The Problems Of Local Government Administration (A Case Study Of Mbaitolu Local Government Area)

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Project and Seminar material for Public Administration

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration


Dedication


This research is dedicated to God Almighty who made this work to be more easier and to my carings parents Mr. and Mrs J.U Akobundu also to my younger sister Ngozi Akobundu, for their moral and financial support.


Acknowledgment


Firstly, my enthusiastic and immeasurable appreciation goes to the creator of all universe (God) for granting me the undeserved mercy, without which this project would have remained a dream.

Secondly, my sincere gratitude is expected to Eze Ujah for the benevolence act towards me and my academic career. In addition, I must remain exceedingly grateful to my parents Mr/Mrs. J.U Akobundu for their moral and financial support. I will not forget to say bravo (thanks a lot) to Mr. and Mrs. Kelechi Akobundu for their encouragement and financial support.

More, it will be quite inconclusive without my candid appreciation being conveyed to my HOD, Mr. A A Oruebor the host of other lecturers in the department of public Administration for impacting some useful knowledge to me.
My indebtedness also goes to my lovely sisters and brothers for rendering some useful assistance both financially and otherwise.

Furthermore, my very deep appreciation goes to my friends and all those who their names where not mentioned here.

Also I remain grateful to my lovely sister (Adannem) for her financial support and advice mainly on this my project work.

To the above souls mentioned and not mentioned, I say thanks and remain blessed.


Abstract


This project dealt with /on the problems of local government Administration. A case study of Mbaitolu local government Area.

In chapter one, are discussed in details the background of the study, statement of the problems, objectives of the study, significance of the study and research questions.

The chapter two dealt with the literature review under which in one way or the other gave rise to useful suggestion to the research problem.

Chapter three dealt with the presentation of research methods used in this study research design, methods of data collection, sample size, sampling techniques and data analysis techniques.

The chapter four of this research finding treated presentation and analysis of data under which only questions relating to the research questions were used in the study and calculation was based on the responds from the questions distributed, and finally in chapter five, the researcher made their summary and recommendations to the establishment of the topic Problems of Local Government Administration, a case study of Mbaitolu Local Government Area.


Table Of Content


  • Title page
  • Approval page ii
  • Dedication iii
  • Acknowledgement iv
  • Abstract v
  • Table of content

Chapter One

  • 1.0 Introduction
  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of the study
  • 1.3. Objectives of the study
  • 1.4. Research question
  • 1.5. Significance of the study
  • 1.6. Scope of the study
  • 1.7 Limitations of the study
  • 1.8. Definition of terms

Chapter Two

  • 2.0 Literature review
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Literature Review
  • 2.3 Problems of local government administration

Chapter Three

  • 3.0. Research design/methodology
  • 3.1. Introduction
  • 3.2. Research design
  • 3.3. Sources/methods of data collection
  • 3.4. Population and sample size
  • 3.5. Sample techniques
  • 3.6. Validity and reliability of measuring instrument
  • 3.7. Methods of data analysis

Chapter Four

  • 4.0. Presentation and analysis of data
  • 4.1. Introduction
  • 4.2. Presentation of data
  • 4.3. Analysis of data
  • 4.4. Interpretation of results.

Chapter Five

  • 5.0. Summary / conclusion and recommendations
  • 5.1. Introduction
  • 5.2. Summary of findings
  • 5.3. Conclusion
  • 5.4. Recommendations
  • References
  • Appendix

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

Mbaitolu became a local government in 1989 with it’s headquarters at Nwaorieubi (during) by Ibrahim Babangida regime. This local government since 1989 had about eighteen different administration of regime made up of thirty autonomous communities namely:Amanike mberi, ezi mbieri, awo mberi, ihite mberi, umueze mberi, isi ogbaku,obinze, ubonum, umunoha, obinoha, Azara, zfeakala, nkwanu, ogbunom, Afara, Amaochafara, Ezinza and it has a population of three million, nine thousand people. This area have their peculiar problems such as lack of electricity, portable water, bad roads, dilapidated infrastructures etc among other problem.

