The Problem Of Employee’S Motivation And Public Sector Performance


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Project and Seminar material for Accountancy

Project and Seminar material for Accountancy


Dedication


This project work is deducted to God Almighty for His infinite protection and guidance throughout my academic period and whom by his grace I am able to witness today, and through the intersection of blessed mother Mary.


Acknowledgement


I sincerely wish to express my profound gratitude to the Almighty God who through his unfairly love and faithfulness, this work becomes reality, I thank my available supervisor Miss EGHABOR IYESOMI MARY, I am very grateful for her advice and supervision of this work till its eventual conclusion.

I also extend my regards to my Head of department (HOD) Chief B.N. Okezie and the Dean, school of Business and Management Technology.

My special thanks goes to my beloved parent mr & Mrs. Ezekiel Nkume and my lovely brothers Ezekiel, Johnco, Fidlis, Celestine and my beloved sisters, Mary Nkum, Ugochi, Evangeline Narachukwu for their wonderful contribution during the period of this work.

I appreciated the good work of all the staff who assisted me in getting vital information about the establishment of the corporation.

In a special way, I would heartedly solute my friends Judith, Ugochi, Chika, Nk, Chinenye, Adaku, Charity Joy, Dayo my room-mate and all those that care for me.


Abstract


The study give a suitable detail of the problem of employees motivation and public sector performance. It is obvious that most organizations are affected with this problem of motivation.

The project entails how employees in a particular corporation can be motivated to yield maximum output on productivity. The significant of study is stated on hw to help in any prastatals and industries in the country.
Finally, the objectives of the study include among other things are:

  1. To ascertain whether the supervisor style has and effect on motivation in Nigeria industry corporation.
  2. To find out whether highly motivate staff achieve success in the absence of good place or effective organization structure.
  3. To find out whether motivation can lead to an organizational effectiveness in Nigeria country.
  4. To unravel the defects of the motivational measure in organizational company in Nigeria.
  5. To offered suggestion on how best to use motivational tools on organizational company workers to achieves greater output.

Table Of Contents


  • Title page
  • Approval page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of contents

Chapter One

  • 1.0 Introduction
  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of Problem
  • 1.3 Objectives of the study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope of the Study
  • 1.7 Limitation of the study
  • 1.8 Definition of terms

Chapter Two

  • 2.0 Literature Review
  • 2.1 Motivations defined
  • 2.2 The process of operating conducting
  • 2.3 Theories of motivation
  • 2.4 Other theories of motivation
  • 2.5 Programmes for employment motivation
  • 2.6 Employee motivation
  • 2.7 Employee motivation in public sector
  • 2.8 Job performance versus job satisfaction
  • 2.9 Operating conditions.

Chapter Three

  • 3.0 Research Design and Methodology
  • 3.1 Sources of Data
  • 3.2 Method of data collection
  • 3.3 Sample size
  • 3.4 Method of data Analysis

Chapter Four

  • 4.0 Presentation and Analysis of data
  • 4.1 Presentation of data
  • 4.2 distribution and returns of questionnaires
  • 4.3 Data presentation and analysis

Chapter Five

  • 5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
  • 5.1 Summary of Findings
  • 5.2 Conclusions
  • 5.3 Recommendations
  • Bibliography

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

Human efforts are required to achieve the goals of organization. The over all performance of an organization is directly dependent on the amount of effects positively applies by the works individually or collectively towards attaining the desired goals commitment of employees is a reflection of the level of their motivation. The concern of management about performance is directly a concern about motivation.

The word “ motivation” originally was derived from latin word ‘mover’ which means to move. Different authors and researches differ in their definition of this term. According to thes and Bond itch (1977) motivation is the condition responsible for variation in the intercity, quality and direction of going behaviour.

Most it not all behaviour is caused by individual attempts to satisfy his or her needs. The worker does to satisfy his or her needs, it the organization is capable and willing to satisfy needs the work would be motivated to exert effort to work or where in country is the case, the worker is either not willing to engage himself at work and where he has no option, he does the work and does it grudging.

Finally, the mechanic conducted a thorough search to cocate the sources of the rattle and found a bottle suspend from the price or string inside the rights. The note attached to the bottle has, nosily are it,

The “saboteur” had certainly been motiated, but in a from obviously contrary to the goals of the manufacture.


1.1 Background Of Study:

There is sampled evidence that industrial commerce have centered mainly on financial reward in an attempt to influence behaviour in order to motivate people. But it seems that employee behaviour brins upon many aspects associated with the job, the company and external factors such as domestic life and social activities.

All these tend to override the attitudes of employees if applied accordingly. Consequently the main motivational factors stand with the indiduals, his domestic life, his soial activities his jobs and his company.

