Revenue Generation In Local Government Problems And Prospects (A Study Of Mbaitoli Local Government Area, Imo State)

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration


Abstract


This paper tends to examine the effectiveness of revenue generation and utilization in local government system. This works is designed to address the issue on the problems and prospects of revenue generation and utilization in Mbaitoli local government since the importance of revenue cannot be over emphasized in every aspect of life.

It serves as a life wire of every business, which helps the organization to attain or achieve goals. From the analysis of finding the research made the following major recommendation, the need for planning, budgeting and auditing in order to improve revenue generation in Mbaitoli local government.


Table Of Content


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of Content

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objectives of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Question
  • 1.5 Significance of the Study
  • 1.6 Scope of the Study
  • 1.7 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.8 Definition of Terms

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Brief History
  • 2.3 Concept and Review of related Literature
  • 2.4 Revenue Utilization in Mbaitoli Local Govt.
  • 2.5 Sources of Mbaitoli Local Govt.Council Revenue
  • 2.6 Problems and Prospects of Revenue Generation to Local Govt. in relation to Mbaitoli Local Govt.
  • Reference

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Design and Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research Design
  • 3.3 Sources/ Methods of Data Collection
  • 3.4 Population and Simple Size
  • 3.5 Sampling techniques
  • 3.6 Validity and Reliability of Measuring Instrument
  • 3.7 Method of data Analysis
  • Reference

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Analysis of Data

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Presentation of Data
  • 4.3 Analysis of Data
  • 4.4 Interpretation of Result
  • Reference

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary of Findings
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation
  • Reference
  • Appendix

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

Organizations are set up to achieve some clearly defined goals. The goals which tend to vary may be social, economic, political or varied combinations of these. Revenue has been considered as a significant issue in the economic development of any nation. Its importance cannot be over emphasized, be it the federal, state or local government. It serves as a life wire of every business which helps the organization to attain its goals, revenue. It is of great importance to national development.

The origin of revenue generation and utilization in the local government started with local government reform of 1976, where local government of revenue for the development of people in the local government area.

This gave the rural people a sense of belonging in the allocation of national cake since Nigeria constitution provides local government authorities with unique opportunities and challenges to achieve self generation of income for economic growth and development.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

This can be observed that revenue generation is an activity that needs skilled and experienced head in the sense that deals with several dependence and independence variables such as energy, time and labour.

Again, due to the problem of the limited resources of the people to satisfy their living very well revenue generation becomes very difficult.

These problems includes: poor constructed road for revenue collection, inadequate supply of social amenities, insufficient industrial unit etc.

This research work is designed to investigate the various problems associated with revenue in the local government of Mbaitoli in Imo state and proffer possible solution for efficient generation of revenue in the above mentioned local government.


1.3 Objectives Of The Study

Based on the above, the study is designed to outline the following.

  1. To find out if any adequately generated revenue will promote economic growth and development of the area.
  2. To see if increased revenue generation will aid quality income distribution in Mbaitoli local government council.
  3. To x-ray some of the problems militating against revenue generation in Mbaitoli locality.

1.4 Research Questions

This research on revenue generation and utilization in local government, problems and prospects with particular reference to Mbaitoli local government Imo state has raised some questions among experts and professional, which this study has attempted to address. The research questions then are the following.

  1. Does Mbaitoli local government have the aim of revenue generation?
  2. Does inadequate logistics create problems for revenue generation in Mbaitoli local government?
  3. Is effective planning and budgeting necessary to improve revenue generation in Mbaitoli local government?
  4. Is there stability or instability in revenue generation in Mbaitoli local government?
  5. Is it necessary to audit the revenue generated in Mbaitoli local government?

These research questions forms the basis of investigation, which the study is designed to accomplish.


1.5 Significance Of The Study

The research work is a paramount importance to Mbaitoli local government authority and other local government areas because of the role of finance to the organization and institutions.

The work is also helping to advice the researcher(s) and enable him contribute in finding solution to the problem for which the research is based.

The work will also enable the researcher to determine the possible course of failure in revenue generation, which will aid her in advising the government on the steps to take in solving them. It will be of immense benefits to the local government if it takes the findings and recommendations of this research into consideration when making policies and decision concerning revenue generation.