Mbaitolu local government area has meager revenue base these administration have tried to grapple with the problem on high turnover rate of administration has impacted negatively on the community policies for the development of Mbaitolu local government area.

The expediency for the creation of local government anywhere in the word starts from the need to facilitate development at the grass root. The importance of local government is a function of its ability to generate sense of belonging, safety and satisfaction among its populace. All forms of government, regimes or political system have so far ensured the attainment of goals. Such strategy for ensuring national administrative development and political efficiency is found in the concept and practice of local government. Whatever is made of government, local government has been essentially regarded as the path to, and guarantee of national integration, administration and development.

In Nigeria, social-political context with multiplicity of culture, diversity of languages and differentiated needs and means, the importance of such an organization is fostering the needed national consciousness, unity and relative uniformity as well as presentation of peculiar diversities cannot be overemphasized central too the creation of local government, however, it’s ability to facilitate an avenue through which government and the people intermix, relate quickly than any other means to resolve issues that may have healed the system.

Local government has been perceived as a panacea for the diverse problem of the diverse problem of diverse people with diverse culture. As important as this tier of government has been, there seems to be some impediments range from political but undue interference of the higher levels of government i.e. federal and state government, bribery and corruption to embezzlement and gross inadequacy of well trained Personnel. Frequent changes in local government administration and qualified personnel to mention a few.


1.2. Statement Of The Problem

The problems of local government administration have been a bane to national and grass root developments. The essence of local government creation as the third tier of government was to ensure effectiveness, measurable and efficient service delivery to the people. But local government is faced with various difficulties such as the following as identified by the researcher. Those problem ranges from political but undue interference of higher level of government i.e. federal and state government, bribery and corruption to embezzlement and gives inadequately well trained personnel.

For the purpose of the research question which are of great relevance to the actualization of the objectives of the work

  1. Why was Mbaitolu local government created?
  2. What are the main sources of Mbaitolu local government revenue?
  3. What is the impact of frequency changes of local government administrator and the frequent changes on social transformation?
  4. What is the level of local/state government relationship especially as it concerns Mbaitolu local government?
  5. What are the causes of local government problems?
  6. How can these problems be eliminated?

1.3. Objectives Of The Study

The researcher work is strutted to achieve the following objectives.

  1. To determine the degree in development of communities from the execution development project by Mbaitolu government.
  2. To ascertain the level of regularity and adequacy of all constitutionally approve revenue source and their capability in execution of development project Mbaitolu local government communities.
  3. To examine the political and economic linkages between the frequent charges of local government administration and the intent of the state chief executor.
  4. To determine the level of corruption in Mbaitolu L.G.A
  5. To determine the extent of the third tier-ship status and autonomy of Mbaitolu government from the state and financial government.
  6. To find out the seriousness of the citing of Mbaitolu government chairman on the acquired project liabilities irritated but uncompleted by the executives.
  7. This research will also try to strike a balance between achievement in military of the political history of local government is people oriented

1.4 Research Question

  1. Are there development policies tagged on the entire (31) automous communities of Mbaitolu L.G.A
  2. Can development policy be properly implemented if there is policy continuity in the council of Mbaitolu local government area?
  3. Are development policies properly executed to touch the lives of the generality of Mbaitolu local government area citizens?
  4. Is the cause of frequent change in Mbaitolu local government linked on lack of revenue

1.5. Significance Of The Study

This study will be important to researchers, policy makers and administrative because it seeks to unveil the problems of local government administration through harnessing all those neglected function allocated to her by the 1979 constitution. This rsearch work will make way for the realization that continuity in planning and programs matters on who initiated it, makes for accelerated development of the entire autonomous communities in Mbaitolu local government area.


1.6. Scope Of The Study

The scope of this is limited to the problems of local government administration. A case study of Mbaitolu local government area.


1.7. Limitations Of The Study

The limitations of the research work contains constraints encountered during the duration of this project. Some of the restraints experienced are given below:

1. Time:

this was a major constraints on the work research needed attention was not given to the work due to academic work that faced the researcher being an ND finalist

2. Finance:

owing to the financial difficulty prevalent in the country and its resultants increase in the prices of commodities, transportation fare, research materials etc.

