Quality Control And Students Academic Performance In Secondary School

Project and Seminar Material for Education

Quality Control And Students Academic Performance In Secondary School

Chapter One


Background of the Study

Education is a universal phenomenon which allows all human societies to develop to prerequisite knowledge, experience and skills for their preservation and growth. It is a tool for imparting knowledge, a process by which an individual acquire the physical, social, intellectual and moral capabilities required to function effectively and become useful member of his/ her society. It is instrument par excellence for effecting national development (FRN, 2004), as well as for individual socio- economic empowerment and poverty reduction. For education to be useful in proper manpower development, it has to be functional.

Education may be described as a process to teaching or instruction received; a process of training and improving one’s test and life standard. Education has been described as the bedrock of every society and a tool for nation building (Okonkwon & Udeze (2012). Ablumanuyu (2007) stressed that education contribute to the individual personal development, increases his/ her productivity and income at work and facilitate participation in economic and social life. In recent times, quality education was brought to focus owing to the neglect and mass production of educated people without regards to set standard procedure and process in education. In the words of Adams (2011), he opines that the taste in education is carried an evident in its quality. Unless quality and functionality is assured in the system, education will amount to nothing. Thus, quality education is said to be right to every citizen, not a privilege that may be granted or withhold by whoever is in- charge to provide it. For quality education to be achieved, it is important to know that the principal factor must be in place that is the teachers, who must be adequate in quality and standard, with a conducive working environment to adequately produce quality graduate for effective national development. Adegbesan (2010) agrees with the above assertion when he posited that people and nations are what they were because of the nature and type of education they have been expose to. Unfortunately, education in Nigeria in its present form is devoid from standard, quality and functionality (Balogun, 2012). The demise of quality and functionality especially in the Nigerian education system has further been slaughtered on the corridor of the struggle to obtain or secure a certificate as a meal ticket and further build prospect in politics (Oduma, 2013).

Education imparted through quality instruction is not only for good grades alone but also for the acquisition of the right values, skills and competences to make an individual a useful member of the society. The quality of education of any nation to a very large extent determines the development and status of the particular nation. Education is synonymous to heartbeat of any nation. As a man nourishes his heart to be alive, a nation must also cater for her educational system to keep it ‘alive’ technologically, economically, politically, socially and to ensure quality products.

According to Madumere (2003), education consumes a lot of public revenue; therefore it is important to note that those who manage schools should be accountable to the stakeholders. The quality of the products f education is part of the accountability. The wastage in the education sector and the fast falling standard of education in Nigeria has made it imperative for quality control measure to be constantly examined. This study thus set out to investigate quality control and student’s academic performance in senior secondary schools in Ilorin metropolis.
Statement of the Problem

The rapid growth in Nigerian population alongside with the alarming rate of civilization, westernization and social awareness have placed education on high demand. The acquisition of Western education is predominate in the minds of average Nigerian and would want to incur any cost to acquire it. In response to this, both the private and public sectors of the economy, parents and all other stakeholders have risen to the task, and are predominately concerned about quality of education and its sustainability.

The deteriorating quality of education which has continued unabated impinges heavy traumatic effects on Nigerian citizens and the nation as a whole (Adewuya, 2002; Alumoda, 2006 and Ezenwafor, 2006). As noted by Gidado (2003) indicators of declining quality and wastages include high dropout, failure rates, rampant examination malpractices and low performance in national survey of achievement. Effective school quality reform that can stand the text of time must go beyond quality control practices. Without quality, education becomes a waste, products become largely counter productive, half baked and of little relevant to the nation’s socio-political and economic development.

It is in line of the foregoing that the researcher’s intent to investigate the quality ,control and students’ academic performance in seniors secondary school in Ilorin metropolis.

Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study is to : investigate the relationship between quality control and students academic performance in seniors secondary school in Ilorin metropolis.

Specifically, the study intends to:

  1. Find out the factors responsible for quality control in senior secondary school in Ilorin metropolis.
  2. Examine the measures of achieving quality in senior secondary school education in Ilorin metropolis.
  3. Determine the impacts of parent on the quality of education in Ilorin metropolis.
  4. Find out the influence of quality control on educational standard on senior secondary school students in Ilorin metropolis.

Research Hypotheses

In order to guide this study, the researcher formulated one main hypothesis and four operational hypotheses.
Main hypothesis: there is o significant relationship between quality control and students’ academic performance in Ilorin metropolis.

