Problems Of Implementing Poverty Alleviation Programme In Ekwe Isu Local Government Area Of Imo State

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration


Abstract


This study is on the problem of implementing poverty alleviation programme in Ekwe Isu Local Government Area of Imo State. The purpose of the study was to find out the problem of poverty alleviation programmes. The researcher used descriptive research methodology in carrying out the study.

As a result, simple random sampling technique was about 150,000. Equally, questionnaires were used to gather data from the respondent and the data gathered in the process were analyzed using percentages.

The finding of the study are: that poor government, corruption among government official, illiteracy among Nigeria, ability of commercial banks to grant loans to youths are the problem for implementing poverty alleviation programme in Ekwe Isu Local Government Area of Imo State.

Based on these findings, the researcher recommends that the local state and federal government should work concertedly in finding solution to the problem militating against the implementation of poverty alleviation programmes in Ekwe Isu local government area of Imo State.


Table Of Contents


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Approval page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of contents

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 Objectives of the study
  • 1.4 Research questions
  • 1.5 Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope of the study
  • 1.7 Limitation of the study
  • 1.8 Definition of the terms

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Theoretical rationale
  • 2.3 Empirical studies
  • 2.4 Nigeria government’s approach to the problem of poverty
  • 2.5 Assessing the effectiveness of poverty alleviation programme in Nigeria
  • 2.6 The economics of poverty alleviation
  • 2.7 Obstacles to poverty reduction
  • 2.8 Roles of SMEs in poverty alleviation
  • 2.9 Summary of review
  • References

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Design and Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research design
  • 3.3 Sources/methods of data collection
  • 3.4 Population and simple size
  • 3.5 Sampling techniques
  • 3.6 Validity and reliability of measuring instrument
  • 3.7 Method of data analysis

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Analysis of Data

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Presentation of data
  • 4.3 Analysis of data
  • 4.4 Interpretation of result

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary of findings
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendations
  • References
  • Appendix
  • Questionnaires

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

Ugochukwu (2007) writes that profile of the developing states reveals certain common characteristics; these nations with few exceptions recently emerged from colonial rule into political independence. Generally, a large proportion of the population suffers from severe deprivation in terms of fulfilling human potential and achieving wellbeing.
The broad forms of deprivation are manifested as widespread poverty, illiteracy, hunger and diseases.

The more specific characteristics are numerous. Most of the population is engaged in subsistence agriculture using primitive agricultural methods involving hand labour and few tools. Foreign track is small, and exports are often primarily made up of a single commodity that is either an agricultural product or an unrefined mineral.

Labour of access to knowledge about and deices for birth control, religious and social barriers. The contraception and economic pressure and desires for large families contribute to population increase at an exponential rate.

In Nigeria, in spite of efforts to educate the people and to reduce poverty, a lack of funds, facilities and trained personnel results in slow progress toward the elimination of illiteracy and poverty. Training above the level of basic literacy is even more scare so that the development of skills and the provision of secondary and higher education are available to an extremely limited portion of the population.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

Poverty is prevalent in Nigeria. According to National population census (2006) more than 80 percent Nigerians live below poverty line. Efforts made by different government agencies to checkmate poverty in the country have not yielded much positive results.

Ignorance seems to be major problem of implementing poverty alleviation programme in Ekwe Isu Local Government Area of Imo State. The people are generally unaware of such programme meant to alleviate their poverty. This is because, the government and non-governmental agencies have not adequately used the mass media informing and educating Nigerians on the existence and function of poverty alleviation agents.

Moreover, lack of skilled labour appears to be another problem of implementing poverty alleviation programmes. Most youths in Ekwe Isu local government area are illiterates and they do not possess any use skill to enable them benefit from poverty alleviation programmes so as to improve on their lives.

Also, the inability of commercial and micro-finance banks to agent soft loans to youths is a problem of implementing poverty alleviation programme in Ekwe Isu local government area of Imo States. These poor youths are skied as collateral to show their lands and landed property. In most cases, these poor youths do not have the means to satisfy these demands; hence, they find it extremely difficult to obtain loans to finance their business.
Still, poor funding of poverty alleviation programmes by the state and federal government poverty alleviation programme in the country.

This is partly due to the economic meltdown which has adversely affected the ability of the government in funding its obligations to the public. This is a major problem of implementing poverty alleviation programmes in Ekwe Isu local government area.

1.3 Objectives Of The Study

This research work is structures to achieve the following objectives, which are:

  1. To examine the level of deprivation that are manifested as widespread of poverty, illiteracy, hunger and diseases.
  2. To show that Ekwe Isu has embarked on the development of mass media informing and educating Nigerians on the existence and functions of poverty alleviation agents.
  3. To determine the complementary roles of commercial and micro-finance bank to grant soft loan to youths as the problem of implementing poverty alleviation programme in Ekwe Isu local government area in Imo State.
  4. To contraception and economic pressure and cession for large families contribute to population increase at an exponential rate.

