Prison and Crime Control

Project and Seminar Material for Criminology And Security Studies

Prison and Crime Control


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine prison & crime control, Owerri , Imo State. Specifically, the study examined the various reasons that account for high crime rate in Imo state. The study also examine the effect high crime rate in Imo state. The study further find out if rehabilitation as a tool can help in reducing crime rate in Imo state. Lastly the study find out strategy that can be used in curbing high crime rate in Imo state. The study employed the survey descriptive research design. A total of 110 responses were validated from the survey. From the responses obtained and analyzed, the findings revealed that one of the strategies that can be used to curb crime is to help ex-offenders find secure living-wage employment. Also, another way to curb crime is to monitor public surveillance camera. Furthermore Crimes can be curbed by Connecting returning prisoners to stable housing. Lastly , We can also use DNA evidence to curb crime. The study hereby recommend that the government of Imo state should make sure there are security operatives around who can at least create the fear of not trying to commit crime. Also the prison rehabilitation center should be improved and and qualified personnel should be employed to help in the rehabilitation of prisoners


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research hypotheses
  • 1.6 Significance of the study
  • 1.7 Scope of the study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the study
  • 1.9 Definition of terms

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research Design
  • 3.3 Population of the study
  • 3.4 Sample size determination
  • 3.5 Sample size selection technique and procedure
  • 3.6 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.7 Method of data collection
  • 3.8 Method of data analysis
  • 3.9 Validity of the study
  • 3.10 Reliability of the study
  • 3.11 Ethical consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.3 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • Appendix

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The focal point of this study is on penology and correctional sociology. The strength lies more on correction rather than punishment as a deterrent, retributive measure in the control of crime. Changes in punishment; according to Foucault (1991):Foacault argues that these changes involve a fundamental shift in the nature of punishment. In the early 18th century, punishment focused on the body. It involves direct infliction of pain to suffer the offender, toward the late 18th – 19th century, this had changed to the punishment of the soul. The punishment consisted of a loss of rights – particularly the right to liberty. Furthermore the intention was to reform the offender rather than simply to make him suffer. The Prison is defined as a place, grounds, buildings, declared by the minister of internal affair now interior affairs under prison Decree No 9 of 1972 as prison, (2008) Nkwocha, Daniel Ibeabuchi,.

Crime is an aspect of human retrogression, it has primitive roots. In the views of Radzinowlez and King, 1977. “A crime is a conduct that is forbidden by law and for which punishment is prescribed”. Rehabilitation, the process of returning a criminal to pursue a non-criminal life upon discharge. It ensures that inmates are not just discharged into the streets of society. It does this by providing therapy or vocational and educational training. One disturbing trend is that inspite of the rehabilitation programme, the number of discharge inmates that return to the prison, is on the increase. Criminologist like Lan Taylor, Paul Walton and Jock Young (1973), their views were similar to those of the Marxist theorist, they accepted that the key to understanding crime lay in the material basis of society. A close monitoring of discharge convicts reveal that most times, the discharge inmates suffer stigmatization, which leads to recidivism. In lending credence to this fact, William Chambliss (1972) argues that the greed, self interest and hostility generation by the society motivate individual into crimes.


1.2 Statement of Problem

The high rate of criminal activities in Imo state is causing the government and inhabitant of the state sleepless night. These crime range from, armed robbery targeted more at financial, institutions, child trafficking, and kidnapping, ritual killings. It is appalling that the group much more involved in heinous crimes comes from the active Labour force of the state, which spells out a bad omen for the state in terms of economic growth and development. This is because indigenous and foreign investments can hardly thrift in any state where the prevalence of crime is acute. It is therefore important to investigate, into such a social malice as to find ways to ameliorate it. One wonders who some active youths take to crime, when there are better avenues of making wealth such as education and skills acquisitions centres scattered all over the state.

  1. Could it be traced to the fact that people are ignorant of the fact that education and skills acquisition is a veritable means of sustainable livelihood and gainful employment.
  2. Could it be that the high crime rate may be attributed to the absence of industries and large market in Imo State.
  3. Could it be as a result of the fact that the prisons lack the needed infrastructure for effective rehabilitation of discharged inmates considering the fact that recidivism is still on the increase.

1.3 Objective of Study

The main objective will dwell on the relationship between crime and rehabilitation as a tool in controlling crime by the prisons service, in Imo state.

The specific objectives are:

  1. To examine the various reasons that account for high crime rate in Imo state.
  2. To examine the effect high crime rate in Imo state.
  3. To find out if rehabilitation as a tool can help in reducing crime rate in Imo state.
  4. To find out strategy that can be used in curbing high crime rate in Imo state.

1.4 Research Question

The following questions have been prepared for this study

  1. What are the various reasons that account for high crime rate in Imo state?
  2. What are the effect high crime rate in Imo state?
  3. Does rehabilitation as a tool help in reducing crime rate in Imo state?
  4. What strategy can be used in curbing high crime rate in Imo state?

1.5 Significance of the Study

This study examines prison and crime control in Imo state.

This study will be of benefit to the Imo state government as it will help them know the cause of high crime rate and also make them find solution to the crime rate in the state.

This study is also significant to the management of the Nigerian prison service as it will make them improve their rehabilitation centers

This study is also significant to the academic community as it will contribute to the existing literature.


1.6 Scope of the Study

This study examines prison and crime control in Imo state. The study will also, examine the various reasons that account for high crime rate in Imo state. The study will further examine the effect high crime rate in Imo state. More so the study will find out if rehabilitation as a tool can help in reducing crime rate in Imo state. Lastly, the study will find out strategy that can be used in curbing high crime rate in Imo state. Hence the study is delimited to Owerri prison yard, Imo state.


1.7 Delimitation of the Study

This study was constrained by a number of factors which are as follows: just like any other research, ranging from unavailability of needed accurate materials on the topic under study, inability to get data

Financial constraint , was faced by the researcher ,in getting relevant materials and in printing and collation of questionnaires

Time factor: time factor pose another constraint since having to shuttle between writing of the research and also engaging in other academic work making it uneasy for the researcher


1.8 Definition of Terms

Crime Rate:

The number of crimes that are committed during a period of time in a particular place

Prison:

A building in which people are legally held as a punishment for a crime they have committed or while awaiting trial.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

In this study, our focus was on prison and crime control using Owerri prison yard as a case study.The study specifically was aimed at highlighting the various reasons that account for high crime rate in Imo state. The study also, examine the effect high crime rate in Imo state. The study further, find out if rehabilitation as a tool can help in reducing crime rate in Imo state. Lastly, the study find out strategy that can be used in curbing high crime rate in Imo state. A total of 110 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are drawn from staff Owerri prison yard


5.2 Conclusion

Based on the finding of this study, the following conclusions were made:

  1. One of the strategies that can be used to curb crime is to help ex-offenders find secure living-wage employment
  2. Another way to curb crime is to monitor public surveillance camera
  3. Crimes can be curbed by Connecting returning prisoners to stable housing
  4. We can also use DNA evidence to curb crime
  5. Crime reduces safety thereby creating fear in the heart of the people
  6. Crime disrupts social order
  7. Crime creates chaos and confusion
  8. Crime brings about psychological and mental imbalance on the victims

5.3 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. The government of Imo state should make sure there are security operatives around who can at least create the fear of not trying to commit crime
  2. The prison rehabilitation center should be improved and and qualified personnel should be employed to help in the rehabilitation of prisoners

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