Principal Management And Educational Reprocess And Students Performance In Business Studies
This study was carried out to investigate principal management and educational resources and students performance in business studies with a particular reference to selected secondary schools in Obio Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State. To achieve this objective, three research questions and two research hypothesis were formulated to guide the study. The data was collected from both primary and secondary sources. The primary data were collected with the help of a well-structured questionnaire of two sections administered to the respondents in Obio Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State. The collected data were analyzed tables and descriptive statistics to analyze the research questions while t-test statistical method was used to test research hypothesis. All data were coded using SPSS software. The study reveals that principal management significantly influences students’ academic performance in business studies. The study concluded with some recommendations that principals of secondary schools in Rivers State should continue to employ organization skills such as team work with the staff, and various quality improvement measures to influence high academic performance of the schools both internally and externally.
1.1 Background of the Study
In recent times, education stakeholders have expressed their concern over the poor performance of students in business education at the school certificate examination. Some blamed the school administrators (principals) and the teachers while some blamed the students themselves and the parents. Whoever is to be blamed, the fact remains that, the school and its organizational management has correlation with the academic performance of the students. Leith (2004). The school principal who is the manager has a lot of roles to play in the academic achievement of the students. Ruth et all (1979) Wekessa (1997) Olagboye (2004) noted that to improve students’ performance, principals or managers are required first to improve the management of the schools.
This can be done if the principal set a clear vision for the schools, exhibit instructional leadership, and also allow for team spirit in the school. Lack of vision in the management of school often lead to imbalance in the allocation of and use of resources. This is why Ayot and Briggs (1992) noted that academic achievement of students depends on effective leadership. The principal is the chief executive of the school. He has some administrative tasks to perform such as supervision of instructional programmes in the school, management of school personnel, management of school finance, maintenance of student welfare services and establishment of good community relations. His or her failure to perform these tasks effectively and efficiently will affect the tone of the school and achievement of academic goals.(Nwankwo 1982 and Peretomode 1991). In the discharge of these tasks, the manager is expected to plan, control, organize, coordinate and direct human and non-human resources in the organization in order to achieve the goals of the organization.(Adeleke 2001 and Onifade 2004) Nigeria education system is largely examination oriented. Hence poor performance of students in examination is always attributed to the school administration where the principal is at the helm of affairs.
The poor performance of students in business studies had been largely attributed to poor management of the principals. It appears that most principals fail to monitor, and disseminate current information on educational issues and modern teaching techniques to teachers in the schools. This has been a source of concern to the government and education stakeholders. Observation shows that most schools both in rural and urban are not well equipped of learning materials, enough teachers, computers were not available which could have prepared the students for electronic examination in future Even in some urban schools where computers were available the epileptic supply of electricity has limited their use. A consideration of the above posed a challenge to the administrative effectiveness of the principal. The inability of some principals to encourage team spirit, among teachers, poor human relations with teachers and inconsistent classroom visitations are all hindrance to effective learning and teaching. A principal who properly exercises his or her leadership responsibility will enable his or her school to realize good academic achievement. This argues the fact that effective management of organization is a prime contributory factor in achievement (Chitiavi, 2002). Teachers are not exempted from the controversy on the poor performance of students in secondary school examinations. The poor attitude of teachers to teaching and lack of professional development contribute to poor academic performance of students. A critical look at the students’ academic performances in business studies over the year show that much work is expected to be performed by principals and teachers in order to improve the level of academic performance in secondary schools in the state. It is against this background that this study investigated the role of principal’s organizational management on academic achievement of students in secondary schools in Rivers States.
1.2 Statement of the General Problem
Poor performance of students in business studies has persisted despite the fact secondary schools are assumed to be having well-qualified students from primary schools, trained and qualified principals. The reasons for poor performance cannot be easily discerned without focused investigation. This implies that much work is being expected to be performed by teachers and principals in order to improve the level of students’ academic performance in secondary schools. This study therefore aimed at focusing on the role of principal who is at the helm of affairs of the school on academic achievement of the students in secondary school.
1.3 Aims and Objectives of the Study
The following are the aims and objectives for undertaking this study
- To know if principal management influences students’ performance in business studies in ObioakporLGA
- To know if educational reprocess influences students’ performance in business studies in ObioAkpor LGA
- To recommend ways of ensuring high students’ performance in business studies in ObioAkpor LGA.
1.4 Research Questions
The following research questions guided the study.
- What are the principals’ organization skills that influenced academic achievement of the student?
- Which academic activities do the principal need to participate to help improve academic performance of student?
- Does educational reprocess influence students’ performance in Business studies?
1.5 Research Hypothesis
- H0: principal management does not significantly influence students’ academic performance in business studies.
- H1: principal management significantly influences students’ academic performance in business studies.
1.6 Significance of the Study
This study would be useful to secondary school managements in ensuring improved academic performance across the secondary schools in the local government. This study would be useful to the state ministry of education i9n ensuring the admission of quality teachers which should enhance the academic performance of students in business studies. This study would be useful to stakeholders in education.
1.7 Scope of the Study
This study is on principal management and educational reprocess and students’ performance in business studies in obio/akporlga of rivers state.
Limitation of the Study
Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.
1.8 Definition of Terms
The study of economics and management, especially as an educational topic.
To treat or prepare (something) by a special method again
The process of dealing with or controlling things or people.
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
This chapter presents the summary, conclusion and recommendations for further studies.
5.2 Summary of Findings
This study was carried out to investigate principal management and educational resources and students performance in business studies with a particular reference to selected secondary schools in Obio Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State. To achieve this objective, three research questions and one research hypothesis were formulated to guide this study. A structured questionnaire was used as the main instrument to gather data from 120 respondents in Obio Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State. Out of this number, 95 (79.2%) copies of questionnaire were appropriately completed and returned for data analysis while 25(20.8%) copies of questionnaire not completed and returned.
The data collected from the respondents were analyzed using tables and descriptive statistics to analyze the research questions while t-test statistical method was used to test the hypothesis. The findings revealed that; principal management significantly influences students’ academic performance in business studies.
Based on the findings of this study and the subsequent recommendations, it is concluded that the principal organizational skills that influenced high academic performance of students in secondary schools included checking of teachers and students academic work, eradicate cheating among students, encourage syllabus coverage, organized remedial teaching in school, briefing teachers on performance of students. However, the principals need to appreciate and motivate teachers to work hard in the school. The academic achievements of the students depended on the application of all aforementioned skills. The open-mind policy and team spirit of principals of secondary schools tend to facilitate high academic performance of students.
Based on the findings of this study, the researcher made the following recommendations;
- Principals of secondary schools in Rivers State should continue to employ organization skills such as team work with the staff, and various quality improvement measures to influence high academic performance of the schools both internally and externally.
- The state government should also provide infrastructural facilities that will influence learning and teaching in the school.
- The school team, such as teachers and principals should monitor and discipline students so as to improve learning in the school.
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