3. Information Constraints:

Generally, Nigeria researchers have never had it easy when it comes to obtaining necessary information related to their field of study.


1.8. Definition Of Terms

To avoid ambiguity and salting away understanding, some concepts have been defined to enhance their operation. They are:

1. local government:

This means the government at the local or grassroots government exercised through elected representative to perform specific functions. Awa(1980)

2. Local Government Administration:

This is an administration, at the rural settings. It is an administration mapped out for developmental purposes through elective personnel’s who are elected to run the affairs of local people through the use of constitutional percussions and by-laws.

3. problem:

Are those crisis and need that human beings faced in life.

4. Government:

Government is a body of persons expected to carryout the day –to-day administration of the affairs of the state which involves making, interprtating and enforcing a law in a given society.

5. Administration:

This could be defined as a process, procedures and manner in which a constitutional authority manages and direct a particular organization in order to achieve it’s\ aims and objectives.

Bye-laws:

This is a law made by local authorities (local government )


I bet you, the complete material is fully loaded. This is just an excerpt. The Material is in MS-Word Format which you can easily edit and is comprehensive for a complete research work for this topic


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How to nail it on the head during your project defence


You are through with writing that project. Now what?

You have found yourself at that point where you have to defend what you have written. Of course you have to stand in front of your supervisor and other literary personalities to prove that you know what you wrote in your project paper. Unfortunately, the more you think about it, the more it looks like you are about to face a legion. It is not a war. But the emotion of dread welling up inside of you makes it look like one. So now you are asking yourself questions.

  • How am I going to start?
  • I hope I will do well enough to get an A.

You really want to nail it, but you need to come to terms with exactly how to get everything in perfect control. Especially your emotions of fear that seem to make a wreck of you every time you think about public speaking.
So here is the deal. I want to help you avoid that feeling that would ruin your precious moment if you dare to let it. And we are going to do it together.

I am going to highlight some very important tips to help you get in control for you to be comfortable enough to move from that feeling of DREAD to CONFIDENT; and making an awesome Impression for that great rating your supervisors should be giving to you so freely.

Consider these tips as you prepare for your defence. We will be taking them one after the other so here we go.


Watch Your Body Language And Keep It Confident:

Can you tell that a person is falling apart if they look confident? … If I can second guess you rightly, am sure you answered no to that question. Remind yourself that you need to come out that way. Now this might seem like a huge big deal when you are dealing with the foreboding. Maintaining a poise of confidence is very important. So find your most comfortable position, sitting or standing and draw up your body. You must exude confidence. It is something you need to do for yourself. People can only see what you allow your body language to show. So you must endeavour to put that out. Remember the story of David and Goliath? … At the end of your defence day, you want to be David.


Dress In Your Most Comfortable And Impressive:

Am sure this one is a no brainer. However I must highlight that you choose comfortable pieces. You don’t want to look so good and yet look like you were forced to wear something that does not belong to you. It’s great to ensure that as impressive as your clothes are on you, that they are also very comfortable.


Speak With Authority:

Going hand to hand with that aura of confidence is your most powerful asset:your words. If you look that confident, your words must not come out like whimpers. To be able to pull this off, you definitely need to speak as deliberately as possible in expressing yourself. Let them also hear what they see.


Use, Your Gestures:

I have often found this to come to my rescue in dealing with shyness and conveying my confidence. Usually it gives you an edge to also drive home your point. You must, however, ensure that you do not over use it. It doesn’t mean that your hands should be flying all over the place. That would be absolutely unnecessary. If you do this well, after a while you will realize that you are not as self-conscious as you used to be at the very start. For most situations, it would have completely disappeared altogether; leaving a really confident you talking.


Have A Good Opening And Closing Line:

Make sure you have perfected a good opening line. You should also be armed with a good closing line too. Try and rehearse it to a friend. If for the first time you presented it, your friend does not say “wow, that’s beautiful” or something like that; just know you need to keep refining it until you get the perfect line. Both opening and closing lines will go a long way in how impressed your panel gets to rate you high.


