The Causes Of Pollution And Its Effect On Man And Its Environment: A Case Study Of Egor Local Government Area Of Edo State

Environmental Education Project and Seminar Material

The Causes Of Pollution And Its Effect On Man And Its Environment: A Case Study Of Egor Local Government Area Of Edo State


Abstract


The project gives a summary of the entire research study, which was designed to find out the causes of pollution and its effects on man and its environment. 300 persons were used as subject of this study. This attempt to find out various causes of pollution and its effects on man shows that man himself is the sole contributor to the pollution of his own environment. The data collected and analyzed revealed that pollution has affected man in so many ways and has even led to his death and distortion of his environment. Based on these findings from the analyzed data, recommendations were made which the researcher hopes would help in giving government and the public better means for preventing pollution especially in Egor local government area of Edo State.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

As a result of the continued industrialization of our society and continuous movement from rural areas to urban areas, there have been the continual references o factors, which affect our environment of which one of them is pollution. The rapid development of technology and population growth are over powering man’s ability to preserve or protect the environment suitable for his survival examples, towns like port Harcourt associated with crude oil and Aba, a market town cannot be free from pollution.

In an industrialized society, manufactured chemical are used, more and more factories produced large amount of waste, which cannot be destroyed by natural process. The waste accumulates in the surroundings leading to damages. This is pollution as a result of this air, land and water become increasingly more polluted and the survival of all living things is threatened for some few decades, however, industrialization has caused a tremendous increase in the release of pollutants into the air, land and water. In many places, these pollutants are present in concentration that causes harm to human animals, and life of plants and to property as well.


1.2 Statement of the Problems

The problem of pollution in Nigeria cities is as a result of urbanization, which is accompanied by industrialization and economic development. The facts that this discharge from industries and their effluents are toxic in nature as they contain mercury, lead, nitrogen oxide and sulphurdioxide and have in one way or the other contributed to the deterioration of our environment as a result of pollution. However, the exhaust of automobile, the discharge of domestic wastes, fertilizers and industrial waste should not be over looked in light of this, the following questions are asked:

  1. Does urbanization encourage pollution?
  2. Has the construction of industries encourage pollution?
  3. In what way does man contributes to pollution in his environment.

These are some of the questions the researcher hopes to examine more importantly as it affects some areas in Egor local government area of Edo State.


1.3 Objective of the Study

  1. To identify the various types of pollution.
  2. To identify the various causes of pollution.
  3. To find out the effects of pollution.

1.4 Research Questions

This research is geared towards findings to findings problem and the following will be asked.

  1. What are the various types of pollution?
  2. What are the causes of pollution?
  3. What are the effects of pollution?
  4. Has pollution have any effect in human life?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

The following research hypotheses have been postulated by the researcher.

Ho1: The presence of industries in residential areas and traffic congestion encourage pollution.

Ho2: Educating the people of the dangers of pollution tend to reduce pollution and on the long run reduced its effect on man.

Ho3: Indiscipline burning of bushes and refuse disposal causes pollution.


1.6 Significance of the Study

The important of this research is that, this work will provide necessary ways and means in which the problem could best be tackled and providing enlightenment campaign or enlightening. The public on the effects of wasteful disposal and exposing them to the different problems associated with acquiring living that pollutes the environment.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The study is centralized on the pollution of environment by industrialized process, fuel, wood burning, gas flaring and automobile discharge in Egor local government and eradicating the problem of pollution in Egor local government area.


1.8 Limitations of the Study

In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, language barriers, and the attitude of the respondents. However, the researcher were able to manage these just to ensure the success of this study.

Moreover, the case study method utilized in the study posed some challenges to the investigator including the possibility of biases and poor judgment of issues. However, the investigator relied on respect for the general principles of procedures, justice, fairness, objectivity in observation and recording, and weighing of evidence to overcome the challenges.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Automobile Discharge:

Some from pipe of vehicles resulting from burning of fuels or oil.

Congestion:

Hindering of movement freely.

Infection Disease:

Illness of the body spread easily from one person to the other.

Pollution:

The release by man of substance into the environment in quantities, which are harmful to himself or other living things or in some way reduced the quality of human life.

Sanitation:

It is an arrangement to protect public health for efficient disposal of sewages.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the causes of pollution and its effect on man and its environment using Egor Local Government Area Of Edo State as a case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was on the causes of pollution and its effect on man and its environment using Egor Local Government Area Of Edo State as a case study.The study is was specifically set to identify the various types of pollution, identify the various causes of pollution, and find out the effects of pollution.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 141 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent areresidents in Egor Local Government Area Of Edo State.


5.3 Conclusions

In the light of the analysis carried out, the following conclusions were drawn.

  1. The various types of pollution in Egor Local Government Area Of Edo State include; water pollution, air pollution, noise pollution, and radiation pollution.
  2. The causes of pollution include; household activities, industrial activities, agricultural activities, and transportation activities.
  3. Pollution results to a spike-up of diseases, it reduces agricultural yields, and causes harsh weather.

5.4 Recommendation

The following recommendations were proffered with respect to the findings of the study;

  1. Environmental education should be enshrined in the school curriculum from primary to tertiary institutions to inculcate in the masses environmental friendly attitudes. Such environmental education should equally be carried out through the traditional media so as to carry along both the literate and illiterate ones in the quest for a healthy environment.
  2. Oil industries operating in the country should ensure regular maintenance of their equipment to avoid equipment failure and ruptures capable of spewing thousands of barrels of oil unto the land and under ground waters. In case of oil spill, immediate clean up of the environment should be carried out while processes of remediation should commence without delay
  3. Residents should avoid illegal activities such as bunkering and artisanal refining which are major causes of environmental pollution in the area. Also, they should avoid sabotaging oil facilities in the area bearing in mind that in case of oil spill it is them that suffers the consequences. Dialogue with oil industries operating in the area should be their watchword in case of threatening situations.

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