Relative Academic Performance Of Junior Secondary School Students In Computer Science And Integrated Science

Integrated Science Education Project and Seminar Material

Relative Academic Performance Of Junior Secondary School Students In Computer Science And Integrated Science


Abstract


This study was on “Relative Academic performance of Junior Secondary School Students in Computer Science and Integrated Science from 2004 – 2008 (A case study of Enugu North Local Government Area of Enugu State)

Three (3) research questions were answered and the population of this study is two hundred (200), which was made up of computer and integrated science classroom teachers, principals, head teachers, assistance head teachers, and students. Data were presented in table and were analyzed using the mean. The sampling technique used for this study is the simple random sampling and total sample size in sixty. Form the selected junior secondary schools in Enugu State; it was found out by the researchers that relative significances differences exist between the academic performances of students in junior secondary school, within the years under review. Besides, the problem of domain specification, underutilization of leaning resources and lack of experience among teachers affect students performance in computer and integrated science subjects at the junior secondary school level. It was concluded that among other things that teachers need to take assessment from the students to know or ascertain the extent and depth knowledge acquired after a course of study or programme of teaching.

The researchers recommended among others that many participative methods should be employed by the teachers in the teaching and learning of computer and integrated science delivery and excellent academic performance of students.


Chapter One


Introduction

Background of the Study

The academic performance in junior secondary schools in the country has been of great concern to parents, scholars, educators and the government at large. A number of seminars, conferences, symposia and workshop have been organized to look into the academic performance in sciences in the junior secondary as a take off into determining the relative academic performance of students in science subject.

Some people are of the opinion that students performance in science subjects is on the decline. Conforming this view, Esezobar (1986) lament, only about No percent of Nigerian candidates who sat for the West Africa School Certificate Examination in the pervious years passed science subjects with credits. The impression from the forgoing citation is that the percentage of failure in science subject is on the increase. The fact that the problems of education has reached on alarming stage should not be over emphasized. There is the belief that the standard of education has fallen.

Many Nigerians and Newspaper columnist have written and aired there view on this on this issue. Akinpelu (1984) while working on the standard/quality in Nigeria education assets that the standard of Nigerian education has fallen. In recent years, it is a conventional claim which nobody in the right mind dares dispute.

In view of this, the researches are motivated to investigate the relative academic performance of the junior secondary in two science subjects (integrated Science and computer science) from the year 2004 to 2008 in Enugu North Local Government Area.

These two science subject are selected to be the tae off into determining the relative academic performance of junior secondary students in science subjects.

This is because these two science subject occupy a curriculum. They represent the foundation stone for subsequent instruction in science in later life, for pupils who may wish to pursue a science related career in life and an introduction to science for others who may wish to pursue either humanities based on vocational inclined studies.
Integrated Science for instance is the study of all the branches of science which includes Biology, Chemistry and Physics under one Umbrella in order to avoid repetition of subject matter from various sciences. It is the root of all the science subject. Apan (1983) looking at integrated science said that “it is a natural response to the shifting views of science that the environment and all its natural phenomena can best be understand in the context of a unified scientific approach”. Also Khabele, (1975 said that ‘it is only an integrated approach in the study of science at early stage that will prepare a scientist for a proper tae off into the existing world of science later in his school career”.


Statement of the Study

The increase decline of students performance in science subjects is the concern of all. The ultimate aim of education is to provide knowledge of the world. In an effort to do this, knowledge has been divided into a system of studies called subjects with science as one of the elements of the system.

Integrated science therefore, attempts a unified view of the world thus some of these problems arose as a result of giving birth to integrated sciene and computer science in junior secondary school curriculum of our school system.

Some of these problems are:-

  1. The academic performance of the junior secondary school on integrated science and computer science.
  2. The competence of teachers teaching integrated science and computer science in our schools.
  3. The interest of students in learning both subjects (integrated and computer science).
  4. The availabilities of materials for teaching integrated science and computer science.
  5. The availability of integrated and computer science laboratories.
  6. Availability of a stand by generator income of proven failure.

Purpose of the Study

The major purpose of this study is to determine the relative academic performance of junior secondary students in integrated science and computer science from 2004 – 2008 in Enugu North Local Government Area.

  1. Determine whether the students academic performance in integrated science computer science from 2004 – 2008 is:-
    1. Excellent
    2. Very good
    3. Good
    4. Fair
    5. Poor
  2. If excellent , what can be done to maintain the excellent level?
  3. If poor, what can be done to revive the ugly condition?
  4. Factors that contributed to the excellent or poor performance of the students in integrated science and computer science from 2004 – 2008.
  5. Determining what can be done to retrieve academic excellent in integrated and computer science among junior secondary student.

Significance of the Study

The society at large, government, policy makers, schools, teachers, guidance counselors, parents, students, educators will benefit from this research.