It has been discoverer that individual character, basic needs, mental needs, higher needs trails derivers, intelligence and general capability would lend him in too uniqueness. As a result, we see that individuals treatment.

Since motives are essential requirements in the understnaidng of employees behaviou they are grouped in many different ways, we shall examine the topic in the division of basic and higher heeds.

In the olden days, the concept of motivation was simply hot to get more out of people but the old practice change during he gree of scientific management. The famous hawthorne experiment of the late 1920s and early 10935 set new course for management in its concept of motivating employees.

The conclusion of the study was as follow:human performance is the situation was not solely a functions the attitudes or skills that the employee brought to the work, place that the average workers dail indeed think about the job, had various kings of reactions to it and most importantly beliee his feeling affected how hard he worked.
Armed with this information, managers delived into more researcher on how best to motivate emerged the new bread who called them selves the human relation and lastley the behaviour scientists.

Before a manager can understand and effectively carryout this function of motivation, he must therefore be informed and thoroughly understood what motivtes his subordinates at work.

This is because individual differ in their want and aspirations and msut be treated as such. The presence of these unsatisfied needs in individuals induces them to worker


1.2 Statement Of The Problem:

These has been low productivity in the production which leads to fall in the standard level of the economy. The insensitivity of management towards the workers welfare have led to strike, low supply agitation and low productivity evident in public sector start in Nigeria.

Therefore, there should be a proper and thorough investigation or research on the low productivity of company. The research did not carried out will because of more harm, than good to the Nigeria economy.

For the employees who represent the most relevant portion of the asset of the corporation there is needed to prove in to welfare of the workers.

The will include a insight on general performance give portion of public section (employee) and gives a possible research solution on how to motivate the worker or employees to be more effective and efficient.

From the for-going the question that one should ask is “How can the public sector corporation staff-be motivated? How can they stop the problem of productivity? And how can they contribute toward boasting the economy. Employee motivation in public sector

The work of employees in public sector is noble job no matter how simple:their work is still serving the public, this the value of their work and their performance if not properly compensated with basic and equal rights may create a problem on the workplace. Employees who suffered from low paying and low moral job would feel inadequate and may tend to demand more than they deserved- Employees who feel that same way may take advantages of their position that may lead to low performance and negligence until they may find themselves looking for another job that can appreciate their qualification and will give them a bigger salary or worst they may be involve in such illegal activities including corruption.

Pubic employees may tend to use their time sleeping on the job, taking bandy clock, using fund and problems like these ones. This has been the problem of many government agencies including the ministry of external relation in angopla.

The Angola government since than has been developing employee motivation and performance appraisal programe for public servantis, they tend to measure such inadequacy of employees to bring about changes in their performance in their particular position and respective government agencies where they belong. But unitl today the problem of poor performance still arises in many public sectors. The Angolan government has provided public employees with equal opportunities to work based on their competencies and qualification which is fair and just.


Objectives Of The Study:

The study among other will wish to achieve the following:

  1. To determine the extent to which mostivation tools can enhance productivity at public sector performance.
  2. To ascertain the level at which employee are motivated by the management of the organization
  3. To look into how motivation can lead to efficiency and effectiveness in public sector performance.
  4. To ascertain the relationship between supervisory style and motivation in the organization
  5. To make recommendation on how base to motivates employees in order to achieve the desired objectives.

1.4 Research Question:

  1. What is effect of motivation on the employees productivity at public sector performance.
  2. To what extent has motivation played a greater role in the performance of organization company staff?
  3. What are the motivation tools use by the management of organization order to enhance productivity?
  4. How motivation is related to efficiency of employee of organization company.

1.5 Significance Of Study:

The study is to look into how employees can be motivated in on to achieve the organizational goals. The study is to investigate the public sector and to put an end of problem of motivation negligence especially in organizational company. The study will enable us to forecast or research for the future on how motivational process can put public sector on the progress,. The study also enables individual or researcher to known more detail about the organization company in Nigeria.

The significance of the study made us purpose for a future manager who will motivate employees who think that public sector is no man business.

The managemet of organization will be able to realize the retail role plays by motivation in achieving the over all organization objectives it would also be useful to this enterprise, under study as to make modification in their motivation policy as this will sanitize them to their areas of shorts comings.

Lastly, the study will have impact to the literature on these aspects, there by serve as a ready research reference sources to researchers and scholar who might be interested in the practice application of motivation in business organization.


1.6 Scope Of Study:

The center had intend to cover all the organization company in the country by was limited to the tester division of organizational company. The particular area have been chosen because of the center’s belief on the major business or organization.

Furthermore, it is not intended that every operational section of the organization will be covered or is it intended any scope beyond employee motivation with in the name public sector.


