Plato’s Class Distinction; The Backdrop Of Contemporary Education

Project and Seminar Material for Philosophy

Project and Seminar Material for Philosophy

Table Of Contents

  • Title i
  • Certification ii
  • Dedication iii
  • Acknowledgment iv
  • Table Of Contents vi
  • Introduction viii

Chapter One

General Background

  • 1.1 Plato’s Background 1
  • 1.2 His Works and Chronology 4
  • 1.3 Plato’s Class Distinction 8
  • 1.4 Plato’s Intention for the Distinction 15

Chapter Two

Views On Class Distinction

  • 2.1 Aristolte’s view 18
  • 2.2 Karl Marx’s view 20
  • 2.3 Sociological views 22
  • 2.4 The tenability of Egalitarianism 26

Chapter Three

Historical Development Of Education.

  • 3.1 The Notion of Education 30
  • 3.2 Ancient Theories 32
  • 3.3 Early Christian Education 35
  • 3.4 Medieval Education 37
  • 3.5 Modern / Contemporary Education 41

Chapter Four

Plato’s Class Distinction And Contemporary Education.

  • 4.1 Practical Implications of Plato’s Class Distinction 43
  • 4.2 Nature of Contemporary Education 47
  • 4.3 Influence of Plato’s Class Distinction on Contemporary Education 49

Chapter Five

Critical Evaluation And Conclusion.

  • 5.1 Critical Notes on Plato’s Class Distinction 55
  • 5.2 The defects and Impact of Contemporary Education 59
  • 5.3 Conclusion 60
  • Bibliography 63

Chapter One


The integral nature of the human society makes the interaction of one another within the society necessary. Thus, there exist economic, social, religious and political institutions that foster this required integration. The popular John Donne’s phrase that ‘no man is an island’ advocates a complementarity of each other’s capacity for a wholesome society. Aristotle in his Politics asserted that nature intends man to live in a society. “He who is unable to live in society or who has no need because he is sufficient for himself must either be a beast or a god.”[1] It is only in a society therefore that man can develop his potentialities as a human being. The state, which is described as an organized political community, becomes therefore a plat-form for the realization of this natural need for complementarity.

For Plato, the nature of the state requires a division of labour so that the diverse needs of man within the state would be met. The outcome of this division, if followed according to the natural disposition of each to his class, is justice in the state and happiness for the individuals within the state.

The itinerary of Plato’s class distinction within the state as he proposed for the then Athenian state left a significant mark on education. Through out the history of the development of education, some imports of Plato’s political propositions seemed evident especially in contemporary education. In a bid to make this clearer, it is necessary in this introductory part to state the purpose, scope, method and division of this work.

Purpose Of Study

Having stated the nature of the human society and the necessity of the state above, I intend to look at Plato’s view of the ideal state. His propositions on the nature of the ideal state introduce the role of education while answering the questions of ‘who’ occupies ‘which’ class in the three classes of his ideal state. The end of this would be to explain how his class distinction remains the backdrop of contemporary education.

Scope Of Work

This work examines Plato’s proposition for an ideal (Athenian) state through his class distinctions in the state. A look at different views on this class distinction gives more explanation to the reality of different classes within a state/society. With an inference of the implications of Plato’s class distinction and a look on the nature of contemporary education, the influence of the former on the latter is easily brought to limelight.


Expository method is employed in explaining Plato’s propositions for an ideal state and the distinctions in class within the state. However, an analytic tone underlies the whole thesis purposely for realizing the philosophical evaluation of the influence of his (Plato’s) class distinction in contemporary education.

Division Of Work

Apart from this introductory part, this work comprises five chapters. The first chapter exposes the general background of Plato’s political philosophy, which also treats his idea of the make up of the ideal state. The second explores some views on class distinction, which is concluded with the tenability of egalitarianism. Chapter three traces the historical development of education from the ancient to the contemporary ages of education. Chapter four derives the practical implications of Plato’s class distinction from which the influence of the class distinction on contemporary education is gleaned. Chapter five makes a critical evaluation on Plato’s class distinction and the impact of contemporary education.

Plato’s Class Distinction; The Backdrop Of Contemporary Education

Project Material Download

3,000 Naira

The complete material will be sent to you in just 2 steps.

Quick & Simple…

Step One Purchase

Make payment of ₦3,000: through USSD Transfer, Bank Mobile App, ATM Transfer, or POS Transfer to:

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or Click Here to pay with Debit Card

Click Here to pay with Debit Card ($15)
GHANA – Make Payment of 60 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 


Step Two Purchase

Send the following details through Text Message or WhatsApp Messenger | +234-8143831497

  • Payment Details 
  • Email Address 
  • Plato’s Class Distinction; The Backdrop Of Contemporary Education

The complete material will be sent to your email address after receiving your payment information | T & C Apply

  Contact Our Help Desk

You may also like:

⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search

Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


This research material “Plato’s Class Distinction; The Backdrop Of Contemporary Education” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”. is only providing this material “Plato’s Class Distinction; The Backdrop Of Contemporary Education” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.