Problems Confronting The Teaching And Learning Of English Comprehension Among Selected Secondary School Students’ In Ilorin West Local Government

Project and Seminar Material for English Education

Problems Confronting The Teaching And Learning Of English Comprehension Among Selected Secondary School Students’ In Ilorin West Local Government


Abstract


This research work was aimed at investigating the Problems Confronting the Teaching and Learning of English Comprehension Among Selected Secondary School Students in Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State. Five schools were selected out of the 25 secondary schools in Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State. Also twelve teachers and twenty-eight students were randomly selected from each school as research subject giving a total of twelve teachers and twenty eight students as the respondents. The instrument used was the questionnaire consisted of four categories corresponding to the research questions. Frequency counts and percentages were the statistical approaches for data analysis. The results showed that the parents, teachers, pupils and the government have a great role to play in ensuring improvement in the learners reading and comprehend abilities. The pupils should develop positive attitude to reading. The teachers should be effective tolerant and up and doing in their teaching. The parents should encourage the pupils to speak English at homes as a continuity of the language used in schools.


Table of Contents


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • Background of the Study
  • Statement of the Problem
  • Purpose of the Study
  • Research Questions
  • Research Hypotheses
  • Significance of the Study
  • Scope of the Study
  • Definition of Terms

Chapter Two:

Review of Related Literature

  • Introduction
  • The Standard of English in Nigeria
  • Development Reading Habits among Children
  • Technique of Reading Comprehension
  • Problems of Reading Comprehension
  • The Role of the Teacher
  • Appraisal of Literature Reviewed

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • Introduction
  • Research Design
  • Population
  • Sample and Sampling Techniques
  • Instrument for the Study
  • Validity of the Instrument
  • Reliability of the Instrument
  • Procedure for Data Collection
  • Data Analysis Techniques

Chapter Four:

Results and Discussions

  • Introduction
  • Analysis of Data
  • Discussion of the Findings

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • Introduction
  • Summary
  • Conclusion
  • Recommendations
  • Suggestion for Further Research
  • References
  • Appendix

List of Tables


  • Table 1: Comparison of Male and Female Teachers’ views on the problems confronting the teaching and learning of English comprehension in frequency count and percentage.
  • Table 2: Comparison of the views of experienced and in experienced teachers on the problems confronting the learning and teaching of English comprehensions
  • Table 3: Comparison of Students and Teacher’s views of the Problem Confronting the Teaching of English Comprehension in frequency counts and percentage

Chapter One


Introduction

Background to the Study

English language is a medium of communication and expression, a medium through which facts, news, opinions, requests, feelings, are made known.

English language originated from England as the Local (dialect) language or mother tongue of the British people. But today it is spoken in America, India, Ghana, Australia and other countries of the world including Nigeria as their second and official language.

Hence, the speakers of the language in these countries are referred to as members of “English speech community”. These countries came to have the language as their official language i.e. the language of government, trade and commerce, justice and instruction in the educational system, due to their being colonised by the British Government.

In Nigeria the origin of the first use of English Language could be traced to the period of the settlement of the Christian Missionaries in the country before the era of colonization, which were faced with communication problems between them and the natives. Thus, the missionaries established schools alongside with the churches with the principal aim of training the converts in the art of reading and writing and to interprete the Bible and messages to the converts as well as to teach in Sunday schools.

The acquisition of English language has assumed a wider dimension in English especially when Universal Free Primary (UPE) was introduced in 1976.

English language this day has come to play a dominant role in the linguistic development of Nigeria, however, despite the wide spread use of the local languages in the Nigerian society none of these languages has yet emerged as the country’s dominant language. This is so because none of these languages could be spoken and understood by an over-whelming Nigerians. Likewise, none of these languages would be willingly adopted by an over-whelming majority of Nigerians. i.e. the language situation of the country is heterogeneous.

It is therefore apparent that since Nigerian languages situation is one in which a multiplicity of language co-exist (Multilingualism), English language became an inevitable instrument for communication in the Nigerian society However, inter-ethic communication too is hard i.e no speaker of Nigeria language speaks the language in the same way an English man would speak English. With this view, the huge gap that English language fills in Nigeria could easily be seen.

In this note, the Nigerian language situation today is a pointer to the role and status of English langue as an inevitable panacea to the problem of multiplicity of language in Nigeria. English language helps to facilitate contact between Nigerian of diverse backgrounds. It has thus become the official language of documentation and communication. English language plays a unifying role in Nigeria almost in the same way as other instrument of communication it is the only language which Nigerians of diverse linguistics, geographical, social, cultural and religion background have in common. It is the language of business, social and commercial life (Obayan 1982).

English as an international language today occupies the position Latin and Greek occupied in the ancient world. English as used in the native speakers environment reflects the cultural background of the speakers (Perpetual et al, 1989). Social, political, geographical and attitudinal peculiarities are some of the elements super-imposed over the common background.

These peculiarities are what account for the different varieties of English, which depend on time, distance, and geographical factors. In Nigerian society, these varieties are manifested in pronunciation, use of expressions, meanings attached to words and so on.

