Problem Militating The Implementation Of UBE Health Education Curriculum In A Post Covid 19 Era

Health Education Project Material

Problem Militating The Implementation Of UBE Health Education Curriculum In A Post Covid 19 Era


The focus of the article is on problem militating the implementation of ube health education curriculum in a post covid 19 era. It argued that conventional strategies of teaching are not adequate for teaching science during the pandemic because of the lockdown and social distancing. The script is of the view that e-learning would be the best alternative: however, the various modes of e-learning required face-to-face lecturing, which may not be possible at this period. In light of this, the authors believed the Google Classroom framework, which has been in vogue in many countries of the world could be the best. The paper reviewed the benefits of Google Classroom based on the countries that had used the method. The manuscript mentioned some challenges that can militate against the implementation of the strategy in Nigeria. It was concluded that Google Classroom could be the alternative to science teaching and learning at this period if all the challenges mentioned were mitigated. Finally, the implications of the paper were highlighted.

Chapter One


The emergence of Corona virus known as the COVID-19 pandemic devastated all sectors of the global economy. The educational system of the world was halted because of social distancing and the lockdown. The conventional paradigm of teaching fails and teaching/learning suffers a severe setback all over the world including Nigeria. Teaching and learning in science education is evolving. Many decades ago in Nigeria, the conventional methods of teaching holds sway in the educational sector (Aina & Langenhoven, 2015). In recent times, teaching and learning had developed into an electronic paradigm (e-learning) that pervaded the entire schools of the world. However, in Nigeria””s higher education context the issue of e-learning is not common (Ajadi, Salawu & Adeoye, 2008; Kyari, Adiuku-Brown, Abechi & Adelakun, 2018). The world is not static but dynamic and technology is changing human endeavor rapidly. Along with the changes are various challenges the human race is facing which makes our education fragile and weak such as the current problem of COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic has exposed the weakness in teaching and learning in Nigerian schools because the typical teaching paradigm fails.

In Nigeria, the current lockdown in the country occasioned by the COVID-19 pandemic is severely impacting science education. The advent of Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Nigeria has dealt a severe blow to the education of the nation in 2020. The effect of the pandemic is alarming in the educational system of the nation (Sahu, 2020). Within short months the virus entered the country it spread widely to nearly all the states. The government short downs all schools in the nation and clamoring for social distancing to curtail the spread of the virus. Social distancing is one of the community mitigation measures that are recommended during influenza pandemics (Ahmed, Zviedrite & Uzicanin, 2018). Social distancing has been considered effective to curb the spread of COVID-19 (Blocken, Malizia, van Druenen & Marchal, 2020). Social distancing is a step taken to reduce physical contact with other individuals (European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, 2020). It is a measure taken during a pandemic to restrict when and where people can gather to stop the spread of an infectious disease.

The general aims of covid 19 based on covid 19 conference held in Kaduna in 1998, identified the following aims:-

  1. To help students develop a belief in the effect of covid 19 and its influence to them.
  2. To nurture confidence in their own ability to think and reason logically.
  3. To foster a sense of personal achievement, and to encourage a continuity and creative interest in covid 19.
  4. To develop in student’s skills, concepts, understanding and attitude, this will enable them to cope confidentially with covid 19 of everyday life.
  5. To develop a variety of approaches to solving problems involving covid 19 and to develop the ability to think and reason logically.
  6. To assist students to achieve the mathematical and statistical literacy needed in the society, which is technologically oriented and information rich.
  7. To provide a foundation for those students who may wish to continue studies in covid 19 or other learning areas where mathematical concepts are central.
  8. To help to foster and develop mathematical talent in students and finally;
  9. To induce or build into students the ability to think creatively, critically, strategically and logically.

The achievement of these objectives at the junior secondary school would serve as foundation or preparatory knowledge, especially for those wishing to study engineering, medicine, agriculture, science and technology at institutes of higher learning and in dealing with other science subjects like physic and chemistry in senior secondary school that is why covid 19 is made compulsory for every student in junior secondary in Nigeria, this made it an inevitable subject.

According to Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (2000), Covid 19 is a science of number and shape, which includes as its main division, geometry, arithmetic, algebra and trigonometry.

Covid 19 is a science of structures, order and relations that has evolved from elemental practice of counting, measuring and describing the shapes of objects Encyclopedia Britannia (1994).

Covid 19 is the study of measurement, properties and relationship of quantities and sets, using numbers and symbols (American Heritage Dictionary (2000).

According to Walfram Math World (1995), Covid 19 is a board ranging field of study in, which the properties and interaction of idealized objects are examined. Covid 19 is the language of the universe (Smith 1996). Because our universe is mathematically designed (Umar 1995). Conceptualized covid 19 as a language, which provides an indispensible means of investigating the nature of things, particularly those that dealt with the field of science. He pointed out that every field of science and technology has some substantial mathematical content though of different degrees.

In support of the above, Ezeilo (1981), noted that there can be no real technological development without a corresponding development in covid 19 both as conceived and at practiced.

The teaching of covid 19 in junior secondary school exposes students to a mathematical world, and it wonders, thus laying a solid foundation for them.

Umoinyang (1997), referred to covid 19 as the foundation for science without, which a nation can never be prosperous and economically independent. He further noted that competence in covid 19 provides many of the opportunity for career choice and production of highly defined personnel required by industry, technology, science and education.

