The Causes Of Poor Enrollment Of Male Student Into Home Economics Home Economics Education In Tertiary Institution
The study was designed to identify the causes of poor enrollment of male student into home economics department in a tertiary institution (A case study of ESCET Enugu State). the research use random sampling, the population was seven Hundred and forty (740) include lecturer and students to elicit information on poor enrollment of men students into Home Economics Department in tertiary institution, the researchers use five departments, school of business education, school of technical education, school of primary education studies, school of vocational education, school of science education. The questionnaire was used as data collection and it contains 80 items grouped into five section according to the research question.
The research questions were formulated and analyzed using mean distribution. The questionnaire was validated by Mrs. Ugwu being our supervisor from the department of home economics education. The principle finding solutions was to study the causes of poor enrolment of male students into home economic department in tertiary institution a case study of ESCET Enugu State. it was studied to encourage male student into home economics to avoid discrimination of course like home economics education. To make the male students and the parents to know the importance of home economics so that there will allow their male children to study home economics in higher institutions.
1.1 Background of the Study
Home economics according to Encyclopedia (2008) is a profession and field of study that deals with the profession of economics and management of the home and community. It is a field of study built upon many discipline for the purpose of achieving and maintaining the welfare of the home.
According to (Uzoezie 1990) it is taught in secondary schools and in adult education centers; student include women and men.
According to WikiPedia (2010). Home Economics is a field of formal study including such topics as consumer education. Institution Management interior decoration, Home furnishing, clearing hand crafts, clothing and textiles, nutrition, food preservation, hygiene, child development, money management and family relationship. However sex education and drug awareness might also be cowered along with this topic such as food production.
The home economics programme in Anyakoha and Eluwa (1991) is however divided into four areas
- Clothing and textiles.
- Home management
- Food and Nutrition
- Child development and care.
Each component is taught in tertiary institutions subjects with the basic concern on Home Economics remains applicable to each of the four programmes.
Home Economics prepares students for home making or professional career or assist in preparing to fulfill real-life responsibilities at home.
In the field of human science, Home Economics is a discipline to achieve a sustainable living for individuals, families and communities.
Historically, Home Economics has been in the context of the home and household but this has extended in the 21st century include the wider living environment as we better understand that; choice and peritonitis of individuals and families impact at all levels, ranging from the household to local and global community (Wikipedia 2010).
Home Economists are concerned in promoting and protecting the welfare of individuals families and communities, they facilitates the development of attributes for long life learning, for paid, unpaid and voluntary work.
Traditionally, research reveals that the number of women enrolment into Home Economics exceeds that of men and there has been poor enrolment of male students into the department of home economics in tertiary institutions, this among other things the fact that home economics classes in the 19th century were intended to grown women for their duties in the home.
It is in this context, that the researchers wishes to access the poor enrolment of male student into Home Economics in tertiary institutions using Enugu state college of Education Technical Enugu as case study.
1.2 Problems of the Study
Home Economics is an interdisciplinary course, housing the following branches of academics study such as food and nutrition personal finance family resources management, textile and clothing, shelter and housing management and hospitality human development and family studies, Hotel management and hospitality, design and technology education and community services among others Haro (1992).
Despite the importance of the interdisciplinary knowledge provided by home economics which is essential because of the phenomena and challenges of day today activities and worries of life. Tertiary institutions are faced with the problem of poor enrolment of male students into the department of Home Economics and this would undergo the need for an investigation study.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
The purpose of the study is to assess the poor enrolment of male students into home economics in tertiary institutions with references to Enugu state College of Education (Technical) ESCET, Enugu.
The Findings are:-
- That there has been poor enrolment of male student in the profession especially in Enugu State College of Education (Technical) ESCET, Enugu.
- That male student see the profession likened to female course as one of the major problems.
- The possible means of the multiple enrolment of the male student into the profession need a highly convincing enlightenment.
1.4 Research Hypotheses
For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;
- H0: there has been no poor enrolment of male student in the profession especially in Enugu State College of Education (Technical) ESCET, Enugu.
H1: there has been poor enrolment of male student in the profession especially in Enugu State College of Education (Technical) ESCET, Enugu
- H02: male student does not see the profession likened to female course as one of the major problem
H2: male student see the profession likened to female course as one of the major problem
1.5 Significant of the Study
This research work will be relevant to the management of Enugu state College of Education (Technical) Enugu it will also be beneficial to other institutions that offers Home Economics in Nigeria.
Furthermore, it will be of great importance to Home Economics career potentials and future researchers on the issue of poor enrolment of male students into Home Economics.
This empirical study is guaranteed to the researchers since it is a potential requirement for the award of national College of Education in Home Economics the study will also be introduce to THE need FOR the study and society at large.
1.6 Scope of the Study
The research work focuses, particularly on the poor enrolment of the male students into Home Economics in tertiary institution using ESCET, Enugu state as a case study. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
a) Availability Of Research Material:
The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
c) Organizational privacy:
Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities.
1.7 Definition Of Terms
A reason for an action or condition: motive; something that brings about an effect or a result cause in a sentence
The total number of students properly registered and/or attending classes at a school (see List of largest universities by enrollment) Concurrent enrolment, the process in which high school students enroll at a university or college usually to attain college credit.
Economics is “a social science concerned chiefly with description and analysis of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services”. Economics focuses on the behavior and interactions of economic agents and how economies work
Tertiary education, also referred to as third stage, third level, and post-secondary education, is the educational level following the completion of a school
1.8 Organization Of The Study
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows
Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.
Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation
It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain the causes of poor enrollment of male student into home economics department in tertiary institutions
In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of poor enrollment of male student in home economics department
This study was on the causes of poor enrollment of male student into home economics department in tertiary institutions. Three objectives were raised which included: That there has been poor enrolment of male student in the profession especially in Enugu State College of Education (Technical) ESCET, Enugu, that male student sees the profession likened to female course as one of the major problems, the possible means of the multiple enrolment of the male student into the profession need a highly convincing enlighten. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 staff of Enugu state College of Education (Technical) ESCET, Enugu State. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up heads of department, lecturers, senior lecturers and junior lecturers were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies
Home economics is the one of the courses that has the individual and the family as its central focus. It is a subject of great value to the family and its members through improving the well-being of the members, since the family in all cultures is the cover stone of any society. Therefore, as a result of the importance of Home economics that are numerous, it is paramount that Home Economics be made available for both males and females because its focus allows no room for gender discrimination
Strategies for minimizing gender gap in the aspect of Home economics the following recommendation were made:-
- The wrong conception and perception of Home Economics as woman subject should be changed through public enlightenment programme.
- Parents should be educated through media on the importance of career opportunities in Home Economics.
- Exhibitions, field trip should be used to encourage the males in studying Home Economics
- Career days/orientation should be organized from time to time for primary and secondary school students.
- The use of film projectors, video tapes etc. on importance and career opportunities in Home economics in primary school and village squares on regular bases will help to encourage the males.
- School should ensure effective guidance and counseling many schools. This is to ensure that the pupils from day one to understand the concept of Home Economics its importance.
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