Regularity Of Practical Classes And Student’s Attitude In Computer Science Education Among Colleges Of Education In Lagos State

Project and Seminar Material for Computer Science Education

Regularity Of Practical Classes And Student’s Attitude In Computer Science Education Among Colleges Of Education In Lagos State


Abstract


This study was carried out on the regularity of practical classes and student’s attitude in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State. To achieve this, 4 significant research objectives were formulated. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprised of computer science students of some selected Colleges of Education, in Lagos State. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 160 respondents, while 141 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables and percentage. The result of the findings reveals that there is a relationship between the regularity of practical classes and student’s attitude in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State. The findings also revealed that there is a relationship between regularity of practical classes and their academic performance in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State. In regard to the findings, the study recommends that school authorities should encourage computer science educators by supplying the necessary equipment and software. This is because computer science laboratory is very essential for proper computer teaching in schools. And computer science educators should be up and doing, in hands, on minds, on activities as doing so would help to enhance students computer knowledge and skills.


Table of Content


Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Significance of the Study
  • 1.6 Scope of the Study
  • 1.7 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.8 Definition of Terms

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • Appendix

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Every society, whether simple in terms of its infrastructural, cultural and ethnic diversity or complex with regard to its technological advancement and quest for modernization has a system of education. Education according to Fafunwa (1974) is “The aggregate of all the processes by which a child or young adult develops the abilities, attitudes and other forms of behavior which are of positive value” Kneller (1963) also believe that education is “the process by which society through schools, colleges, universities and other institutions deliberately transmit its cultural heritage from one generation to the other”. However the objectives and method of education may be different from one society to the other.

But whatever may be the method of organization, it is design to achieve the content of a specified curriculum, which is a reflection of how the goals, norms, cultures of the society can be effectively and productively transmitted. Curriculum which according to tanner and tanner (1975)”is a planned and guided learning experiences and intended learning outcomes formulated through the systematic reconstruction of knowledge and experience under the auspices of the school, for the learners continuous and willful growth in personal social competence”, has been broken down in to smaller units in descending order of magnitude beginning with the syllabus. The syllabus can be described as a condensed outline of statement of the main topic of a subject. Among the subject is the recently introduced one which is computer studies in our secondary schools. Therefore, computer studies being a new subject in the secondary school curriculum needs to be given due recognition because of its unquantifiable significance to the entire world. It is therefore important, at this juncture to give a brief meaning of what computer is. Computer is an electronic device which accepts data in a well prescribed form, process the data and give out result in a desired form (output). According to Omole (1996)’computer science is the study of the theory, design, use and analysis of computer devices. This entails knowing the computer itself, its operation, what it can do, how it can do it and why it’s doing it.

The general objectives of teaching computer studies in the secondary school are as follows:

  1. To expose the student to the basic rudiment of computer and it’s workings
  2. To lay solid foundation in computer science at early stage of educational exposure
  3. To encourage and stimulate the interest of the students toward computer science.
  4. To pave way for easy application of computer knowledge in other disciplines.
  5. To ensure literacy in computer science at secondary school level.
  6. To meet the demand of our time to keep up with changing strides in technological development students need regular practical classes to further their understanding and academic performance.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

Problem is the gap between an existing situation and the ideal situation. It can also be anything that brings a state of inconvenience and needs to be attended to or an obstacle to be removed (Abimbade 1996). There is seemingly general decline in student performance in many subjects in the secondary schools, including computer studies.

There are many factors contributing to this phenomenon, the paramount of which is attitude. The major problem which this research work looked at is finding out whether there is any correlation between the attitudes of students and their performances in computer studies.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to examine the regularity of practical classes and student’s attitude in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State.

Specifically, other objectives of this study are:

  1. To determine whether there is any relationship between the regularity of practical classes and student’s attitude in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State.
  2. To examine whether there is a relationship between regularity of practical classes and their academic performance in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State.
  3. To determine whether there is any relationship between the attitudes of the males and females in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State.
  4. To determine whether there is any relationship between teachers’ qualification and regularity of practical classes in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State.

1.4 Research Questions

The following questions will be answered in this study:

  1. Is there any relationship between the regularity of practical classes and student’s attitude in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State?
  2. Is there any relationship between regularity of practical classes and their academic performance in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State?
  3. Is there any relationship between the attitudes of the males and females in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State?
  4. Is there any relationship between teachers’ qualification and regularity of practical classes in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State?

1.5 Significance of the Study

Computer Science Education is a very important subject in our secondary schools because of its numerous and widespread application in addressing individual, oraganisational and societal problems. A computer study is however a very broad discipline and that makes it absolutely impossible for an author to have the entire topic treated in a single book. Nevertheless, efforts have been made to cover the essentials of the subject at various levels if only to satisfy the learning’s of the students.

Many have generated a lot of negative thoughts towards computer studies because they have taken the subject to be a hard one. But in actual fact, this research will not only find out the effect of attitudes on performance in computer studies, it also went a long way in developing competence in the basic skills and understanding in the use of computer. This could change the mindset of both students and teachers towards the subject of computer at the secondary school level. This study will also help in developing intellectual independence towards the use of computers


1.6 Scope of the Study

This study is focused on the regularity of practical classes and student’s attitude in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State. Specifically, this study is focused on determining whether there is any relationship between the regularity of practical classes and student’s attitude in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State, examining whether there is a relationship between regularity of practical classes and their academic performance in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State, determining whether there is any relationship between the attitudes of the males and females in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State and determining whether there is any relationship between teachers’ qualification and regularity of practical classes in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State. The study will be carried out in some selected Colleges of Education, in Lagos State.


1.7 Limitations of the Study

In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, language barriers, and the attitude of the respondents. However, the researcher were able to manage these just to ensure the success of this study.

Moreover, the case study method utilized in the study posed some challenges to the investigator including the possibility of biases and poor judgment of issues. However, the investigator relied on respect for the general principles of procedures, justice, fairness, objectivity in observation and recording, and weighing of evidence to overcome the challenges.


1.8 Definition of Terms

Computer:

This is an electronic device or machine that is capable of receiving information (data), process the data, store the information and give out a direct output under the control of some stored programs.

Computer Studies:

This is the study of the basic principles and rudiments behind the operation and effective usage of the computers.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings into the regularity of practical classes and student’s attitude in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to examine the regularity of practical classes and student’s attitude in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State. The study specifically was set determine whether there is any relationship between the regularity of practical classes and student’s attitude in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State; examine whether there is a relationship between regularity of practical classes and their academic performance in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State; determine whether there is any difference between the attitudes of the males and females in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State; and determine whether there is any relationship between teachers’ qualification and regularity of practical classes in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 141 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondents are computer science students of some selected Colleges of Education, in Lagos State.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher made the following conclusion.

  1. There is a relationship between the regularity of practical classes and student’s attitude in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State.
  2. There is a relationship between regularity of practical classes and their academic performance in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State.
  3. There is a difference between the attitudes of the males and females in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State.
  4. There is a relationship between teachers’ qualification and regularity of practical classes in computer science education among Colleges Of Education in Lagos State.

5.4 Recommendations

Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations are proffered.

  1. School administrators should encourage computer science educators by supplying the necessary equipment and software. This is because computer science laboratory is very essential for proper computer teaching in schools.
  2. Computer science educators should be up and doing, in hands, on minds, on activities as doing so would help to enhance students computer knowledge and skills.
  3. Computer science educators should cultivate the habit of teaching both theoretical and practical lessons when lecturing.

Regularity Of Practical Classes And Student’s Attitude In Computer Science Education Among Colleges Of Education In Lagos State


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