Public Perception Towards Billboard Advertisement
This study was carried out on public perception towards billboard advertisement using 7up bottling company, Ogun State as case study. To achieve this, four significant research quested were posed. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of 7up patronizers in Ogun State. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 129respondents while 109 were received and 100 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency table and mean score. While the hypothesis were tested using Chi-square statistical tool. The result of the findings reveals that billboard advertisement has an effect on the profit maximization of an organization. The findings also revealed that the public has a positive attitude towards billboard advertisement. Furthermore, the study showed the models in billboard advertising attract more attention to the product advertised than themselves. In regard to the findings, the study recommends that billboard advertising should be patronized by advertisers because it do not contradict other advertising messages, thereby it carries the same message on products and services with radio and television, etc. And government should also encourage and support billboard advertising because it contributes to environmental aesthetics and national economic growth.
1.1 Background to the Study
Advertising is a paid form of non-personal presentation of ideas, goods and services by an identified sponsor with a view to disseminate information concerning an idea, product or service (Puranik, 2011). The message which is presented or disseminated is called advertisement. In the present day marketing activities, hardly is there any business in the modern world which does not advertise (Asemah, Edegoh and Ojih, 2013). However, the form of advertisement differs from business to business. Advertising is the structured and composed non personal communication of information, usually paid for and usually persuasive in nature, about products, services and ideas, by identified sponsors, through various mass media (Arens 2008, p.7). This definition is closely related to Dominick’s (2007, p.321) definition which asserts that advertising is any form of non-personal presentation and promotion of ideas, goods and services, usually paid for, by identified sponsor. Asemah, Edegoh and Ojih (2013) state that advertising is a controlled, identifiable and persuasive communication that is presented via the mass media and designed to develop product demand and to create a favourable image for a company. The major purpose of advertisings is to promote the sales of a product or service and also, to inform the masses about the highlights of the product or the service feature. Advertising is an efficient means of communicating to the world, the value of the product or the service.
The essence of advertising is to make known in order to sell or buy goods and services. The power of advertising depends on the use of creative and planning skills to achieve its objectives. Advertising is the process of persuading potential customers to buy products or promote its services (Kenechukwu, Asemah and Edegeoh, 2013). It is the branch of marketing that deals with communicating to customers information about products, brands, and services. Advertising is a form of communication used to persuade an audience (viewers, readers or listeners) to take some action with respect to products ideas and services (Asemah and Edegoh, 2012a). Advertising commends ideas, goods and services to potential consumers through various traditional media such as newspapers, magazines, television, radio, the new media and outdoor media such as billboard. Outdoor advertising is a medium of advertising which is used to reinforce the recall of brand names and pay offs (Okoro, 1998, p.158). It is one of the channels of mass communication. It is a medium usually used for dissemination of information or advertising message to a mass audience. The outdoor media have been described severally as “out–of-home media” and as the “traffic or position” media since they depend on people and/or vehicular traffic passing by their locations to deliver their advertising message (Amaechi, 1991, p.77). The billboard as a type of outdoor advertising is asserting itself as a powerful medium for the introduction of new products, with its appeal to all classes of consumers and its high visual impact. Billboard advertising generally belongs to point of purchase (POP). It is one of the most effective outdoor advertising techniques that are used in business every day. This explains why Russell and Lane (1962, p.50) cited in Mbadi (2005, p.65) successfully claim that “billboard survived the decline of the Roman Empire to become the decorative art of Europeans in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries”.
Normally in the contemporary Nigerian society, the use of models has been predominant and widespread in billboard advertising which has brought tremendous change especially on sales of products. Belch and Belch (2001) opine that companies spend huge sums of money to have models appear in their advertisement. This is because of the attractive force in drawing attention of people to product, sustaining their interest and giving the product a personality.
A model is a person employed to display, advertise and promote commercial products (notably fashion clothing) or to serve as a subject of works of arts (Wikipedia).
