The Problem Of Employee’s Motivation And Public Sector Performance
The study give a suitable detail of the problem of employees motivation and public sector performance. It is obvious that most organizations are affected with this problem of motivation.
The project entails how employees in a particular corporation can be motivated to yield maximum output on productivity. The significant of study is stated on hw to help in any prastatals and industries in the country.
Finally, the objectives of the study include among other things are:
- To ascertain whether the supervisor style has and effect on motivation in Nigeria industry corporation.
- To find out whether highly motivate staff achieve success in the absence of good place or effective organization structure.
- To find out whether motivation can lead to an organizational effectiveness in Nigeria country.
- To unravel the defects of the motivational measure in organizational company in Nigeria.
- To offered suggestion on how best to use motivational tools on organizational company workers to achieves greater output.
Table Of Contents
- Title page
- Approval page
- Table of contents
- 1.1 Background of the study
- 1.2 Statement of Problem
- 1.3 Objectives of the study
- 1.4 Research Questions
- 1.5 Significance of the study
- 1.6 Scope of the Study
- 1.7 Limitation of the study
- 1.8 Definition of terms
2.0 Literature Review
- 2.1 Motivations defined
- 2.2 The process of operating conducting
- 2.3 Theories of motivation
- 2.4 Other theories of motivation
- 2.5 Programmes for employment motivation
- 2.6 Employee motivation
- 2.7 Employee motivation in public sector
- 2.8 Job performance versus job satisfaction
- 2.9 Operating conditions.
3.0 Research Design and Methodology
- 3.1 Sources of Data
- 3.2 Method of data collection
- 3.3 Sample size
- 3.4 Method of data Analysis
4.0 Presentation and Analysis of Data
- 4.1 Presentation of data
- 4.2 distribution and returns of questionnaires
- 4.3 Data presentation and analysis
5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
- 5.1 Summary of Findings
- 5.2 Conclusions
- 5.3 Recommendations
Human efforts are required to achieve the goals of organization. The over all performance of an organization is directly dependent on the amount of effects positively applies by the works individually or collectively towards attaining the desired goals commitment of employees is a reflection of the level of their motivation. The concern of management about performance is directly a concern about motivation.
The word “ motivation” originally was derived from latin word ‘mover’ which means to move. Different authors and researches differ in their definition of this term. According to thes and Bond itch (1977) motivation is the condition responsible for variation in the intercity, quality and direction of going behaviour.
Most it not all behaviour is caused by individual attempts to satisfy his or her needs. The worker does to satisfy his or her needs, it the organization is capable and willing to satisfy needs the work would be motivated to exert effort to work or where in country is the case, the worker is either not willing to engage himself at work and where he has no option, he does the work and does it grudging.
Finally, the mechanic conducted a thorough search to cocate the sources of the rattle and found a bottle suspend from the price or string inside the rights. The note attached to the bottle has, nosily are it,
The “saboteur” had certainly been motiated, but in a from obviously contrary to the goals of the manufacture.
1.1 Background Of Study:
There is sampled evidence that industrial commerce have centered mainly on financial reward in an attempt to influence behaviour in order to motivate people. But it seems that employee behaviour brins upon many aspects associated with the job, the company and external factors such as domestic life and social activities.
All these tend to override the attitudes of employees if applied accordingly. Consequently the main motivational factors stand with the indiduals, his domestic life, his soial activities his jobs and his company.
It has been discoverer that individual character, basic needs, mental needs, higher needs trails derivers, intelligence and general capability would lend him in too uniqueness. As a result, we see that individuals treatment.
Since motives are essential requirements in the understnaidng of employees behaviou they are grouped in many different ways, we shall examine the topic in the division of basic and higher heeds.
In the olden days, the concept of motivation was simply hot to get more out of people but the old practice change during he gree of scientific management. The famous hawthorne experiment of the late 1920s and early 10935 set new course for management in its concept of motivating employees.
