Role Of Agriculture In Economic Growth And Poverty Reduction In Nigeria

Project and Seminar Material for Agricultural Economics and Extension

Role Of Agriculture In Economic Growth And Poverty Reduction In Nigeria


Abstract


This study is on role of agriculture in economic growth and poverty reduction in Nigeria. The total population for the study is 200 staff of federal ministry of agriculture, Abuja. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up economists, farmers, senior staff and junior staff was used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


Table Of Content


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title
  • Declaration
  • Approval
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of content

Chapter One

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the study
  • 1.4 Research Hypotheses
  • 1.5 Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope and limitation of the study
  • 1.7 Definition of terms
  • 1.8 Organization of the study

Chapter Two

Literature Review


Chapter Three

Research methodology

  • 3.1 sources of data collection
  • 3.3 Population of the study
  • 3.4 Sampling and sampling distribution
  • 3.5 Validation of research instrument
  • 3.6 Method of data analysis

Chapter Four

Data Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation

  • 4.1 Introductions
  • 4.2 Data analysis

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation
  • Appendix

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The role of agriculture in economic growth and poverty reduction has become an issue of great concern in developed and developing countries. Nnadi (2005) stated that agriculture is indispensable in addressing economic growth and poverty reduction, which are the most difficult challenges facing many countries in the world especially developing countries where on the average, majority of the population are considered poor. Evidences in Nigeria show that the number of those in poverty has continued to increase. The author stressed further that the rising profile of poverty in Nigeria is assuming a worrisome dimension as empirical studies have shown. In consonant with this, Ojo (2008) opined that, Nigeria, a sub-Saharan African country, has at least half of its population living in abject poverty. The UN Human Poverty Index in 1999, credited Nigeria with 41.6%, captured the phenomenon more succinctly as the figure placed the nation as amongst the 25 poorest nations in the world. As at 2004, the HPI (Human Poverty Index) value for Nigeria, 40.6, ranks 76th among 102 developing countries for which the index has been calculated.

The country has increasing rate of poverty both at the regions and at the national level, high unemployment rate, high income inequality, low quality human capital, high percentage of population on welfare and high out migration in the face of high economic growth. Agriculture is the production of food, feed, fibre and other goods by the systematic growing and harvesting of plants and animals (Akinboyo, 2008). According to, Brandt (2011), agriculture is the cultivation of land, raising and rearing of animals for the purpose of production of food for man, animals and industries. The concept of poverty is perceived differently by the poor themselves, politicians, planners, and academics. It is this perception on poverty identification, and its causes that solutions are proposed. Chinake (1997) explains that defining and fighting against poverty is more of a political and technical problem than a rational activity. Therefore, politicians are in a better position to explain the causes of poverty because they run the country and are responsible for the problems within it. Poverty is a multi-dimension, socio-economic and cultural situation which transcends economic description and analysis (Okuneye, 2001). To all agencies now, poverty is not seen as simply lack of income or consumption but it includes deprivation in health, education, nutrition, security, power and others. Adeleke (2012) defined poverty as a condition characterized by severe deprivation of basic human needs including food, sanitation facilities, education, information, lack of income and productive resources


1.2 Statement of the Problem

This paper provides the assessment of agriculture’s wider role during economic growth and investigates its impact in poverty reduction, particularly through accelerating economic growth and over all contribution to rural livelihoods. The major and basic question that will be answered is whether Agricultural sector is responding to the development challenges of economic growth and poverty reduction during growth and transformation process. The in-depth study looked at the potential to improve agriculture’s impact on growth and poverty reduction in a cost-effective way relative to investments in nonagricultural sectors and investigate policy priorities towards poverty reduction and growth strategies and their ability to develop rural area. In fact, none of the country has ever successfully reduced poverty through agriculture alone, nor none of any country has achieved it without first increasing agricultural productivity (DFID, 2005).


1.3 Objective of the Study

The objectives of the study are;

  1. To ascertain the role of agriculture on economic growth
  2. To ascertain the relationship between agriculture sector and poverty reduction
  3. To ascertain various challenges facing the development of the agricultural sector in Nigeria
  4. To examine the prospect of agricultural sector in Nigeria

1.4 Research Hypotheses

For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

  1. H0: there is no role of agriculture on economic growth
    H1: there is role of agriculture on economic growth
  2. H02: there is no relationship between agriculture sector and poverty reduction
    H2: there is relationship between agriculture sector and poverty reduction

1.5 Significance of the Study

The fundamental importance of this study is to examine the relationship or correlation that exists between economic and agricultural growth in Nigeria. So far, little has been done to determine the impact of agricultural sector on economic growth in Nigeria, but a number of studies have been carried out on cross country analysis of less developed countries. This approach assumes that the impact of foreign inflow is constant across countries that are the same in all less developed countries (L.D.C’s). Most studies in this area consider only a small number of variables trying to establish agricultural growth


1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study

The scope of the study covers role of agriculture in economic growth and poverty reduction in Nigeria. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

a) Availability of Research Material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) Time:

The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

c) Organizational privacy:

Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities.


1.7 Definition of Terms

Economic growth:

Economic growth is the increase in the inflation-adjusted market value of the goods and services produced by an economy over time. It is conventionally measured as the percent rate of increase in real gross domestic product, or real GDP.

Poverty reduction:

Poverty reduction, or poverty alleviation, is a set of measures, both economic and humanitarian, that are intended to permanently lift people out of poverty

Agriculture:

Agriculture is the science and art of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. The history of agriculture began thousands of years ago.


1.8 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.

Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.

Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.

Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.

Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was on role of agriculture in economic growth and poverty reduction in Nigeria. In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of role of agriculture in economic growth and poverty reduction in Nigeria


5.2 Summary

This study was on role of agriculture in economic growth and poverty reduction in Nigeria. Four objectives were raised which included: To ascertain the role of agriculture on economic growth, to ascertain the relationship between agriculture sector and poverty reduction, to ascertain various challenges facing the development of the agricultural sector in Nigeria, to examine the prospect of agricultural sector in Nigeria. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 staff of federal ministry of agriculture, Abuja. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up economists, farmers, senior staff and junior staff was used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


5.3 Conclusion

Since the rate of increase in population is higher than food productivity then there is a need to revitalize the plan/strategies/programme and give a special focus on creating effective participation through encouraging full investment, especially farming business. Similarly, policies, strategies and programme developed, amended and implemented have to be realistic in portraying and exploring enormous opportunities that are in agriculture to ensure that growth of the economy is benefiting poor farmers as well as special attention is needed specifically on the government spending on agriculture investment, which should focus on providing short and long term solution; including encouraging agriculture investment and well communicated agricultural research between researcher-extension officer-farmers and should encourage feedback from farmers to researchers. There are indications that with appropriate investments in the context of public-private partnership, it is possible to achieve lower costs of production, given that infrastructures and public services are well available to the small scale farmers. It is expected that ongoing road infrastructure development will improve and reduce costs of transport, distribution and reduce unnecessary expenses, especially on post-harvest loss that make local produce uncompetitive versus imported products


5.4 Recommendation

Steps must be taken now if the nation is to continue to pursue high level of achievement so that arable land with the favorable climate has to be strategically used for food production to ensure availability of supply of the food and bridge the gap of shortage of food today and in the future. This is a moral obligation of the nation that intends not only to change income of poor and their life style standard but also ensure sustainability of food availability, food access and food utilization within the nation and in the world at large. However, the role of agriculture during growth and structural transformation and the impact in economic development and poverty reduction has been and still a controversial issue since poverty is affected by high growth rate


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