Poor Food Choice And It’s Effect On The Health Of The Rural Dwellers Of Ikot-Ekpene In Akwa Ibom State

Project and Seminar Material for Public Health

Poor Food Choice And It’s Effect On The Health Of The Rural Dwellers Of Ikot-Ekpene In Akwa Ibom State


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review
  • 2.4 Chapter Summary

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses
  • 4.5 Discussion of Findings

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • 5.4 Suggestion for Further Studies
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Poor Food Choice And It’s Effect On The Health Of The Rural Dwellers Of Ikot-Ekpene In Akwa Ibom State


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Poor Food Choice And It’s Effect On The Health Of The Rural Dwellers Of Ikot-Ekpene In Akwa Ibom State


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If you are preparing for questions that may be asked during your defense, then your answers will flow smoothly and effectively. This will prove your knowledge on the subject e.g “Poor Food Choice And It’s Effect On The Health Of The Rural Dwellers Of Ikot-Ekpene In Akwa Ibom State“, and strengthening your argument. Ask friends and family, read your work for them to listen to your presentation, and write down questions. You may be lucky the panel will ask you those you have already prepared on.

2. Strong Summary:

Summarizing your chapters will help keep your audience focused because it is easy for a mind to drift, so providing summaries will ensure your panel will follow along, even if they lose focus for a brief moment. Visual aides, such as graphs and power-point presentations can be very helpful. If you are going to use these, make sure you will practice your presentation with them.

3. Be Confident in Your Research Work:

Not knowing your topic “Poor Food Choice And It’s Effect On The Health Of The Rural Dwellers Of Ikot-Ekpene In Akwa Ibom State” inside out will cause you to struggle and ultimately fail with your defense. You need to know the subject from every angle to ensure you are fully prepared for any question that may come your way.

4. Conclusion:

Reinforce your findings to conclude your defense. The finale of your presentation should focus on proving the work that has been done. You may need to recap on what has changed and remained unchanged, if is necessary.

5 . Listen:

Before you get defensive or recite a particular answer, make sure you truly understand the question being asked. Being a good listener is an important quality, because providing an inaccurate or off-topic answer will also weaken the validity of your paper.


Frequently Asked Questions


Does poverty at old age affect nutrition in urban and rural settings?

Poverty at old age is associated with poor dietary habit, nutritional status and higher rates of chronic diseases and psychosocial problems. However, there is limited information about this matter according to urban and rural settings.

Why do rural dwellers suffer from high incidence of disease?

Besides, they lack other basic infrastructural necessary for the maintenance and promotion of good health. The implication is that rural dwellers are subjected to high incidence of morbidity and mortality resulting from the incidence of preventable and infectious disease.

What are the main causes of low socioeconomic status in rural areas?

Lower SES ismore prevalent in rural areas. Poor dietary intake, lower fitness and disability were common factors associated with low in SES, regardless of settings.

Is disability associated with nutritional and functional status in rural settings?

Disability especially among those with low SES is closely linked with chronic diseases and this may be associated with lack of accessibility to health care resources [ 50 ]. In the present study disability might be associated with poor nutritional and functional status, as has been seen among respondents in rural setting. 

How does poverty affect old age in urban and rural settings?

Poverty at old age is associated with poor dietary habit, nutritional status and higher rates of chronic diseases and psychosocial problems. However, there is limited information about this matter according to urban and rural settings.

Does low socioeconomic status attenuate poor nutrition choices of older adults?

Low SES attenuated poor nutrition knowledge and purchasing choices of older adults, thus leading to poor dietary pattern with lesser consumption of nutritious food high in fibre especially fresh fruits and vegetables [ 27, 28, 29 ].

How does aging increase the risk of malnutrition in older adults?

Aging itself increases risk of malnutrition in older adults due to the simultaneous co-existence of several factors, namely poor oral health, frailty, chronic diseases, physical limitations and psychosocial problems which may gradually deteriorate bodily function [ 8 ].

Does low socioeconomic status affect dietary fibre intake among older people?

In our study, low socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with lower intake of dietary fibre among older people residing in both urban and rural areas.

Why are rural residents at higher risk of death from diseases?

Several demographic, environmental, economic, and social factors might put rural residents at higher risk of death from these public health conditions. Residents of rural areas in the United States tend to be older and sicker than their urban counterparts. They have higher rates of cigarette smoking, high blood pressure, and obesity.

Why are injuries more common in rural areas?

Unintentional injury deaths are approximately 50 percent higher in rural areas than in urban areas, partly due to greater risk of death from motor vehicle crashes and opioid overdoses. In general, residents of rural areas in the United States tend to be older and sicker than their urban counterparts.

Which disease groups have the highest rates of burden in rural areas?

Kidney and urinary diseases and injuries were disease groups with particularly higher rates of burden in Remote and very remote areas, compared with Major cities (more than twice as high) (AIHW 2019b). See Burden of disease. People living in rural and remote areas are more likely to die at a younger age than their counterparts in Major cities.

Why are rural Americans at risk for health inequities?

Rural Americans—who make up at least 15 to 20%of the U.S. population—face inequities that result in worse health care than that of urban and suburban residents. These rural health disparities are deeply rooted in economic, social, racial, ethnic, geographic, and health workforce factors.

What are the factors associated with low socioeconomic status?

Poor dietary intake, lower fitness and disability were common factors associated with low in SES, regardless of settings. Factors associated with low SES identifiedin both the urban and rural areas in our study may be useful inplanning strategies to combat low SES and its related problems among older adults.

What is the socioeconomic status of rural areas?

Socioeconomic status in rural areas is gradually improving over a period of time. Many programmes and policies have been implemented to improve the socioeconomic status of population in rural areas. But in economic sense, people of the rural areas could not develop equally over the region.

How does rural poverty affect health care?

In 1999, 14.3% of rural Americans lived in poverty compared to 11.2% of urban Americans. 3 Irrespective of where they live, persons with lower incomes and less education are more likely to report unmet health needs, less likely to have health insurance coverage, and less likely to receive preventive health care.

What is the prevalence of low socioeconomic status (SES) among older adults?

SES was measured using household income. The prevalence of low SES was higher among older adults in the rural area (50.6%) as compared to the urban area (49.4%).

How does the functional status of the elderly affect nutritional status?

Some studies similarly found that not having an income and not receiving regular financial support were associated with poor nutritional status.[12,19,20,21] The functional status of the elderly determines their ability to perform basic self care tasks and live independently, which also includes food intake.

How many people with disabilities live in rural areas?

About one-third of adults in rural communities lives with a disability. One in twelve adults in rural counties reports having three or more disabilities.

What is the functional status of the elderly in India?

The functional status of the elderly is their ability to carry out their day to day activities including preparation of food and intake, thereby affecting nutritional status. In India, the problem of the health of the elderly is compounded by poor nutrition together with medical issues, including both communicable and noncommunicable diseases.

Is there a scarcity of nutrition consumption among rural households in Bengal?

Using a cross-sectional survey, the study aims to understand scarcity of nutrition consumption among rural households in West Bengal. Most of the research related to nutrition and health measured under-nutrition at household using anthropometric outcomes of household members, hence, ignored nutrients based deprivations. 

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