The conclusion of the study was as follow: human performance is the situation was not solely a functions the attitudes or skills that the employee brought to the work, place that the average workers dail indeed think about the job, had various kings of reactions to it and most importantly beliee his feeling affected how hard he worked.
Armed with this information, managers delived into more researcher on how best to motivate emerged the new bread who called them selves the human relation and lastley the behaviour scientists.
Before a manager can understand and effectively carryout this function of motivation, he must therefore be informed and thoroughly understood what motivtes his subordinates at work.
This is because individual differ in their want and aspirations and msut be treated as such. The presence of these unsatisfied needs in individuals induces them to worker
1.2 Statement Of The Problem:
These has been low productivity in the production which leads to fall in the standard level of the economy. The insensitivity of management towards the workers welfare have led to strike, low supply agitation and low productivity evident in public sector start in Nigeria.
Therefore, there should be a proper and thorough investigation or research on the low productivity of company. The research did not carried out will because of more harm, than good to the Nigeria economy.
For the employees who represent the most relevant portion of the asset of the corporation there is needed to prove in to welfare of the workers.
The will include a insight on general performance give portion of public section (employee) and gives a possible research solution on how to motivate the worker or employees to be more effective and efficient.
From the for-going the question that one should ask is “How can the public sector corporation staff-be motivated? How can they stop the problem of productivity? And how can they contribute toward boasting the economy. Employee motivation in public sector
The work of employees in public sector is noble job no matter how simple: their work is still serving the public, this the value of their work and their performance if not properly compensated with basic and equal rights may create a problem on the workplace. Employees who suffered from low paying and low moral job would feel inadequate and may tend to demand more than they deserved- Employees who feel that same way may take advantages of their position that may lead to low performance and negligence until they may find themselves looking for another job that can appreciate their qualification and will give them a bigger salary or worst they may be involve in such illegal activities including corruption.
Pubic employees may tend to use their time sleeping on the job, taking bandy clock, using fund and problems like these ones. This has been the problem of many government agencies including the ministry of external relation in angopla.
The Angola government since than has been developing employee motivation and performance appraisal programe for public servantis, they tend to measure such inadequacy of employees to bring about changes in their performance in their particular position and respective government agencies where they belong. But unitl today the problem of poor performance still arises in many public sectors. The Angolan government has provided public employees with equal opportunities to work based on their competencies and qualification which is fair and just.
1.3 Objectives Of The Study:
The study among other will wish to achieve the following:
- To determine the extent to which mostivation tools can enhance productivity at public sector performance.
- To ascertain the level at which employee are motivated by the management of the organization
- To look into how motivation can lead to efficiency and effectiveness in public sector performance.
- To ascertain the relationship between supervisory style and motivation in the organization
- To make recommendation on how base to motivates employees in order to achieve the desired objectives.
1.4 Research Question:
- What is effect of motivation on the employees productivity at public sector performance.
- To what extent has motivation played a greater role in the performance of organization company staff?
- What are the motivation tools use by the management of organization order to enhance productivity?
- How motivation is related to efficiency of employee of organization company.
1.5 Significance Of Study:
The study is to look into how employees can be motivated in on to achieve the organizational goals. The study is to investigate the public sector and to put an end of problem of motivation negligence especially in organizational company. The study will enable us to forecast or research for the future on how motivational process can put public sector on the progress,. The study also enables individual or researcher to known more detail about the organization company in Nigeria.
The significance of the study made us purpose for a future manager who will motivate employees who think that public sector is no man business.
The managemet of organization will be able to realize the retail role plays by motivation in achieving the over all organization objectives it would also be useful to this enterprise, under study as to make modification in their motivation policy as this will sanitize them to their areas of shorts comings.
Lastly, the study will have impact to the literature on these aspects, there by serve as a ready research reference sources to researchers and scholar who might be interested in the practice application of motivation in business organization.
1.6 Scope Of Study:
The center had intend to cover all the organization company in the country by was limited to the tester division of organizational company. The particular area have been chosen because of the center’s belief on the major business or organization.