1.7 Limitation Of The Study:

In the course of carrying this project, the researcher was financially constrained to a great extend by the adverse situation in the country in her attempt to visit all of the company work was in accessibility to areas/ persons where the needed information required could be obtained.

Attitude of some workers of the company also untied the scope and facts available to the researcher, as they were reluctant to speak on the topic. However, it is sufficient to say that in spite of all the above, the high lighting the impact of motivation of the employees performance.


1.8 Definition Of The Terms:

The definition of terms will enable the reader to understand source of terminology used in the course of the researcher. This will also make the reader to understand the study very well.
The terms used are:

1. Motivation:

The process that arises, channel, sustains and gives peoples behaviour purpose and direction it is an energizing force that includes or compels and maintains behaviours,

2. Public Sector:

This has been defined as the sector of the economy established and operated by the government on its agencies in the interest of the while citizens.

3. Performance:

This has been defined as the faithful commitments to do or executing ones responsibilities in an organization.


I bet you, the complete material is fully loaded. This is just an excerpt. The Material is in MS-Word Format which you can easily edit and is comprehensive for a complete research work for this topic


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How to nail it on the head during your project defence


You are through with writing that project. Now what?

You have found yourself at that point where you have to defend what you have written. Of course you have to stand in front of your supervisor and other literary personalities to prove that you know what you wrote in your project paper. Unfortunately, the more you think about it, the more it looks like you are about to face a legion. It is not a war. But the emotion of dread welling up inside of you makes it look like one. So now you are asking yourself questions.

  • How am I going to start?
  • I hope I will do well enough to get an A.

You really want to nail it, but you need to come to terms with exactly how to get everything in perfect control. Especially your emotions of fear that seem to make a wreck of you every time you think about public speaking.
So here is the deal. I want to help you avoid that feeling that would ruin your precious moment if you dare to let it. And we are going to do it together.

I am going to highlight some very important tips to help you get in control for you to be comfortable enough to move from that feeling of DREAD to CONFIDENT; and making an awesome Impression for that great rating your supervisors should be giving to you so freely.

Consider these tips as you prepare for your defence. We will be taking them one after the other so here we go.


Watch Your Body Language And Keep It Confident:

Can you tell that a person is falling apart if they look confident? … If I can second guess you rightly, am sure you answered no to that question. Remind yourself that you need to come out that way. Now this might seem like a huge big deal when you are dealing with the foreboding. Maintaining a poise of confidence is very important. So find your most comfortable position, sitting or standing and draw up your body. You must exude confidence. It is something you need to do for yourself. People can only see what you allow your body language to show. So you must endeavour to put that out. Remember the story of David and Goliath? … At the end of your defence day, you want to be David.


Dress In Your Most Comfortable And Impressive:

Am sure this one is a no brainer. However I must highlight that you choose comfortable pieces. You don’t want to look so good and yet look like you were forced to wear something that does not belong to you. It’s great to ensure that as impressive as your clothes are on you, that they are also very comfortable.


Speak With Authority:

Going hand to hand with that aura of confidence is your most powerful asset:your words. If you look that confident, your words must not come out like whimpers. To be able to pull this off, you definitely need to speak as deliberately as possible in expressing yourself. Let them also hear what they see.


Use, Your Gestures:

I have often found this to come to my rescue in dealing with shyness and conveying my confidence. Usually it gives you an edge to also drive home your point. You must, however, ensure that you do not over use it. It doesn’t mean that your hands should be flying all over the place. That would be absolutely unnecessary. If you do this well, after a while you will realize that you are not as self-conscious as you used to be at the very start. For most situations, it would have completely disappeared altogether; leaving a really confident you talking.


Have A Good Opening And Closing Line:

Make sure you have perfected a good opening line. You should also be armed with a good closing line too. Try and rehearse it to a friend. If for the first time you presented it, your friend does not say “wow, that’s beautiful” or something like that; just know you need to keep refining it until you get the perfect line. Both opening and closing lines will go a long way in how impressed your panel gets to rate you high.


Make Sure You Know Your Work:

Certainly you should understand how important it is to know your own work from start to finish. Not having in-depth knowledge of your own work is tantamount to a suicide mission. Why should you kill yourself?
When all is said and done, this is what you came to defend in the first place. You should know your work from A to Z.


Prepare For The Questions:

Now this part is truly essential. You must be sure you do not floor all the good work you did on your presentation by not answering correctly. You must pay attention to the questions you are asked to be sure you will give the right answer. Many people get it wrong at this stage and spoil their good presentation. When you do not understand any question do endeavour to ask the person to expatiate what they mean before you answer.


These tips are by no means exhaustive, but applying these tips will give you some necessary advantage you need for a great outcome. Of course that outcome would mean that you eventually earn all your points on this project.


