Performance Of Students In Fisheries As A Trade Subject In Some Selected Senior Secondary Schools (A Case Study In Jos South Local Government Area, Plateau State)

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Performance Of Students In Fisheries As A Trade Subject In Some Selected Senior Secondary Schools (A Case Study In Jos South Local Government Area, Plateau State)


Abstract


This study focused on the performance of students in fisheries as a trade subject in some selected senior secondary schools in Jos south local government area, plateau state as case study. The study is was specifically focused on evaluating the sex and source of awareness about fisheries; determining respondent interest about fisheries; and determining respondent perception on fish farming and ascertain their awareness about fisheries.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 100 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are staff and students of selected senior secondary schools in Jos south local government area, plateau state.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses
  • 4.5 Discussion of Findings

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

According to education for all (EFA) global monitoring report (2015) analysis of survey data showed that many countries exhibited persisting rates of part time work by students. This is despite the increased school coverage seen in many countries. The report pointed out that substantial proportion of adolescents continued working alongside their normal schooling activities. For example, in Cameroon, about 70 per cent of students aged 12 to 14 worked in 2001 with little change observed by 2011.

Child labour as observed by Rosi and Rosati (2001), significantly increases the probability of failing and of grade repetition in schools. The same sentiments were echoed by Sedlacek et al (2005) who added that child labour affects not only academic performance but also enrolment in public schools. In another study conducted in Egypt, Assaad et al (2001) explored the effect of child work on school enrolment and found that for both boys and girls, work is strongly associated with not being in school. In addition to enrolment rates, grade repetition rates are also affected by child labour more so for the children engaged in both working and schooling.

Food and Agricultural Organization – International Labour Organizations (FAO-ILO) report (2011) defines child labour as work that impairs children’s well being or hinders their education, development and future livelihoods. They include commercial agriculture, fishing, manufacturing, mining and domestic services. The report establishes child labour as a great concern in many parts of the world with an estimated 215 million child labourers globally and about 60 percent of them working in the agriculture sector including fisheries and aquaculture.

FAO (1995b), reported that most water-bodies fished across the Lake Chad basin, indicated that large part of the fishing activities is temporal due to seasonal flooding as a result of climate change. Climate change alters all aspects of the hydrological cycle ranging from evaporation through precipitation, run off and discharge (Mcguire et al., 2002). The global warming and decreasing rainfall together with the erratic pattern of rainfall produce a minimal recharge of groundwater resources, wells, lakes and rivers in most parts of the world especially in Africa thereby creating water crisis. In Nigeria, many rivers have been reported to have dried up or are becoming more seasonal, Lake Chad shrunk in area from 22,902 km2 in 1963 to 1304 km2 in year 2000. This shows that what is left of Lake Chad in the year 2000 is just 5.7% of 1963 (Odjugo 2007). Awake (2009), also confirms the fact that Lake Chad has shrunk by 95% since the 1960s. Lake Chad and so many rivers in Nigeria, especially in Northern Nigeria, are in the danger of disappearing. Therefore, aquaculture was seen as a possible alternative to the overburdened wild fisheries sector, and importantly new source of food for the poor (FAO, 1995a). The only way to boost the fishery sector is through youth participation in aquaculture.

Hence, the involvement of secondary school students in harnessing sustainability in fisheries development is paramount since they constitute the hope of future leadership. Consequently, there is the need to feel the pulse of the secondary school students on how they envisage fisheries as a profession.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Over the years falling standards in education have been a matter of great concern for all stakeholders in education. There are numerous opinions on the causes of the falling standards of education, whilst some blame teachers for not putting in much effort other think absenteeism of students is the problem. Another group believes that both parents and students do not pay particular attention to education and for that matter school performance is not taken onto seriousconsideration. Fishing is one of the major activities done by lake shore people, including students who involve themselves in activity and absent themselves from school on the other hand students who do fishing. There is need to establish the extent to which the fishing activities influence academic performance of children


1.3 Objective of the Study

The main objective of the study is to examine the performance of students in fisheries as a trade subject in some selected senior secondary schools (a Case Study In Jos South Local Government Area, Plateau State)

The specific objectives were:

  1. To evaluate the sex and source of awareness about fisheries;
  2. To determine respondent interest about fisheries;
  3. To determine respondent perception on fish farming and ascertain their awareness about fisheries.

