The Role Of Association In Community Development (A Case Study Of Agulu In Anaocha Local Government Area)
Community based association and community development has its own peculiar problems normally associated with it. Much of the performance of these community based association in community development of their areas cannot over emphases. So, this study is aimed at ascertaining the extent of which community based association could be energized for community development with particular reference to agulu in anaocha local government area in anambra state.The major thrust of the study is to appraise the performance or activities of community based association with reference to the contribution they have made to community development and also how activities effect the live of the people in terms of community development area.That is why we have given this sub-heading “the role of association in the community development” a case study of agulu in anaocha local government area in anambra state. There is a general belief that rural development should be left to the government alone but this project tends to highlight the degree of contribution community associations can make in the development of local community especially anaocha. The purpose of this study is to investigate the performance of community association at its community development programme with particular reference to agulu in anaocha local government area in anambra state.In a bid to achieve the above objective, this research work be instructured into five chapters . Chapter one of this project is primary concerned with the introducing part of this, under this chapter, we will also look at the statement of problems. Since colonial era, attempt has been to develop the areas. Why people should make efforts is developing their community we also look at other basic problems in project writing like significance of the study purpose of the, scope of study and concept definitions.Chapter two of this work will look at literature review. Under this heading, we will look at different theories of this development as propounded by authors and scholars and their relevance to rural development in nigeria. Chapter three deals with the review of the research design and methodology. In those chapter, various sources of data, questionnaires design of determined and method of investigation discussed.Chapter four of this work will look critically at the impact of community association in agulu in anaocha local government area in anmbra state. Also in this chapter, we will look at our data presentation and analysis. Finally we will have a closer look at our data analysis and test of hypothesis. Chapter five will be the concluding part of this summary of our findings. The recommendation will tend to sake conclusion. And finally that references.
1.1 Background of the Study
Throughout history, human societies have continually strove to develop in one way or the other, although at different place and measure the development is a universal phenomenon commonly linked with human beings.
Everywhere, man is faced with the task of rising above his material limitations through providing for his needs and improving the quality of his material well being and efficiency of tools.
In this study, the concept of development is taken to the sequence of changes that is aimed as improving the socio-economic, political and cultural life of a people.
In this content of this work, community development may be defined as operationally as the conscious self help without the assistance from the government for the provisions of certain basic socio-economic infrastructure that basic necessary or required in the raising of the standard of living of the people while discouraging rural, urban drift.
In Nigeria, communities in different parts of the country have over years engaged themselves in several development activities in an attempt to provide some basic infrastructure that would make life more meaning to the members of their communities. They no longer wait or depend solely on their local, state or federal for provision of the development community has become popular, in recent times communities has become increasing more, and the unability of the various government to provide for them, all their needs. This trends of the development further call on various local institutions in the private sector, in other words non-government organization (NGO) to supplement government efforts in development of their localities.
The complementary role played by there community based association (CBA) such as community friends, age grade unions, woman associates , member of city club in the Agulu e.t.c have created some positive impact on provision financial assistance skills and provisions specific services.
Our major concern here is the communities based associates with participation reference to Agulu in Anaocha local government area in Anambra state.
It is also patient to mention that he role gab in condition of living existing between the rural and urban area has posed as services challenge to success government n Nigeria. The methods adopted to bridge the gap have even proven more pragmatic as there has never been a conscious on the best approach to use in developing.
This study is an attempt to took at a typical rural area in Anambra state (Anaocha local government area) and to see how it has been trying to surmount its development problems.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
From the colonial era to the present attempt have been made to develop the rural areas with titles or no results. This the concept how has been written and discussed in recent years. Majority of rural area live in sub-standard houses poor environmental and unplanned rural communities. But the most strictly features is infrastructure such as hospitals, schools pipe-born water electricity, industries, good roads and recreational facilities are generally lacking in most Nigeria rural areas. Further more, the problems of unemployment, the wide different income between intellectual and manual labour of which is certain cases have reinforced each other cases have reinforced each other to result in massive rural urban migration especially among young productive age grade group.
In Nigeria at various levels, government have recognized the problems suffered by rural residents has not only been a top of discussion among lanners, academicians pollution and the press, but also has been a subject of significant attestation.
Since government alone cannot provide for all the needs of rural communities, it has intensified its dall on the rural communities non- government organizations and individuals to engage in self- help project as a way of complementing government efforts. Most government f federal , state and local levels in this respect have provided marching grant to assist communities and completed self help projects.
