Relationship Between Drug Abuse And Tone Of Discipline In Secondary Schools

Project and Seminar Material for Education

Relationship Between Drug Abuse And Tone Of Discipline In Secondary Schools


Abstract


This project work focused on the relationship between drug abuse and tone of discipline in secondary schools in Owa East Local Government Area of Edo State. In order to achieve an organized and peaceful school environment and maintain law and order in our society, the place of discipline among students in our secondary schools cannot be over emphasized. It is also necessary to direct students to exhibit acceptable attitude and behavior within and outside the school. It was discovered in this research work that to be able to curb the menace of drug abuse in the society, teachers, parents/guardians, school administrator and the government at all levels have a role to play. A survey research design was used in the execution of this research study. Questionnaire was administered to elicit data from respondents. I was revealed by this study that discipline in school enhances effective teaching and learning processes. It was also revealed that drug abuse among secondary school students is a result of drug culture created by parents. As it is commonly believed that children will always emulate the example set for them by their parents.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

From independence, the secondary school system of education in Nigeria experienced a high level of discipline. The attitudes and behavior of secondary school students was worthy of emulation.

In recent times, the high level of discipline experienced in our secondary school system has drastically declined resulting in all kinds of social vices including drug abuse. That is the reason the researcher has decided to find out the relationship between drug abuse and tone of discipline in secondary schools in Owan East Local Government Area of Edo State.

The importance of discipline in our secondary schools cannot be over-emphasized. Students are priceless assets and most essential elements in education. It is absolutely necessary to direct students to exhibit acceptable attitude and behavior within and outside the school.

In an attempt to achieve an organized and peaceful school environment and maintain law and order, government and school management specify rules and regulations to guide the activities of students in the school.

Schools’ indiscipline seems to be ubiquitous in the 21st century in Nigeria. Students’ discipline is a part of socialization. With recent increase in school enrolment, students discipline problems are bound to accentuate and cause more burdens on school administrators.

Teachers and school heads are equally expected to discharge their duties and responsibility in the context of the laws, rules and regulations. The education system in general is a productive undertaking with inputs process, outputs and objectives. The processing of the inputs is aimed at producing outputs which reflect the attainment of the objectives for which the school was set up. The harmonious interaction of teachers and students is very important for the successful realization of the goals and purposes of education based on National Policy on Education.

What then is discipline?

Imaguezor (1997) sees discipline as a process of training and learning that fosters growth and development with laid down rules of the society to which all members must conform, and the violation of which are questionable and also punished. The aim of discipline is to help the individual to be well adjusted, happy and useful to himself and to the society. To be discipline means to instruct a person to follow a particular code of conduct that is acceptable to the society.

Discipline, according to Jemibewon (1976) is a highly desirable quality of human being or social group. Disciplined behavior is accepted as essential characteristics of any educated or cultured persons. Discipline, therefore, is a subject of great concern to parents, teachers and administrators who are interested in the moulding of the character of students in the secondary school system.

In Nigeria, there appears to be a great concern about the lack of discipline in our schools. However, the problem of widespread indiscipline among primary school pupils and secondary school students is clearly noticed. Every year serious cases of rioting, arson, and damages to school property occur in many schools. IN spite of the extreme cases of indiscipline that attract newspapers headlines, there are routine cases of truancy, disobedience, absenteeism, drug abuse, fighting and other examples of indiscipline in the classroom which do not appear or are not reported in newspapers. Indiscipline among students in the secondary schools has attracted much attention from parents who blame teachers for the indiscipline among school pupils and students, from teachers who blame the parents for not playing their roles as pares and also government and school administrators for improper legislation and enforcement of school rules and regulations.

Nigeria, like every other nation wants to live in peace and harmony with her fellow country people regardless of their various ethnic groups and religious affiliation. Today, education has contributed and attracted increased government’s attention among other priorities. If education will continue to attract government attention, then, discipline must be maintained in our secondary schools and the school system in general since learning and teaching cannot effectively take place under a threatened atmosphere.

Today, acts of indiscipline: riot, vandalism, lawlessness and the breakdown of law and order has become a way of life of our present school system. What then could be responsible for these acts of indiscipline in our school system?

World Health Organization (WHO, 1980) expert committee on drug dependence defined drug abuse as “a state psychic and sometimes also physical resulting from the interaction between a drug and a living organism characterized by behavioural and other responses that always include a compulsion to take the drug on a continuous or periodic basis in how to experience its psychic effects and sometimes to avoid discomfort of its absence, tolerance may be dependent on more than one drug. There may be physiological changes produced in the body as a result of continued consumption of a particular drug.

Reports on Public Health Technical Report Series (1982) defined drug as substance which act on a person central nervous system to produce change in sensations, mood and perception, such drugs need not have any recognized medical value but the changes they induce are usually at the early state of pleasurable use.

Generally, drug abuse can be said to be the use of any drug usually self administered, in a way that deviates from the approved medical, social or cultural pattern, drug abuse and use especially among secondary school students can prevent the building of a useful and successful life. That is, it may lead to giving up from an historical perspective, the drug abuse scale in Nigeria continues to change.

