The Problems Of Local Government Administration (A Case Study Of Mbaitolu Local Government Area)
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This research is dedicated to God Almighty who made this work to be more easier and to my carings parents Mr. and Mrs J.U Akobundu also to my younger sister Ngozi Akobundu, for their moral and financial support.
Firstly, my enthusiastic and immeasurable appreciation goes to the creator of all universe (God) for granting me the undeserved mercy, without which this project would have remained a dream.
Secondly, my sincere gratitude is expected to Eze Ujah for the benevolence act towards me and my academic career. In addition, I must remain exceedingly grateful to my parents Mr/Mrs. J.U Akobundu for their moral and financial support. I will not forget to say bravo (thanks a lot) to Mr. and Mrs. Kelechi Akobundu for their encouragement and financial support.
More, it will be quite inconclusive without my candid appreciation being conveyed to my HOD, Mr. A A Oruebor the host of other lecturers in the department of public Administration for impacting some useful knowledge to me.
My indebtedness also goes to my lovely sisters and brothers for rendering some useful assistance both financially and otherwise.
Furthermore, my very deep appreciation goes to my friends and all those who their names where not mentioned here.
Also I remain grateful to my lovely sister (Adannem) for her financial support and advice mainly on this my project work.
To the above souls mentioned and not mentioned, I say thanks and remain blessed.
This project dealt with /on the problems of local government Administration. A case study of Mbaitolu local government Area.
In chapter one, are discussed in details the background of the study, statement of the problems, objectives of the study, significance of the study and research questions.
The chapter two dealt with the literature review under which in one way or the other gave rise to useful suggestion to the research problem.
Chapter three dealt with the presentation of research methods used in this study research design, methods of data collection, sample size, sampling techniques and data analysis techniques.
The chapter four of this research finding treated presentation and analysis of data under which only questions relating to the research questions were used in the study and calculation was based on the responds from the questions distributed, and finally in chapter five, the researcher made their summary and recommendations to the establishment of the topic Problems of Local Government Administration, a case study of Mbaitolu Local Government Area.
Table Of Content
- Title page
- Approval page ii
- Dedication iii
- Acknowledgement iv
- Abstract v
- Table of content
- 1.0 Introduction
- 1.1 Background of the study
- 1.2 Statement of the study
- 1.3. Objectives of the study
- 1.4. Research question
- 1.5. Significance of the study
- 1.6. Scope of the study
- 1.7 Limitations of the study
- 1.8. Definition of terms
- 2.0 Literature review
- 2.1 Introduction
- 2.2 Literature Review
- 2.3 Problems of local government administration
- 3.0. Research design/methodology
- 3.1. Introduction
- 3.2. Research design
- 3.3. Sources/methods of data collection
- 3.4. Population and sample size
- 3.5. Sample techniques
- 3.6. Validity and reliability of measuring instrument
- 3.7. Methods of data analysis
- 4.0. Presentation and analysis of data
- 4.1. Introduction
- 4.2. Presentation of data
- 4.3. Analysis of data
- 4.4. Interpretation of results.
- 5.0. Summary / conclusion and recommendations
- 5.1. Introduction
- 5.2. Summary of findings
- 5.3. Conclusion
- 5.4. Recommendations
1.1 Background Of The Study
Mbaitolu became a local government in 1989 with it’s headquarters at Nwaorieubi (during) by Ibrahim Babangida regime. This local government since 1989 had about eighteen different administration of regime made up of thirty autonomous communities namely:Amanike mberi, ezi mbieri, awo mberi, ihite mberi, umueze mberi, isi ogbaku,obinze, ubonum, umunoha, obinoha, Azara, zfeakala, nkwanu, ogbunom, Afara, Amaochafara, Ezinza and it has a population of three million, nine thousand people. This area have their peculiar problems such as lack of electricity, portable water, bad roads, dilapidated infrastructures etc among other problem.
Mbaitolu local government area has meager revenue base these administration have tried to grapple with the problem on high turnover rate of administration has impacted negatively on the community policies for the development of Mbaitolu local government area.
The expediency for the creation of local government anywhere in the word starts from the need to facilitate development at the grass root. The importance of local government is a function of its ability to generate sense of belonging, safety and satisfaction among its populace. All forms of government, regimes or political system have so far ensured the attainment of goals. Such strategy for ensuring national administrative development and political efficiency is found in the concept and practice of local government. Whatever is made of government, local government has been essentially regarded as the path to, and guarantee of national integration, administration and development.
In Nigeria, social-political context with multiplicity of culture, diversity of languages and differentiated needs and means, the importance of such an organization is fostering the needed national consciousness, unity and relative uniformity as well as presentation of peculiar diversities cannot be overemphasized central too the creation of local government, however, it’s ability to facilitate an avenue through which government and the people intermix, relate quickly than any other means to resolve issues that may have healed the system.
Local government has been perceived as a panacea for the diverse problem of the diverse problem of diverse people with diverse culture. As important as this tier of government has been, there seems to be some impediments range from political but undue interference of the higher levels of government i.e. federal and state government, bribery and corruption to embezzlement and gross inadequacy of well trained Personnel. Frequent changes in local government administration and qualified personnel to mention a few.
1.2. Statement Of The Problem
The problems of local government administration have been a bane to national and grass root developments. The essence of local government creation as the third tier of government was to ensure effectiveness, measurable and efficient service delivery to the people. But local government is faced with various difficulties such as the following as identified by the researcher. Those problem ranges from political but undue interference of higher level of government i.e. federal and state government, bribery and corruption to embezzlement and gives inadequately well trained personnel.
For the purpose of the research question which are of great relevance to the actualization of the objectives of the work
- Why was Mbaitolu local government created?
