Quality Control As Determinant Factor For Effective And Efficient Production

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Quality Control As Determinant Factor For Effective And Efficient Production


Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

Efficiency is determined by the amount of time, money, and energy – i.e. resources – that are necessary to obtain certain results. In order to meet our daily production quota, we commit a specific machine that uses up energy, make operators and maintenance personnel available, and provide raw materials. For example, if we are able to meet our daily production with less energy and fewer operators, we have operated more efficiently. Effectiveness is determined by comparing what a process or installation can produce with what they actually produce; therefore, effectiveness does not tell anything about the efficiency – the amount of resources that have to be committed to obtain that output. If we are successful in manufacturing more good product in the same time period, effectiveness will increase. A valuable discussion could be whether ‘good product’ should be seen as ‘Good product with customer demand’ to prevent over-production. Productivity is determined by looking at the production obtained (effectiveness) versus the invested effort in order to achieve the result (efficiency); in other words, if we can achieve more with less effort, productivity increases. Arno Koch (2016)


1.1 Background of the Study

A definition of quality control is the process of inspecting products to ensure that they meet the required quality standards.This method checks the quality of completed products for faults. Quality inspectors measure or test every product, samples from each batch, or random samples – as appropriate to the kind of product produced. The main objective of quality control is to ensure that the business is achieving the standards it sets for itself. In almost every business operation, it is not possible to achieve perfection. For example there will always be some variation in terms of materials used, production skills applied, reliability of the finished product etc. Quality control involves setting standards about how much variation is acceptable. The aim is to ensure that a product is manufactured, or a service is provided, to meet the specifications which ensure customer needs are met. There are several methods of quality control. At its simplest, quality control is achieved through inspection. For example, in a manufacturing business, trained inspectors examine samples of work-in-progress and finished goods to ensure standards are being met. For businesses that rely on a continuous process, the use of statistical process control (“SPC”) is common. SPC is the continuous monitoring and charting of a process while it is operating. Data collected is analysed to warn when the process is exceeding predetermined limits. The research seek to investigate quality control as determinant factor for effective and efficient production


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Quality control is the process of inspecting products to ensure that they meet the required quality standards. This method checks the quality of completed products for faults. Quality inspectors measure or test every product, samples from each batch, or random samples – as appropriate to the kind of product produced. The main objective of quality control is to ensure that the business is achieving the standards it sets for itself. In almost every business operation, it is not possible to achieve perfection. For example there will always be some variation in terms of materials used, production skills applied, reliability of the finished product etc. With quality control, inspection is intended to prevent faulty products reaching the customer. This approach means having specially trained inspectors, rather than every individual being responsible for his or her own work. Furthermore, it is thought that inspectors may be better placed to find widespread problems across an organization. A major problem is that individuals are not necessarily encouraged to take responsibility for the quality of their own work. Rejected product is expensive for a firm as it has incurred the full costs of production but cannot be sold as the manufacturer does not want its name associated with substandard product. Some rejected product can be re-worked, but in many industries it has to be scrapped – either way rejects incur more costs, A quality control approach can be highly effective at preventing defective products from reaching the customer. However, if defect levels are very high, the company’s profitability will suffer unless steps are taken to tackle the root causes of the failures. The problem confronting this research is to appraise quality control as determinant factor for effective and efficient production.


1.3 Objective of the Study

  1. To determine the nature of effective and efficient production
  2. To determine the nature of quality control
  3. To determine quality control as determinant factor for effective and efficient production.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What is the nature of effective and efficient production?
  2. What is the nature of quality control?
  3. What is the nature of quality control as determinant factor for effective and efficient production?

1.5 Significance of the Study

The study shows the relative importance of quality control in the process of attaining effective and efficient production

It also serves as source of information on quality control issues.


1.6 Statement of Hypothesis

Ho quality control is not a determining factor for effective and efficient production

Hi quality control is a determining factor for effective and efficient production


1.7 Scope of the Study

The research focuses on the appraisal of quality control as determinant factor for effective and efficient production


1.8 Definition of Terms

Quality control defined

An aspect of the quality assurance process that consists of activities employed in detection and measurement of the variability in the characteristics of output attributable to the production system and includes corrective responses.

Efficiency is determined by the amount of time, money, and energy – i.e. resources – that are necessary to obtain certain results. In order to meet our daily production quota, we commit a specific machine that uses up energy, make operators and maintenance personnel available, and provide raw materials. For example, if we are able to meet our daily production with less energy and fewer operators, we have operated more efficiently.

