Resurgence Of Militancy In The Niger Delta, Implication For Nigeria’s Economy

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Resurgence Of Militancy In The Niger Delta, Implication For Nigeria’s Economy


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

The resurgence of militant group has renewed the growing tension of conflict in the Niger Delta and has continually posed a fundamental domestic challenge to Nigerian security for more than a decade. Militant attack on oil facilities has dropped the production output of oil per barrel per day in the region. Production is currently 20 to 25 percent below capacity. The conflict in the Niger Delta emanates from the protests alleging the neglect of the region and the disenfranchisement of the region’s communities against their political, economic and environmental rights. Consequently Militia groups in the region have constantly taken up arms against the federal government .Some of the groups are purportedly being sponsored by politicians and government officials. Who use the militias for their own political and economic purposes? The Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND), which was organized in 2006, operates as a loose network of gangs rather than a coherent organization without a common political agenda that could enhance negotiations and conflict resolution. Other groups engage in criminal activities which escalating renewed conflict in a bid to propagate their ambition of criminal activities and conflict in the region and fulfilling the aims of the politicians and others who pay them, the militia members perpetuate the governance system that contributes to the region’s problems. Following renewed conflict in the region the militias have become increasingly violent, kidnapping people randomly. They go for foreign oil workers and the rich. The Politicians who fund the militias retain the greatest percentage share of illegally sourced revenue and wealth to sustain their activities with minimal losses, raising enough revenue to pay off their patronage networks and militias. The renewed conflict in the Niger Delta constitutes a growing challenge both the Nigerian government and the international community who are much interested in the regions oil wealth .Consequently renewed efforts by the federal government to end hostility in the region has not yielded the much significant expected gains. Therefore the research seek to investigate the Resurgence of militancy in the Niger delta, implication for Nigeria’s economy


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Militant group has renewed the growing tension of conflict in the Niger Delta and has continually posed a fundamental domestic challenge to Nigerian security for more than a decade. Militant attack on oil facilities has dropped the production output of oil per barrel per day in the region. Production is currently 20 to 25 percent below capacity. The conflict in the Niger Delta emanates from the protests alleging the neglect of the region and the disenfranchisement of the region’s communities against their political, economic and environmental rights.

Consequently Militia groups in the region have constantly taken up arms against the federal government .Some of the groups are purportedly being sponsored by politicians and government officials. Therefore the problem confronting the research is appraise the Resurgence of militancy in the Niger delta, implication for Nigeria’s economy


1.3 Objectives of the Study

To determine the Resurgence of militancy in the Niger delta, and its implication on the Nigerian economy


1.4 Research Questions

  1. What is the nature of militancy in the Niger Delta Region?
  2. What is implication of the Resurgence of militancy in the Niger delta, for Nigeria’s economy?

1.5 Significance of the Study

The study shall proffer an appraisal of the Resurgence of militancy in the Niger delta, and its implication on the Nigerian economy


1.6 Research Hypothesis

  • Ho The implication of the Resurgence of militancy in the Niger delta on the Nigerian economy is low.
  • Hi The implication of the Resurgence of militancy in the Niger delta on the Nigerian economy is high

1.7 Scope of the Study

The study focuses on the appraisal of the Resurgence of militancy in the Niger delta, implication for Nigeria’s economy


1.8 Limitations of the Study

The study was confronted by some constraints including logistics and geographical factor.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Security

Security means protection from hidden and hurtful disruptions in the patterns of daily life in homes, offices or communities. Security may also be defined as the state of being or making safe secure from danger, etc.

Socio-Economic Development

Socio-economic development constitute the process of social and economic development in a given place. Which is measured with indicators as GDP, life levels of employment, expectancy, literacy etc. and Changes in less-tangible factors such as personal dignity, freedom of association, personal safety and freedom from fear of physical harm,

Conflict refers to some form of friction, disagreement, or discord arising within a group when the beliefs or actions of one or more members of the group are either resisted by or unacceptable to one or more members of another group


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