As a subject, English language can be divided into several parts comprising Phonology, Lexis and Structure, comprehension (reading) and others. Comprehension being the focus of this study can be defined as: ‘The ability to interpret a message according to the circumstances or context shaping the writer’s knowledge and the reader’s expression.

In view of the above definition, the teacher, and the students have a lot to do in ensuring perfect teaching and learning of comprehension in secondary schools.

What are the prospects of achieving the perfectness in the teaching and learning of comprehension, which is a very vital aspect of English language as a means of communication leaves much to the desired in this area.

However, it should be noted that comprehension a vital aspect of English language has its impact on all other subjects taught in schools e.g. mathematics, social studies, technical subjects, sciences and other subjects. Hence lack of good grip in comprehension is bound to have effect on the teaching and learning of these subjects since instructions on the teaching of the subjects are based on English Language.

Therefore, inability to comprehend well results into mass failure of students in their various examinations.
It is apparent therefore that the developments in the teaching and learning of English language are reflections of the dwindling standard in the performance of children in English language generally and comprehension in particular. Thus the researcher is inspired to carry out this study due to the prevailing poor performance of children in English language and particularly comprehension and the desire to proffer a panacea to the problem among secondary school students.


Statement of the Problem

While stating the problem, the researcher is quite aware of the important role of English language as an instrument for impacting education the role it has to play in the society. The researcher is also conscious of the place of comprehension as an integral part of English language in the total education process.

The researcher is also well aware of the dwindling nature of the performances of students in their examinations, which resulted from lack of comprehension ability.

The problem of this study therefore is fining out the problems facing effective teaching of comprehension in secondary schools with specific reference to some selected secondary schools in Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State.


Purpose of the Study

The research is aimed at finding out the divergent views of male and female teachers, trained and untrained teachers, experienced and less experienced teachers and students the problems facing effective teaching of comprehension in secondary schools. The study was to find out whether there would be significant difference in the view of male and female teachers.

The study was to find out the extent to which lack of adequate teaching of comprehension in secondary school affects the teaching of English comprehension.

The study also aims at providing solutions to the problems confronting effective teaching and learning of English comprehension.


Research Questions

The following research questions are raised to guide the study:

  1. Will there be any significant difference between the view of male and female teachers of the selected secondary schools with respect to the problems facing effective teaching and learning of comprehension in their schools?
  2. Will there be any significant difference between the view of trained and untrained teachers with respect to the problems confronting the teaching and learning comprehension in their schools?
  3. Will there be any significant difference between the view of experienced and less experienced teachers with respect to the teaching and learning of English comprehension in their schools?
  4. Will there be any significant difference between the view of teachers and students with respect to the teaching and learning of English comprehension in their schools?

Research Hypotheses

  • H01: Will there be any difference in the view of male and female teachers’ with respect to the problems facing effective teaching and learning of English comprehension in secondary schools?
  • H02: Will there be no difference in the view of trained and untrained teachers’ with respect to the problems facing effective teaching and learning of English comprehension in secondary schools?
  • H03: Will there be any difference in the view of teachers and students with respect to problems facing effective teaching and learning of English comprehension in secondary schools?

Significance of the Study

This study was undertaken with the view that it would provide. Information about the effect of poor comprehension on the academic performance of children in secondary schools.

The study will enable the teacher to re-assess himself, adopts new methods of teaching and evaluation to meet the needs of the children who are poor in reading and in understanding. The study will encourage the students to personally get themselves in reading varieties of texts to increase their vocabulary, readability and raise their academic performance as a result of their being able to read and comprehend.

It will be useful for the students to know and master the steps to take when reading a given passage in the English language. They will also know the errors usually committed while answering questions in the English language and guide against them.

The curriculum planners too stand to benefit from the study as information from the study will enable them to prepare for the use of a well planned curriculum on English language which will guide textbook, writes and publishers with respect to the patterns they should adhere to in writing and publishing books. Such books should be able to guide pupils from easy to complex reading particularly in comprehension texts and ease the problems of teaching and learning comprehension texts and ease the problems of teaching and learning comprehension in schools.

It is therefore apparent that this study will be immense value to the overall development of education in Nigeria.
The study will be useful to the parents as they will be enlightened concerning the advantages of exposing their children or wards to several reading texts as this will increase their readability, improve their vocabulary and accelerate their academic performances.


Scope of the Study

This study is very important for the overall development of Education in Nigeria and the world at large, but the study is delimited to Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State from which five secondary schools were randomly selected in the bid at investigating the problems facing effective teaching and learning of comprehension passages in schools.

The schools selected for the study are as follows:

  1. Government High School, Ilorin
  2. Government Day Secondary School, Adeta
  3. Baboko Community Secondary, Ilorin
  4. Government Day Secondary, Barakat
  5. Mount Carmel College Ilorin.

The results of this study are therefore limited to them. Also the results of this study will be limited to the responses of the participants that will be involved in the study. Finally, the results of the study will be limited to the variables measured by the research instrument used for this study.


