Parental Characteristics And Adolescent Sexual Behaviour In Alimosho Local Government Lagos State

Project and Seminar Material for Sociology

Parental Characteristics And Adolescent Sexual Behaviour In Alimosho Local Government Lagos State (Daniel)


Abstract


In this study, our focus was on the Parental characteristics and adolescent sexual behavior in alimosho local government lagos state.. The study is was specifically focused on determining if parental level of education affects the adolescent sexual behavior in Alimosho local government Lagos state, examining if parental level of income affects the adolescent sexual behavior in Alimosho local government Lagos state and investigating if parental occupation affects the adolescent sexual behavior in Alimosho local government Lagos state.
The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 100 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are staff and teachers in selected secondary schools in alimosho local government lagos state.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Adolescent sexual behavior is a critical aspect of human development, and its outcomes are influenced by a myriad of factors, among which parental characteristics play a pivotal role. In the context of Nigeria, a country characterized by diverse cultural, religious, and socio-economic backgrounds, understanding the relationship between parental characteristics and adolescent sexual behavior becomes imperative for addressing the challenges associated with early and risky sexual activities among the youth, Harrod (2015).
Nigeria, with its large and youthful population, faces unique challenges in promoting healthy sexual behavior among adolescents. The cultural and societal norms, coupled with economic and educational disparities, contribute to the complex landscape of adolescent sexual behavior. Parents, as primary caregivers and influential figures in a child’s life, play a crucial role in shaping their children’s attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors, including those related to sexuality.

The purpose of this study is to explore the intricate interplay between parental characteristics and adolescent sexual behavior in Nigeria. Parental characteristics encompass a wide range of factors, including but not limited to parental communication about sexuality, parental monitoring, parental warmth and support, socioeconomic status, and educational background. These factors collectively contribute to the development of an adolescent’s sexual values, decision-making processes, and risk perceptions.

The significance of understanding parental characteristics lies in its potential to inform targeted interventions and policies aimed at reducing the prevalence of early and risky sexual behaviors among Nigerian adolescents. As existing research suggests, the quality of parent-child communication and the level of parental monitoring have been identified as key factors influencing adolescents’ sexual behaviors (Obasi et al., 2018). Moreover, the socio-economic context in which parents raise their children has been shown to impact adolescents’ access to education and health resources, further shaping their sexual health outcomes (Clinton et al., 2016).
By delving into the intricate dynamics of parental characteristics and adolescent sexual behavior, this study aims to contribute to the existing body of knowledge and provide valuable insights for policymakers, educators, and healthcare professionals in Nigeria. By understanding the unique challenges faced by Nigerian adolescents and the role of parental characteristics, we can develop targeted interventions that empower parents and promote healthier sexual behaviors among the youth.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Adolescent sexual behavior in Nigeria is a critical public health concern, given the potential consequences for the well-being of young individuals and the broader society. Despite concerted efforts to address this issue, there remains a paucity of research specifically investigating the impact of parental characteristics on adolescent sexual behavior in the Nigerian context. The existing literature has highlighted the multifaceted nature of adolescent sexuality, influenced by cultural, social, economic, and familial factors. However, a comprehensive understanding of how parental characteristics contribute to or mitigate risky sexual behaviors among adolescents in Nigeria is lacking.

Several challenges surround the current state of knowledge on this subject. First and foremost, the cultural diversity within Nigeria introduces a complexity that necessitates nuanced investigations into how different parental characteristics may interact with various cultural norms. The diverse religious and ethnic landscape of the country may influence parenting practices and attitudes towards adolescent sexuality in unique ways, yet these nuances are not well-explored in the existing literature (Oliver, 2011).
Secondly, the available studies often focus on general factors influencing adolescent sexual behavior, neglecting the specific role of parental characteristics in shaping these behaviors. Understanding the unique contributions of parental communication, parental monitoring, and parental support in the Nigerian context is crucial for developing targeted interventions that align with the cultural and social fabric of the nation (Okoli, 2012).

Furthermore, socioeconomic disparities persist in Nigeria, impacting access to education and healthcare resources. How these disparities, as reflected in parental socioeconomic status, intersect with adolescent sexual behavior is an area requiring more in-depth investigation. Limited access to sexual education and healthcare resources among certain socio-economic groups may contribute to differential sexual health outcomes among adolescents, (Jeffer, 2016).

Against this backdrop, this study aims to contribute valuable insights into the complex interplay between parental characteristics and adolescent sexual behavior in Nigeria, informing evidence-based interventions and policies tailored to the unique cultural and social dynamics of the country.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The main objective of the study is to examine parental characteristics and adolescent sexual behavior in Alimosho local government Lagos state, specifically, the study aims;

  1. To determine if parental level of education affects the adolescent sexual behavior in Alimosho local government Lagos state
  2. To examine if parental level of income affects the adolescent sexual behavior in Alimosho local government Lagos state
  3. To investigate if parental occupation affects the adolescent sexual behavior in Alimosho local government Lagos state

1.4 Research Question

The study study will provide answers to the following research questions;

  1. Does parental level of education affect the adolescent sexual behavior in Alimosho local government Lagos state ?
  2. Does parental level of income affects the adolescent sexual behavior in Alimosho local government Lagos state ?
  3. Will parental occupation affects the adolescent sexual behavior in Alimosho local government Lagos state ?

