Poor Participation In Cooperative Society (A Case Study Of Orlu L.G.A. Imo State)

Project and Seminar Material for Cooperative Economics and Management (CEM)

Poor Participation In Cooperative Society (A Case Study Of Orlu L.G.A. Imo State)


Abstract


This project work is aimed identifying the poor participation in cooperative societies, its causes and effects in Nigerian Local Government Area.

It was also intended to identify the importance of cooperative societies, its limitations and how effectively it can be used, the contribution of cooperative societies to the Manpower development in Nigeria as a whole using Nigeria L.G.A as a case study.

Questionnaires were administered to the society and randomly selected out of fifty questionnaires administered to the selected cooperative societies. Eighteen were returned and analyses were based on the returned questionnaires. Consequently, the recommendation were made of which if adopted would go a long way to a motivation of the impediments encountered by cooperative through proper utilization of credit facility paying of staff salaries when due thereby eliminating these negative effects.


Table Of Contents


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Approval page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of content

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the study
  • 1.4 Significance of the study
  • 1.5 Scope and limitation of the study
  • 1.6 Definition of terms

Chapter Two

2.0 Review of Related Literature

  • 2.1 Personal participation
  • 2.2 Financial participation
  • 2.3 Member participation
  • 2.4 Causes of poor participation
  • 2.5 Effects of poor participation

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Design and Methodology

  • 3.1 Types and sources of data
  • 3.2 Research design and procedure
  • 3.3 Method of data presentation and Analysis

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Analysis of Data

  • 4.1 Presentation of data in table with Analysis

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary of Findings, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary of findings
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • Bibliography
  • Appendix
  • Questionnaire

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

In recent time numerous attempts have been made by various organization and individuals bodies on what cooperative is all about.

Cooperative was derived from the word cooperative is essentially an economics system with a social out look, its operation are based on self help multued help, solidarity and democracy. It attempts to in still and propagates ideas of self reliance and social responsibility.

Cooperative belongs to the private sector, they are for the common people, a mechanism for differs, battlement and emancipation to combat the harsh conditions brought about by the mechanized economy. We can go on and on with those definitions without repeating our selves and without exhausting the meaning of cooperative.

In bringing a modest cooperative society into existence, there have been and there will be a number of problem to meet. The most important of those problem are not the opposition of those for whom the cooperative society is likely to represent competition it is not the poverty of those it is intended to benefit. It is not even their lack of business, experience and above all, importance of the principle methods and aims of cooperation among members.

In order to rule out the caps the need for cooperative education has been recognized ever since the inception of cooperative institutions. The acquisition of know edge is one of the principles of the Lawndale equitable pioneers.

Education help to equip members with the skill, knowledge and confidence to enable them use participates and control the cooperative more effective and generally to become both better cooperators ad Citizens.
Through there is obviously a need for knowledge among who wish to make success of their cooperative endeavor.

Cooperative education is membership enlightenment exercise, which helps in no small measure to eliminate poor technical education and enable them to run the affair of the cooperative society successfully.

Unofficially cooperative (per-ordinance era) the period from 1935 is regarded as the period of modern cooperative, ordinance was enacted and when the movement because formalized and consolidated.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

According to Onuoha (1974:33) which stated that cooperative movement in Nigeria is burdened with many problems there problems lead to poor participation in the cooperative organization the problem among which are:

  1. Inadequate funding both internal and external.
  2. Poor member education and poor management.
  3. Excessive control by government leading to over dependence on government initiatives and directions.
  4. Refusal of banks and other financial institution to assessing the societies.
  5. Lack of government t interest in cooperative society.

1.3 Objectives Of The Study

Although there are many types of cooperative movement and each has its own peculiar objectives some of those aims are fairly general and are applicable to most cooperative societies the objectives of this study includes;

  1. To ensure full participation of members in the affairs of the cooperative society.
  2. To promote mutual understanding among its members.
  3. To prevent exploitation of the worker members of the society.
  4. To protest the right of people a producers and consumers.
  5. To eliminate the unnecessarily profit of middlemen in the trade and commerce.

1.4 Significance Of The Study

Cooperative societies are essential migrating in the development of any societies.
Cooperative societies find their essence not only in the rural area, but in semi urban areas.
Therefore, this study is to emphasis that major contribution in economic development of economic efficiency.
The stud is also to evaluate the powerful recommendation on how to improve their participation.