Make Sure You Know Your Work:

Certainly you should understand how important it is to know your own work from start to finish. Not having in-depth knowledge of your own work is tantamount to a suicide mission. Why should you kill yourself?
When all is said and done, this is what you came to defend in the first place. You should know your work from A to Z.


Prepare For The Questions:

Now this part is truly essential. You must be sure you do not floor all the good work you did on your presentation by not answering correctly. You must pay attention to the questions you are asked to be sure you will give the right answer. Many people get it wrong at this stage and spoil their good presentation. When you do not understand any question do endeavour to ask the person to expatiate what they mean before you answer.


These tips are by no means exhaustive, but applying these tips will give you some necessary advantage you need for a great outcome. Of course that outcome would mean that you eventually earn all your points on this project.


The structure of a good project work


Undergraduate projects in Nigeria is a prerequisite for graduation amongst Nigerian tertiary students who will which to obtain bachelors degree in their respective courses of study such as accounting, banking and finance, business administration and a host of others. Writing an undergraduate project in Nigeria for final year students entails a lot both financially and otherwise. Being able to develop any final year project depends on getting a researchable topic whether it is Accounting Undergraduate project topics, Banking and Finance research topics or banking and finance project topics and materials and it all requires diligent hard work of students who are willing to develop best undergraduate projects in Nigeria and graduate in flying colors.

A typical Undergraduate project in Nigerian tertiary institutions can be said to be divided into five or six chapters depending on the format of the school and course of study which are


1. Introduction

The introduction of an undergraduate project states the main research problem and research argument. What precisely the study is all about and why it is important. It looks at the originality of the research work and how it will fill the gap in other studies. Justification for a research undergraduate topic should not be lengthy before it has been explicitly stated.

Below are the contents in chapter one of an undergraduate research project which includes;

  • Background of the study,
  • Statement of the problem,
  • Objectives or aims of the study,
  • The research questions,
  • Research hypothesis,
  • Significance of the study,
  • Scope of the study,
  • Limitations of the study and
  • Operational definition of terms.

2. Literature review

Literature review of any undergraduate research work, be it business administration project topics or Economics project topics just to mention a few is very critical to securing a high grade in one’s project work. The literature review of a research process uncovers what other writers have written about the student’s topic. A student’s undergraduate research work should include a discussion or review of what is known about the subject and how that knowledge was acquired. The review could conclude with a brief summary of the literature and its implications. The contents of the literature review are the theoretical review, conceptual framework, empirical review and summary of literature review.

3. Research Methodology

This section includes a description of the research methods used in the undergraduate research work such as the sample size, data collection methods, measurement instruments, research data analysis procedures and the population from which the sample was selected.  This section also describes the method used in selecting the sample or samples, validation and reliability of the instruments used in the research work. There are different research statistical techniques used in undergraduate research work such as SPSS, e-views etc.


4. Results & Discussion

This section presents and discusses the data analysis results used in an undergraduate research work, the results of each analysis is being summarized, tabulated, and then discussed for each research question.  Then for each research hypothesis, the statistical test of significance selected and applied to the data is briefly described, followed by a statement indicating whether the hypothesis was supported or not supported.  In presenting the result analyses/summary in an undergraduate project tables and figures and or graph are used to add clarity to the presentation.


5. Summary, Conclusions And Recommendations

This section summarizes the findings of the study in an easy to understand manner.  It also explains the practical implications of those findings, and points to recommended directions for future research in that area.


References:

This is where every source cited in the undergraduate research work is being included. Every undergraduate research work must be properly referenced for its authenticity.

SAMPHINA ACADEMY

SAMPHINA ACADEMY

Samuel Obiora Blessed is the CEO and founder of Samphina Academy (samphina.com.ng) a.k.a Nigeria Students Media, the youngest engineering graduate of Federal Polytechnic Nekede in 2017 and the engine brain behind this great platform. He is the man behind the scene, filled with many potentials, a musician as well as a pro developer with the interest of Nigerian students at heart.

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