and managing an organizations performance such as revenue, returns in investment, overhead, operational cort etc. Price Walter house Cooper (2012) noted that it provides the avenue for translating a company’s strategy into measurable targets, in monitoring and evaluating how the company is doing. Corporate performance management gives management, investors, and other stakeholders a real time picture of how the organization is actually in line with its corporate targets so that corporate actions can be taken where necessary.

Margaret (2011) pointed out that it encompasses strategic planning, budgeting, forecasting, work fork, reporting, modeling, scenario planning, profitability analysis, key performance indicate monitoring and consolidation as it addresses both financial and generating activities of the business entity.

The key performance indicators according to Massey (2011), means the company’s progress as they relate to its goals and strategy and are usually enshrined in the financial statement of such companies. Harper (2012) and institute of centered accountant of Nigeria (2009) defined the financial statement as a formal record of the financial activities of a business, person or other entities; relevant information about the reporting entity are presented therein the financial statement and in a structured and easily understandable manner, having the following components.

  1. Statement of financial position showing report on assets, liabilities and equity
  2. Statement of comprehensive income and expenses (Known as profit and loss statement)
  3. Statement of cash flow
  4. Statement of comprehensive changes in equity
  5. Notes to the financial statement.

The very essence of financial statement is deeply routed in the companies and Allied matters Act (2004:5331) which states that “every company shall keep proper accounting record and such records shall be sufficient to show and explain the transactions of the company and shall be such to:

  • Disclose with reasonable accuracy, at anytime, the financial position of the company and
  • Enable the directors ensure that the financial statements prepared comply with the requirement of the Act with regard to form and content.

Information emaciating from the financial statements are so vital that it helps a wide range of users such as shareholders, government, financial institutions, employees, creditors/suppliers, media, the general public etc. in making economic decisions.

Kleinschmidt (2007) pointed out that the very fact that ownership of companies differ from management, their trust is not enough to guarantee the accuracy of such financial statements prepared by management as they emphasized tend to conceal the following:

  1. Weak internal control mechanism
  2. Presence of material misstatement and on errors that tend to depict a financial position different from what actually exist in the company.
  3. Non compliance to statutory, accounting professional guidelines/requirements.
  4. Fraud, other financial irregularities as many be perpetuated by management and on employees of the companies.

On account of the above challenges, the need for an independent appraisal of the state of affairs in any company cannot be over emphasized. Little Wonder Paul (2009) was quoted to say that “an audit can be compared to an annual checkup with the doctors, the auditor being the doctor while the company is the patient” in the same vein, section 359(1) of the companies and Allied Matters Act (2004) mandated and the need for auditing of companies individuals and on government accounts to guarantee a reasonable level assurance that the financial statement are true and fair, represent state of affairs at the company. This, Okezie (2008) pointed out helps to reduce or settle disputes that might otherwise arise regarding acceptance of the annual reports and accounts of companies.

In the lights of the foregoing, the researcher shall examine auditing, not just as a concept but also as an exercise, with a view to determining its place as the backbone of organizational effectiveness.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Modern-day organizations are increasingly facing performance driven challenges that tend to erode the confidence placed on the financial statements prepared by management of these companies (Bamidele, 2009).

In charting the course for other scholars, Okozie (2008) frowned at the problems trailing the absence of auditing which, when unattended to, could hamper the quality, form, disclosure requirements of financial statements. These are;

Presence of weak interval accounting control system which tends to give unwarranted forous to some dubious company management and or employees

Material misstatement of crucial assets liability or capital item. This, in turn, leads to financial statements that do not fairly and truly represent the state of affairs at the company.

Gross violation of statutory provisions, professional guideline as well as weak level of corporate government which if uncorrected, may bring down heavy fines in the company by the various regulatory / professional bodies.

The unattractiveness of company’s shares due to unaudited nature of its account which might scare off investors.
Wikipedia (2012) posited that auditing as a vital part of accounting which provides an assessment of a company’s internal control, seeks not only to solve the above mentioned challenges but also to provide an assurance that financial statements are of the highest quality which would impact on the effectiveness of such reporting entity.


