A Review Of Challenges Hampering The Effective Teaching Of Grammar In Primary Schools

Primary Education Project and Semina Material

A Review Of Challenges Hampering The Effective Teaching Of Grammar In Primary Schools


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Without doubt, English is a prestigious international language, as a result, its application has broad appeal and scope. Interestingly, good writing of English Language requires a working knowledge of grammar, a refinement of the basic or instinctive knowledge the writer has already had. Good writing is more than the art of obeying grammatical rules. It is the art of arranging words, phrases, sentences and paragraphs in such a way as to engage and sustain the reader’s attention. According to Cain and Oakhill, (2007), writing process involves compilation of texts as well as orthography and grammar. It involves the right meaning of words, grammatically correct spelling and correct syntax and grammar contractions must be acquired in order to attain a good penmanship. Rivers (1988) defines grammar as the rules of a language set out in a terminology which is hard to remember, with many exceptions appended to each rule. The writing of a grammar is basically an attempt at systematization and codification of a mass of data which may at first sight appear amorphous but within which recurrent regularities can be discerned. The way in which this systematization is approached depends on the convictions of the grammarian about the nature of language (River 1988). William (1981) defines grammar as an inescapable fact of a language system because it is the set of principles which permit orderly speaking and writing.

Bizarrely, Learning grammar, especially the use of punctuation marks is one of the most difficult tasks for pupils in basic classes (primary sc. This is confirmed by international comparative studies (e.g., OECD 2009, 2013) and the result of national academic placement tests in the native language (Sinka, 2009). According to Kachru (1981), its usage and functions have undoubtedly made it a native in many nations throughout the world, including Nigeria. Notably, it is a difficult challenge for residents to learn and utilize the language effectively. The government is likewise dedicated to this landable path. Thus, the use of English by educated Nigerians in particular is a fundamental problem, given that it is the official language of the country and thus of practically equal significance to all people, and its usage confers a classic status on the user. As a result, everyone desires to be a fluent speaker or writer of the language.

Importantly, Learners’ errors and deviant forms in the use of English are a major challenge in the teaching and learning of English in Nigerian Secondary Schools. However, Kisparsky (1972) have classified errors in second language learning into two. They are global and local. According to him, the former impairs the intelligibility of a message, while the latter does not significantly affect the reception of the intended message. Other challenges confronting the teaching of grammar includes Language transfer (Interlingual), Faulty application of rules (Intralingual), Faulty instructional materials and techniques and the inconsistency in the orthography of English. All which makes the teaching and learning of grammar I primary school difficult.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

English is a second language for indigenous peoples and students in Nigeria. The usage and application of English as a second language pose severe problems for the students, and their performance, both written and spoken, has not been spectacular throughout the years. According to Akinbode (2006), bad performance of students in the Common Entrance Examination (English) and their spoken form has been attributed to flawed educational systems, a lack of properly competent English teachers, a poor pupil-parent attitude toward learning, or even government lip service.More so, Pupils in primary schools make a mess of grammar in their writing. On the whole, the pupils perform below average in their examination especially when they go out for quiz competition in other school, performance appears to be on the decline, their mechanical skills (grammar, spelling and punctuation) and expression have been deteriorating in the last five years.

Observation has revealed that in most situations, the majority of the children who also did wonderfully well, must have had some inspiration from their families and backgrounds, i.e. the sort of setting in which a youngster finds himself. The above-mentioned style of atmosphere is mostly determined by students’ socioeconomic position. Some of the infrastructure in their house that did their spoken of Grammar such as private reading room; viewing television, listening to radio, and reading newspapers (Vardja, 2008). Those things might not have been offered if the parent’s socio-learning and economic situation had not been backed up with enough aid. A child with highly educated parents is more likely to get assistance from his parents at home, and he is more likely to develop an interest in reading books, watching television, and listening to the radio, all of which his parents do on a daily basis. He improves his speaking grammar and aptitude as a result of this approach. Meanwhile, the illiterate group does not often receive such supervision at home, nor do they gain proficiency in spoken and written language as a consequence of home circumstances. Even though there is a general assumption that grammar is very essential to the student academic achievement in tertiary and secondary education level, scanty literature exist to provide empirical evidence to support or disprove the impact teaching-learning of grammar in primary school pupils. Also problematic is the near absence of studies on challenges associated to teaching of grammar. Therefore it is against this backdrop that this study seeks to present a review of challenges hampering the effective teaching of grammar in primary schools.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The broad objective of this study is to critically review the challenges hampering the effective teaching of grammar in primary schools.

