Problems Of Policy Implementation In Nigeria (A Case Study Of The 7 Point Agenda)
The problem of policy implementation in Nigeria has been a set back to some of the government crowned enterprise. This research work portrayed the problem of policy implementation in Nigeria with reference to the 7 point agenda.
In this study as conducted in five chapters were involved chapter one of this research work discussed the brief historical background with the case study which gave information concerning the research work.
Chapter two covers on literature review on what people , authors, professors have written about the policy implementation and formulation in Nigeria. Chapter three deals with research methodology.
The research employed some tool like sample size, source of data, questionnaire and sampling techniques. In chapter four, deals with analysis of result in the research while chapter five deals with the summary, recommendation and conclusion. Under this chapter, advice were given to formulators and implementor of policies.
Table Of Contents
- Title page
- Approval page
- Table of contents
- 1.1 Background of the study
- 1.2 Statement of the problem
- 1.3 Objectives of the study
- 1.4 Research questions
- 1.5 Significance of the study
- 1.6 Scope of the study
- 1.7 Limitation of the study
- 1.8 Definition of the term
2.0 Literature Review
- 2.1 Introduction
- 2.2 The structure of policy making under a democratic government in Nigeria
- 2.3 Council of state
- 2.4 Federal Executive Council
- 2.5 State Executive Council
- 2.6 Organizational Structure of 7 point agenda
- 2.7 Implementation Gap
- 2.8 Aims and Objectives of 7 point agenda in Nigeria
3.0 Research Design and Methodology
- 3.1 Introduction
- 3.2 Research design
- 3.3 Sources/ methods of data collection
- 3.4 population and simple size
- 3.5 Simple technique
- 3.6 Validity and reliability of measuring statement
- 3.7 Method of data analysis
4.0 Presentation and Analysis of Data
- 4.1 Introduction
- 4.2 Presentation of data
- 4.3 Analysis of data
- 4.4 Interpretation of result
5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
- 5.1 Introduction
- 5.2 Summary of findings
- 5.3 Conclusion
- 5.4 Recommendation
Stripped of all technicalities, implementation problem in most developing nations is the problem of a reddening gap between intentions and results. Honadle (1991) tried to identify the problem associated with policy implementation as that of social carpenters and masons who fail to build to specifications and thus distort the blueprint. He was equating policy with building plan. Quoting him he said.
“Implication is the nemesis of designers, it conjures up images of plans gone every end of social carpenters and masons who fail to build to specifications and thereby distort the beautiful blue prints for progress which were handed to them”.
The above quotations show the importance that is attached to policy implementation and those that are responsible for implementing these policies. It is shown that no matter how beautiful the blue print of a programme is, a defective implementation of it will make nonsense of the whole programme.
1.1 Background Of The Study
The situation as described by Honadle above is what goes on in Nigeria. As stated by Eyonmuan (1971) implementation in these country often turns out to be the graveyard of policy where the intentions of the designer of policies are often undermined by a constellation in cooperation with people little attention is paid to the subject of policy implementation by policy decision makers while it is often taken for granted that once a policy is adopted by government it must be implemented and the desired goals achieved. There is policy failure when there is a sizeable gap between a policy decision and its implementation. Such a gap is characterized. For example, by the rich getting richer and the poor getting poorer in spite of the stated policy goal to the contrary.
Despite the plethora of 7 point agenda which past government had initiated and implemented, by 1999 when the Obasanjo administration came to power a World Bank report indicated that Nigeria’s Human Development Index (HDI) was only 0416 and that about 70 percent of the population was negating below the brand line.
1.2 Statement Of The Problem
In the course of this work, a lot of problems emerged. It therefore sets out to address the following problems.
- What is 7 point Agenda?
- Why did Nigeria adopt 7 point agenda as economic measures measures of policy implementation?
- What was the objective sort to achieve by 7 point agenda on the economy?
1.3 Objectives Of The Study
The objectives of the study are as follows:
- To explain the importance of 7 point agenda as a means or strategy for revamping Nigerian economy.
- To check if 7 point agenda is a good economic recovery programme that could help tripe out poverty from Nigeria.
- To show that Nigeria is badly in need of external loan to enable her regain equilibrium in the economic scheme of things.
