Problem Of Pregnancy And Abortion On Girl Child Education In Nigeria

Sex Education Project and Seminar Material

Problem Of Pregnancy And Abortion On Girl Child Education In Nigeria


Abstract


This research work was designed on the problem of pregnancy and abortion on girl child education Secondary School Students in Numan local government area of Adamawa state. The researcher adopted a descriptive survey research design in carrying out this study. The sample consists of 200 respondents. A simple random sampling technique was used to draw the sample for the study. A researcher constructed instrument was used to collect data.

Findings among other things include that economic factors, psychological factors, social factors and adolescent sexual behaviour are the perceived factors associated with teenage pregnancy and abortion as well as how it affects girl child education. The study recommended that, parents should be able to provide the needs of their children (especially the girl child), government at all levels should implement sex education in school curriculum and also increase access to conducive learning environment for the girl child education in order to make them have a sense of belonging and thus fit in the society.


Table Of Content


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Certification page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of content

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background Of The Study
  • 1.2 Statement Of The Problem
  • 1.3 Purpose Of The Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Hypotheses
  • 1.6 Significance Of The Study
  • 1.7 Delimitation Of The Study

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Induced Abortion Among Female Youths
  • 2.2 Concept Of Teenage Pregnancy
  • 2.3 Social Factors Associated With Teenage Pregnancy
  • 2.4 Psychological Factors Associated With Teenage Pregnancy
  • 2.5 Consequences Of Teenage Pregnancy
  • 2.6 Review Of Related Empirical Studies

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Area Of The Study
  • 3.3 Population Of The Study
  • 3.4 Sample And Sampling Techniques
  • 3.5 Instrument For Data Collection
  • 3.6 Validation Of The Instrument
  • 3.7 Method Of Data Collection
  • 3.8 Method Of Data Analysis

Chapter Four

4.0 Results And Discussion

  • 4.1 Results
  • 4.2 Summary Of Findings

Chapter Five

5.0 Conclusion And Recommendations

  • 5.1 Conclusion Of The Study
  • 5.2 Educational Implications Of The Study
  • 5.3 Recommendation Of The Study
  • References

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

Pregnancy is the common name for gestation in humans. It is the development of one or more offspring, known as an embryo or fetus in the uterus (Wikipedia 2009). Pregnancy usually lasts for about nine (9) months in human beings. At this stage the embryo is developing offspring during the first 8 weeks following conception, and subsequently the term fetus is used until child birth. In many societies, medical or legal definitions of human pregnancy is somewhat arbitrarily divided into three trimester periods of three months each as a means to simplify reference to the different stages of pre-natal development. The first trimester carries the highest risk of miscarriage (natural death of embryo or fetus). During the second trimester the development of the fetus can be more easily monitored and diagnosed. The third trimester is marked by further growth of the fetus and the development of fetal fat stores (Wikipedia 2009).

Abortion is the expulsion of the offspring in a state of development from the womb between one to seven months of pregnancy, which is giving birth before the right time. In most cases of abortion is referred to as miscarriage of birth. Abortion should be considered as a lifesaving situation due to illness. But however it is being practice at will due to societal changes and orientations. It is a situation where life is being tempered and it is becoming too dangerous and threatening to the life of the mother.

Abortion is also a form of removing pregnancy from the womb, either by taking pills (medical abortion) which involves taking medicines to cause miscarriage or by surgery (surgical abortion) where the pregnancy is removed from the womb. Most abortions can be provided on a daycare basis which means you do not need to stay at a clinic overnight. Every year almost 12,000 thousand teenage girls have abortion (Bpas 2009).

Abortion consists of two types which are the PILLS and SURGICAL abortion. The pills abortion is used after 9 to 24 weeks of pregnancy which involves taking of medicines to cause the womb to contract and push out the pregnancy. Also from 22 weeks after which the pregnancy is push out and an injection to the womb is given. Such injections are given to ensure the homeostatic balance of the uterus. However a checkup visit to the clinic is also required.

Surgical abortion is the dilation and evacuation of the fetus which takes up to 15 to 24 weeks of the pregnancy. In surgical abortion the doctors are required to remove the pregnancy using narrow forceps passed through the neck of the womb. This form of abortion is carried out under general anesthetic conditions (asleep). In surgical abortions, one can visit the clinic and return home the same day of abortion (for pregnancy up to 20 weeks) (Bpass 2009).

Abortion is obviously increasing and identified as a social problem in so many ways, it destabilizes the teenager’s educational career as a useful member of the society. She is out rightly stigmatized by the society and in the long run turns the girl into a prostitute. Another major incidence of pregnancy and abortion is the socio-cultural background of people within Numan Local Government. This is attributed to the orientation or beliefs which subjected the girl-child to early hawking at a very tender age of about nine or ten years. These inappropriate exposures make her vulnerable as well asthe deceitfulness of irresponsible young boys and old men, usually compromise with her innocence.

It is a common fact that the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our secondary schools is spreading in our communities and this need to be eradicated or reduced in the Local Government. In other words to solve this problem the parents and teachers should mould their children to be better adults. The government should introduce sex education in our secondary schools and tertiary institutions,’ and introduce relevant academic curriculum in order to reduce the cases of unwanted pregnancy.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

Impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education are being identified as a major problem that causes backwardness in a girl-child education. The study is aimed at finding out what brought about pregnancy and abortion and also the researcher will try to know whether harsh economic situation contributes to the pregnancy and abortion in Numan Local Government.

