Relationship Between Academic Motivation And Senior Secondary School Students Academic Achievement In Biology In Yola North LGA, Adamawa State

Biology Education Project Material

Relationship Between Academic Motivation And Senior Secondary School Students Academic Achievement In Biology In Yola North LGA, Adamawa State


Abstract


Motivation is force used within the educational setting to encourage student learning and understanding. Motivation and achievement have long been recognized to have a close cause effect relationship on ability and achievement. The anticipated relationship is that, the higher the motivation ability the higher the expected level that is why the issue of motivation of students and the impact of academic performance are considered as important aspects of effective learning. Based on this background, this research investigated the effect of motivation on the academic achievement and interest of students in secondary school biology in Yola North LGA, Adamawa State. Five schools were randomly selected from among the secondary schools in Yola North LGA, Adamawa State. The study made use of a survey research design. The finding revealed that the students taught using motivation achieved more and those taught without motivation achieved less. Both male and female students exposed to motivational approach performed competitively better in the achievement test. There was also no significant difference in the mean interest rating of male and female students. This study has therefore shown that biology is one of such areas where the use of motivation may be beneficial.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of Study

Education is an instrument that affects national development in Nigeria. It helps in the development of self and the society in the social, economic and religious aspects in the country. In other words, education plays a major role as it delivers individual from diseases, ignorance and illiteracy, poverty etc. It also empowers one to contribute their quota to national development. The importance of Biology cannot be over emphasized because it occupies a special position in the senior secondary school curriculum. Aristotle was a great scientist and is regarded as the founder of Biology. He classified plants and animals into divisions and phyla respectively. The classification he called “Ladder of nature” but in recent times called “Hierarchy”. Biology is an aspect of science that deals with the study plants and animals.

In National Policy on Education (2004) each secondary school is expected to study at least a science subject (one of Biology, Chemistry and Physics). Biology is mostly registered for in the Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination (SSCE) and National Examination Council (NECO) by students offering art, science and social science. Evidence however abound students is not performing well enough in failure rates of secondary schools students in Biology over the years. They also noted that when students find the learning of concepts difficult in a subject (Biology).As a result of this, student’s performance in Biology at the secondary level has failed to improve. In pour match towards scientific, technological and economic advancement, we need nothing short of good performance in Biology at all levels of schooling .some students seem naturally enthusiastic but many need or expect their instructor to inspire challenge and stimulate them .unfortunately there is no single magic formula for motivating students in order to improve student’s achievement in biology. One of the key factors in learning science is student’s motivation and the development of positive attitudes toward science can motivate student in science education and science –related subjects (George,2006).
Motivation is force used within the educational setting to encourage student learning and understanding .

Franken(2006)defines motivation as the arousal, direction, and persistence of behavior, Motivation is a desire to do something, Kim and Lee(2008),Motivation is an inner drive Locke and Baum(2006),Motivation is dependent on 3 psychological processes: arousal, direction and intensity, Curral L., and Marques-Quintero (2009). Motivation seems to be more of a considerable interest, Shuaibu and Iroegby(2003), Adedeji(2013).In a classroom, students are spurred or extrinsic (external) force. Research has also shown that instructors\teachers serve as a veritable source of motivational effect on learning process and corresponding achievement of students. Motivation and achievement have long been recognized to have a close cause effect relationship on ability and achievement. The anticipated relationship is that, the higher the motivation ability the higher the expected level that is why the issue of motivation of students and the impact of academic performance are considered as important aspects of effective learning. Based on this background this research investigated the effect of motivation on the academic achievement and interest of students in secondary school biology.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The importance of Biology cannot be overemphasized due to it being compulsory for senior secondary science students though it has not really provided the necessary motivation needed to ensure good performance in the subject (Biology).The absence of the necessary level of motivation needed to ensure good performance is a huge problem. This problem may have been caused by factors such as social, environmental and individual factors. In our Nigerian situation where poverty is a common place and there is a wide gap between the rich and the poor, some students background is poor which often demoralize them and mar their achievement and motivation, the children from a rich background perform better than those from a poor, illiterate and antisocial background .The above situation should be properly addressed by teachers to save this situation.

Secondly, the use of effective motivational strategies which don not stimulate and spur learners interest in the classroom is a common place situation of learning environment .Punishment ,blame suspension from class work and remark in the classroom encounter do not adequately stimulate learners interest, but reward, praise and on time feedback motivate learners in biology classes.

When the influence of motivation strategies on the academic achievement of students is carefully examined and analyzed, it becomes easy to see that teacher’s motivational support for their students comprise part of the essential condition for effective learning and achievements of the students.


1.3 Objective of Study

The main objective of this study is to ascertain the relationship between academic motivation and senior secondary school students academic achievement in biology in Yola North LGA, Adamawa state. Specifically the study would:

  1. Determine the extent to which the socio-economic background of students affects their motivation to achieve academic excellence.
  2. Investigate the extent to which the effective use of teaching aids or motivational strategies motivate students to achieve in biology.
  3. Determine the extent to which academic motivation affects student’s interest in biology.
  4. Determine the extent to which the use of rewards aids students’ achievement in biology.

