An Online Hotel Booking System

Project and Seminar Material for Computer Engineering

An Online Hotel Booking System


Abstract


The project “Online Hotel Booking System” is a system based on accessing the internet to book for rooms in a hotel. The purpose of this study is to develop and implement an online hotel reservation system for hotels, that will replace the manual method of booking for hotel rooms. The previous system for booking rooms were faced with so many problems like, delay in processing the customer booking or paying for rooms that is below or beyond his standard, causes difficulty for emergency booking.

The objects-oriented analysis and design methodology (OOADM) was therefore used to analyse the system in order to discover the various objects involved and how they interact with one another so that a new and improved system can be defined.

The use of online view of room rates and uploading of available rooms and facilities was used for the new system so that the customer can view and make his choice before arrival, and also in the case of emergency travelling. This new system assisted the hotel owners in managing their hotels, because they can also regulate the receptionist moves and avoid fraudulent activities. It also increased the efficiency of the hotel managers and also their profit margin, once they have a better and good facilities.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification Page
  • Approval Page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of Content

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Objectives of Study
  • 1.2 Scope of Study
  • 1.3 Significance of Study
  • 1.4 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.5  Limitation of the Study
  • 1.6 Definition of Terms

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Theoretical Background
  • 2.2.1 Technologies Required For the System
  • 2.3: Review of Related Literature
  • 2.3.1 Summary of Related Literature

Chapter Three

3.0 System Analysis and Design

  • 3.1: Introduction
  • 3.2 Description of the Existing System
  • 3.2.1 Problems with the Existing System
  • 3.3 Analysis of the Proposed System
  • 3.3.1  Requirement Document
  • 3.3.2 Object Oriented Analysis
  • 3.3.2.1 Use Case Diagram
  • 3.3.2.2 Class Diagram
  • 3.3.2.3 Activity Diagram
  • 3.4 Design of the Proposed System
  • 3.4.1 Database Design
  • 3.4.1.1 Data Organization
  • 3.4.1.2 Data Relationship
  • 3.4.1.3 Data storage
  • 3.4.1.4  Data Retrieval
  • 3.4.2 Input Design
  • 3.4.3 Output Design
  • 3.4.4 User-Interface Design

Chapter Four

4.0 System Implementation

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2: Architecture of the System
  • 4.3 Procedural Design
  • 4.3.1 Program Flowchart
  • 4.4 Deployment Environment
  • 4.5 Deployment Platform
  • 4.6 Some Screenshots of the System
  • 4.7 System Documentation

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusions
  • 5.3 Recommendations
  • References

Chapter One


Introduction

The manual method of booking for hotel rooms in Nigeria is characterized with numerous problems. Some of these are :customers having little or no information about the hotels within their vicinity; A guest checking into a hotel room that is either too expensive or too unbefitting for his/her personality; Prolonged delay by the receptionist in retrieving certain information about any particular guest that checked into the hotel whenever such information being demanded by the manager; The foul play that sometimes occurs when information about the guest that checked into a hotel are not officially documented by the receptionist etc. All these problems and more would definitely mke a hotel experience a down turn in business

The main purpose of this work is therefore to develop a web application program that would circumvent all those problems encountered in the manual hotel booking system, so that customers can easily go online with their mobile phones, tablets or laptops in order to browse the relevant information they need about the hotels within their locality so that they can book for the appropriate suite that is within their budget.


Objective of Study

  1. Customers can easily go online with their mobile phones or laptops to browse about hotels within their vicinity.
  2. Guests can be able to book for rooms within their budgets after seeing and accessing these hotels within their vicinity.
  3. Receptionists can easily access customer’s information online without delay or with little delay.
  4. Fraud done by the receptionist by not regiustering every customer will not occur because the customers details will be online and can be accessed by the managers too.

Scope of Study

This study is aimed at finding out how effective the online room reservation or booking system will improve the operations of room reservations in hotels. However ,out of the several departments that makes up the hotel, this research project is restricted to only one section ( room reservation) section.


Significance of Study

Guests, Receptionist, Managers and hotel owners would benefit immensely when the new system is implemented, in the sense that:

  1. Guests would experience faster access time with the system.
  2. Front desk office attendants (receptionists)would also experience minimal efforts in attending to guests, as they would only need to access the guests details through internet.
  3. The managers can easily carryout an inventory to know the total number of guests that checked in or out of the rooms,and those that booked in advance.
  4. Increased efficiency in the operations of the business would definitely bring about increased profitability.

Statement of Problem

  1. Customers having little or no information about the hotels in their vicinity.
  2. A guest checking into a hotel room that is either too expensive or too unbefitting for his or her personality.
  3. Prolonged delay by the receptionist in retrieving certain information about any particular guest on demand.
  4. Possibility of fraud by the receptionist in not documenting officially information about some guests that checked into the hotel rooms.

Limitation of the Study

I was faced with the following constraints which also limited the researchers effort in the developing of a comprehensive software needed in room reservation.

Time Constraint:

This project work has one semester time limit, it would have been desirable for a longer period of time, for the development of a software for hotels.


Definition of Terms

Guest:

This guest are used in the contest of the work refers to individual, companies or cooperate bodies who ends some time in the hotel either as permanent, temporary or casual guest.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Summary

The manual method of booking for hotel rooms in Nigeria has been characterized with several problems like guests not having a prior knowledge of a particular hotel before arrival, delay in registering a customer , some foul plays that the receptionists normally get themselves involved in by not officially documenting some customers that checked in.

With respect to all this problems, this system is then introduced in order to tackle and profer a better service to the customers checking into a hotel. With this new design , the customer can access the hotels website anywhere in the world, see their location, book for room prior to their arrival and be able to make a better choice from all the available hotels, within a stipulated period of time.


5.2 Conclusion

The research work was carried out to develop a functional design that could be used in the hotels everywhere. It is a general system that can be applied, it can also serve as a guideline to educate students in the form of simulation. This system also this requires a knowledge in computer use and internet accessibility.

This online system also presents features and online security to protect privacy and financial information of clients/customers. It therefore holds a better benefit in helping customers and making them have an easy access to any website of their choice.


5.3 Recommendation

With my observations during this research, I thereby recommend that;

  1. This system should also be used in schools to give students a further and deeper training to give further knowledge about online reservation and hotel management.
  2. That future researchers and developers can add modules and additional features as this system is open for further improvements and developments because of the fast pacing changes in technology
  3. A follow up study should be conducted to determine the usefulness and effectiveness of the developed system upon implementation.

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