The Poor Performance Of Co-Operative Societies (A Case Study Of Nwanne Di Mkpa Women Multipurpose Co-Operative Society In Ikeduru Government Area Of Imo State)
This project is set to examine the “poor performance of cooperative society using Nwanne Di Mkpa Women Multipurpose Co-operative in Ikeduru Local Government Area of Imo State” as a case study. For qualitative and quantitative data to be obtaining both structured and open questionnaires were used to sample the opinions of Nwanne Di Mkpa Co-operatives as well as the members of their management committee. The data collected by the researcher were interpreted using percentage analysis and chi-square (X2) analysis. The researcher findings reveals that the poor performance does not provided the business for co-operatives growth, expansion and development. No cooperative enterprise grows without adequate finance and investment plans. Based on the statistical analysis, it was discovered that the poor performance of co-operative societies do not improve the standard of living of the community. However, inadequate finance, lack of training and education of members’ lack of collateral to obtain loans and illiteracy constitute the most outstanding problems encountered by this society.
Table of Contents
- Title page
- Approval Page
- Table of content
- 1.1 Background of the study
- 1.2 Statement of problem
- 1.3 Objective of the study
- 1.4 Research questions
- 1.5 Statement of hypothesis
- 1.6 Significant of the study
- 1.7 Scope of the study
- 1.8 Limitation of the study
- 1.9 Definition of terms
2.0 Literature Review
- 2.1 Introduction
- 2.2 Cooperative are for poor
- 2.3 Why cooperative are coxed for poor performance
- 2.4 Function/features of cooperative societies
- 2.5 Definition of multipurpose co-operative society
- 2.6 Definition of agricultural co-operative society
- 2.7 Definition of marketing co-operative society
- 2.8 Definitions off credit and thrift co-operative society
- 2.9 Reasons for the poor performance of co-operative society
3.0 Research Design and Methodology
- 3.1 Introduction
- 3.2 Research Design
- 3.3 Sources / Methods of Data collections
- 3.4 Population and Sample size
- 3.5 Sample techniques
- 3.6 Validity and Reliably of measuring instrument
- 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
4.0 Presentation and Analysis of Data
- 4.1 Introduction
- 4.2 Presentation of Data
- 4.3 Analysis of Data
- 4.4 Test of Hypothesis
- 4.5 Interpretation of result(s)
5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
- 5.1 Introduction
- 5.2 Summary of findings
- 5.3 Conclusion
- 5.4 Recommendation
Cooperative are often targets of unexpected coaxing in the hands of people, who perhaps in all fairness may not be aware if its role in the society. Very interesting comments are labeled against cooperatives, such as: “Cooperatives are prone to failure”, “Cooperatives breed Corruption”, Cooperatives are base for political entry”, and what not. No doubts, large number of cooperative have failed and equal numbers of cooperatives are lying dormant. Similarly, others may not have pursued effective strategies for the long benefits of their members. In many cases, members have had unrealistic expectation concerning a cooperative’s ability to exert power of improve their economic conditions by getting favorable prices. Surprising, cooperatives received a shock treatment from members as well as the people at large, despite serving them in their period of distress like swar, floods, draught etc. through control of prices, timely supply of inputs and extending other services.
Over the years we have observed that if people lose money in their dealings with private organization, they quickly wipe the incident from their minds and go on with their lives. However, if the same people are actually being wronged by the cooperatives, they carry long memories and continue to raise the issues at whatever platform they get the opportunity to do so. In fact, some people pass their bad experiences with cooperatives down from generation to generation. They would often coax cooperatives, for their ineffectiveness, inefficiency, and lot more. It has, therefore, become imperatives to explain what could be the reasons of such happening and how to check such occurrences in future. The reasons can be divided into two general categories: misconception about cooperatives and reasons for poor performance.
1.1 Background of the Study
Cooperative, recognized on a democratic bass, would be able to fill the vacuum created by the complete suppression of private enterprise, and if so, to what extent? When trying to find an answer to this question I shall depart from agriculture which, in spite of the progressing urbanization of the population still present a substantial sector of the economic life of these countries. One can safely presume that as soon as the peasant will be free to decide about their future, their traditional individualism and the aversion to all forms of collectivism will result in a rapid dissolution of most of the “producer cooperatives”.
