The Problems Of Classroom Management And Control In Secondary School

Project and Seminar Material for Education

The Problems Of Classroom Management And Control In Secondary School


Abstract


The purpose of this study is to find out the problems of classroom management and control in some selected secondary schools in Oredo local government area of edo state. Chapter one deals with background of the study, problems associated with classroom management and control. Chapter two contains review of related literature, which emphasized the usefulness of class room management and control during teachers and learning experience. Chapter three surveys the methodology employed in the research are prepared and administered to the respondents. Chapter four deals with the analysis of data collected and interpretation and presentation of results. Finally chapter five contains summary of research recommendations for effect proper classroom management and control in the school system.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of Study

The idea behind discipline in school is not across a single point of view About the proper definition of school discipline but to bring together contrasting opinion and attitudes, so that reader give the background on which to base is own conclusions.

How ever the discipline expresses constancy that is what ever situation. There are always a set of rules and regulation necessary foe achievement of the goals of the situation. That is why discipline has often as the order with which an individual advances towards achieving a goal that he has set for himself or that some one has lawfully set for him, for example in a school setting there are a number of rules and rightfully prescribed for student by the government or the school authorities these rules are expected to be observed by student in order to achieve the school goals. All that has been said implies that discipline is a goal oriented behaviour. It is any action taken with a view to achieving the objectives of a given situation, organization or establishment.

  1. Discipline is one of the most controversial topic in education, it is an area of interest that closed involves many parents and teachers who feel the need to refine school values to take account of change in the social environment but are not always sure of the best way to go about the job.
  2. Discipline can be defined as the order with which an individual advance towards achieving a goal that he has set for himself or that someone has lawful set for him
  3. Discipline as the first law in good school for without it school life cannot fulfill it purpose.
  4. Discipline is define as the layout order of control and self impose by pupils rather than imposed from out side by the teacher.
  5. Discipline is define as the highest order of control and self impose by the pupils rather than imposed from out side by the teacher.
  6. Discipline can also be seen as the measured by the extent to which the children are self controlled and willing apply themselves to the task appointed by the teacher.
  7. Discipline as near the total freedom to young stars to find their own philosophy of behaviour and relief or would it be wise to seek to pressure same or the entire traditional standard as an essential bulwark against the risks of social disruption

1.2 Statement of the Problem

Class management and control contributes to build up a discipline in school and in pupils

Therefore the problems associated with the attitude will be examined in this study thus

  1. Inappropriate class room management result to indiscipline among student
  2. Inadequate teaching aids may lead to fail in classroom management
  3. Lack of quality teachers affects class room management

1.3 Scope of Study

The scope of study will be limited to Idia College, Emotan college, Baptist high school, akenzuwa secondary school, itoangrammer school, oredo girls grammar school, upon which questionnaire will be designed and distributed as if it from the major population of study


1.4 Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study is to ensure that discipline and control of pupils become effective in the teaching and learning process. To effect the above the following will be examined among others

  1. It opens our eyes to see the need of classroom management and control in secondary schools in Oredo local government area.
  2. It gives a better perspective on the quarters of a teacher
  3. To expose different methods techniques involved in the school management and control
  4. To educate teachers on how to ensure effective classroom management and control

1.5 Significance of Study

The significance of this study among others include the following

  1. To ensure efficiency in the teaching method that is used
  2. To ensure adequate understanding of the subject matter by students
  3. To ensure adequate discipline and control among student
  4. To help a teacher to manage his or her class effectively.

As many authors defined discipline as self control and willingness to accept order ones therefore agrees with them that if children or student are allowed to do what ever the wanted to do, peace and order will completely be ruled out from the school. E.g in economic geography, mathematics, English language, history and psychology, there should be discipline among the students so that they can learn effectively.

Discipline is important for it involves all the subject in the school time table and also include the students teachers and parents communities, education officers, policy makers in one way or the other e.g the following generalization can be made about the student attending the school they are well glad and will nourished they are very excited they are easily distracted have a limited attention span can turn off at will then these are drawn from a wide area their arms are quite simply to learn to live together in understanding and tolerance and to give children a stable learning environment.

To achieve this, the life of the school must be based on the mutual respect for all its members and understanding of the difficulties and problems the face for the principal and teachers have responsibility for the whole area of working relations within the school community. The principal or head must seen to be all things to all people the heads door must never be closed to any students, parents, staff members, education, offices and policy makers and he must also be prepared to listen at any time to apparently trivial details which are of course of vital importance to complaints.


1.6 Research Questions

The research questions of the study will be focus on the followings.

  1. Does class room management and control help pupils to have a good a behaviors is the untrained teacher better equipped with classroom control that the trained teacher?
  2. Should discipline of child be left alone for the class teachers?
  3. Does personality of a teacher has effect on teachers does environment has influence in class room management and control.
  4. Do inadequate teaching aids lead to fall in class room management?
  5. Is it good for teacher to ask questions when teaching?
  6. Does teacher remain seated at his seat during writing work?
  7. Does teacher harshness in class make teachers to learn fast?
  8. Does discussing of teachers in class during writing work distract?

