Problems Facing Teaching Learning Economics In Secondary Schools

Project and Seminar Material for Economics Education

Problems Facing Teaching Learning Economics In Secondary Schools


The project work was carried out to investigate the possible censes of the poor performance of students in Economics in the recent time vis-à-vis the teaching/learning of economics in the senior secondary level in Lagos State taking Ikeja Local Government Area as a case study.

In conducting the research work, ten (10) secondary schools comprising six (6) public and four (4) private schools were selected with one hundred and fifty (150 students and thirty (30) teachers randomly selected an sample population separate questionnaire were drain on the students and teachers and their responses subjected to statistical analysis using percentage (%) and chi-square (X2).

Finally, findings were highlighted and recommendations that could attribute to good performance of students in economics given.

Table Of Contents

Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Certification page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of content

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the study
  • 1.4 Research Hypotheses
  • 1.5 Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope and limitation of the study
  • 1.7 Definition of terms
  • 1.8 Organization of the study

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

Chapter Three

3.0 Research methodology

  • 3.1 sources of data collection
  • 3.3 Population of the study
  • 3.4 Sampling and sampling distribution
  • 3.5 Validation of research instrument
  • 3.6 Method of data analysis

Chapter Four

Data Presentation And Analysis And Interpretation

  • 4.1 Introductions
  • 4.2 Data analysis

Chapter Five

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation
  • Appendix

Chapter One


1.1 Background Of The Study

History has if that Adam Smith was the first writer to produce a work devoted to economics (Adebayo 1980). It is an incontrovertible fact that Adam Smith ideas pervade all aspects oft economics knowledge today. His wealth of knowledge would continue to be an indispensable took of reference for generations to come.

Over the years, a considerable number people have contributed immensely to the development of economics. The subject has expanded considerably covering all issues and problems relating to how the society uses its resources toward achieving a desirable standard of economics in nation building can not be over-emphasized. Its function is becoming increasing important in that without it, multiple transaction of a modern business would be impossible the Federal, State and Local government apply the use of economics by mean of tax application to generate revenue for daily operational running’s.

The teaching of economics in schools attempt to produce a course which:-

  1. Is relevant to the learners is needs and experience
  2. Stresses the fundamental unity of economics
  3. Add a cultural dimension to the learning of economics
  4. Lays adequate and broad-based foundation for subsequent specialist study e.g accountancy, finance, banking etc.
  5. Respect both the psychological and philosophical maturation of the learners.

However, despite the immense contribution of economics to nation building, its worrisome to notice a decline in performance and in general attitude secondary school students in the subject as revealed in the terminal examinations in schools where the researcher had their teaching practice.

It is therefore expected that if we are going to have a ready way in the pursuit of economics, the subject economics should be taken with a serious mind. Instead, what we are witnessing in our schools today is the erroneous attitudes of students to the study of economics, such attitudinal behaviour ranges from lack of open mindedness, curiosity, interest, diligence motivation to willingness. The attitudinal behaviour varies from age to age sex to sex and at different levels of education.

1.2 Statement Of Problem

It has been observed, that inspite of the importance of economics to nation building, the performance of students of senior secondary schools in the subject is not encouraging this the researchers noticed in the terminal examination results in different schools in Ikeja Local government in Lagos State during their teaching practice in the area.

1.3 Objective Of The Study

Since the principal goal for the study of economics in senior secondary schools curriculum is to prepare the students to meet any economics challenges, the researchers were of the opinion that the project work would reveal some vital information among which are:

  1. The reason why students have not been taking the subject seriously.
  2. Teaching & learning habit of teachers and students of economics in senior secondary schools.
  3. The professional skill of the teachers of economics in schools.
  4. Level of educational facilities in schools.

1.4 Research Hypotheses

Hypotheses One
  • Ho: There is no relationship between teachers’ qualification and the performance of students in economics.
  • Hi: There is a relationship between teachers’ qualification and the performance of students in economics.
Hypotheses Two
  • Ho: There is no relationship between availability of study materials and students’ lack of interest in economics.
  • Hi: There is a relationship between availability of study materials and students’ lack of interest in economics.

1.5 Significance Of The Study

The study will endeavour to find out the attitude of students towards learning of economics. The result of this research work will be of immense value to economics teachers, students and the society in general. Knowing the factors influencing the students’ performance in economics will enable teachers to look out for possible solutions.
It will also help researchers to know and be aware of some of the possible problems they will face when they become qualified teachers. The finding of the study would also help the teachers to detect and cope in the attitudinal behaviours that may be exhibited by their students during the course of teaching economics and thereby adopt better method of teaching the subject.

1.6 Scope And Limitation Of The Study

The research work which focuses on problems facing teaching –learning economics in senior secondary school a survey limited to Ikeja Local Government Area of Lagos State shall be conducted in six (6) public secondary schools and four (4) private secondary schools.

The selected schools includes:-

  1. Ikeja Grammar School Ikeja
  2. Ojodu Grammar School, Ikeja
  3. Agidingbi High School, Ikeja
  4. Maryland Comprehensive High School, Ikeja
  5. Holy Trinity High School, Ikeja
  6. Wasimi community secondary school, Ikeja

Private Secondary Schools:

  1. Chrisland High School, Ikeja
  2. Fasta International school Ikeja
  3. Centre Escolar, Ikeja
  4. Abbey secondary schools, GRA, Ikeja
A) Availability Of Research Material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

B) Time:

The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

1.7 Definition Of Terms

Cognitive learning:

This refers to achievement by mental process such as reasoning, remembering and recall. It helps in solving problem, developing new ideas and evaluation.


This could be human or non- human resources that facilitate teaching/learning.


The term is used to refer to grade attainment in academics or in academics or in other area of life.


This refers to expected standard of behaviour and performance of the professionals. It includes the character, spirit and methods that distinguish a professional from an amateur.

Qualified Teacher:

This refers to teachers that acquired professional skill in teaching career.

1.8 Organization Of The Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

  • Chapter one is concerned with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain a critical analysis of problems facing teaching and learning of economics in secondary schools.

In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations are made, which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefit in addressing the challenges of teaching and learning of economics in secondary schools.

5.2 Summary

This study aimed at having a critical analysis of problems facing teaching and learning of economics in secondary schools. Four objectives were raised. These objectives include: The reason why students have not been taking the subject seriously, teaching & learning habit of teachers and students of economics in senior secondary schools, the professional skill of the teachers of economics in schools, level of educational facilities in schools.

5.3 Conclusion

Based on the above findings pertaining to the objectives of the study the following conclusions are drawn.
The research findings specify that the nonexistence of classroom spaced in the school, given time to the teaching of economics teachers with a new technology, unavailability of recent economics textbooks, systematic libraries and computer facilities, influences the teaching performance. Training with new teaching andragogy with computer application facilitated to economics teacher improved teachers’ qualities and better teaching economics in the classroom, which vary the most important factors that affect teaching economics. Likewise, appoint highly qualified teachers for higher secondary level, administration to teachers do make use of appropriate teaching materials and also encourage use of different teaching method in the teaching of economics that affect teaching performance. According to the age, gender and experiences do not exist the teaching and learning economics, but knowledge of teacher and preparation for class lecture and other activities can give the interest in economics class.

5.4 Recommendation

Improved classroom environment, the latest text materials might be the encouraging to economics subject to the student. And also, recommended two types of tanning pre-service training for new teachers, and in service training for those teachers who are already teaching. Both are essential ways for improving the prospects of imbuing economics in other subject areas.

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