Analysis On The Factors Affecting The Effective Teaching Of Basic Electronics In College Of Education

Final Year Research Project and Seminar Material on Technology Education

Analysis On The Factors Affecting The Effective Teaching Of Basic Electronics In College Of Education


Abstract


This study focused on the analysis of the factors affecting the effective teaching of basic electronics in college of education using Abuja colleges of education as a case study. The study is was specifically carried out to find out whether the lack of conducive and well equipped school environment affect the teaching and learning of basic electronics in colleges of education, find out whether negative attitude of students towards learning affects the teaching and learning of basic electronics in colleges of education, find out whether unavailability of qualified teachers, and teachers lack of competencies affects the teaching and learning of basic electronics in colleges of education, find out whether complex scientific language used in teaching basic electronics in colleges of education affects the teaching of basic electronics in colleges of education, and find out whether lack of modern laboratory apparatus, and inconsistency in government policies affect the teaching and learning of basic electronics in colleges of education. The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 210 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are lecturers and students in Abuja colleges of education.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Basic electronics is one of the vocational subjects taught at Nigeria’s technical institutes. According to Adesina (2002), electronics is a science and technology-related topic of study. It is concerned with the control and manipulation of electrons as they travel across space. It is used in radios, TVs, computers, transmitters, receivers, and aeronautics, among other uses. According to the Federal Ministry of Education (FME), the objectives of studying basic electronics in technical schools in Nigeria are to: increase students’ understanding of basic electronics concepts and principles; build and test simple electronic devices; develop skills in circuit fault tracing and repair; apply simple electronic devices in the construction of electronic systems; and adequately prepare students for further work in electronics (NPE, 2004).

Electronics should be one of the vocational courses offered in technical schools, according to the National Policy on Education (2004), in order to produce skilled workforce and the required training for the acquisition of skills by an economically self-sufficient individual. However, it looks as if the method subjects in Basic Electronics are presented lacks the instructional technique that results in an engaging style. Berryman (2000) stated that this implies that the instructions are not rationally sequenced to match the learners’ competence, since teachers are unable to give teacher-led practice for reciprocal teaching. According to Boyle, Duffy, and Donleavy (2003), the methods are founded on behavioral learning theory, place an emphasis on knowledge transfer from teachers to passive students, and promote fact memory via rote repetition. Campbell and Campbell (1999) observed that when students are inactive in the classroom, they develop an apathy towards learning and an aversion to it. As a result, students are unable to remember learning and adapt it to new contexts (Roegge, Wentling, and Bragg, 1996). The deficiencies of current teaching methods contribute to pupils’ low performance in the Senior School Certificate Examination and the National Examination Council (NECO) Examination. Examination Council Chief Examiners’ findings (1989 and 1990) indicated that senior secondary school students in West Africa performed very poorly in basic electronics. The council recommended, among other things, that vocational subjects, such as Basic Electronics, be taught using suitable instructional methods to maximize teaching achievement.

Given the aforementioned, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) (2002) proposed that all technical and vocational education systems in the twenty-first century be oriented around lifelong learning.

This requires schools to instill, alongside academic skills, workplace skills such as learning to learn, creativity, problem-solving skills, collaborative skills, and higher-order thinking skills in order to increase students’ flexibility and job mobility, thereby making them more adaptable to current and future changes (Hallak and Poisson, 2000; Paris, 1998). Rojewskin (2002) stated that in this setting, a movement away from teacher-centered instruction toward learner-centered instruction is necessary to allow students to acquire new 21st century knowledge and skills. To provide a student-centered manner of teaching Basic Electronics, methods such as projector-mediated instruction and demonstration were to be implemented.

Additionally, Suleiman (2005) highlighted that basic electronics teaching in Nigerian technical schools is lacking; it is beset by a slew of issues, including a lack of funds, equipment, tools, infrastructure, insufficient teaching materials, and untrained people. Apagu (2007) remarked that technical education goals can be met only if suitable teaching materials, equipment, tools, infrastructure, competent people, finance, and curriculum design are available. In light of the above, this study focuses on the importance and issues associated with effective teaching of basic electronics in Nigerian technical institutes.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

According to industrial supervisors and employees, electrical/electronics students’ job performance reveals that there is no adequate or acceptable link between academic work and industrial performance. According to Nwosu (2005), various barriers exist to electrical/electronics students attaining this state of impediment, including a lack of funds, equipment, tools, infrastructure, poor educational materials, and unskilled personnel. Apagu (2007) said that technical education goals can be accomplished only with the availability of instructional materials, equipment, tools, infrastructure, qualified personnel, money, and a curriculum design that is adequate for technical education. Adhering to Apagu’s (2007) perspective in practice will aid in instilling fundamental workplace skills in students such as learning to learn, creativity, problem solving, collaborative skills, and higher order thinking, thereby increasing their flexibility and job mobility and making them more adaptable to current and future changes (Hallak and Poisson, 2000; Paris, 1998). The purpose of this study is to ascertain the relevance and impediments to successfully teaching fundamental electronics in Nigerian technical colleges..