- The restoration of hope in the mind of poor people in Nigeria. This involves providing basic necessities to hitherto neglected people particularly in the rural areas.
1.4 Research Questions
This research question on the problems of policy implementation in Nigeria (A case study of 7 point agenda has the following question which consist of the following.
- The problem facing policy implementation in Nigeria \, can it be solve effectively?
- The policy implementation, is it going to solve the problems of the people in the rural areas when it is been implemented?
- Does it have any impact on the people.
1.5 Significance Of The Study
This work is so essential because it will prove itself as a landmark to policy makers, statesmen, politicians and even bureaucrats alike which is also reliable and as a veritable guide for future policy implementation.
It will also provide the platform for more indebt research into the art and science of policy implementation in Nigeria especially within the period when administration of development is much harped on by different regimes for much cherished development and economic growth in Nigeria.
This work will expose the flaws inherent with 7 point Agenda as it concerns the objectives and goals of policy implementation which is seen as a problem.
Furthermore, the efficiency and effectiveness of the leadership are so enhanced with the skill and technique for policy formulation and implementation for effective result especially during the 7 point agenda Programme period and decision.
It is expected that this study would expose the actual factors that influences and shape the nations public making process.
1.6 Scope Of The Study
This study covers the process of policy implementation in the Nigerian system of government and the role of 7 point agenda as charged with responsibility of gearing all its effort towards the development of the entire rural areas of Nigeria in order to improve the quality of life of the rural dwellers.
1.7 Limitations Of The Study
The limitation of this study is based on the constraints the researcher faced during carrying out this research and those constraints are;
- Lack of finance to carry out the research.
- There was no enough time for the researcher to adequately carryout his research.
- The researcher also has this problem of traveling long distance to get information also with high cost of transportation. The attitude of the respondents was not encouraging, they were nonchalant.
1.8 Definition Of Terms
From the advanced oxford learners’ dictionary, problem is used to be something that is difficult to deal with or understand.
2. Policy Implementation:
Policy implementation is giving help and effect to policy so that objectives of the policy can be achieved.
A programme is a plan of things that will be done or included in the development of anything.
A politic is all human activities that are involved in getting and using power in public life and bring also a decision that influences others in any place.
5. Public Policy:
A public policy is the connection refers to those definite actions of government that is towards the fulfillment of the obligation of the state.
5.0 Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation
The purpose of this research is to present critical analysis on how various governments both civilians and military administration and other institutions that are involved in the formulation of policies, more especially during the Ibrahim Babangida’s regime should be formulated and implemented in Nigeria.
The thesis project commence with problem definition, four research questions were developed to guide the major activities of this project in other to identify existing theories in this field and bring them into focus to the problem at hand
A detailed literature review was conducted and presented in chapter two. While chapter three discussed the major research design and methodological issues of the project. The data for the analysis of study were obtained form the investigation and interview, questionnaire which is being distributed to the staff and some ministries. Chapter four was used to present data and analysis. Chapter five discuses the major findings. The implementers of this policy are poor because of incompetent and corruption among them which the federal, state and local government should correct.
On the basis of the empirical analysis and findings concerning policy formulation and implementation in Nigeria under general Babangida’s administration which structural adjustment programme (SAP) is the case study,, the following recommendation are give.
- It is very important that policies that will improve individual’s life be formulated in the country.
- Questionable characters should play in the midst of policy formulators and implementers because when a leader of good character is ruling and have individuals that are good in character which stands for policy implementation. They would be influencing the individuals positively.
- I recommend that expertise are being given chance to make policies so that the masses will be given what they want because if a wise policy maker makes out a policy it must have positive impact on the life of the people
Conclusively, there is no gain saying the fact that the functions of government is that it should live up of its obligation to the populace e.g. the protection of lives and properties including the resolutions of conflicts among all the groups within the country.
Also, the federal government should make a way of initiating sound policies not selfish policies that will benefit them alone. Good policies that will put more value into individuals and citizens of Nigeria. And they should also map out agencies that will make sure that policies formulated by government are being carried out in terms of implementation with this, policy in Nigeria without be of oneness desire but in interest of the masses.
Problems Of Policy Implementation In Nigeria (A Case Study Of The 7 Point Agenda)
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