Low Productivity And Its Effects In Nigeria Public Sector

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration


The research outlines the low productivity and its effects in Nigeria public sector with a particular reference N.T.A Owerri and its associated low productivity. The introduction part gives brief account of what low productivity is, why this studies was carried out like finding out appropriate processes involved in the low productivity, the statement of effect in Nigeria. Chapter two review some of the literature term used in the study. In the other opinion productivity is defined as level of efficiency of work especially in industrial production. Increased productivity wills impares to enhance security. Chapter three deals with the method used to obtain information and collecting such data, which include area of stuffy, population sample, sampling techniques and sources of data. Chapter four comprises of how data was presented and analyzed from the respondent. Finally chapter five was the summary of the whole study, some findings, were made the conclusion and recommendation

Chapter One


1.1 Background of the Study

Productivity is very important in the development of any country because it will help to improve the standard and quality of life of the citizens.

The issue of low productivity by public service have in recent time been a matter of great concert to the nation, let us first of all define the term or rather make an attempt to the definition of productivity. Productivity simply means the level of efficiency of work especially in industrial production. Increased productivity will improve the conditions of the environment as well as to enhance security.

This why David Ricardo stated in his study of population “that food needs to grow at a geometric progression in order to meet the demand of the growing population this emphasized the need for increased productivity

Yesufu (1962) was of the view that productivity can be defined as the ratio between output and all the resources used in production i.e. capital, labour, raw materials etc. the problem of raising out put demands for efficient use of all available resources. With these definitions, one may ask why is the Nigeria public service inherently characterized by low productivity in spite of all Government efforts to improve productivity the company under study is Nigeria Television Authority (N.T.A) channel 12 Owerri. In the bid to achieve increased productivity, the company will adopt a suitable leadership style, train employees as and when due, run a participative management, offer good remuneration etc it is therefore that will enhance productivity. Increasing productivity is a way of increasing the ability of people to do what thy want to do as such that it can provide the whelem that for achieving a higher standard of living for those suffering from low income and inversely boosting the prosperity of the over all Nigeria economy.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

There have been concerted effort by the Government and the organized private sector to enhance productivity in Nigeria. For instance, the Federal and State Government organizes seminars and workshops aimed at making its also have the national merit award to individuals who have distinguished themselves in terms of being highly productive. In spite of all the efforts being made, the public sector is still experiencing low or decreased productivity as much of the personnel are not putting in their best, some are idle, others come late to work and still others are absent from work without a reasonable excuse which contributes to low productivity especially in the public sectors. In other countries, their level of technology is very high thereby enhancing their level of productivity, which put them in a favourable position in the international market.

1.3 Objective of the Study

In view of the fact that the issue of low productivity has become a matter of great concern to various sectors of the Nigeria economy, the objectives of this study are aimed at finding out:

  1. Why productivity is low in the public sector
  2. The roles of motivation in productivity
  3. Management problems that causes inefficiency and low productivity
  4. The effects of leadership styles to productivity
  5. To examine it education back ground affects productivity
  6. Find out measures that can be used by management to solve productivity constraints

1.4 Research Question

The statement of these research question of the study topic will make the problem clear and this will enable the researcher to have a better understanding of the issue indeed in which the research will new concentrate attention of arrive at a solution to low productivity in Nigeria public sector. The questions are:

  1. What are the causes of low productivity in Nigeria public sector?
  2. Does low productivity have effect in the public sector?
  3. What are the measures that can be used to solve managerial problems that lead to inefficiency?
  4. In what ways choices educational back round influence productivity?

1.5 Statement of Hypothesis

A hypothesis is a tentative assumption which suggests a particular relationship between two or more variables (Unanka 200). They are propositions or assertion created to be rested. For the purpose of this study we shall use the following:

  1. Ho: low productivity affects the growth of an organization.
    Hi: low productivity does not affect the growth of an organization.
  2. Hi: low productivity does not affect the growth of an organization.
    Ho: leadership styles effects productivity
  3. Hi: a leadership style does not affect productivity.

