Review Of The Course Contents Of Bus 213 (Co-Operative Development)

Project and Seminar Material for Economics

Project and Seminar Material for Economics


Chapter One


Introduction

Bus 213 is a code given to a course titled Co-operative Development. The course is being offered the whole students in the school of business studies, but housed in the Department of Co-operative Economics and Management (CEM). It was offered during the first semester of my NDII. The course was provided with the aim to enrich the students involved, with the knowledge of the growth and development of modern co-operative in the world. The course was in mimeography written by Mr. C.C Bob Igwe, MBA NINIM, a lecturer in the co-operative Economics Department in Institute of Management and Technology, (IMT) Enugu.

As the Bus 213 is Co-operative Development indeed, then what is the meaning of this key words, “Co-operative and  Development?”

Co-operative mean people working together to achieve a common objective (STAN .O. UCHENDU (1998:2). It is therefore a general term which covers a wide range of activities in which two or more people work together either formally or informally, temporarily or ad hoc or on a permanent basis to achieve a given legal or illegal, socially accepted or unaccepted goal(s).

The concept of co-operation as economic and social organ started first among people whose means of livelihood were frustrated by the introduction of machine and factory system. They were forced by poverty to submit to long hours of work, harsh discipline and squalor of industrial settlement (Industrial Revolution Period). The basic idea of co-operation is that there is a group action to achieve common goal.

Development on the other hand could be referred to as the act or means of gradual advancement or progression of co-operation from crude or cradle or from a particular speculation to other part of the world. From one stage of maturity to another.

Development of co-operation was not a child of circumstance but a child of necessity as it came on the stage when it was mostly needed to salvage the poor masses from the cruelty of the middlemen and exploitative employers.


1.1 Definition:

Co-operation can be seen as a union of people with common goal. The people did not unite for thin common goal to fall from heaven. There is business enterprises inclusive in co-operation through which their needs should be reached and satisfied.

According to INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATIVE ALLIANCE (I C A OF 1895), “Co-operative society is an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly owned and Democratically controlled enterprises.”

The ICA in addition went further to give out the most important characteristics:

  1. A co-operative as an autonomous body means free from government control.
  2. Joint voluntarily: They should not be forced to join instead it is through creating awareness.
  3. A co-operative is an association of persons not capital. The interest of the members must come before those of capital.
  4. The objective of the group is to meet the members needs in the economic field as well as their aspiration in the social and cultural field, religions and political, criminal objective are however excluded.

Review Of The Course Contents Of Bus 213 (Co-Operative Development)


Project Material Download

3,000 Naira


The complete material will be sent to you in just 2 steps.

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make payment of ₦3,000: through USSD Transfer, Bank Mobile App, ATM Transfer, or POS Transfer to:

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or Click Here to pay with Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA:
Click Here to pay with Debit Card ($15)
GHANA – Make Payment of 60 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 

  PAY WITH CRYPTOCURRENCY


Step Two Purchase

Send the following details through Text Message or WhatsApp Messenger | +234-8143831497

  • Payment Details 
  • Email Address 
  • Review Of The Course Contents Of Bus 213 (Co-Operative Development)

The complete material will be sent to your email address after receiving your payment information | T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


You may also like:

⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


Review Of The Course Contents Of Bus 213 (Co-Operative Development)


Disclaimer

This research material “Review Of The Course Contents Of Bus 213 (Co-Operative Development)” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “Review Of The Course Contents Of Bus 213 (Co-Operative Development)” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.


How to defend your research work


This is a general guide on how to defend your research work:

1. Prepare For Questions:

If you are preparing for questions that may be asked during your defense, then your answers will flow smoothly and effectively. This will prove your knowledge on the subject e.g “Review Of The Course Contents Of Bus 213 (Co-Operative Development)“, and strengthening your argument. Ask friends and family, read your work for them to listen to your presentation, and write down questions. You may be lucky the panel will ask you those you have already prepared on.

2. Strong Summary:

Summarizing your chapters will help keep your audience focused because it is easy for a mind to drift, so providing summaries will ensure your panel will follow along, even if they lose focus for a brief moment. Visual aides, such as graphs and power-point presentations can be very helpful. If you are going to use these, make sure you will practice your presentation with them.

3. Be Confident in Your Research Work:

Not knowing your topic “Review Of The Course Contents Of Bus 213 (Co-Operative Development)” inside out will cause you to struggle and ultimately fail with your defense. You need to know the subject from every angle to ensure you are fully prepared for any question that may come your way.

4. Conclusion:

Reinforce your findings to conclude your defense. The finale of your presentation should focus on proving the work that has been done. You may need to recap on what has changed and remained unchanged, if is necessary.

5 . Listen:

Before you get defensive or recite a particular answer, make sure you truly understand the question being asked. Being a good listener is an important quality, because providing an inaccurate or off-topic answer will also weaken the validity of your paper.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.