Definition of Terms

The following are defined as follows to indicate what they mean in this study.

Comprehension:

Involves ability to understand and translate from one form to another without losing the original meaning of content of what is being told, narrated or written.

Experienced Teacher:

Experienced teachers as used in this study are those teachers that have spent nothing less than ten years in teaching and they have at least Grade Two teacher’s certificates.

Inexperienced Teachers:

Inexperienced teachers are the ones without professional certificate and have less than ten years teaching experience.

Less Experience Teachers:

Less experience teachers are teachers with less than ten year teaching experience but have at least Grade Two teachers’ certificate as professionals.

Learning:

Is a relatively permanent change in behaviour which occurs as a result of prior experience or practice.

Students:

Students are persons who studied or who are devoted to the acquisition of knowledge.

Teaching:

Teaching is an attempt to help an individual a (learner) to acquire change of some skill, attitude, knowledge ideal or appreciation.


Chapter Five


Discussions, Recommendations and Conclusion

Summary

The results revealed not much difference in the opinions of male and female teachers in respect of the problems confronting the teaching and learning of English comprehension.

Also, the views of experienced and inexperienced teachers are the same on the problems confronting the teaching and learning of English comprehension.

However, the teachers’ and students’ view on the problems confronting the teaching and learning of English summary are at variance. The students believe that lack of good teachers to handle the subject to be a major problem while the teachers felt that the home background of the students constitutes a major problem to the teaching and learning of English comprehension.

On the other hand, both the students and the teachers agreed that lack of good facilities and lack of reinforcement affects the teaching and learning of English comprehension in the schools.


Conclusions

The general level of teachers’ awareness with regards to the problems of teaching and learning comprehension as an aspect of English is very high. Table 1 in chapter four indicates this high level of attitude as reflected on the problems confronting the teaching and learning of English comprehension.

This researcher’s experience during investigation shows that teachers tend not to place any priority on the teaching of reading comprehension in all subject areas. The attitude of teachers and students about less emphasis being placed on teaching and reading of comprehension in all subject area is saddening.

Thus, most teachers at the secondary school level of our educational system teaching and reading comprehension during English periods only and place less emphasis on it while teaching other subjects. This is not conducive enough for a worth while academic exercise for both students and the teachers. It was therefore concluded that both the government and the college authority should enforce and encourage the teaching and learning of English comprehension in our secondary and other level of education.


Recommendations

Students are encouraged to develop reading attitude by making conscious efforts to create good reading habit that will enhance e their comprehension of any given passage written in English. This can be achieved if they are exposed to a wide variety of reading texts. They should be given opportunity and be encouraged to make use of library facilities where available in their locality. Also, students should be made to read text like novels, passages in order to infer meanings, draw conclusions, and to summarise the text or the given passage by using their own words.

Teachers should be made aware of the important roles they are to play as language teachers in the total educational process.

They should be encouraged to take up induction courses in the art and skill of teaching English. Particularly summary and comprehension skills seminars and workshops should be organized for teachers to raise their standard of proficiency. Further, experienced teachers are to be encouraged to combine their experience with actual usage of methods in the classroom while teaching. The less experienced teachers should be exposed to formal teaching techniques that can bring about communicative competence.

Teachers should be aware of their own reading problems and struggle to eliminate them so as to be a good model of reading for students. Parents should encourage their children to develop positive attitude towards the learning of reading by providing them with enough textbooks, writing materials and equally to create conducive atmosphere at home for the students to learn. Literature parents should speak English to their wards at home and expose them to educational programmes on television and radio that will encourage the skills of summary and comprehension. They should create chances for their children to visit nearby libraries to select reading materials.

Government should encourage training and re-training of teachers; provide library facilities for schools and communities where children from low income parents could have access to various incentives for language teachers such as payment of language allowances just as science allowances are being paid to science teachers. The government should provide instructional materials such as audio-visual materials, film projectors, tape-recorder, players’ cassette and other facilities and also ensure constant reappraisal of English language curriculum and textbooks by experts.

Policy maker should adopt an ideological base with coherent and consistent adherence to appropriate clear-cut linguistics in fashioning English language teaching policies and programmes. The establishment of library in each community is also strongly suggested.


Suggestions for Further Research

The study is an attempt to investigate the problems of teaching and learning English comprehension in secondary schools.

The area covered by the researcher was the upper senior classes of secondary school. It is therefore suggested that a further attempt should be made to investigate the problems at the lower classes of the secondary schools in the same population covered by this study or in other local government area of the state. It is also the view of this researcher that further investigation should be carried out using other variables in order find solutions to the problems of teaching and learning of English comprehension in our schools.


Project Material Download

5,000 5000

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦5,000 to Any of the Account Below

Access Bank PlcAcc No: 0811003731
Samphina Academy
Current Account
Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($15)
FOR GHANIAN STUDENTS
Make Payment of 120 GHS to 0553978005 | Douglas Cloud Osabutey | MTN MoMo

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: Problems Confronting The Teaching And Learning Of English Comprehension Among Selected Secondary School Students’ In Ilorin West Local Government

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.