Furthermore, it is not intended that every operational section of the organization will be covered or is it intended any scope beyond employee motivation with in the name public sector.
1.7 Limitation Of The Study:
In the course of carrying this project, the researcher was financially constrained to a great extend by the adverse situation in the country in her attempt to visit all of the company work was in accessibility to areas/ persons where the needed information required could be obtained.
Attitude of some workers of the company also untied the scope and facts available to the researcher, as they were reluctant to speak on the topic. However, it is sufficient to say that in spite of all the above, the high lighting the impact of motivation of the employees performance.
1.8 Definition Of The Terms:
The definition of terms will enable the reader to understand source of terminology used in the course of the researcher. This will also make the reader to understand the study very well.
The terms used are:
The process that arises, channel, sustains and gives peoples behaviour purpose and direction it is an energizing force that includes or compels and maintains behaviours,
2. Public Sector:
This has been defined as the sector of the economy established and operated by the government on its agencies in the interest of the while citizens.
This has been defined as the faithful commitments to do or executing ones responsibilities in an organization.
5.0 Summary Of Findings, Conclusion And Recommendation
In this chapter an attempt will be made to summarize some of the important finding that have critical bearing on the subject matter of this research work.
Motivation has been earlier defined as the desire to perform effectively. It has been described as a process of creating an organizational conditions that will cause employees to strive for supervisor performance. The study has been able to establish that is a positive significant correction between the employee’s self-related with motivation and the evaluation of performance. This will go along way to prove that the more motivated an employees is the higher the performance and productivity.
5.1 Summary Of Finding:
The stud reveals that as the individual advane in the leader, money is not conger a motivating factor,. This goes to conforms mashows need hierracy that as one need has been minimally fulfilled, inariables, the fulfillment of that needs to pave way for the not higher level need to be activated. Every manager would naturally want to see his/her workers work lord at all times. It has been established on what satisfies and dissatisfies employee with regards to their work. The study reveal that techniques that will motivate the staff to produce more such as training supervision interaction and job security. We will observe that the essence of motivation is to increase productivity and performance in the organization.
Moreover, it has been discovered that even though the management of organization has described the concept motivation, it has not adequately implemnted it to the extent of securing the company workers cordial relationship which ensure a conductive working environment.
On the payment of compensation, it was established that even through the management pays a firm of compensation, the worker do not regards it as adequate enough compared total demands required by their jobs. But hard work is not always for the coming on its own, thus recurring the managers to do some things to stimulate it.
The above conclusion can be buttressed and substantiated by the following major findings and facts uncovred by his reach work. The problem of how motivation has been primary source of performance of workers. The problems of waters. Apart from these the organization structure affected the morale of the staff and hence result to les productivity and reduce performance effectivness. Motivation of the staff has been considered to be also hampered by poor reward system and communication goes between management and staff.
The organization requires to setting a motivational strategies. Techniques and means capable of taking care of situational and individual difference on the job.
Based on the exposition findings of the research study couple with problem identified and in line with the objective of the study, the following recommendations become necessary and inevitable.
However, the following recommendation being made to the management of an organization in order to enhance the productivity of the company this,
- The process of training and development in a continous one, because money spent on training and development in money will invested. Therefore, employees should b helped to grow into more responsibility by systematic training and development.
- Management should strive hard to encourage their employees by improving factors currently in used in motivating them and also make sure that they avoid regular payment or non-payment of employee salaries and allowance which easily lead to strike.
- Employees performance should be appraised from finance to time and they should be informed periodically of the extent whether they are measuring up the standard.
- Workers should be given the opportunity to acquire the knowledge, skill authority and tools for effective performance I their positions.
- Employees participation in deisionmaking has found to be major influence in increasing the production of the employees.
- Job security which is one of the motivational factors should be provided to the workers.
- Willingness depends upon each individuals expectation that can satisfy his/ her need through compensation for their effort and protected as much as possible against in security from illness, accident, unemployment and unnecessary reenactment and arbitrary action by his/her supervisor.
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