1.4 Research Questions

The research put together the following research questions:

  1. To what extent is poor government funding a problem of implementing poverty alleviation programmes in Ekwe Isu local government of Imo State?
  2. To what extent is illiteracy among Nigeria a problem of implementing poverty alleviation?
  3. To what extent is corruption among officials of NAPEP a problem of poverty alleviation programme in Ekwe Isus local government area in Imo State?
  4. To what extent is the inability of commercial banks to grant loans to poor youths a problem of implementing poverty alleviation programmes in Ekwe Isu government in Imo State?

1.5 Significance Of The Problem

The significance of the study will go along way to help a lot of people to appreciate the role of government in community development. With this, our youths, governmental, non-government, the general public and spiritual individual to assist these governmental bodies because of their unqualified important in the community and national development, this work can also serve in other areas to come together and embark on self help to improve the status of individuals in the society.

This work can as well provide the general work for other researchers who may wish to make some inquiry into the role of individual in national development and how these roles may be improved.

  1. Poverty is prevalent in Nigeria. Therefore, this study is on real socio-economic problem of Nigerians.
  2. The findings of the study will be of great assistance to future researchers in this area of study.

This study can be assistance to research institutions who may wish to carry out findings on activities and contribution of individual groups to the society


1.6 Scope Of The Study

The study will only be concerned with the role of individual in the development of Ekwe Isu. As a matter of fact, it will be based on finding in some communities that make up Ekwe Isu council Imo State. I indend to find out the different individual association that exists in these communities and their impacts to development over the year.


1.7 Delimitation Of The Study

The study is concentrated on the problems militating against poverty alleviation programmes in Ekwe Isu Local government area of Imo State.


1.8 Definition Of Terms

It is paramount important to define some of the terms used in this research study since these terms could have different meaning to avoid semantic difficulties. The following terms are operationally defined in this study as follows:

Individual participation:

In community development group, participation entails about the individual group participation in the development of the community ensuring with development of communities.

Poverty:

People unaware of such programme meant to alleviate their poverty, because government and non-government agencies have not adequately used the mass media in informing and educating them.

Illiteracy:

Is responsible for the inability of the mass of Nigeria to benefit from poverty alleviation programmes in the country.


Chapter Five


5.0 Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

The purpose of this chapter is to highlight the summary, conclusion and recommendation on the finding of this study. It will also show further information for the researcher ad means of accessing on the problem of implementing poverty alleviation programme in Ekwe Isu local government area of Imo Sate.


5.2 Summary Of Findings

Generally, poor government finding is a programme in Ekwe Isu local government area of Imo State.
Government has several projects to carryout and fighting poverty is just one of such government do not adequately fund agencies in charge of militating the problems of absolute poverty in the society.

Also, the findings of the study show that corruption among government officials is a problem of implanting poverty alleviation programme in Ekwe Isu local government area of Imo State. this finding is in line with the writing of some scholar presented in the literature review section of the study. Government officials embezzled public funds meant to alleviate the pains of poverty; such money is diverted into private bank accounts.

Moreover, the findings of the study show that illiteracy among Nigerians is a problem of implementing poverty alleviation programme in Ekwe Isu local government are of Imo State. Large number of Nigerians are illiterates and as a result, they cannot read newspapers, books and magazines. At the same time, they cannot make use of the international network (internet) and the worldwide web (www). Some illiterate people do not even have the knowledge of how to obtain soft loans from commercial banks.

Finally, the finding of the study show that the inability study shows that the inability of commercial banks to poor youths is a problem of implementing poverty alleviation programme in Ekwe Isu local government area of Imo State. This finding is in line with the writing of some scholars presented in the literature review section of this study. Commercial banks find it extremely difficult to grant loans to poor youth because they cannot provide collateral for such loans.

Some of the major problems are:

1) Corruption:

Corruption among government officials is a problem of implementing poverty alleviate programme. Government officials embezzled public funds to alleviate the pains of poverty.

2) Illiteracy:

Due to the large number of illiterate people in the society can be the problem of implementing poverty alleviation programme. Most number of Nigerians are illiterate and as a result cannot read newspapers, books and magazines.


5.3 Conclusion

Based on the findings, the poor government finding is a problem of implementing poverty alleviation programme in Ekwe Isu local government, also corruption among government officials is a problem of implementing poverty alleviation programme in Ekwe Isu local government area of Imo State.

Illiteracy also is another factor that led to the problem of implementing poverty alleviation programme in Ekwe Isu local government area of Imo State.

Inability of commercial banks to grant loans to poor youths is a problem of implanting poverty alleviation programme in Ekwe Isu local government in Imo State.


5.4 Recommendations

Consequent upon the findings of this study, the researcher recommends that:

  1. Local, state and federal government should work concerdly in finding solution to the problem militating against the implementation of poverty alleviation programme in Ekwe Isu local government area of Imo State.
  2. Commercial banks should work in finding solution to the problems of implementation of poverty alleviation programme.

Problems Of Implementing Poverty Alleviation Programme In Ekwe Isu Local Government Area Of Imo State


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