1.6 Significance of the Study

This study would be of immense benefit to the Government and the management of public organization especially those are in different to through it recommendation provide solution and suggestions through which workers could be gingered for greater performance. A major significance of this study is that it will serve as another contribution to the academic development theories of productivity.

1.7 Scope of the Study

According to Osuala (1988), an adequate statement of this problem also defines it very carefully in terms of its scope, and it is obvious for a researcher to set forth the bounds of the topic being researched on based on this, the scope of this study covers Nigeria television authority (N.T.A) Owerri Imo State.

1.8 Limitation of the Study

Imo State Government was a premier Government carried out of the best central State. The case study Nigerian television Authority (N.T.A) Owerri is Located in the heart of the town-No Bank road Owerri Imo State in writing this project, the research collected data through questionnaires some questionnaires were given by hand others through the internal. However, the researcher did not find it easy in the process of data collection. Some respondent did not return questionnaires sent to them through mail. Financial constraint also hampered the success of this work because the distance between the residential place of the researcher and the company had an untold heavy cost and suffering on the researcher.

The researcher was also in capacitated by time, the combination of high academic study were quite.

1.9 Definition of Terms

1. Productivity:

Increased efficiency and the rate at which goods are produced.

2. Wherewithal:

things required or needed for a purpose.

3. Laxity:

Careless or not strict in discipline or morals.

4. Technology:

Mastery and citization of manufacturing methods and industrial arts.

5. Public sector:

The area of the economy concerned with the Government.

6. Geometrical rate:

Series of numbers with a constant ratio between a successful quantities of the number which increase by a common division.

7. Economy:

System for the management and use of resources

8. Production:

The fabrication of physical object through the use of labour, materials, money and equipment.

9. Protocol:

A system of fixed rules and formal behaviour used at official meeting usually between countries.

10. Remuneration:

Pay or reward for services rendered

11. Motivation:

Causes or reasons for the actions of a person, reflection of a persons desire to fulfill certain needs

12. Biennially:

Happening every second year or one in every tow years

13. Proximity:

Nearness to each other.

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary of Findings

5.1 Summary of Findings, Conclusion and Recommendation

The main objective of his research is to the impact of low productivity the most important constraints of productivity growth in Nigeria are first, the absence of a consistent and long-term strategy for productivity improvement.

Secondly the extensive dominance of the public sector in the economy, which styles private sector initiatives and operation

Thirdly, the very weak corporate linkages among the various sectors of the economy business linkages facilitate innovation, higher productivity through specialization and flexibility meeting customer needs, and enables economics of scale

Fourthly, the weak linkage between the educational system and the requirements

Finally Government should put move effort about the low productivity in Nigeria the have to ensure adequately implemented by the response agencies

5.2 Conclusion

Low productivity in Nigeria provides an analysis of productivity growth in Nigeria based prim ally on data 1962 – 2000, it seeks to achieve three key objectives to analysis productivity trends in Nigeria between 1962 and 2000; identify and assess the key determinants of productivity performance over this period, and to describe a study on productivity growth in Nigeria is important for a number of reasons. Nigeria is a mirio-product economy that depends heavily on Oil the low diversification index of the expact base of the economy ensues sytransminssion of the fluctuation, the highly volatile would Oil market into the economy.

5.3 Recommendation

In the cause of this research, the findings reveals underlying aspiration and practical efforts of the labour and capital markets in addition, productivity has been largely hindered by the inefficient State of the physical and social inefratructives.

Government in relevant in business R&D in the past was limited to tax. Incentives provided for R&D activities, without directly providing funds to support business R&D

Further more, in respect of product quality and standards, the Nigeria Government set up two organizations.
The standard organization of Nigeria and the national agency of food and drug administration (NAFDAC) to move for the quality and safety of goods

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