The table reflects the investigations into some classes in the school from October, 2003 to march 2004 the investigating shows. That these untrained teachers do not take seriously the effect of the above items on the students

ABSENTISM

MONTHSNO ON ROLL1ST WEEK2ND WEEK3RD WEEK4TH WEEKTOTAL
Oct 200330040354540160
Nov 200330034504439168
Dec 200330043363450163
Jan 200435055454035175
Feb 200435025403530136
Mar 200435040353950164
1966

ABSENTISM

MONTHSNO ON ROLL1ST WEEK2ND WEEK3RD WEEK4TH WEEKTOTAL
Oct 200330040453540160
Nov 200330041403629146
Dec 200330045553540178
Jan 200435050403538163
Feb 200435046384140165
Mar 200435035403529137
959

1.7 Limitation of the Study

This study will limited to classroom management with its association problem. It will equal focus on the issue of control and discipline among pupils, which will lead to adequate solution to the problem of classroom.
Also in caring out the researches The research did not investigate into the development orientation of individual pupils, hence whatever psychological factors that may have contributed to indiscipline behaviour in children are noted


1.8 Operational Definition of Terms

Discipline

Orderly or good conduct and action which results from training in a system of rules for good conduct and respect for good conduct and respect for accepted rules and regulation of a particular institution and society.

Indiscipline:

This refers to the bad conduct or behaviour of students who does not obey the rules and regulation of the school

Trained Teachers:

This refers to graduate teachers in education N.C.E holders and holders and holders of education diplomas.

Untrained Teachers:

They are teachers appointed to teacher in a secondary school but have no formal teacher education.

Respondent:

A person who answers equations during on interview or who fills the questionnaire of his researchers work

Students:

A person undergoing a course of study and instruction at a secondary school

Parents Teachers Association

This refers to an organization where the parents of student and teachers in that particular school discuss matters affecting and concerning the school and the student

Broken Homes

This happens when the parents of the student have separated or are divorced so that the children lack proper care and security

Principal

This refers to the head of a secondary school, whether public or private school he or she is the highest in rank of importance among the members of staffs

Delinquency

This refers to doing wrong of failing to perform a duty in school or at home

Education:

Is the training of the faculty it is the knowledge in order to be useful to the society which we belong. Also education can be define as the transmission of culture is dynamic it is always change

Teacher:

A teacher is train to inform educate and train group of learners. A teacher can also be defined as a person who has a good knowledge of method. Principles and ability to adjust these to any given policy on education

Student:

A student is a child undergoing a course of study instruction at a secondary school

Management:

Is the ability to utilize available resources to human and material things to work with. Also management can be seen as the use of theories and techniques hat are most applicable to the situation rather than the application of general guideline to all

Indiscipline:

This refers to the bad conduct or behaviour of pupils who does not obey the rules and regulation of a school


Chapter Five


Summary, Recommendation and Conclusion

This chapter deals with summary of research findings recommendation


5.1 Summary

The objective of this study is to identify the problems associated with classroom management and control in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State.

During the course of study it ways observed that during teaching and learning process discipline is very important in he classroom management and control


5.2 Findings

The research findings highlighted the problem associated with the class room management and control in some selected secondary school.

For adequate solution to the problem to study the questionnaire are distributed to respondents in order to analyzed their response as it affects teaching and learning process

The study was conducted through these factors

  1. Does classroom management and controlled help pupils have good behaviour
  2. Is the untrained teacher better equipped with classroom control than trained teachers
  3. Should discipline of a child left alone foe the classroom teacher
  4. Does personality of the teacher has effect on the students
  5. Does inadequate teaching aids leads to fall in class room management
  6. Isn’t good for teacher to ask questions when teaching
  7. Does teacher remain seated at his seat make pupils to learn fast
  8. Does teacher harshness in class makes pupils to learn fast
  9. Does discipline of teacher in class during written work distract pupils attention

5.3 Recommendation

From the research findings the following recommendation will be of benefit to government toward improvement of classroom management and control in secondary schools

Therefore the following recommendation are suggested for the proper classroom management and control among others

  1. Teacher should encourage pupils rather than criticizing them
  2. Teacher should act as a leader not as boss
  3. The schools need guidance counsellors to advice the students and teachers on vital issues affecting them
  4. Parents should take more interest in childrens welfare and provide good citizen
  5. The government must ensure the continuous engagement of qualified staff
  6. Government should ensure that adequate facilities and instruments materials available in schools
  7. State ministry of education and head masters should conduct regular inspection and supervision ti the effect proper classroom management and control

5.4 Conclusion

The importance of classroom management and control and learning process can not be over emphasized

These are some importance of classroom management and control

  1. To ensure efficiency in the teaching method that is used
  2. To ensure adequate discipline and control among students
  3. To help a teacher manage his or her own classroom effectively.

The effectiveness of classroom management

  1. It help pupils to develop self control
  2. It gives attention to highlight ventilation and space management
  3. It help teacher to develop self control and confidence
  4. It helps teacher to get prepared for the daily activities

Therefore the above recommendation must be pursued consistent achieve in order to stated in structural activities.


The Problems Of Classroom Management And Control In Secondary School


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