The structure of a good project work


Undergraduate projects in Nigeria is a prerequisite for graduation amongst Nigerian tertiary students who will which to obtain bachelors degree in their respective courses of study such as accounting, banking and finance, business administration and a host of others. Writing an undergraduate project in Nigeria for final year students entails a lot both financially and otherwise. Being able to develop any final year project depends on getting a researchable topic whether it is Accounting Undergraduate project topics, Banking and Finance research topics or banking and finance project topics and materials and it all requires diligent hard work of students who are willing to develop best undergraduate projects in Nigeria and graduate in flying colors.

A typical Undergraduate project in Nigerian tertiary institutions can be said to be divided into five or six chapters depending on the format of the school and course of study which are


1. Introduction

The introduction of an undergraduate project states the main research problem and research argument. What precisely the study is all about and why it is important. It looks at the originality of the research work and how it will fill the gap in other studies. Justification for a research undergraduate topic should not be lengthy before it has been explicitly stated.

Below are the contents in chapter one of an undergraduate research project which includes;

  • Background of the study,
  • Statement of the problem,
  • Objectives or aims of the study,
  • The research questions,
  • Research hypothesis,
  • Significance of the study,
  • Scope of the study,
  • Limitations of the study and
  • Operational definition of terms.

2. Literature review

Literature review of any undergraduate research work, be it business administration project topics or Economics project topics just to mention a few is very critical to securing a high grade in one’s project work. The literature review of a research process uncovers what other writers have written about the student’s topic. A student’s undergraduate research work should include a discussion or review of what is known about the subject and how that knowledge was acquired. The review could conclude with a brief summary of the literature and its implications. The contents of the literature review are the theoretical review, conceptual framework, empirical review and summary of literature review.

3. Research Methodology

This section includes a description of the research methods used in the undergraduate research work such as the sample size, data collection methods, measurement instruments, research data analysis procedures and the population from which the sample was selected.  This section also describes the method used in selecting the sample or samples, validation and reliability of the instruments used in the research work. There are different research statistical techniques used in undergraduate research work such as SPSS, e-views etc.


4. Results & Discussion

This section presents and discusses the data analysis results used in an undergraduate research work, the results of each analysis is being summarized, tabulated, and then discussed for each research question.  Then for each research hypothesis, the statistical test of significance selected and applied to the data is briefly described, followed by a statement indicating whether the hypothesis was supported or not supported.  In presenting the result analyses/summary in an undergraduate project tables and figures and or graph are used to add clarity to the presentation.


5. Summary, Conclusions And Recommendations

This section summarizes the findings of the study in an easy to understand manner.  It also explains the practical implications of those findings, and points to recommended directions for future research in that area.


References:

This is where every source cited in the undergraduate research work is being included. Every undergraduate research work must be properly referenced for its authenticity.


Choosing A Good Project / Research Topic


Students in Nigerian universities these days wish to choose a very simple project topic/material. There is no issue choosing a simple project topic; the only problem is your ability to choose a good project or research topic that your supervisor will easily approve for you.

Most project supervisors really want to see how good his or her project student understands his or her surrounding through the kind of topic he or she chooses for their project work.

There are some project topic that are not reject-able; for instance in Nigeria of today; what do you think is the major issue on ground now?

If a project student can choose or craft a topic on the effect of dollar increment on the economy of Nigeria. Such project topic will be very interesting to write on.

Now what are the qualities of a good project topic?

  1. The materials for the project topic must be easily assessable.
  2. The project topic itself must be meaningful.
  3. The variables must be able to give a clear aim of the project topic.

What do I mean by variable?

Well I am deriving my point from the area of project writing; the variables here are those main words in the project topic.

Like the above project topic; the effect of dollar increment on the economy of Nigeria. You can see the main variables that really define this project topic are:dollar, increment and economy.

Before you present your topic to your project supervisor, first of all understand your project topic, and then secondly try to do some research for your topic to see if at least you can get up to 60% of what you need to write the complete project.

I said that above because you might have a very nice topic that the materials are not available online and there are no books as regard the topic; in this case the project topic becomes difficult for you even though the topic is catchy.

What do I mean by your topic being assessable?

Well what I mean is very simple and easy to understand. Simply pick your project topic, type it on google and see if you will have at least a good background for the topic you are writing on.

If you can have a good background for your project topic and you can understand the problem associated with the project topic, then I believe the aim of the project is not far-fetched.

SAMPHINA ACADEMY

SAMPHINA ACADEMY

Samuel Obiora Blessed is the CEO and founder of Samphina Academy (samphina.com.ng) a.k.a Nigeria Students Media, the youngest engineering graduate of Federal Polytechnic Nekede in 2017 and the engine brain behind this great platform. He is the man behind the scene, filled with many potentials, a musician as well as a pro developer with the interest of Nigerian students at heart.

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