This study will help them to understand and appreciate relative academic performance of the junior secondary school in integrated science and computer science from 2004 – 2008. The researchers believed that the knowledge which would be uncovered in the study would assist integrated and computer science teachers and student teachers in the formulation of methods, programmes designed to maintain or retrieve excellent academic performance among junior secondary school students in both integrated and computer science. It will equally serve as an effective tool for reference purpose to both students, scholars of education, teachers as well as the general pupils.


Scope of the Study

The scope of this study is limited to determine the relative academic performance of the junior secondary school students in integrated and computer science from 2004 – 2008 in Enugu North Local Government Area


Research Questions

  1. What are the major roles of teachers in the teaching and learning of computer and integrated science in schools?
  2. What are the problems conpronting teachers in the teaching and learning of computer and Integrated science subjects in junior secondary school?
  3. What are the workable strategies for improving teachers and learners performances in the teraching and learning of computer and Integrated science subjects in school?

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

This chapter deals with summary of principal findings, conclusion, recommendations and suggestions for further study.


Summary of Princippal Findings

The research was on, RELATIVE ACADEMIC PERFORMACNE IN COMPUTER AND INTEGRATED SCIENCE 2004 – 2008 (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, ENUGU STATE).

Information was obtained from teachers of integrated and computer science subject at the junior secondary school level, principals, lead teachers, assistants head teachers and student. Data were gathered through structural questionnirae.

Data were analysis using mean.

However, the following principal findings were made by the researchers based on the data obtained and analyzed in chapter four.

  1. The level of competency possessed by a teacher affects his performance, effectiveness and productivity.
  2. Tthere were significance differences between the academic performance of students in computer and
  3. Active manipulation of available learning resources by teachers and analysis working examples with learners during teaching could help improve teachers performance in the teaching and learning of computer and integrated science subjects in junior secondary schools.
  4. Students can experience different in learning sometimes perhaps s because the teaching is too fast or the ambiguity of words used by the teacher.
  5. The teacher ought to be able to make rational appraisal of his ability and try to employ and vary his method of teaching in other to enhance not reduce – the impct he hopes to make in the teaching and learning process.
  6. Provision of knowledge or results and feed back of learners performance help to chart course and builds self confidence.
  7. Encouraging team spirit among learners and effective management of the classroom were identified as the major roles of the teacher for effective teaching and learning of computer and integrated science subjects at the junior secondary schools.

Conclusions

Integrated and computer science teachers have guit some good work to do since the teachers have not indicated or devoted their interest in teaching integrated and computer science.

It is is the professional responsibility of the teachers to maintain and develop interest in the learners since teachers related factors such as lack of commitment and non – challant attitude to their job contribute in no small measure to the poor academic of students at the junior secondary school.

Conducting assessment among the students by the teacher to ascertain the extent and dept knowledge of the students after a course of study programme catapots the teaching/learning of computer and integrated science subject to an excellent level.

It has been found that I f teachers of integrated and computer science should improve both in their methods of teaching and materials they use, it will help to improve students academic performance in integrated science and computer science subject at the junior secondary school level.


Recommendation

Based on the findings, the following recommendations are made by the researchers with the view of improvement, efficiency and effectiveness of both teachers and learners performances in computer and integrated science subjects at the junior secondary education.

  1. The junior secondary curriculum should be systematically and deliberated structured to enable the students and develop necessary skills.
  2. Many participative methods should be employed by the teacher in the teaching and learning of computer and integrated science subjects for effective service delivery and for excellent academic performance of students.
  3. Government from time to time should endeavour to provide adequate educational instructional resources, good laboratories and other basic structure for the effective teaching and learning of computer and integrated sciences in junior secondary schools in Enugu North.
  4. Supervisory body should be legally constituted by the school to ensure that each individual teacher is doing his teaching work effectively as scheduled by the school authorities.
  5. Computer and integrated science teachers should from time to time be examined for the purpose of certification and effective service delivery.
  6. Training and retaining programmes should be organized, from time to time, for computer and integrated science teachers even, at the junior secondary level.
  7. During training and retaining programmes, emphasis should be placed on the workable strategies for improving teachers performance of students in the teaching and leaning of computer and integrated science subjects in Nigeria schools.

Suggestions for Further Study

The following suggestions are hereby advised for further study:

  1. This research should be replicated in other junior secondary schools in, within or outside Enugu State since a unified educational system is in operation in Nigeria.
  2. A study should be carried out on the assessment of teachers performance and effectiveness in the teaching and learning of computer and integrated science subjects in Junior Secondary Schools. (A case study of Enugu North Local Government Area Enugu State)
  3. A comparative study should be carried out on the identification of different topics in both mathematics and computer science subjects in junior secondary school curricular (A case study of JSS 2 and 3, Curricular in Nigeria Education.

Project Material Download

5,000 5000

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦5,000 to Any of the Account Below

Access Bank PlcAcc No: 0811003731
Samphina Academy
Current Account
Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($15)
FOR GHANIAN STUDENTS
Make Payment of 120 GHS to 0553978005 | Douglas Cloud Osabutey | MTN MoMo

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: Relative Academic Performance Of Junior Secondary School Students In Computer Science And Integrated Science

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.