Operational Hypotheses
  • HO1: There is no significant relationship between school administration and students’ academic performance in senior secondary schools n Ilorin metropolis.
  • HO2: There is no significant relationship between the availability of learning facilities and students’ academic performance in senior secondary schools in Ilorin metropolis.
  • HO3: There is no significant relationship between the learning environment and students’ academic performance in senior secondary schools in Ilorin metropolis.
  • HO4: There is no significant relationship between parental roles toward education and students’ academic performance in senior secondary schools in Ilorin metropolis.

Scope of the Study

This study on quality control of education and students academic performance in senior secondary school. However, the study would be limited to ten secondary school in Ilorin Metropolis.

Significance of the study

The study would be immense benefits to curriculum planner, teachers, parents and guardian. The findings would also assist schools in the evaluation of the adequacy and efficiency of the school programmes. It is also significant in the sense that it will elucidate on the factors that at responsible for school quality control. The findings of this study would also be of utmost benefits to school administrators in that it would help them to measure the success or otherwise of curricular and co-curricular programmes within the jurisdiction of the school and ways to improve upon such programmes.

The government being the major financer of education would equally benefit from the findings of this study since it would suggest ways to promote efficiency and how to reduce wastage in the education sector. Thus, the government would be able to save a great deal of fund through effective quality control mechanism. More so, the students would benefit from the findings of the study since they are the ones to use the knowledge bequeathed to them in the school system, when there is proper monitoring of education programme through appropriate quality control mechanism, the students get the dividends inform of quality and functional education which would make them productive and make a living in the society. While for other researchers, the findings of this study would contribute to the knowledge bank in the field of education where they can tap and even make further research to establish other effects of quality control on education. Thus, the significance of this study to other researcher borders majorly on contribution to existing, fact, knowledge and literatures in education.

Operational definitions

In this study, the researcher made use of some terms which are considered necessary to be operationally defined.

There are:

Quality: This is the standard or degree of measuring educational excellence of student cognition skills in senior secondary schools.

Control: This is the measure adopted by the school to ensure the conformity of the institution in accordance with the laid own procedures.

Quality control: This refers to the effective management of the school to meet up the laid down educational standard and objective.

Academic: This connotes the school activities and intellectual orientation measured through reading and studying.

Performance: This is the degree or extent to which students achieve or attain the set educational goals and standards.

Students Academic Performance: This is the extent to which an individual can achieve the set goals with the intellectual orientation in the activities of school. This is measure through the West African Examination Certificate (WAEC).

Learning Environment: This refers to the physical surrounding and psychological safety of the learners that enhance the standard of instruction for students.

Learning Facilities: There are valuable instructional tools which aid effective teaching and learning process. There include: laboratory, library, workshops, syllabus etc.

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

This chapter presented the summary and conclusion dawn from the research carried out with recommendations based on the finding of the study.

Summary of the Findings

The study investigated the quality control and students Academic performance in Ilorin metropolis. The research design adopted for the study was a descriptive survey. The study used random sampling technique to select 10 senior secondary school and 100 participants.

The researchers used a designed questionnaire titled “Quantity control and students academic performance Questionnaire” to gather relevant information from the respondent.

Four research hypothesis were formulated and tested for this study using Pearson product moment correlation statistic at 0.05 level of significance

The finding of the study are summarized below:

  1. There was a significant relationship between school administration and student academic performance in senior secondary school in Ilorin metropolis.
  2. There was a significant relationship between the availability of learning facilities and student’s academic performance in senior secondary schools Ilorin metropolis.
  3. There was a significant relationship between learning environment and a student academic performance in Ilorin metropolis.
  4. There was a significant relationship between parental roles towards education and student academic performance in senior secondary schools in Ilorin metropolis


The control of the quality of any educational system us a very important task and the success depends on the co-operation of all agencies of education especially the home, teachers, student, Non- governmental organization and the Education Ministry (Government).

Report, however shows that the path to qualitative education is still in lag in Nigeria secondary schools. This is as a result of priorities placed on other sectors. Government places priorities on politics, thereby not adequately finding education Teachers categories on irregular and inadequate payment.


Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations were made:

  1. The school authority should serve as parameter through which the exceptional and committed students would recognize appraise and fully maximize their potentials.
  2. Education should be free for those who are enthusiastic ready and committed to learning to reduce wastages in the sector.
  3. Effort should be made by parents to help teachers at home by playing the role of a semi-teacher through effective monitoring of the progress of their wards at school.
  4. Government at all levels must commit vast resources towards the school infrastructure and main power development to actualize worth while knowledge.
  5. Seminars, conferences and workshop should be organizes for the teachers and school administrators for effective and qualitative services delivery in the school system.
  6. Finally, state of emergency should be declared in educational sectors through attitudinal changes of all relevant stockholders in educational industry for qualitative services delivery.

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