Production Of Surface Shine (Polish)

Project and Seminar Material for Chemistry

Production Of Surface Shine (Polish)


This project is aimed at producing a good quality surface shine (polish) of long lasting value. For clarity, polish is a substance rubbed on the surface of materials to make them smooth and shinny. Polish has being of immense importance in protecting leather cum wooden surface and enhancing their beauty. To produce a stander polish, hard waxes such as carndube wax, candlhla wax and palm wax; semi hard waxes which include; paraffin wax and ozokerite; solvents like telpentine and naphtha; dyes and dryers are also essential in this research project, paraffin wax, turpentine, paraffin oil, cobalt and lead dryers, vanish, black and brown pigments were use to obtain the desire results.

The apparatus used were; measuring cylinder 100ml(finlab), digital weighing balance (metler AE-200) , beaker 500ml (finlab), magnetic stirrer, burner. Using the measured quantities of the ingredients, the production started with heating to about 90.c to melt the wax and cooling to about 60.c. This was preceded by the addition of the solvent, the colorant, drier and vanish. As this was being done, there was continuous agitation. After obtaining a homogenous mixture, the produce was filled into 50ml cans and allowed to cool.

The best formulation was obtained from 45.2%, 24%, 21%, 2%, 2%, 2%, of turpentine, paraffin wax, paraffin oil, drier, vanish and colorants respectively. The major problem encountered were that of coverage and gloss or surface shine produced by the trial formulation. They were blamed on the particle size of the pigments and the absence of some other ingredients like hard waxes to blend the paraffin wax; and naphtha which despite all effort made. Happily, these were reasonably improved by using finer pigments particles and vanish respectively.

From tests and evaluations, the research project was a success with a good produce formulation; importantly, a production. And packaging cost (for the formulation) on fourty one naira, thirty three kobo (N41.30) per 50ml polish content was carried out with the sum of six thousand eight hundred and forty naira (N6,840.00)

Chapter One


The emergence of polish technology in engineering is apparent offshoot of complexities resulting from the induction of substances that produce desired gloss and provides a protective coating for the surface of the materials, changing it to a dry adherent film. Therefore, polish is a substances usually wax based, which when applied to a sequence was based, which applied to sequence protects, makes it smooth and shiny.

It has been discovered that shoe polish industries in Nigeria are at minimum even though the polish industry is economically very important due to its widespread usage. Shoe polish industry as a surface coaling provider in a very important venture. The manufacture of surface coaling materials of which shoes polish is a part, has been estimated with swales of more than 10,000 million yearly. This in essence means that its usage is wide spread and in teams of employment, gives a lot of opportunities. The economic consequences as highlighted above have4 in turn spu7rred many into a continuous struggle for a good quality product.

Therefore, in a bid to reduce the degree of unemployment by establishing small scale industries, this research project is embark upon.

Aims and Objectives of the Project

The aim and objective of this project among other things include;

  1. To produce shoe polish which will suit the weather of this country.
  2. Produce polish of high quality at minimum cost5
  3. To conserve foreign exchange and help solve the problem of balance of payment resulting from, the importation of polishes to offset the unnecessary.
  4. To help complement the efforts of existing factories toward meeting the rising demand of product.
  5. To create employment opportunities by establishing polish industry.
  6. To reduce the depending on government for employment by having individual investment and becoming self reliant

The Significance of the Study

Considering the fact that there are few or practically no functional polish industry in the country, and the imported polish most atimes do not meet up with the local weather conditions, this research project will help to find solution to these problems. And at the same time offer local alternatives to these imported products. It will equally be an avenue for finding means of increasing our domestic national product.

Importantly, exploiting the benefit offered by this research work will help in improving the qualities of polishes produced. This will help in making the polish industry a viable venture, whose product could be exported thereby serving as a foreign exchange earner for the country.

Scope of the Project

The research project covers feasibility study, scouting and acquisition of the necessary raw materials required for the production, formulations research and the production of the polish samples. Other areas are, analytical test of product qualities as compared with some commercial brands, evaluation of the project, discussion, conclusion and recommendations.

Chapter Six

Conclusion and Recommendation


To nourish and protect the surfaces of leather shoes and other leather products and have their useful extended, the use of polish is desired. And for polish to be acceptable as being of good quality, it should therefore be of good gloss, water resistance, good rate of drying or curing, good denting or coverage, not be attracting dust and be adaptable to variation in temperature. Therefore, based on the results and accompanying tests carried out, it was found out that a good polish could only be produced from the proper combination of waxes, solvents, binders and colour pigments. This is what this project has been able to achieve, even at a considerable cost of thirty six naira for a 50ml container polish content.


The polish industry can be of immense help in the government palm for poverty alleviation as it will give employment to the army of unemployed youths.

But it is disheartening that there are few or no polish industry bin the country. Equally, the importation of polish is a huge load on the economy. Against this back ground, the neglect of the industry should be reviewed. Government should encourage private investors to establish some polish industries the country.

Equally, the absence of standard on polish production in Nigeria is a cause for worry. This really affected the project. Therefore it is recommended that the standard organization of Nigeria publish standard on polish production in Nigeria.

Many of the raw materials for the production of polish such as Naphtha, carnauba wax etc were not within reach. It is therefore recommended that research into finding locally available alternatives be embacked upon.

To make polish production a more profitable venture, large scale production should be encouraged.

Finally, in any product, safety of the users must be considered. There fore, the use of some casinogenic additives in polish production should be reviewed; owing to their health dangers.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Why polish stone surfaces?

Let’s take a look at how to polish stone surfaces. Why Polish Stone? One reason that many owners of stone surfaces choose a polished finish is because they prefer the look of a polished surface.

How are natural stone floors polished?

The first time a natural stone surface is usually polished is in a fabrication facility of some sort. When the slab is cut, it often times receives a polish to brighten up the surfaces so it can be shown. Usually fab shops have machinery that that is made to automate much of the work.

Can stone materials be polished by fabricators?

There are other times when stone materials like granite and marble may be polished by a fabricators as well. For example, at the install location when the installers want to touch up a countertop or other surface they have just installed.

What are the different ways to polish stone?

One of the main ways that a stone surface is polished is through the use of polishing pads. Using granite polishing pads and other pads to polish stone, a fabricator can progressively smooth out the surface of the material until the shiny look is achieved.

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