Effectiveness is determined by comparing what a process or installation can produce with what they actually produce; therefore, effectiveness does not tell anything about the efficiency – the amount of resources that have to be committed to obtain that output. If we are successful in manufacturing more good product in the same time period, effectiveness will increase. A valuable discussion could be whether ‘good product’ should be seen as ‘Good product with customer demand’ to prevent over-production.

Productivity is determined by looking at the production obtained (effectiveness) versus the invested effort in order to achieve the result (efficiency); in other words, if we can achieve more with less effort, productivity increases.

Economic efficiency implies an economic state in which every resource is optimally allocated to serve each individual or entity in the best way while minimizing waste and inefficiency. When an economy is economically efficient, any changes made to assist one entity would harm another. In terms of production, goods are produced at their lowest possible cost, as are the variable inputs of production.


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Frequently Asked Questions


What are the determinants of quality from producer’s view?

There are four determinants of quality from producer’s view. These are as follows: 1. Design: By design we refer to the intention of the product. 2. Quality of conformance: After producing it that product matches with the design, and then we can call it at quality of conformance. 3. Ease of use: It means that how easily the product can be used.

What is quality control in production management?

Quality Control in Production Management. Quality Control (QC) may be defined as a system that is used to maintain a desired level of quality in a product or service. It is a systematic control of various factors that affect the quality of the product.

What are the determinant attributes of a product?

One of the determinant attributes is difference in quality of the products. Difference in quality as perceived by the customer plays an important role in the decisions to purchase. Consumers have their perception on the features of the product and this determines the product space.

What are the areas of quality control?

Quality control can be divided into three main sub-areas, those are: Acceptance sampling plans. Its procedure deal with measures to select and choose controllable product and process parameters in such a way that the deviation between the product or process output and the standard will be minimized.

What are the determinants of quality of a product?

Determinants of Quality. Quality of conformance: After producing it that product matches with the design, and then we can call it at quality of conformance. 3. Ease of use: It means that how easily the product can be used. It is another intention of the producer. Object is that now easily consumer can use the product.

Do consumers and producers have different views on quality?

When it comes to quality, consumers and producers often have different perceptions of what a quality product looks like. Learn about these different views on quality. Updated: 11/09/2021 Josie just bought herself a brand-new Health Watch.

What are the determinants of quality in TQM?

Determinants of Quality. The various Determinants associated with the quality concept in general and TQM philosophy in. particular is: 1. Quality of design: Intension of designers to include or exclude features in a product or service.

What is the difference between a producer and a consumer?

A producer can achieve quality if the production process, machinery performance, materials, employees and quality control methods are all up to standards. Any issues with employees causing production errors or machines failing will result in a quality issue for the company. A consumer’s view of quality differs from a producer’s perspective.

What is quality control in manufacturing?

The manufacturing sector alone contributes to 11% of the country … Inventory discrepancies and a lack of judgment in quality control is another issue that leads to losses. Then there is the impact of poor managerial decisions. All these lead to losses.

What is the purpose of quality control?

Control group (CG), fixed intensity group (FG), and linearly increasing intensity group (LG). For this purpose, volunteers residing in the metropolitan area of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil were recruited. Methodological details can be found …

How to calculate a determinant?

There are a few other tweaks to this basic routine depending on your skin type. For patients with sensitive skin, Potozkin recommends starting with a low-concentration retinol, and building up depending on your tolerance.

How do you evaluate determinant?

To find this determinant, first get the minors of each element in the second column. Now find the cofactor of each of these minors. The determinant is found by multiplying each cofactor by its corresponding element in the matrix and finding the sum of these products.

What are all the uses of the determinant?

This study aims to study the demographic characteristics, patterns, determinants, and the main causes of death during the first half of 2020, in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). A retrospective descriptive study targeted all death (29,291) registered in …

What is the environment of quality control?

The environment of quality control influences employees’ attitudes about the workplace and creates a sense of ownership in the products and company as a whole. Quality control can be done in various ways, from training personnel to creating data-driven tools to test products and set standards.

What are the different types of quality control?

There are four main types of quality control: process control focuses on the processes in a company, while acceptance sampling helps create an inspection plan.

What is good quality control in manufacturing?

Good quality control helps companies meet consumer demands for better products. Quality testing involves each step of the manufacturing process. Employees often begin with the testing of raw materials, pull samples from along the manufacturing line and test the finished product.

What are the different areas concerning quality control for garments?

Learn about the different areas concerning quality control for garments, including measuring dimensions and on-site testing during inspection to lab tests. Clothing brands face daily scrutiny for their suppliers’ working conditions, their environmental impact and their delivery times. Who has time to worry about garment quality control too? 

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