- What are the main sources of Mbaitolu local government revenue?
- What is the impact of frequency changes of local government administrator and the frequent changes on social transformation?
- What is the level of local/state government relationship especially as it concerns Mbaitolu local government?
- What are the causes of local government problems?
- How can these problems be eliminated?
1.3. Objectives Of The Study
The researcher work is strutted to achieve the following objectives.
- To determine the degree in development of communities from the execution development project by Mbaitolu government.
- To ascertain the level of regularity and adequacy of all constitutionally approve revenue source and their capability in execution of development project Mbaitolu local government communities.
- To examine the political and economic linkages between the frequent charges of local government administration and the intent of the state chief executor.
- To determine the level of corruption in Mbaitolu L.G.A
- To determine the extent of the third tier-ship status and autonomy of Mbaitolu government from the state and financial government.
- To find out the seriousness of the citing of Mbaitolu government chairman on the acquired project liabilities irritated but uncompleted by the executives.
- This research will also try to strike a balance between achievement in military of the political history of local government is people oriented
1.4 Research Question
- Are there development policies tagged on the entire (31) automous communities of Mbaitolu L.G.A
- Can development policy be properly implemented if there is policy continuity in the council of Mbaitolu local government area?
- Are development policies properly executed to touch the lives of the generality of Mbaitolu local government area citizens?
- Is the cause of frequent change in Mbaitolu local government linked on lack of revenue
1.5. Significance Of The Study
This study will be important to researchers, policy makers and administrative because it seeks to unveil the problems of local government administration through harnessing all those neglected function allocated to her by the 1979 constitution. This rsearch work will make way for the realization that continuity in planning and programs matters on who initiated it, makes for accelerated development of the entire autonomous communities in Mbaitolu local government area.
1.6. Scope Of The Study
The scope of this is limited to the problems of local government administration. A case study of Mbaitolu local government area.
1.7. Limitations Of The Study
The limitations of the research work contains constraints encountered during the duration of this project. Some of the restraints experienced are given below:
this was a major constraints on the work research needed attention was not given to the work due to academic work that faced the researcher being an ND finalist
owing to the financial difficulty prevalent in the country and its resultants increase in the prices of commodities, transportation fare, research materials etc.
3. Information Constraints:
Generally, Nigeria researchers have never had it easy when it comes to obtaining necessary information related to their field of study.
1.8. Definition Of Terms
To avoid ambiguity and salting away understanding, some concepts have been defined to enhance their operation. They are:
1. local government:
This means the government at the local or grassroots government exercised through elected representative to perform specific functions. Awa(1980)
2. Local Government Administration:
This is an administration, at the rural settings. It is an administration mapped out for developmental purposes through elective personnel’s who are elected to run the affairs of local people through the use of constitutional percussions and by-laws.
Are those crisis and need that human beings faced in life.
Government is a body of persons expected to carryout the day –to-day administration of the affairs of the state which involves making, interprtating and enforcing a law in a given society.
This could be defined as a process, procedures and manner in which a constitutional authority manages and direct a particular organization in order to achieve it’s\ aims and objectives.
This is a law made by local authorities (local government )
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The structure of a good project work
Undergraduate projects in Nigeria is a prerequisite for graduation amongst Nigerian tertiary students who will which to obtain bachelors degree in their respective courses of study such as accounting, banking and finance, business administration and a host of others. Writing an undergraduate project in Nigeria for final year students entails a lot both financially and otherwise. Being able to develop any final year project depends on getting a researchable topic whether it is Accounting Undergraduate project topics, Banking and Finance research topics or banking and finance project topics and materials and it all requires diligent hard work of students who are willing to develop best undergraduate projects in Nigeria and graduate in flying colors.
A typical Undergraduate project in Nigerian tertiary institutions can be said to be divided into five or six chapters depending on the format of the school and course of study which are
The introduction of an undergraduate project states the main research problem and research argument. What precisely the study is all about and why it is important. It looks at the originality of the research work and how it will fill the gap in other studies. Justification for a research undergraduate topic should not be lengthy before it has been explicitly stated.
Below are the contents in chapter one of an undergraduate research project which includes;
- Background of the study,
- Statement of the problem,
- Objectives or aims of the study,
- The research questions,
- Research hypothesis,
- Significance of the study,
- Scope of the study,
- Limitations of the study and
- Operational definition of terms.
2. Literature review
Literature review of any undergraduate research work, be it business administration project topics or Economics project topics just to mention a few is very critical to securing a high grade in one’s project work. The literature review of a research process uncovers what other writers have written about the student’s topic. A student’s undergraduate research work should include a discussion or review of what is known about the subject and how that knowledge was acquired. The review could conclude with a brief summary of the literature and its implications. The contents of the literature review are the theoretical review, conceptual framework, empirical review and summary of literature review.
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This section includes a description of the research methods used in the undergraduate research work such as the sample size, data collection methods, measurement instruments, research data analysis procedures and the population from which the sample was selected. This section also describes the method used in selecting the sample or samples, validation and reliability of the instruments used in the research work. There are different research statistical techniques used in undergraduate research work such as SPSS, e-views etc.
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This section presents and discusses the data analysis results used in an undergraduate research work, the results of each analysis is being summarized, tabulated, and then discussed for each research question. Then for each research hypothesis, the statistical test of significance selected and applied to the data is briefly described, followed by a statement indicating whether the hypothesis was supported or not supported. In presenting the result analyses/summary in an undergraduate project tables and figures and or graph are used to add clarity to the presentation.
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This is where every source cited in the undergraduate research work is being included. Every undergraduate research work must be properly referenced for its authenticity.