Relevance Of Educational Media And Multimedia Technology For Effective Service Delivery In Teaching And Learning Processes

Final Year Research Project and Seminar Material on Technology Education

Relevance Of Educational Media And Multimedia Technology For Effective Service Delivery In Teaching And Learning Processes


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine relevance of educational media and multimedia technology for effective service delivery in teaching and learning processes using selected primary schools in Etche LGA, Rivers State as case Study. The study was carried out to ascertain the educational multimedia tools used for teaching and learning in primary schools, analyze the contribution of educational multimedia towards quality teaching and learning in primary school, determine the extent at which educational multimedia are provided in primary schools, and determine the factors influencing the use of educational multimedia in primary schools. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of teachers of some selected primary schools in Etche LGA, Rivers State. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 41 respondents and 35 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables. While the hypotheses were tested using Chi-square statistical tool. The result of the findings reveals that the educational multimedia tools used for teaching and learning in primary schools includes; electronic media, audio media, visual media, audio-visual media, and hardware and software. The study also revealed that educational multimedia contributes positively towards quality teaching and learning in primary school. Therefore, it is recommended that efforts should also be made by the Federal Government (FG), State Governments, and all school administrators in ensuring that educational media and multimedia technology is included within the school curriculum in the elementary, middle and high school levels to increase the awareness of the essentiality of this concept to all learners. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses
  • 4.5 Discussion of Findings

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Educational media and technology can be defined as all means of communication like prints, graphics, animations, audios and audiovisuals. Educational multimedia technology incorporates all the qualities of prints, graphics, animations, audio and audiovisuals and technology is defined as any object or process of human origin that can be utilised to convey media and multimedia. In this sense, technology includes phenomena as diverse as books, films, television, and the internet. In education, media are the symbol systems that teachers and learners utilise in representing knowledge and technologies are the tools that allow them to share their knowledge representations with others (Thomas, 1998).

Educational media and multimedia technology are the channels of transmitting information to learners’ and are also those gadgets, and machines that are needed in transmitting information to learners’. There are various types of educational media and multimedia technology currently utilised in teaching and learning processes which are: computer system, microphone, mobile device, interactive whiteboard, digital-video-ondemand, online media stream, digital game, pod-cast and so on. Computer system relevance in the classroom allows teachers to demonstrate a new lesson, animate, present new materials, illustrate how to use new programs and show new websites. In a noisy classroom or large classes, learners will be able to hear their teachers’ instruction clearly and in the process learn better with the use of microphones (Webcrawler, 2013).

Mobile devices such as clickers or smartphones can be utilised in enhancing feedback activities during and after instruction delivery by the teacher. An interactive whiteboard provides touch control of computer applications which enhance the experience in the classroom by displaying visuals that can be viewed on a wider screen by learners’. This assist in visual learning, and interactivity for learners’ to draw, write or manipulate images on the interactive whiteboard. The digital video eliminates the need for in-classroom hardware players and allows teachers and learners to access video clips immediately without the internet access. Online media streams can enhance streamed video websites for classroom teaching and learning processes. The digital game motivates the learners in learning a particular concept at hand and its use is increasing everyday. Podcast is relatively new invention that allows teachers to publish files to the internet where learners’ can subscribe and receive new files from people by a subscription (Thomas, 1998).


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The global changes in teaching and learning processes brought about by technology demand that the teachers and students need to use the media and multimedia technology in facilitating their teaching and learning process. It is apparent that when media and multimedia technology is properly used, it captures the students’ attention; the teacher becomes more effective and organized in selecting media and method for presenting content in order to motivate and enhance better understanding of the concept. Nigeria is among 16 countries selected to benefit from the first phase of the e-initiative by the New Partnership for Africans Development (NEPAD). The programme is to provide knowledge and real-life experience by implementing information communication technologies (ICT) in schools across Africa that will form a model for a large-scale rollout. The rationale is to integrate media and multimedia technology into education system but unfortunately a good number of secondary students still experienced mass failure in their examination.