It will be a great importance to the board on internal revenue, ministry of finance etc. it can serve as a reference document for further research.

Finally, the work will contribute to the stack of knowledge and stimulate further research into the subject matter by students and lecturers in the faculty of social and management sciences.


1.6 Scope Of The Study

The scope and range of the study would have been wide enough to encompass grossly all the commercial local government in Imo state and beyond.

But the study will be focusing on revenue generation and utilization in local government. Problems and prospects with particular emphasis on Mbaitoli local government, also comparison may be made with other local government areas and when necessary.


1.7 Limitation Of The Study

The researcher during the course of the work encountered some problems. The problem of time stood in the way of the researcher because time for the work was very short to have thorough study or research.

Financial predicament was another imitating factor the researcher faced within the course of this study. As a result of this, it became difficult for regular visit to Mbaitoli local government at least to afford her the opportunity of observing from time to time techniques of revenue generation and utilization as regards to its problem and prospects.

Unnecessary bureaucratic processes within the local government posed a great deal of problem such as writer was not able to get at some of the staff of the council. Based on these limitations, the study became restricted to revenue generation, its problems and prospects in Mbaitoli local government areas.


1.8 Definition Of Terms

There are terms which their explanation according to the context of their usage in the study will help enhance the understanding of this research. They are as follows:

Revenue

This can be defined as an income the local government derived from taxes and other sources.

Taxation

This is defined as a compulsory payment made by individuals, corporate bodies or institutions to government at intervals its sustenance.

Internal Revenue

These are those revenue generated in a given period.

External Revenue

These are those revenue generated outside the local government in a given period.

Personal Income

This can be defined as the sum of total compulsory payment to government by citizen of certain percentages of the total income during a period of time, usually a year.

Statutory Allocation

This is the mechanism for sharing the country’s financial resources among the different tiers of government in the generation, with the overall objectives of enhancing economic growth and development minimizing inter government tension and promoting national unity. Nworji, (2004)


Chapter Five


5.0 Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

The purpose of this study is to determine and buttress the need to tackle the problems and prospects that are associated with revenue generation in local government with special emphasis on Mbaitoli local government in Imo state. Due to some of the constraints highlighted in chapter one, this study only covers the third tier of government nearest to the people especially those at the rural area.

However, the researcher recommended a further study on revenue generation in other, public organization so that comparative will be made with that of other related financial or service oriented institutions.


5.2 Summary Of Findings

Judging from the questionnaires distributed, filled and returned, the following were made. One of the major findings of the study is that generations of higher revenue help government activities and programmes.

It is also formed that, the inadequate logistics such as motor vehicle, motor cycle, office space, stations and soon; militate against Mbaitoli local government effective performance of its task. Another is that inadequate information is a failure to revenue generation in the council, because when revenue collections are not well informed which contributed to the failure.

It further explained that the available resource are not properly collected and used. To achieve this there should be a renowned and adequate planning, budgeting and auditing in the local government so a aid in the actualization of effective and efficient for revenue generation because the facilities smooth running of the local government council activities which ranges from payment of salaries, building of markets, maintenance of motor parks and so on.


5.3 Conclusion

This research work was conducted in order to find out the effectiveness area, although, the revenue generation option yet there are some area of work points which was observed through the questionnaire distributed.

This includes the following inadequate logistics, poor revenue ratio of worker, low qualified staff ,bad roads and inadequate planning and control etc.

So to maintain even development and higher standard of living, the government should provide all the necessary things required for efficient generation of revenue and the citizens of the local government should pay their taxes and rates as at when due. All of these will no doubt help increase the standard of living of the people not only in Mbaitoli local government but also to other local government in Nigeria as well as to state and federal governments.


5.4 Recommendation

I recommend that Mbaitoli local government council should:

  1. In order to increase efficiency and best revenue generation and eradicating problem arisen from generating revenue in Mbaitoli local government council.
  2. There should be effective planning and budgeting so as to improve revenue generation in Mbaitoli locality.
  3. There should be adequate supply of efficient and reliable staff in all the units or department in the council.
  4. There should be adequate and reliable and department information for promotion of revenue generation in Mbaitoli local government council.

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