On the other hand, the land reforms carried through by the then still semi-democratic government immediately after the war had brought about the dismemberment of the land into small and often quite economic units, partly because the main purpose of the reform was to satisfy as many people as possible, and also partly because the communist were already strong enough to bring their influence to bear in order to create in this way the prerequisite for future collectivization. Beside, as a result of urbanization and the insufferable working conditions in the producer cooperatives, there is in the countryside a rapidly increasing lack of manpower, especially as far as the young generation is concerned. The communist government are making great effort to make up for this deficiency by gradually replacing manpower by agricultural machines and even if the supply of machines is still lagging far behind actual needs, the mechanization of agriculture is the fact to be taken into consideration when planning for the future.
It is quite probable that most countries will undertake a revision of their abortive land reforms without, however creating units large enough to allow the use of modern agricultural machines.
There are also other installations, such as storage facilities, stables for breeders, milk separators, etc. which no individual small farmer can afford. There must be therefore, a collective ownership and use of such machines and installations and this is possible only on a cooperatives basis. During the late thirties a certain no of cooperatives were formed in Hungary in to secure farmers facilities similar to those enjoyed by bigger landowners. And even if they have been in existences only a few years, the results achieved have been rather promising. I must admit, however, that while there exist in many countries cooperative for the joint ownership and use of agricultural machines, the type of cooperative I am thinking of is relatively new and unproven. In Swede, e.g. they have attempted encourage the formation of cooperative of such type by legislative measures, but as far as I am informed, only very few have been founded at present only two of them are in function. Although it is true that they do not infringe upon these principles of private ownership they nonetheless involve to certain extent the surrender of independence by the farmers, and it will therefore certainly need persuasion to convince them of the advantage of the system.
As I mentioned before, in the communist dominated countries, the bulk of agricultural product has to be handed over to the multipurpose village cooperatives which, only act as agent of the respective government. All processing marketing and exportation of product is done by state enterprise. In all these countries there exist before the communist takeover cooperative marketing organization which, in completion with private enterprise, have played an importation many case dominantorale in this field. They owned numerous modern processing plants where the products collected by the local societies underwent or abroad. The profits were returned to the farmers in the form of higher prizes or patronage refunds.
According to Amahalu (2007), it is wishful thinking to imagine that once the communist system has been abolished private industry and trade will be able to take over the role of state enterprise in the field of processing and marketing agricultural products the reorganization of marketing cooperative capable of operating the processing plants and carrying on the marketing of the product will be, therefore on e of the most urgent tasks.
Obodoechi (2005) stressed that, when about 80 years ago, the first marketing cooperative were formed in Denmark. The small scale society not only collected the products from their members but also processes them on spot. National organization was set up merely to handle the export of the processed products. Such ass butter, bacon, etc. The Danish system served as an example for the other Scandinavian countries and even some countries in westerns Europe organized the cooperative marketing of agricultural products on more or less similar lines, in central Europe however, processing was mostly the responsibility of the national or regional organizations and role of the local societies was limited to the collection and delivery of the products. Very often no separate cooperative were formed for this purpose, but a special department of the local credit or consumer society was entrusted with the task. Resent technical development in the field of food processing, transport and storage, and the invention of entirely new processing method for more products such as deep freezing have crated entirely new conditions for the cooperative processing and marketing of agricultural product and even the Scandinavian cooperative are increasing changing over to large processing plants run on a national or regional basis.
The given pattern for the future organization of the processing and marketing of agricultural products in the communist dominated countries is therefore, a number of strong central organizations each handling the processing and marketing of as certain category of products. They should be linked up in federation, the task of which would be to safeguard their common interest and to deal with cooperative education and propaganda. From having been the agent of the communist national enterprise, the local multipurpose societies reorganizes on a truly cooperative basis, should become the agents of the new central organization for collection of products from the framers. It would also remain the task of these societies to supply the farmers with agricultural equipment, fertilizer seeds, etc. and even with consumer’s goods. One may safely presume that as soon as the freedoms of establishment is restored it will not take long before enterprising people will open shied, but this will most probably be the case in towns where it will be easier for them to get the necessary suppliers than in the countryside. One must keep in mind that there are no wholesaler left in their countries and it is no doubt a much more difficult problem to rebuild wholesaler trade to start retail shops.