Specifically, this research set out to:

  1. Determine whether Language transfer and mother tongue hampers the effective teaching of grammar in primary schools
  2. Ascertain whether parent status/home factors hinders the effective teaching of grammar in primary schools
  3. Investigate whether faulty instructional materials and teaching techniques influences effective teaching of grammar in primary schools
  4. Assess whether the inconsistency in the orthography of English has a significant impact on effective teaching of grammar in primary schools

1.4 Research Questions

The research is guided by the following research questions:

  1. Does Language transfer and mother tongue hampers the effective teaching of grammar in primary schools?
  2. Does parent status/home factors hinders the effective teaching of grammar in primary schools ?
  3. Does faulty instructional materials and teaching techniques influences effective teaching of grammar in primary schools?
  4. Does the inconsistency in the orthography of English has a significant impact on effective teaching of grammar in primary schools?

1.5 Significance of the Study

Findings of this study is aimed at breaching the gap in the educational attachment of pupils from high socio- economic status and low socio- economic status. This study would also by virtue of facts revealed sensitize both state and federal government to review budgetary allocation to the educational sector to equip school with language laboratories and libraries with better books. To the English language teacher, they should ensure they acquire pedagogical skills as well must acknowledge the inestimable role of motivation in second language learning. More so, learners should be encouraged to cultivate the habit of constant use of the dictionary when in doubt about spelling of any word. The study will serve as reference material to both scholars and student who wishes to conduct further studies in related field.


1.6 Scope of the Study

The scope of this study borders on a review the challenges hampering the effective teaching of grammar in primary schools. The study will discuss four problems hindering the effective teaching and learning of grammar which includes: Language transfer and mother tongue , parent status/home factor, faulty instructional materials and teaching techniques and inconsistency in the orthography of English. The study is however delimited to selected primary schools in Ikeja Local government in Lagos state.


1.7 Limitation of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researchers encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. The significant constraint was the scanty literature on the subject owing that it is a new discourse thus the researcher incurred more financial expenses and much time was required in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size covering only primary schools in Ikeja Local government in Lagos state. Thus findings of this study cannot be used for generalization for other primary schools in other states within Nigeria. Additionally, the researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work will impede maximum devotion to the research. Howbeit, despite the constraint encountered during the research, all factors were downplayed in other to give the best and make the research successful.


A Review Of Challenges Hampering The Effective Teaching Of Grammar In Primary Schools


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A Review Of Challenges Hampering The Effective Teaching Of Grammar In Primary Schools


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Frequently Asked Questions


What are the problems faced by grammar schools in teaching English?

Disorganized manner, the results are also making misunderstanding among students. The attitude of the language learners towards learning of grammar is chaotic.

Why teachers who teach English grammar are not fully satisfied with their teaching?

Statistical techniques of percentage, mean score and standard deviation used for getting the results. Findings of the study concluded that teachers who teach English to the secondary school students are not fully satisfied with their teaching of English grammar that’s because they have no specialization in English language.

What is the biggest problem for the English teachers?

It is also concluded that overcrowded classes is a bigger problem for the English teachers. teaching of English grammar badly. appropriate portion for grammar in the textbooks. 

Is English grammar easy to teach in secondary school?

The teachers have perception that English grammar is not easy to teach. It may also be recommended that teachers have special trainings to motivate the secondary school students toward learning English grammar as well as English language. The to the secondary school students. Iqbal, M. J., Akbar, M. & Ahmad, M. (2017 ). 

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