To a large extent, this new orientation is rapidly yielding some good results as most rural communities in recent times embark on various viable projects that accord hem a face new lease of life. Today a good number of communities in Agulu Anaocha local government area in Anambra state have in recent times especially from the 1970’s became development conscious as various organizations begin to emerge and successful embarked on several development projects in the area. Indeed community based on associations constitute a potential force in the development other their communities.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
The purpose of his study is to ascertain the impact of Community Base Association (CBA) in the development of communities, particularly Agulu, Anaocha Local Government Area in Anambra State.
This work aims therefore, to example the contributions of Community Based Association (CBA) in the developmental process of rural communities in Agulu, it is also aimed at enlightening the public on the need or importance and role (CBA) in buying a face lift to the standard of living of rural communities development programmes by the association and the implementation of such programme Vis-a vis their effects on the development and welfare of the inhabitant of the Agulu people.
1.4 Significance of the Study
The study is intended to asses the role of community based association in rural development. The importance of this study lies in the hope that its findings would help to correct the enormous impression that rural people are opposed to change the result which would also serve as panacea in bringing about a change in policy formulation and implementation which fails to incorporate the local people.. it is hoped that the solutions, if properly adopte4d would lead to the speedily development of the rural areas and make Nigeria neglect majority to have a taste of good living.
1.5 Scope of the Study
Scope of study covers the general evolution of the activities of community development actors in the areas of rural development in Nigerian local government and Agulu in Anaocha local government in particular. The analysis will cover the impact of community based association and community development committee (CDC) as agents and ling between the various communities and government in rural development.
The work focused on the former and its community development programmes such as roads, schools, health facilities, water projects, electricity supplies.
In the main research, it took at project aforementioned and the role of community development in Agulu forms essentially the basis of basis of this study. However, the role of the communities concerned is also of paramount importance in the study because realize are considered in the approach which depend largely on the community themselves.
1.6 Research Questions
It is purpose of this research work address and provide answers to the following question
- What are the contributions of good/bad people in community based association?
- What are the role of community base association in community development to make life more meaningful to members of their communities.
- What are the contributions of community based association
1.7 Definition of Terms
The term development means different things to different people depending of the ideological beliefs on the issue in question and the period.
Perhaps Billy Dudley seems to pose the basic question about the meaning of the development, when the said “ to ask about unemployment” what has been happening to inequality.
Having seen the confusion inherent in attempt that we adopt a single definition as our working definition in this study. Nwogu observes that development therefore is the ability of a man to extract the natural and human resources for the betterment of the entire society.
The definition here, according to him, development is a multi dimensional process involving changes in structures. Attitudes and institutions as well as the in quality and eradication of true development. True development must means the development of a man unfolding and realization of his creative organized and discipline which is the moving force behind the socio-economic transformation of society.
ii. Rural Area
Available literature on rural areas revisal that populations is the main characteristic that differentiate rural from urban area especially in the develop countries. Base upon this single characteristic (which is inadequately) Nigeria classifies any area with a population of 20,000 people and below as rural areas. Using the 1963 census figure of 55.5 million of people, over 44 million is 80% population in Nigeria are rural dweller.
Population is not only character feature of rural areas in Nigeria, is includes also indicators such as depreciation, degradation and deprivation.
iii. Rural Development
In terms of conceptualization more often than not, we often go back to the united nations definition of development because it contains some useful element that are relevant to the third world countries. Community development is thus defined by the U.N.
The process by which the effort of people are with those of government Authorities to improve the economic, social and cultural conditions of the community to integrate these communities into the life of the nation and enable them contribute fully to national progress.
It was also defined at the Cambridge summer conference of Africa Administration held in 1984.
A movement designed to promote better living for the whole community with the active participation and if possible on the initiative is not forth coming spontaneously by the use techniques for arousing and stimulating it in order to secure its actions interest responses to the movement.
The distinguishing factor in community development is that, it signs a move by the people themselves in effort to improve their level of living through self help projects.
iv. Community Development Association (CDA)
C.D.A according to Steve Tamuno constitutes democracy and development. In other words, they are the vehicles through which the issues and aspirations of the people or issues affecting their lives are articulated, harnessed and executed.
v. Non Government Organization (NGO)
Non governmental organization is organization that is not by government, understand the community where exist the government agencies. They usually constitute the catalyst for the self-help in rural communities as they make effective use of traditional customs value and authority structure.
vi. Community Based Association (CBA)
This is the third man group within the non-governmental sector, which operates in various forms and otherwise known as people association, grass-root association, self-help or membership support association etc. community based association refers to a broad or self help process and institutions with different structure and varying capacities and characterized by voluntary participation mutual benefits and accountable leadership.
vii. Community Development Committee (CDC)
This is a group of elected official of a community for the purpose of co-ordinating the self help development of that community.