The project is also on the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education among female students in Numan local government area of adamawa state, is an attempt to solve and provide answer to the following questions:

  1. That female students terminate their education/unduly because of the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our secondary schools.
  2. That there is inadequate parental care which leads to the rampant cases of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our secondary schools.

1.3 Purpose Of The Study

The main purpose in embarking on this research work is to find out and look into the problem of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education performance that prevails in our secondary schools. The researcher will carry out this research work in order to make his contribution and recommendation to our secondary schools in Numan Local Government. The researcher also chooses this project to determine the level of performance of our female students in our secondary schools in Numan Local Government) with a view and determination to prove to individual, the society and the nation concerned that, they are facing a serious problem that need every body’s efforts to bring about apparent difference and lasting solution.


1.4 Research Questions

To have a thorough understanding of the impact of pregnancy and abortion in our secondary schools in Numan Local Government Area and the strategies put in place. This project will attempt to answer to the following:

  1. Is improper training of female children cause pregnancy and abortion?
  2. Do you learn sex education in your schools or at home?
  3. Do you know any student that has experience pregnancy and abortion?
  4. What is responsible for pregnancy and abortion in your school?
  5. Who is to be blamed for pregnancy and abortion in your school?
  6. Will pregnancy affect your education?
  7. Is poor living condition of the family lead to pregnancy and abortion in your school?
  8. Is pregnancy and abortion a global issue nowadays?
  9. Is environmental influence causes pregnancy and abortion in your school?

1.5 Hypotheses

In this research project, the following hypotheses are subsequently stated to enable the researcher arrives at the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our secondary schools in Numan Local Government Area.

  1. Socio-economic status of the girl-child and to meet up with the social changes in the society may significantly affect secondary schools girls.
  2. Impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl- child education in our secondary schools occurs due to parental failure to discharge their parental duties adequately.
  3. The administrators of the schools cannot cope with their responsibilities that brought about of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our secondary schools.
  4. In many schools sex education is not taught at all.
  5. Societal influence has acted as one of the problem that brings about pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our society.
  6. The impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education is a general problem not only in our secondary schools, but a general problem in the society.

1.6 Significance Of The Study

It is assumed that what has been provided in our post primary schools must have to be tested to increase educational research, theories and practices. Sometimes partial solutions of it is assured that the researcher embark on finding more facts about the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our secondary schools. The researcher will also make more efforts geared towards throwing more light on pregnancy and abortion which has become a national problem.

Many of the parents, schools administrators and the public at large have expressed doubts and dissatisfaction of the problem of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our secondary schools and to look into the causes and prevention for its future occurrences. Bearing in mind that secondary schools children could be in their early or late adolescent stage of development, teachers and parents should guide them properly especially on sex education. Part of the problem could be solved by emphasing on moral and religious education into our educational system.


1.7 Delimitation Of The Study

The research will be based on particular reference to our secondary schools in Numan Local Government Area of Adamawa State. The researcher’s view is intended to look into the issue of sexual violence against teenagers to prove the evidence on the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our secondary schools. The incidence will determine to show the consequences of sexual violence in our secondary schools.

Also more comprehensive work is expected on this project work due to the unwillingness, failure and uncooperative attitude of some of schools administrators in some schools visited, to produce substantial and effective records in order to understand the impact of pregnancy and abortion on girl-child education in our secondary schools.

The researcher however restricted his studies to only five mix (female and male) secondary schools within Numan Local Government area and they include the following:

  1. Government Day Secondary School Villanova
  2. Government Day Secondary School tare
  3. Vocational Technical College Numan
  4. Bright future secondary school Numan Government day secondary school Imburu/Numan

Chapter Five


5.0 Conclusion And Recommendations

This chapter deals with the conclusion of the study, recommendations of study, and educational implication of the study.


5.1 Conclusion Of The Study

The findings of this study revealed some perceived problems of pregnancy and abortion on girl child education in Nigeria, specifically in Numan local government area of Adamawa state. It is the opinion of the researcher that if identified problems will be taken care by the parents and government at all levels, the problem of pregnancy and abortion as it influence girl child education will be reduced.


5.2 Educational Implications Of The Study

The educational implications of the Findings are as follows:

From the analysis, the major factor that leads to teenage pregnancy and abortion is economic factor. This implies that family background, the inability of parents to provide or care for their children makes them go hunt for money for themselves.

The study revealed that lack of knowledge over sexual intercourse and lack of self-maturity are psychological factors associated with teenage pregnancy and abortion. This implies that teenagers fall victim of teenage pregnancy and abortion as a result of not knowing that right type of value, which goes a long way to affect their ambitions.

On the other hand, negative social interaction with the peer group development hinders the academic achievement of the teenagers.

Finally, the study also implies that adolescent age is always a difficult period. It is the time when the teenagers feel that he or she can do whatever he or she likes without considering the implications. They may end up beating their parents or having unwanted pregnancy and abortion and this in no doubt leads to abandonment of teenage education and career.


5.3 Recommendation Of The Study

The following recommendations were made based on the findings of the study;

  1. Parents should be able to provide the needs of their children (especially the girl-child) both academically and otherwise, this will enable them to participate effectively with their fellow counterparts in the society.
  2. Government at all levels should implement sex education as a subject in secondary school syllabus.
  3. Government should try to aid the girl child education in secondary school by creating a conducive atmosphere for their incessant study in order to make them have a sense of belonging and thus fit in the society.

Problem Of Pregnancy And Abortion On Girl Child Education In Nigeria


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