1.2 Statement of the Problem
To makes sales and profit is the most important aim of bill board advertisement, service, idea, etc. Although billboard advertising could appear fascinating, the crux of the matter lies in its effectiveness in capturing and sustaining attention and in making consumers take required action by buying the product, idea, opinion or service. In spite of the many benefits inherent in the use of attractive models in billboard advertising there is a raging argument regarding the efficacy and effectiveness of these attractive models to pass across the intended message (and nothing more) to the buyers. The problem associated with the use of attractive models in billboard advertising is many and varied. First, the commuter has very little time to note and appreciate the advertisement before his vehicle speeds past. Second, there exists a problem as to whether the audiences are attracted to the models or to the product they endorse, and whether the audience eventually recall the product advertised or the face of model used. This is a problem because the audience needs to be attracted to and recall the product before he or she can take the desired action. This study therefore attempts to find out public perception towards bill board advertisement in Nigeria.
1.3 Objective of the Study
The main objective of this study is to find out the perception of the public towards bill board advertisement, specifically the study intends to:
- Find out the perception of the public on billboard advertisement
- Analyze the effect of billboard advertisement profit maximization of an organization
- Find out the challenges of billboard advertisement
- Find out whether models in billboard advertising attract more attention to themselves or the product advertised
1.4 Research Question
- What is the perception of the public on billboard advertisement?
- Is there any effect of billboard advertisement profit maximization of an organization?
- What are the challenges of billboard advertisement?
- Does the models in billboard advertising attract more attention to themselves or the product advertised?
1.5 Research Hypothesis
Ho: there is no effect of billboard advertisement profit maximization of an organization
Hi: there is effect of billboard advertisement profit maximization of an organization
1.6 Significance of the Study
This research work will expose organizations to the need for prudent management of financial resources in an organization is of great concern. It’s amazing however; that at any time an organization is going through some hard times financially, first thing that runs into the mind of the management staff is a cut-down on advertisement and promotion budget or eliminate them entirely as a step to ameliorate their predicament. This study therefore, has been designed in such a way as to aid organizational managers realize that measurement is very important in billboard advertising. Therefore, before decisions are taken on whether to eliminate advertisement or cut-down the budgets, efforts must be made towards ascertaining the impact of such advertisement
1.7 Scope of the Study
This research work will be conducted in Ogun state, 7up bottling company products will be used in this research, also this research will examine the importance of billboard advertisement and the challenges it attract.
1.8 Delimitation of the Study
Finance for the general research work will be a challenge during the course of study. Correspondents also might not be able to complete or willing to submit the questionnaires given to them. a
However, it is believed that these constraints will be worked on by making the best use of the available materials and spending more than the necessary time in the research work. Therefore, it is strongly believed that despite these constraint, its effect on this research report will be minimal, thus, making the objective and significance of the study achievable.
Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:
This chapter summarizes the findings on public perception towards billboard advertisement using 7up bottling company, Ogun State as case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.
5.2 Summary of the Study
In this study, our focus was on public perception towards billboard advertisement using 7up bottling company, Ogun State as case study. The study is was specifically set to; find out the perception of the public on billboard advertisement; analyze the effect of billboard advertisement profit maximization of an organization; find out the challenges of billboard advertisement; and find out whether models in billboard advertising attract more attention to themselves or the product advertised.
The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 100 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are 7up patronizers in Ogun State.
In the light of the analysis carried out, the following conclusions were drawn.
- The public has a positive attitude towards billboard advertisement.
- Billboard advertisement has an effect on the profit maximization of an organization.
- The challenges in the use of billboard advertisement include; it is difficult to target a specific market, the exposure time is incredibly brief, its information capacity is short and limited, and its visibility is not often high.
- The models in billboard advertising attract more attention to the product advertised than themselves.
The following recommendations were proffered with respect to the findings of the study;
- Outdoor Advertising Association of Nigeria (OAAN) should endeavor to ensure that sites where billboards are cited should be monitored to avoid billboard constituting problems.
- Billboard advertising should be patronized by advertisers because it do not contradict other advertising messages, thereby it carries the same message on products and services with radio and television, etc
- Government should also encourage and support billboard advertising because it contributes to environmental aesthetics and national economic growth.
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