Membership will include representatives of improvement Union, development association, age group, woman and youth organization traditional rulers and community heads.
5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
5.1 Summary of Finding
Since early 1980s programme and development of communities in Agulu, Anaocha Local Government Association clubs, Age grade, town, Women Association etc have embarked on viable self community development project consequently many essential amenities which government could not provide have made available to the people to materially an rich their communities. These effort no doubt have incidentally caused the people of these communities. To become more aware of their peculiar problems and the dignity inherent in self help community development programmes.
From all indication it is very staring that community based association in Agulu in more general terms have contributed immensely in the development or their amenities in which they are operational.
From the research view, it is no exaggeration to state that our rural area have been contently and deliberately milked to improvement to the advantage of the urban area, which dates back the colonial era.
That was inherited at independence and perpetuation by successive government whose promises have been fulfilled and rudely aborted the helps of rural messes.
We thank community based association in Agulu, Anaocha local government area of Anambra state for the efforts, in trying to develop their community. For attainment at better living condition. Despite their efforts, is still call on these association not to relent in their dreams, and I call on members of communities in Agulu, Anaocha local government who does not belong to any such development association to enroll with existing one or from new development association so as to achieve a greater height in developing the rural communities. I also recommended that in spite of these CBA certain pre-conditions should be adopted be adopted to make self-help strategy should a more effective instrument.
First sustain efforts should be made by government through public relations to mobilize the rural communities for self-help activities.
Communities will be made, to understand the implications of various development projects on their lives. This responsibility lies not only with the government officials but also the news media and traditional authority in Agulu, Anaocha Local Government Area.
This approach could whip up popular enthusing for development projects.
Further more, I will also suggest that there should be grants in form of taken money, given to communities and development association in the locally to encourage them to embark on self-help projects.
This assures them, that government appreciates their efforts and this will reduce the tendency for self-help groups to over burden themselves and taxes which could result to discontent among them. The government as a matter of vital importance purpose, a vigorous industrialization policy in the rural areas. The building of small scale industries in the rural areas would help to check the urban areas in search of a green posture.
The government should provide enough funds for DFFRI to enable them carry-out their programme of community development. It will also help to strengthen their operational base to enable them reach out to communities that may need their assistance.
Meanwhile, government should encourage the formation of co-operative societies as it would help the rural people to benefit from the credit scheme of government agencies, such as Nigeria Agricultural Co-operative Bank, the people bank to mention but few.
Finally, government should as a matter of urgency take a second look at the system of giving, matching grants to the communities. Base on the cost of the project executed and they should contribute equipment and technical component of a project to avoid embezzlement and subsequent abandonment of the project.
In conclusion, it is the view of this study that CBA, certainly constitute one of these human unifying components of modern dispensation whose advantages could be meticulously maintain and utilized and its possibilities further explore in the interest of mutual understanding existence, co-operation between the members in the various village in Agulu.
Community Association is an important institution in promoting community self-help development through the mobilization of a available human and material resources present in its environment. Obviously, it is a two ways traffic between the government and the local people where they pilled their efforts collectively for effective mobilization of the people which the government, may provide Technical Assistance, material equipment and grant aid. The people on the other hand, local raw-material and physical cash. The unalloyed participation of the people in this process in the only singly does for achieving quick recovery from the long term neglect of the rural populace.
Community based Association is the only bond of unity entrusted with the development of community and Agulu in general. The CBA gained much esteem over three decade’s age because of its role in community development.
5.3 Limitation of the Study
Some factors contributed to the limitation of this study, which includes community based Association (CBA) is a new establishment and has limited literature, the often uncompressing and frustrating attitudes of respondent’s rejection and non-return of questionnaire and sample for generalization.
Other limitation of this study is lack of correct and data records or the vote and number of projects embarked on by community based Association (CBA) and the various locations of such projects.
Also the unwilling attitude of the member of community development committee to release certain information considered to be association secrete.
5.4 Suggestion for Further Study
- Another research should be carried out to find out the factor affecting Association in community development.
- Further researchers should also endeavor to give an indebt study of this particular topic under study by enlarging the scope and adopting a different method of statistical analysis order to concentrate this finding.
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