1.5 Scope And Limitation Of The Study

For the scope of cooperative societies its causes and effect using Orlu local government area Imo State as its case stud and limitation of study discusses the problems and cause associated with poor participation of cooperative society ad the purpose of education toward the development of cooperative organization. One of the major constraints of this stud is that of time constraints that the research faced in collection of research materials from different sources, another constraint is the problem of finances which the researcher suffered when conducting this study.

Another constraints that I faced was in non-cooperative respondents.
This constituted a problem because most of the respondents were very hostile therefore not much information was gotten from them.


1.6 Definition Of Terms.

Some economic terms were used in this work, they include;

Cooperation:

This is a joint or common effort or an association for common benefit.

Cooperative:

An association of person who have voluntarily joined together to achieve a common goal and through the formation of democratically controlled organization, making equitable contributions to the capital required and accepting affair share of the risks and benefits of the undertaking in which members achieve participates.

Consumers Cooperative:

They are the types of cooperative that specialize in the distributing of essential goods to members and they are mostly found in the urban areas.

ICA: International Cooperative Alliance:

they are international area body of all cooperative societies.
It is an affiliate institution of the United Nations Catering for all world labour organization.

F.A.O. Food And Agriculture Organization:

They are the agency of the United Nation. They contributed to the cooperative movement in the agricultural cooperative areas.

Anglophone Africa:

Those area English speaking Africans countries which was colonized by English Speaking colonization like Britain.


Chapter Five


5.0 Summary Of Findings, Conclusions And Recommendations

The aim of this chapter is to briefly summarize the research findings, recommend possible solutions and conclude the research dealt within this study. This research work has examined the poor participation in cooperative society. A case study of Orlu local Government Area in Imo State in the course of this research work the following were observed.


5.1 Summary Of Findings

If the cooperative society is to respond effectively to the challenges and opportunities of most project, a clear source of its capitality to mobilize people and committee it most be able to prove its ability of being efficient suppliers of goods and services.

From the research conducted and the neglect obtained, the research points out the reasons why there is poor participation in cooperative societies as regards to Orlu Local Government Area as a case study, they include:

  1. First and foremost is the fact that the organization of cooperative department is not measured by professionals in the field of cooperative societies.
  2. Some cooperative organizations (staffs) are not given proper orientation.
  3. Another problem is that of poor participation was due to the problem of membership education.
  4. There are also the problems of dishonesty among the top rank of leadership.
  5. Another reason for the poor participation could be attributed to poor services condition or the cause of poor participation.

In cooperative societies also associated with some side effect and these include

  • As a result of poor participation there is liquidation and this is where the utilization of credit is not implemented fully.
  • Low attendance during meeting.
  • Lack of rural development.
  • There are low moderates on the part of non members who have the intension of being members.
  • Lack of funds for the operation of project.

5.2 Conclusion

I have attempted to narrate and evaluate the poor participation in cooperative societies, sits causes and effects.

The contribution of cooperative education identified over helping majority of the population in developing countries are still illiterate until the problem of education is solid. Furthermore for effective must be well organized and administrated with maximum course in order to make effective cooperation.

All suggestion has been on how to eliminate illiteracy in developing countries through education.

As cooperation is the most contributing factor to the society surely the performance of any cooperative activities will depend upon the education of it members and employers skills and knowledge are important for successful management at all level.


5.3 Recommendation

Based on the findings of the study and the problem enumerated above the following recommendation were made.

  1. Government should introduce more cooperative institution in the states and equally live on management principles.
  2. Cooperative society should provide adequate educational facilities for their employers so that cooperative movement may be efficient.
  3. Journals posters, television, magazines and radio should be used to propagate the lack of cooperative societies both in the urban and rural areas.
  4. There should be good service condition for the cooperative staff.
  5. Members should make it point of duty to all and meeting regularly and suggesting their own opinion in matters, which will help the organization to progress and avoid liquidity.
  6. Imitate and implementation of policies that will enhance involvement of women in cooperative at membership decision planning and management should be encouraged.
  7. Members of the society should be given adequate cooperative education especially the executive members and the direction who plan and manages the organization.

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