1.4 Research Questions

As a guide to the study, the following research questions were raised:

  1. Does motivation significantly influence the academic performance of students in biology?
  2. What is the extent biology teachers motivate their students?
  3. Does parental motivation contribute to students performance in biology?
  4. Is there any significant difference between the performance of students who are motivated and students who are not motivated to study biology?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

The following were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance.

  • Ho: There is no significant difference between students who are motivated and students who are not motivated in biology.
  • Ho2: There is no significant difference between the mean achievement scores of male and female students in biology.
  • Ho3: There is no significant difference between mean interest rating of male and female students in biology.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The result of the study may be useful to stakeholders in biology education such as teachers, students, school administrators, curriculum planners, if its findings are properly communicated to teachers in the study through workshops and seminars. It will help in making biology teachers see the need of encouraging their students to relate school biology with real life activities. If the findings of this study are communicated to biology teachers through workshops, seminars and conferences, it may also encourage them to see the need to improve their productivity/performance in teaching and learning process. When teachers are motivated, the society/government will benefit immensely in the sense that the teachers put in their best, the students will contribute properly to the growth and development of the nation and the welfare of its citizens.

Government could from this day see the need to wake up to her responsibilities for teachers of biology and other workers to boost their in teaching the subject and provide them with related instructional materials. It is also hoped that the outcome of this study may be useful in biology curriculum planners in planning their scheme of work systematically at senior secondary school levels.

The findings of this study may also serve as a base line data obtained for library and other conferences in institutions of learning and those who probably would wish to carry out related research in the field. Parents shall also from this study discover and appreciate their roles in students achievement in school. This is because some parents overburden their children with Hawking, money sourcing and domestic chores that in every sense deter high motivational achievement. It is hoped that the findings of this study would serve as a basic foundation for future studies in area of the teaching and learning of biology in secondary schools.


1.7 Scope of Study

This study generally focus on the effect of academic motivation on student achievement in biology in senior secondary school in Abuja Municipal Area Council. The study will further determine the whether motivation significantly influence the academic performance of students in biology, determine the extent teachers motivate their students in biology, assess whether parental motivation significantly influences students performance in biology, and ascertain whether there is a significant difference between the performance of students who are motivated and students who are not motivated to study biology. The respondents for this study will be obtained from selected secondary schools in Yola North LGA, Adamawa State.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

This research project, like all human endeavors, had some challenges that threatened to derail the study’s completion. One of the reasons is that the time allotted for this work was so limited that the researcher did not have enough time to complete the task thoroughly. During data collection, the researcher also had to put forth extra effort to understand the respondents’ interview schedules, several of whom fell into the incomprehensible age group. Also, there were financial and transportation constraints to deal with. Insufficient funds tend to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire, interview).


1.9 Definition of Terms

(a) Academic Achievement:

This is the outcome or result obtained from students’ performance in the achievement test in biology.

(b) Motivation:

This simply refers to the force that spurs, arouses and sustains learner’s interest in a controlled biology classroom encounter.

(c) Interest:

A feeling that accompanies or causes special attention to an object or class of objects .It can also be defined as something that arouses attention.


1.10 Organizations of the Study

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, abnd selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the relationship between academic motivation and senior secondary school students academic achievement in biology in yola north LGA, adamawa state as a case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was on the relationship between academic motivation and senior secondary school students academic achievement in biology in Yola north LGA, adamawa state as a case study. The study is was specifically set to determine the extent to which the socio-economic background of students affects their motivation to achieve, investigate the extent to which the effective use of teaching aids or motivational strategies motivate students to achieve in biology, determine the extent to which motivation affects student’s interest in biology, and determine the extent to which the use of rewards aids students’ achievement in biology.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 150 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent were biology students of five selected secondary schools in Yola north LGA, Adamawa.


5.3 Conclusion

The following conclusions were made based on the findings of this study.The result of this study has been added to empirical evidence that the motivation approach promotes students’ achievement in Biology. The students taught using motivation achieved more and those taught without motivation achieved less. Both male and female students exposed to motivational approach performed competitively better in the achievement test. There was also no significant difference in the mean interest rating of male and female students. This study has therefore shown that Biology is one of such areas where the use of motivation may be beneficial.


5.2 Recommendations

Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations were made;

  1. That the use of effective and positive motivation should be incorporated in the curriculum as an approach used in teaching Biology in the classroom.
  2. Instructional strategies may be employed by science educators to remedy and/or improve students’ motivation.
  3. College-level science instructors seek strategies to improve student achievement in introductory courses, instructional methodologies such as fostering self-efficacy by utilizing peer models is recommended for starting approach.
  4. Federal and state ministries of education, professional bodies such as National Association of Biology Teachers (NABT), and Sciences Teachers Association of Nigeria (STAN) should organize workshops/seminars on the use of motivation so as to sensitize Biology teachers on the benefits

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