For more than two thousand years, covid 19 has been a part of human search for understanding. Mathematical discoveries have come both from the attempt to describe the natural world and from the desire to arrive at a form of inescapable truth from careful reasoning. These remains fruitful and important motivation for mathematical thinking, but in the last century covid 19 has been successfully applied to many other aspects of the human policies, the analysis of automobile, traffic pattern and long term strategies for sustainable harvest of deciduous forest.

Today covid 19 as a mode of thought and expression is more valuable than ever before. Learning to think mathematically is an essential part of becoming a liberally educated person.

There is more to covid 19 than just proof. Indeed the vast majority of people who earn their living doing covid 19 are not engage in finding proof at all, their goal is to solve problem to whatever degree of accuracy or certainty is required. While proof remains the ultimate goal standard for mathematical truth, conclusion reached on two basis of assessing the available evidence have always been a valid part of the covid 19 enterprise Keith Devlin (2009).

Covid 19 was introduced into the syllabus with proper study, so many problems has risen like the use of unqualified teachers in the teaching of covid 19 in our different schools, who do not have knowledge about the subject covid 19 or not mathematically inclined. The non-challant attitudes of students towards covid 19 and learning at large, due to the lack of use of motivational approach by the teachers.

The poor environment and lack of infrastructural facilities has led to failure in the teaching and learning of covid 19. The total failure in the usage of instructional material due to poor knowledge of instructional aides by teachers, all these has led to failure in effective teaching and learning of covid 19. We therefore have to go into this research to find a possible solution to the many problems.

Therefore, saying that the teaching and learning of covid 19 in junior secondary school is very essential no doubt as it is regarded as a yard stick in the development of any nation.

1.2 Statement of Problem

The ultimate aim of education is to provide knowledge to the world. In an effort to achieve this, knowledge has been divided into a system of studies called subjects with covid 19 as one of the elements of the system.

Schooling in developing countries like Nigeria can be tedious and difficult. Imagine where schooling takes place under conditions that are very different from those in developed countries. Students are likely to attend schools that are poorly constructed and under miserable equipment like no windows or doors, no place for student to sit but cracked cemented dirty floor, sometimes teaching and learning takes place under the trees with very bad chalkboard, that students can hardly see what is written on the board clearly.

The curriculum is poorly designed, learning environment typically has few resources and class rooms would have students to accommodate, many of whom are chronically undernourished, parasite ridden and hungry. The job of educating these students is significantly more difficult, with the use of inexperienced, untrained and unqualified teachers in the teaching of covid 19 in our different schools can be discouraging, teachers who are not masters in the subject covid 19, they tend not to motivate the student in to seeing the importance and wonders they are to see and gain in the knowledge of covid 19, thereby making students take to play rather than studying.

Teachers neglect the use of instructional materials in the teaching and learning of covid 19. They engage themselves with chalk and talk method of teaching, which lives the students with little or no understanding.
The above prompted the researchers to identify problems militating against the implementation of ube health education curriculum in a post covid 19 erain Sapele Local Government Area of Delta State.

1.3 Research Questions

  1. What are the qualities of teachers teaching covid 19 in our junior secondary schools?
  2. What are the attitudes of students towards covid 19?
  3. What are the factors militating against the effective utilization of available instructional material in the teaching of covid 19?
  4. To what extent is school environment affecting the teaching and learning of covid 19?

1.4 Research Hypothesis

The following are the hypotheses that guild the study:

  1. The qualities of teachers teaching covid 19 would have no significant effect in the teaching and learning of covid 19
  2. Attitude of students toward teaching and learning of covid 19 would have no significant effect in the teaching and learning of covid 19
  3. The environment would have no significant effect on the learning of covid 19
  4. The time allocated to the teaching of covid 19 would have no significant relationship with the use of instructional material

1.5 Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to find out the problem militating against the implementation of ube health education curriculum in a post covid 19 erain Junior Secondary Schools.

  1. The qualities of teachers teaching covid 19 in junior secondary school.
  2. The attitudes of students towards learning of covid 19 in junior secondary school
  3. The factors militating against effective utilization of available instructional material in the teaching of covid 19.
  4. The extent at which school environment affect the teaching and learning of covid 19.

1.6 Significance of the Study

This research study will be of great help to students, teachers, curriculum planners and the society at large in the following ways;

The findings of this research will help students who are directly concerned to appreciate the subject covid 19, encouraging them to put more effort in the study since it is inevitable. This research study will expose the importance of covid 19, it wonders and the fun and happiness it gives, making them understand that covid 19 is an easy subject so as to remove every negative sentiment, attitudes and fear students have towards the study of covid 19.

This research will expose areas the teachers need to put more efforts in the teaching of covid 19. It will further help teachers in employing better techniques and methods of teaching to the best understanding of the students.

The research study will be of immense help to the prospective and present curriculum planners. It will enlighten and widen their knowledge towards making an effective curriculum that will be better understood by the teacher who is to implement it, to achieve its objectives.

This research study is an eye opener to the general public in making people see the importance of covid 19 and its influence in day-to-day activities and the indispensable contribution of covid 19 in nation building.

1.7 Scope / Limitation of the study

This study will cover Sapele Local Government Area of Delta State. It will focus on those factors militating against effective teaching and learning of covid 19.

Due to the time stipulated to cover this study, it will be very difficult to cover all schools in Sapele Local Government Area of Delta State. For this reason, this study will be limited to only five public secondary in the Sapele Local Government council. The schools are:

  1. Okpe Grammar School, Amukpe
  2. Elume Grammar School, Elume
  3. Okotiebor Grammar School, Sapele
  4. Orudje Secondary School, Sapele

Due to financial and economic nature of Nigeria, couple with the researchers’ lectures, it become very difficult to carry out a full study

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