Though it may be as a result of inability of the teachers not employing media and multimedia in their instructional delivery. However, there is need to use media and multimedia technology to promote learner-centred education. The question now is; are media and multimedia technology resources being used to enhance teaching and learning in secondary schools? If yes, what is its impact in the the educational system?This study therefore examined the relevance of educational media and multimedia technology for effective service delivery in teaching and learning processes.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The broad objective of this study is to evaluate the relevance of educational media and multimedia technology for effective service delivery in teaching and learning processes:

Specifically, the study seeks to:

  1. Ascertain the educational multimedia tools used for teaching and learning in primary schools.
  2. Analyze the contribution of educational multimedia towards quality teaching and learning in primary school.
  3. Determine the extent at which educational multimedia are provided in primary schools.
  4. Determine the factors influencing the use of educational multimedia in primary schools.

1.4 Research Questions

The following research questions were answered in the study:

  1. What are the educational multimedia tools used for teaching and learning in primary schools?
  2. What are the contribution of educational multimedia towards quality teaching and learning in primary school?
  3. What is the extent at which educational multimedia are provided in primary schools?
  4. What are the factors influencing the use of educational multimedia in primary schools?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

  • Ho: Educational multimedia technology does not contribute to the effective service delivery in teaching and learning processes.
  • Ha: Educational multimedia technology does contribute to the effective service delivery in teaching and learning processes.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The study findings will enhance the understanding of the interplay of media and multimedia resources and the educational activities of schools. Since practical and theoretical values of the results are realized. This will enable the teachers to determine the best media and multimedia resources to use in teaching and learning to enhance conceptual understanding and better results.

The study will guide the ministry of education to focus on resource allocation in all levels of school education.It is hoped to provide a guideline to teachers, teacher-training colleges, the government education policymakers to determine the best multimedia resources that enhance active learning for all students.

The study also may contribute to the present writings on the use of media and multimedia resources in teaching and learning process.


1.7 Scope of the Study

This study focuses on the relevance of educational media and multimedia technology for effective service delivery in teaching and learning processes. Hence the study will be delimited to selected primary schools in


1.8 Limitations of the Study

In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, and the attitude of the respondents. However, the researcher were able to manage these just to ensure the success of this study.

Moreover, the case study method utilized in the study posed some challenges to the investigator including the possibility of biases and poor judgment of issues. However, the investigator relied on respect for the general principles of procedures, justice, fairness, objectivity in observation and recording, and weighing of evidence to overcome the challenges.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Educational Media:

Refers to channels of communication that carry messages with an instructional purpose. They are usually utilised for the sole purpose of learning and teaching.

Multimedia:

Refers to a material that can be utilized to help the Teaching and Learning of Mathematics concept of measurement

Technology:

The application of knowledge, equipment, machines, tools, techniques, and methods to solve problems.


1.10 Organization of the Studies

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on relevance of educational media and multimedia technology for effective service delivery in teaching and learning processes using selected primary schools in Etche LGA, Rivers State as case Study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to examine relevance of educational media and multimedia technology for effective service delivery in teaching and learning processes using selected primary schools in Etche LGA, Rivers State as case Study. The study was specifically carried out to ascertain the educational multimedia tools used for teaching and learning in primary schools, analyze the contribution of educational multimedia towards quality teaching and learning in primary school, determine the extent at which educational multimedia are provided in primary schools, and determine the factors influencing the use of educational multimedia in primary schools.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 35 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent were teachers of some selected primary schools in Etche LGA, Rivers State.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. The educational multimedia tools used for teaching and learning in primary schools includes; electronic media, audio media, visual media, audio-visual media, and hardware and software.
  2. Educational multimedia contributes positively towards quality teaching and learning in primary school.
  3. The extent at which educational multimedia are provided in primary schools is high.
  4. The factors influencing the use of educational multimedia in primary schools includes: inadequate funding, cost of acquisition, lack of technical know-how by teachers, and epileptic power supply.

5.4 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. As the educational media and multimedia technology industry continues to grow, educators should endeavor to develop abilities and skills in the educational media and multimedia technology design and development for instructional purposes.
  2. Efforts should also be made by the Federal Government (FG), State Governments, and all school administrators in ensuring that educational media and multimedia technology is included within the school curriculum in the elementary, middle and high school levels to increase the awareness of the essentiality of this concept to all learners’.
  3. Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs’) should be encouraged in the running of educational media and multimedia technology programs to re-educate the existing populace systematically, so that various educational media and multimedia technology programs will be available to learners’.

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