Drug abuse has specific effects on the brain, it can somewhat vary depending on the drug that is being used, virtually every drug that is abused has an effect on the executive functioning areas of the brain. Drug abuse particularly affects the brain’s ability to inhibit actions that the person would otherwise delay or prevent.

This study will unveil the relationship between drug abuse and the tone of discipline in secondary schools, how inappropriate administration of discipline or lack of discipline or laisser-faire attitude on the part of both parents and teachers is the root cause of drug abuse in secondary schools.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The problem is the relationship between drug abuse and tone of discipline in secondary schools in Owan East Local Government Area of Edo State. This study is to identify the students’ discipline problems such as truancy, stealing, fighting, drug abuse and other social vices. The factors responsible for these indiscipline acts and how to remedy its negative effect on the school and the society.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The objective of this study is to find out the relationship between drug abuse and the tone of discipline in secondary schools in Owan East Local Government Area of Edo State.

  1. The study is therefore expected to sample the opinion of teachers and students about drug abuse and tone of discipline.
  2. The study will also find out the different types of drugs that are being abused.
  3. This study will also look at the tone of discipline in secondary schools today and the tone of discipline in secondary schools in the last few decades, why the differences if there are.
  4. The study will determine relationship between drug abuse and tone of discipline in secondary schools

1.4 Research Hypotheses

For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

H0: There is no significant difference between drug abuse and tone of discipline in secondary schools.

H1There is significant difference between drug abuse and tone of discipline in secondary schools

H02:There is no significant difference between peer group influence and drug abuse.

H2:There is significant difference between peer group influence and drug abuse


1.5 Significance of the Study

It is hoped that this research work will help students to build their personality and also the outcome of this research is expected to be of immense help to the students, teachers, parents/guardians and the entire local government at large.

The findings of this research work will be useful to the Ministry of Education in Owan East Local Government Area on how to improve on the present way of enlightenment on drug abuse and also the proper enforcement of disciplinary measures on students in secondary schools.

Finally, the researcher hoped that the findings of this research work will be useful to secondary schools within and outside Owan East Local Government Area.


1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study

The scope of the study covers the relationship between drug abuse and tone of discipline in secondary schools. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

a) Availability of Research Material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) Time:

The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

c) Organizational Privacy:

Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Threatened:

To express a threat of harm or violence.

Vandalism:

The crime of destroying or damaging something especially public property.

Depression:

The feeling of sadness

Alertness:

To make some time very different

Permeates:

To affect every part of something.

Elixir:

A magic liquid that is believed to cure illnesses or to make people live for ever.

Cutch:

Something or person that gives you help or support but often makes you depend on them too much.

Omnipotence:

Feeling of having total power.

Bankrupt:

Without enough money to pay what you owe.

Infiltrates:

To pass slowly into something.

Extinction:

A situation where something stop existing.

Rehabilitate:

To help someone to have a normal useful life again.

Penalty:

Punishment for breaking a law.

Controversial:

Causing a lot of angry public discussion and disagreement.

Climate:

A general attitude or feeling which exist in a particular place.

Bully:

A person who uses their strength or power to frighten or hurt weaker people.

Accentuate:

To make something more noticeable.

Burdens:

Duties or responsibilities that cause worries.

Treacherous:

Something that cannot be trusted.

Awkward:

Make somebody feel embarrassed.

Contravene:

To do something that is not allowed by law.

Cache:

A hidden store of things such as weapons.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain the relationship between drug abuse and tone of discipline in secondary schools students

In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of drug abuse and tone of discipline among secondary schools students


5.2 Summary

This study was on the relationship between drug abuse and tone of discipline in secondary schools. Four objectives were raised which included: The study is therefore expected to sample the opinion of teachers and students about drug abuse and tone of discipline, the study will also find out the different types of drugs that are being abused, this study will also look at the tone of discipline in secondary schools today and the tone of discipline in secondary schools in the last few decades, why the differences if there are, the study will determine relationship between drug abuse and tone of discipline in secondary schools. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 staff of selected secondary schools in Owa East local government of Edo State. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up principals,vice principals administration,senior staff and junior staff were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


5.3 Conclusion

From the study findings, the researcher concludes that:-

On the types of drugs and substance abused by students in public day secondary schools in Owa East local government of Edo State, the most abused drugs are cigarettes, and alcohol. This indicates that drug abuse has been prevalent in secondary schools resulting to problems that affect discipline among students in Owa East local government. The level of student discipline in public day secondary schools in Owa East local government is unsatisfactory. This has made teachers experience students’ indiscipline due to drugs and substance abuse in your school. Therefore, from the study it was concluded that drug abuse leads to indiscipline cases among students.


5.4 Recommendation

Based on the research findings, it is recommended that:-

  1. The government should put in place measures of limiting easy access to drugs such as alcohol, cigarettes, that and sleeping pills.
  2. There is need for affirmative policy formulation to provide/encourage use of student friendly disciplinary measures like guidance and counseling by professional teacher counselor. Secondary schools should have qualified guidance and counselling teachers to help students struggling with drugs.
  3. Teachers training curriculum should be modified to incorporate school discipline studies particularly drug abuse and the Ministry of Education Science and Technology should expand its spheres of coverage to incorporate school principals in addressing the challenges faced in enhancing student discipline.

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