Positive Correlation Between Good Diets And Human Health

Project and Seminar Material for Food and Nutrition

Positive Correlation Between Good Diets And Human Health


Abstract


This study was carried out on the evaluation of the positive correlation between good diets and human health. The study was specifically set to find out whether adequate dietary intake boost the mental health of children, find out whether adequate dietary intake boost the physical health and development of children, find out whether good dietary intake reduces children’s vulnerability to some set of diseases, and find out the factors influencing adequate and proper dietary intake among children. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of nurses in some selected primary healthcare in Edo State. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 65 respondents and 50 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables and mean scores. While the hypotheses were tested using Chi-square statistical tool. The result of the findings reveals that adequate dietary intake boost the mental health of children. Furthermore the result of the findings reveals that the factors influencing adequate and proper dietary intake among children includes: special diet requirements, parents socio-economic status, taste preferences, culture/ethnicity, and health status. Therefore, it is recommended that heath workers, community nutritionist and extension workers should enlighten parents on the type of food to be given to the children. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Food has always been one of the requirements for the survival of any living organism with mankind not an exception. Feeding is the eating or ingestion of food basically for the provision of nutrients to the body for growth and development as well as energy. Food is therefore what is ingested into the body while feeding is the process of eating the food. It is one of the basic necessities of life as it a the major determinant of nutritional intake among individuals.

Nutrition is the ability to eat right. There are different classes of food but the ability to select those that inspire good health and personal wellbeing is known as nutrition or balance diet. Nutrition promotes human growth and development which is the increase in both physical and psychological dimension in all human being. Sharma (2017) described nutrition as the study of the effects of food and drink we take into our body in relation to balanced diet that nourishes the body, repairs worn out tissues and provides energy to the body.

The nutritional status of school-aged children impacts their health, cognition, and their educational achievement(Best, Neufinger, and Van Geel, 2010). The school age is a dynamic period of growth and development. Poor health and malnutrition impair both the growth and cognitive development of primary school children(Singh, & West, 2004). Diets offered to young children are of low quality, lack variety, low energy and nutrient density, they are usually of and multiple nutrient deficiencies are common in this age group(Ogbimi, & Ogunba, 2011). Understanding the nutritional status of children has far-reaching implications for promoting their health status(Srivastava, Mahmood, et al. 2012).

The prevalence of malnutrition is still high in Nigeria (52.7%)(Goon, Toriola, & Shaw, 2011). Many children are malnourished which prevent them from reaching their optimum potential, because nutrition is a foundation on which human progress in built(Veneman, 2011). It is however sad that malnutrition has continued to be a public health problem in developing countries where poor socio-economic conditions has continued to work in synergy with malnutrition(Olusanya, and Wirz, 2010). Improving nutrient intake of children is important for health and well-being of individual(Edun, & Adesanwo, 2013). It is on the light of the aforementioned that this study seek to examine the positive correlation between good diets and human health with specific focus on children of school age.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Nutrition is the science that deals with the study of food in relation to their effects on the human body. It is also the study of various nutrients in relation to their effects upon the human body. From the day of birth, good diet nutrition plays an important role in the development and growth of every individual. Balanced diet is the selection of all the necessary food nutrients in the right proportion. Good diet invigorates healthy living and barricades infectious diseases while poor nutrition exposes one to communicable diseases, retarded growth and development as well as some psychological problems such as mental health issues.

There is a high prevalence of malnutrition in Nigeria specially among the young folks(Goon, Toriola, & Shaw, 2011). However, Boutayeb (2010), affirmed that children who suffer from malnutrition are exposed to communicable diseases which hampers participatory schooling. Apparently, nutrition in children is very paramount as it could affect their general health status which is detrimental to their entire well-being. Just like every individual requires good nutrition for overall development, there are set of people that require it more than the others due to their susceptibility and fragile nature these group of people include but not limited to pregnant women, lactating and nursing mothers and children (Ogwudire-Chukwudire, 2004). When the children are not fed appropriate diet both in quantity and quality, the children could suffer some ailments that could affect them mentally and/or eventual death.

Most parents are crippled in providing balanced diet to their children owing to poverty as a result give them anything food which could lead to anaemia. This is the reason there are lots of infant mortality among low socio-economic families.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The main objective of this study is to ascertain the positive correlation between good diets and human health.

Specifically this study will;

  1. Find out whether adequate dietary intake boost the mental health of children.
  2. Find out whether adequate dietary intake boost the physical health and development of children.
  3. Find out whether good dietary intake reduces children’s vulnerability to some set of diseases.
  4. Find out the factors influencing adequate and proper dietary intake among children.