1.3 Objective of Study

The following are the key objectives the researcher proposes the study / research to active.

  1. To use auditing as a means of evaluating the effectiveness of a company internal control system.
  2. To help companies ascertain their level of compliance to both statutory, professional disclosure requirement with a view to correcting variances.
  3. To determine if auditing is really the backbone of organizational effectiveness or not.

1.4 Research Hypothesis

Hypothesis One
  • Ho: Auditing cannot improve the investment potentials of companies.
  • Hi: Auditing can improve the investment potentials of companies.
Hypothesis Two
  • Ho: Auditing is not the backbone of organizational effectiveness
  • Hi: Auditing is the backbone of organizational effectiveness.

1.5 Significance of the Study

The research is expected to make reasonable impact in the following areas.

  1. Enlighten both private and public companies regulatory agency as well as its audience in the impact of auditing in organizational effectiveness.
  2. Educate the researcher’s audience in the concept of auditing so as to increase their awareness level.
  3. It would serve as a base for future researchers who may want to dive into the world of auditing as their research area
  4. It would proffer workable recommendations based of research findings, so as to solve organizational challenges.

1.6 Scope of the Study

The thrust of this project work on the role auditing plays in ensuring organizational effectiveness. The researcher demonstrated this by critically x-raying the conditions necessitating the adaption of auditing in firms. The data primary data was constrained to specially designed questionnaires, administered to employees of;

  • Mr. Bigg’s (subsidiary of VAC PLC), Asaba
  • First City Monument Bank PLC, Asaba
  • Dav Notch Ltd Asaba

The secondary data utilized were textbooks online resources, journals etc.

It is imperative to note here in that the research id constrained to Asaba Metropolis of Delta State, Nigeria and shall base its assessment of 5 years operations of the companies so selected.


1.7 Organization of the Study

The project works cover 5 distinct chapters, in line with approved format of the faculty of management sciences.

  1. Chapter one introduces the project work at hard, this chapter gives the audience a quick run down of what to expect in other chapters of the project.
  2. Chapter two review relevant literatures surrounding auditing in order to enrich the researcher’s work.
  3. Chapter three projects the research methodology adopted by the researcher in a bid to collect, analyze, interpret and prevent data.
  4. Chapter four analyses the data collected usually an agreed data analysis method.
  5. Chapter five concludes the study by giving discussion of findings, recommendation as well as areas of future studies.

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to reiterate that the objective of this study was on the role of audit in ensuring organizational effectiveness. In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in evaluating examine the role of audit in ensuring organizational effectiveness.


5.2 Summary

This study was undertaken to examine the role of audit in ensuring organizational effectiveness. The study opened with chapter one where the statement of the problem was clearly defined. The study objectives and research hypotheses were defined and formulated respectively. The study reviewed related and relevant literatures. The chapter two gave the conceptual framework, empirical and theoretical studies. The third chapter described the methodology employed by the researcher in collecting both the primary and the secondary data. The research method employed here is the descriptive survey method. The study analyzed and presented the data collected in tables and the hypotheses were tested using the chi square while the fifth chapter gives the study summary and conclusion.


5.3 Conclusion and Recommendations

The primary function of internal audit is to review the figures or process a company devised. The internal audit ensures compliance with the company law and state rules and regulations, effectively protecting the business against problems that might crop up.

The internal audit ensures that proper accounting system is introduced and that there is an orderly arrangement of personnel, procedures, records, forms and devices to achieve desirable results. The internal audit can point out the weak areas of management for corrective actions. It dispenses the need to employ expensive consultants to carry out internal audit function; the internal auditors are intimately acquitted with business operations and have access to confidentialities information at all levels of management and thus have knowledge they can use to contribute for business management.

In this work we found out that Auditing can improve the investment potentials of companies and that Auditing is the backbone of organizational effectiveness.


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