1.2 Statement of Problem
Multipurpose cooperative societies provide unlimited opportunities which h help the members to solve their problem and also improve their lives. Nevertheless, multipurpose cooperative societies are faced with the following problems.
- Inadequate or no proper feasibility study
- Shortage of skilled personnel
- Lack of product depth and poor administration etc.
The socio-economic problems of the commodity worsen everyday as a matter of facts; the level of poverty has a new standard of living in the local centered have been assuming dangerous diminution. It has become unemployed and has not improved their structural hence, the low contribution has not been better to the useful to themselves and the societies at large.
1.3 Objectives of the Study
The main aim of the study is mainly to highlight on reason for the poor performance of cooperative in Ama Imo Ikeduru local government area of Imo State and to investigate on the activities of the association. The researcher uses this work to enlightening individual association on the effects and the need for formatting of multipurpose cooperative societies, this become necessary because cooperative societies helps in stabilizing prices of product.
The key objectives of the study are as follows:
- To study the contribution of poor cooperative toward the performance of the communities in Imo State.
- Identify the problem facing the cooperative on their development effort.
- To study the effect of the economic activities of the communities.
- To make policy recommendation based in the findings of the study.
1.4 Research Questions
During the research, the researcher came up with some questions that will help to analyze and upgrade the subject matter?
- Does the poor performance of cooperative society improve the standard of living of the society?
- To what extent can the government help the organization?
- What type of problems does the society encounter?
- How does the organization control their financial standard?
- How does the organization control their financial standard?
- What are the reasons for poor Performance of the cooperative society?
- What are the problems multipurpose cooperative societies?
1.5 Statement of Hypothesis
The following hypotheses were formulated in order to reach a general conclusion of this study.
- HO: The poor performances of cooperative societies do not improve the standard of living of the society
HI: The poor performances of cooperative societies improve the standard of living of the society.
- HO: multi-purpose society is not an integrated type of business that combines many functions.
HI: multi-purpose society an integrated type of business that combines many functions.
1.6 Significant of the Study
This research is very significant to the extent that it will enable the government to implement strategies in order to reduce poor performance of cooperative societies hence to improve the welfare of the society.
When the poor performance the poor performance of a cooperative society is been looked into, it will be a positive reverse therefore uplifting the image of the organization. With the study, the solution to the problem of poor performance of cooperative society in Ama Imo Ikeduru can be formed and manager will make a policy that will help to solve the problem.
- Provide information on how multipurpose cooperative societies can bring solution to the problems.
- To serve as a guide to other researched who may wish to carry out further research on this very topic.
1.7 Scope of the Study
This research only covers the Ama Imo multipurpose cooperative in Ikeduru local government area of Imo State the indigenes of the area particularly.
Those who reside at home are mainly greater subsistence farmer. They are few who produced variety of food crops such as cassava, maize, and yam produce and so on.
In the area of commerce the local government have various markets which take place daily or at specifically in the week.
1.8 Limitation of the Study
During the course of this, the researcher encountered the under listed constraints:
- The time limit for this research work is not enough, due to the period the researcher could not be able to go to the appropriate commissions to bring facts for the study.
- Shortage of finance: this researcher runs out of fund during the course of this study which also serves as a constraint.
- There was lack of adequate materials for information.
1.9 Definition of Terms
Below are the following term which are found in the write up and hereby defined in the manner in which they are used in order to ensure that the reader understand the write up.
Mutual Self Help:
This means that cooperative is synonymous with solidarity.
A Credit Society:
This is a cooperative society which provides its members with convenient and secure means of saving money and o9f obtaining credit (borrowing) at reasonable rate of interest.
This denotes that a cooperative must be democratic in structure in the practice and in spilt.
The characteristic, feelings or beliefs that distinguishes people from other.
The minimization of a cooperative’s cost and should have the same rights and opportunities.
Are those factors that limit the researcher freedom in this research work. E.g. Time, financial etc.
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