1.4 Research question

The study will provide answers to the following research questions in order to achieve the set objectives;

  1. Are the students performing well in fisheries as a trade subject?
  2. Are student interested in fisheries as a trade subject?
  3. Does student perception of fisheries as a trade subject affect their performance ?

1.5 Hypothesis of the Study

In order to have a framework for the study and also to answer the research questions above, the following hypothesis were formulated:

  • Ho: students are not performing well in fisheries as a trade subject
  • Hi: students are performing well in fisheries as a trade subject

1.6 Significance of the Study

This study is likely to provide information to programme managers within and outside the Ministry of Education and fisheries together with other development partners on ways to curtail the participation of school going teenagers in fishing and related activities. It is also hoped that it will provide lessons to the community on how fishing activities influence academic performance of their children. In addition, researchers and scholars may make use of the findings of this research as a basis for further research.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The study will analyze the performance of students in fisheries as a trade subject in some selected senior secondary schools In Jos South Local Government Area, Plateau State. The study is limited to some selected Secondary Schools in the area. Hence, the respondents for this study will be obtained from and among secondary school students in the study area.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, language barriers, and the attitude of the respondents. However, the researcher were able to manage these just to ensure the success of this study.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Motivation:

This the process through which individual are charged to increase their action or performance either by internal or external factors.

Academic Performance:

This is used in the study to refers to students’ attitude to competition for excellent in their attitude toward participating in classroom activities and home work. It also used to students’ interest in learning.

Fishing:

This refers to an economic activity involving catching fish for either domestic use or as a source of income.

Fishing Related Activities:

This refers to activities such as making and repairing nets, washing, salting and smoking of fish, processing and marketing of fish among others.

Teenager:

This refers to school going children aged between 13 to 18 years.


1.10 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows.

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the performance of students in fisheries as a trade subject in some selected senior secondary schools in jos south local government area, plateau state as case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was on the performance of students in fisheries as a trade subject in some selected senior secondary schools in Jos south local government area, plateau state as case study. The study is was specifically focused on evaluating the sex and source of awareness about fisheries; determining respondent interest about fisheries; and determining respondent perception on fish farming and ascertain their awareness about fisheries.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 100 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are staff and students of selected senior secondary schools in Jos south local government area, plateau state.


5.3 Conclusions

With respect to the analysis and the findings of this study, the following conclusions emerged;

Lack of a reliable source of income for parents with no occupation limits their capacity to adequately provide for their children’s basic needs. The converse is true for the employed parents or those with a steady source of income and this may explain the reasons for the established results.


5.4 Recommendation

Based on the findings the researcher recommends that;

Participation of students in fishing activities is detrimental to academic performance. This follows from the results which have showed that students who participate in fishing and associated activities tend to perform poorly as compared to those who did not participate in fishing activities.

To ensure that this is done the study proposes that various stakeholders such as school principals, the communities, parents and the government should be involved in the education of secondary school students. These all have a role to play to ensure that the future of the young generation is secured. The government should avail more funds in form of bursaries to support the needy students. This will curb school dropouts that are attributed to lack of fees and learning materials for those students who cannot afford the subsidized secondary school education.

School principals should be more actively engage parents in discussing about issues affecting students in fishing communities and on ways to improve academic performance. Parents should in undertake to discipline their children and provide adequate parental advice to their children on the negative effects of fishing activities on academic performance and success in life.

The study identifies the communities along the beaches as one with a crucial role to play in order to curb fishing activities amongst students. It is recommended that the communities work together with the school Boards of Management to institute measures that will keep students from engaging in fishing activities.


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