1.5 Hypothesis of the Study

The following hypotheses was formulated and tested in other to achieve the research objectives;

  • Ho1: there is no significant relationship between parental level of education and the adolescent sexual behavior in Alimosho local government Lagos state
  • H02: there is no significant relationship between parental level of income and the adolescent sexual behavior in Alimosho local government Lagos state
  • Ho3: there is no significant relationship between parental occupation and the adolescent sexual behavior in Alimosho local government Lagos state

1.6 Significance of the Study

This study is important because its findings will show whether parental characteristics has influence on sexual behavior and explain the role of parents in guiding adolescents on sexual and reproductive behavior. The suggestions of the study will contribute towards improving parent- adolescent communication hence change on sexual and reproductive behavior. Secondly, the findings and suggestions of this study will be important to the government and policy makers in the Ministry of Health. The policy makers will understand the status of parent adolescent communication in Lagos and how this is affecting the prevalence of unplanned pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS. Finally, the findings and recommendations of this study will contribute to the existing body of knowledge of health communication by analyzing the relationship between parent-adolescent communication and, sexual and reproductive behavior. The study will also make a contribution 8 to knowledge in health communication by suggesting creative strategies in effective design of health messages, communication campaign planning, implementation and evaluation.


1.7 Scope of the Study

In order to do in depth study the study will be limited to secondary schools in Lagos state. The study will be focused on the Parental characteristics and adolescent sexual behavior in alimosho local government lagos state. The study will further be limited to the correlate of adolescent sexual behaviour in particular the sexual behaviour of multiple partnership, teenage pregnancy, abortion, unprotected sex as they related to sexual knowledge, peer pressure influence parent relation and school influence.


1.8 Limitations of the Study

This study will have some limitations most especially in the area of data collection. Financial constraints as well as time available for the completion of the study are among other factors that might limit the scope of the study.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Sexual Behaviour:

Sexual behavior encompasses all activities which gratify an individual’s sexual needs. Sexual behaviors have been studied in the context of sexual practices, sexual relationships, reproductive health, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and contraception.

STI:

A disease caused by infection with certain bacteria, viruses, or other microorganisms that can be passed from one person to another through blood, semen, vaginal fluids, or other body fluids, during oral, anal, or genital sex with an infected partner.


1.10 Organizations of the Study

The study will be subdivided into five (5) chapters; the chapter one will consist of the introductory part of the study which includes the study background, the statement of the research problem, the study objective and scope of the study.

The second chapter will be a critical review of other literatures relevant to the study and its objectives including the theoretical framework for the study. While the third chapter will be the methods of data collection, sampling and data analysis used in conducting the study. The fourth chapter will centre around the research findings including an analysis of how it relates to previous findings. The fifth chapter will consist of the summary of findings, conclusion and recommendations base on the study objectives.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the Parental characteristics and adolescent sexual behavior in alimosho local government lagos state.. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was on the Parental characteristics and adolescent sexual behavior in alimosho local government lagos state.. The study is was specifically focused on determining if parental level of education affects the adolescent sexual behavior in Alimosho local government Lagos state, examining if parental level of income affects the adolescent sexual behavior in Alimosho local government Lagos state and investigating if parental occupation affects the adolescent sexual behavior in Alimosho local government Lagos state.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 100 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are staff and teachers in selected secondary schools in alimosho local government lagos state.


5.3 Conclusions

With respect to the analysis and the findings of this study, the following conclusions emerged;

  1. There is significant relationship between parental level of education and the adolescent sexual behavior in Alimosho local government Lagos state
  2. There is significant relationship between parental level of income and the adolescent sexual behavior in Alimosho local government Lagos state
  3. There is significant relationship between parental occupation and the adolescent sexual behavior in Alimosho local government Lagos state

5.4 Recommendation

Based on the findings the researcher recommends that;

  1. The Ministry of General Education should encourage schools to educate female adolescents about their sexuality and developmental processes since they lack understanding of their sexuality compared to their male counterparts.
  2. Ministry of Health should scale up adolescent-friendly services to meet the needs of both boys and girls, also should use mobile services to provide services to address the problem of distance boys and girls cover to the nearest health facility.
  3. The Ministry of Health should design programmes aimed at encouraging and enhancing discussions between parents/guardians and adolescents on important matters including sexuality issues with emphasis on father – daughter, and mother –son communication. These programmes should be aired on national television.
  4. The Ministry of Health to have regular training and in-servicing of health service providers to effectively serve adolescents with emphasis on adolescents’ rights to confidential and comprehensive reproductive health services.

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