1.4 Research Question

The following questions will guide this study.

  1. Does adequate dietary intake boost the mental health of children?
  2. Does adequate dietary intake boost the physical health and development of children?
  3. Does good dietary intake reduce children’s vulnerability to some set of diseases?
  4. What are the factors influencing adequate and proper dietary intake among children?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • Ho: There is no positive correlation between good diets and human health.
  • Ha: There is a positive correlation between good diets and human health.

1.6 Significance of the Study

One aspect in which this study is significant is that it used Nigerian background with a view to provide first hand information on the effect of nutrition intake on pupils’ health in Ijebu-Ode, Ogun State. Parents, teacher and government have a concerted effort to provide good nutrition that will enhance the pupils health.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The study focuses on the positive correlation between good diets and human health, with fo. The study will further assess the role of dietary intake in boosting the mental health of children, their physical health and development, their vulnerability to some set of diseases, and the factors influencing adequate and proper dietary intake among children. The respondents for this study will be obtained among nurses in some selected primary heathcare in Edo State.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researcher encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. Insufficient funds tend to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size. More so, the researcher simultaneously engaged in this study with other academic work. As a result, the amount of time spent on research will be reduced.

Moreover, the case study method utilized in the study posed some challenges to the investigator including the possibility of biases and poor judgment of issues. However, the investigator relied on respect for the general principles of procedures, justice, fairness, objectivity in observation and recording, and weighing of evidence to overcome the challenges.


1.9 Definitions of Terms

Nutrition:

Nutrition has several components: energy (calories), macronutrients (eg, protein, carbohydrate, fat) and micronutrients (vitamins and minerals). The optimum levels of each are required for good nutrition.

Malnutrition:

Malnutrition occurs when there is a major imbalance or insufficiency of nutrients. Note that obesity is a form of malnutrition.

Nutritional Intake:

Nutritional intake refers to the energy, macronutrients and micronutrients consumed in food and drink. The methodology for measuring nutritional intake is complex, and usually involves 24 hour diet recall.

Nutritional Status:

Nutritional status refers to the adequacy of energy, macronutrients and micronutrients in the body. Because people have different nutritional needs, people with the same nutritional intake may vary in nutritional status.


1.10 Organization of the Study

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the positive correlation between good diets and human health. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was on the evaluation of the positive correlation between good diets and human health. The study was specifically carried out to find out whether adequate dietary intake boost the mental health of children, find out whether adequate dietary intake boost the physical health and development of children, find out whether good dietary intake reduces children’s vulnerability to some set of diseases, and find out the factors influencing adequate and proper dietary intake among children.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 50 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are nurses in some selected primary healthcare in Edo State.


5.3 Conclusions

In the light of the analysis carried out, the following conclusions were drawn.

  1. Adequate dietary intake boost the mental health of children.
  2. Adequate dietary intake boost the physical health and development of children.
  3. Good dietary intake reduce children’s vulnerability to some set of diseases.
  4. The factors influencing adequate and proper dietary intake among children includes: special diet requirements, parents socio-economic status, taste preferences, culture/ethnicity, and health status.

5.4 Recommendation

With respect to the findings and the aim of this study, the researchers therefore recommend that;

  1. It is expected that heath workers, community nutritionist and extension workers should enlighten parents on the type of food to be given to the children.
  2. There is need to encourage family to provide adequate diet for children that is up to the recommended daily allowance for both sex. And parents should increase the amount of money given to their children so that they can purchase food that can meet their dietary need. Need to increase nutritional awareness among parents through nutrition education.

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Frequently Asked Questions


What is the relationship between diet and health?

An unhealthy diet increases the risk of many diet related diseases. Health is much more than the absence of disease. It is a positive quality, emphasizing physical, social, intellectual, emotional, and spiritual well being. Optimum nutrition, providing all nutrients in both kind and amount, is the cornerstone of good health.

What is the relationship between patient nutrition and overall health?

Patients nutritional status is closely related to the overall level of health. Nutrition is considered as one of the important factors affecting the human health. Nurses should give more attention to the nutrition of their patients. A modification in the diet can cure certain diseases.

What is the importance of nutrition in our diet?

The foods we eat, and the nutrients they provide, are the most important continuing factors influencing our growth, development, functional abilities, and health. A proper diet helps in preventing and recovery from certain illnesses.

Why is it important to eat a balanced diet?

Eating a balanced diet is an important part of good health. We should eat foods that contain six important nutrients which include whole grains, a source of protein, dairy, fruits, vegetables, and water. Nutrition plays a role in promoting good health. 

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