1.3 Objective of the Study

The general aim of this study is to critically analysis on the factors affecting the effective teaching of basic electronics in college of education. Hence, the study will be channeled to the following specific objectives;

  1. Find out whether the lack of conducive and well equipped school environment affect the teaching and learning of basic electronics in colleges of education.
  2. Find out whether negative attitude of students towards learning basic electronics affects the teaching and learning of basic electronics in colleges of education.
  3. Find out whether unavailability of qualified teachers, and teachers lack of competencies affects the teaching and learning of basic electronics in colleges of education.
  4. Find out whether complex scientific language used in teaching affects the teaching of basic electronics in colleges of education.
  5. Find out whether lack of modern laboratory apparatus, and inconsistency in government policies affect the teaching and learning of basic electronics in colleges of education.

1.4 Research Question

  1. Does lack of conducive and well equipped school environment affect the teaching and learning of basic electronics in colleges of education?
  2. Does negative attitude of students towards learning affect the teaching and learning of basic electronics in colleges of education?
  3. Does unavailability of qualified teachers, and teachers lack of competencies affect the teaching and learning of basic electronics in colleges of education?
  4. Does complex scientific language used in teaching affect the teaching of basic electronics in colleges of education?
  5. Does lack of modern laboratory apparatus, and inconsistency in government policies affect the teaching and learning of basic electronics in colleges of education?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • Ho: The problems identified has no significant effect on the teaching and learning of basic electronics in colleges of education.
  • Ha: The problems identified has a significant effect on the teaching and learning of basic electronics in colleges of education.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The beneficiaries of the study include:

Students:

The findings of this study would also be of immense benefits to the students of technical colleges, as it would make them fully aware of the strategies for enhancing their performance in applied electricity.

Technical Teachers / Instructors:

The result of the study will help teachers and technical instructors to improve the practical work and learning of basic technology, specifically practical work which will be of immense benefit to the students.

Government:

It will help the government to understand the constrains impeding the teaching of basic electronics and how to solve them.

Society:

The society benefits from this study because increased and improved productivity of the students, teachers and industries leads to the economic development of the nation.

Industries:

It will reduce the cost of training and re-training of manpower by the industries by providing readily available manpower resources.


1.7 Scope of the Study

This study is structured to generally examine the relevance and challenges affecting the effective teaching of basic electronics in colleges of education in Nigeria. However, the study will further investigate why basic electronics in technical schools is important to students, identify the factors affecting the teaching of basic electronics in technical schools, and ascertain how the challenges can mitigated. This study will be delimited to Abuja college of education.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researcher encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. Insufficient funds tend to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size. More so,Β the researcher simultaneously engaged in this study with other academic work. As a result, the amount of time spent on research will be reduced.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Basic Electronics:

Is the study of flow of electrons in various materials or space subjected o various conditions.

Technical Colleges:

A college of further education providing courses in a range of practical subjects, such as information technology, applied sciences, engineering, agriculture and secretariat skills.


1.10 Organization of the Studies

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the analysis of the factors affecting the effective teaching of basic electronics in college of education using Abuja colleges of education as a case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was on the analysis of the factors affecting the effective teaching of basic electronics in college of education using Abuja colleges of education as a case study. The study is was specifically carried out to find out whether the lack of conducive and well equipped school environment affect the teaching and learning of basic electronics in colleges of education, find out whether negative attitude of students towards learning affects the teaching and learning of basic electronics in colleges of education, find out whether unavailability of qualified teachers, and teachers lack of competencies affects the teaching and learning of basic electronics in colleges of education, find out whether complex scientific language used in teaching basic electronics in colleges of education affects the teaching of basic electronics in colleges of education, and find out whether lack of modern laboratory apparatus, and inconsistency in government policies affect the teaching and learning of basic electronics in colleges of education.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 210 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are lecturers and students in Abuja colleges of education.


5.3 Conclusion

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. The lack of conducive and well equipped school environment affects the teaching and learning of basic electronics in colleges of education.
  2. The negative attitude of students towards learning basic electronics in colleges of education affects the teaching and learning of basic electronics in colleges of education.
  3. The unavailability of qualified teachers, and teachers lack of competencies affects the teaching and learning of basic electronics in colleges of education.
  4. The complex scientific language used in teaching basic electronics in colleges of education affects the teaching of basic electronics in colleges of education.
  5. The lack of modern laboratory apparatus, and inconsistency in government policies affects the teaching and learning of basic electronics in colleges of education.

5.4 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. Teachers should be encouraged to go for workshop training in their area of specialization so that they can have knowledge of current ideas and innovations that have taken place in the educational field. Especially in their area of specialization.
  2. When teachers are faced with unfamiliar content areas, inability to meaningfully interpret the performance objectives, inability to organize activities for pupils and inability to organize activities for students and inability to organize activities for pupils and inability identifying sources of teaching aids, they should do a lot of reading to become familiar with the content areas or seek the assistance of more experienced teachers.
  3. When teachers are faced with the problem of non-availability of materials/equipment for practical purposes, they should improvise.
  4. To avoid rushing students to finish the basic electronics in colleges of education science of work, teachers should be dedicated to their work and by so doing they can plan their lessons thoroughly and start on time.

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